Winter is the time to bask in the sun, stroll around the lanes and devour all the great delicacies. While indulging in all these activities, parents should remember that their little ones need more protection during this season. Winter days come with a lot of smog, and when temperatures are really chilly outside. A mask is something that can protect a baby from various environmental hazards and also protect the little nose and mouth from the harsh winds during the winter season.
A mask specially designed for kids: A mask has become a clothing accessory over the last couple of years, and people tend to wear them for longer hours. When buying masks for children, the first thing for parents to understand is that the masks made for adults are not suitable for children. There are masks available on the market which are specifically designed for kids in the age group of 3-6 and for kids in the age group of 7-12 years.
Choose suitable mask material: Always look for a material that is soft enough to not irritate your child's sensitive skin. The ideal mask should have six layers of filtration, and the innermost layer is recommended to be made of soft fabric that is breathable for kids. The ear loops and noseband should be flexible and adjustable in order to fit the child's face properly and provide protection from dust, pollution, and germs.
Breathable factor: The breathable factor of a mask is important for every individual, considering the longer usage span. Children's daily routines are more active when compared to adults; they run, they play, they fight, and they enjoy being outdoors, which increases their breathing level. Thus, it becomes more important for a child to wear masks under which they can breathe properly, encouraging them to wear them for a longer period of time.
Filtration Efficiency: While considering the entire comfort factor, parents must not ignore the filtration capacity of a mask. The pandemic has added to the ongoing pollution hazard, seasonal viruses, dust, pollen, and other harmful particles in the environment, making parents more cautious while selecting the right mask for their babies. It is always important to choose a mask with at least 95 percent filtering efficiency of > 0.3 microns when releasing the child into the outdoors.While you may find many masks on the market mentioning various layers, it's important to check that the mask has layers of melt-blown filters inside to give your child effective protection against germs and pollution.
Colourful masks: The biggest challenge for parents these days is to make sure that their kids are wearing masks all the time. To make this easier, choose a mask with cheerful designs and decorations that the kids can relate to and will encourage them to wear it.
Re-usable masks: Another factor that people consider while choosing a mask is the price. The market has a range of masks that are expensive and can be used only once. The expenses are always on the higher side with a child at home, as a parent always wants the best for their baby. To balance out the budget, it is advisable to choose a re-usable mask that is re-usable at least up to 25 washes without affecting the 95 percent filtration efficiency.
With the spread of smog, parents have become more cautious when it comes to protecting their babies. Every parent knows what is best for their babies, and with a little research and effort, they can never go wrong with their choices. Rajesh Vohra, CEO, Artsana India (Chicco)
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Different seasons of the year bring with them unique benefits for the mind, body and for our moods. It may be easier to wake up in the mornings during summer versus waking up in the winter which is much harder to do. When it comes to exercising, motivating yourself during cold days to get out of your cosy and comfortable bed will be a task in itself. However, for those who are aspiring to lose weight and get fitter here is some motivation for you to keep going with your exercise during the winter season.
Exercising during the winter can actually burn more calories than when you exercise in summer. Your endurance can also be increased during winter because the heart needs to work less you also sweat less making your workout more efficient.
Himalayan Siddha Grand Master Akshar shares 6 ways that you can exercise and keep up with your fitness game even during cold winter days.
Walking/ Running/ Jogging
Start your exercise routine with a brisk walk or maybe you could take a jog or run around your neighbourhood block. These are cardiovascular activities that pump up your heart rate and get you ready both mentally and physically for your upcoming workout session.
After your jog or run make sure that you spend a few minutes on stretching. Experts recommend that you stretch before and after your workout as this readies your muscles keep them safe from injury and also effectively improves your chance of getting leaner and more toned.
In yoga, Surya Namaskar also known as the sun salutation is considered to be a complete body workout. The Surya Namaskar is comprised of eight different postures that are sequenced in a 12 step flow. It starts from the right side and needs to be completed on both sides for a complete cycle. If you are a beginner you can start with 3-5 cycles and gradually increase it to 11, 21 and so on. Practising this sequence early in the morning will boost vitamin D in your body d and bring many physical as well as mental health benefits.
Pranayama is a breathing exercise that can be performed to gain many health benefits for both mind and body. During winter techniques such as Kapalbhati Pranayama and Khand Pranayama are suggested for you.
There are many meditation techniques that you can practice regularly such as Sthiti Dhyan, Swaas Dhyan, Aarambh Dhyan etc. Here is a simple and powerful meditation technique to build positivity.
Prarthana Dhyan (Prayerful Meditation)
Sit down in any comfortable posture
Join your palms in front of your chest to form Pranam Mudra
Straighten your back and close your eyes
Frame and repeat positive affirmations aloud or silently
End your workout session with complete mind-body relaxation in the form of Anandasana. Relaxing the body is as important as exercising as this gives your body the chance to rest, recover and recoup.
Formation of the Posture
Lie down in a prone position on a comfortable surface or on your yoga mat.
Close your eyes.
Let your legs relax completely and place them at a distance that is comfortably apart.
Let your ankles drop, and keep your toes are facing sideward.
Place your arms alongside your body and slightly apart. Make sure your palms are lying open to the sky and facing upwards.
Starting from your toes, bring your attention to every area of your body. Use deep breaths to lull your body into a deep state of relaxation.
Maintain awareness so you do not fall asleep in the process.
To recover from the posture, gently roll to one side (right) with your eyes closed. Slowly push the floor to come 9. up and sit in Sukhasana.
Anandasana can be done after you complete your physical practice, and when you are tired, it helps to completely relax your body. This pose requires you to concentrate, and focus on your breath. When you are in this posture, try to take deeper and faster breaths.(By N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe)
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इंडियन काउंसिल ऑफ मेडिकल रिसर्च (आईसीएमआर) द्वारा तैयार की गई एक रिपोर्ट में कहा गया है कि 2012-19 के बीच कैंसर के कुल मामलों में से 7.9 फीसदी 14 साल से कम उम्र के बच्चों में पाए गए। 'क्लिनिकोपैथोलॉजिकल प्रोफाइल ऑफ कैंसर्स इन इंडिया : ए रिपोर्ट ऑफ हॉस्पिटल-बेस्ड कैंसर रजिस्ट्रीज, 2021', नेशनल कैंसर रजिस्ट्री प्रोग्राम (एनसीआरपी) के तहत 96 अस्पताल-आधारित कैंसर रजिस्ट्रियों की अवधि के दौरान एकत्र किए गए डेटा को समेकित करता है। डेटा देशभर में इन केंद्रों को रिपोर्ट किए गए पुष्टिकृत विकृतियों के सभी निदान और इलाज के मामलों से संबंधित हैं।
देश में 2012-19 के दौरान कैंसर के 13,32,207 मामले दर्ज किए गए। इनमें से 6,10,084 को डेटा की पूर्णता और गुणवत्ता के आधार पर विश्लेषण के लिए शामिल किया गया था।
बचपन के कैंसर वैश्विक स्तर पर बचपन की बीमारियों के प्रमुख कारण के रूप में नौवें स्थान पर हैं, विकलांगता समायोजित जीवन वर्ष (डीएएलवाई) के 11.5 मिलियन के लिए जिम्मेदार है।
भारत में, एनसीआरपी की एक हालिया रिपोर्ट के अनुसार, सभी आयु समूहों में कैंसर के सापेक्ष बचपन के कैंसर (0-19 वर्ष) का अनुपात 1 से 4.9 प्रतिशत के बीच पाया गया।
दिल्ली में लड़कों में 203.1 प्रति मिलियन और लड़कियों में 125.4 प्रति मिलियन की उच्चतम आयु-समायोजित घटना दर (एएआर) दर्ज की। ल्यूकेमिया 0-14 वर्ष आयु वर्ग में दोनों लिंगों में सभी बचपन के कैंसर के लगभग आधे के लिए जिम्मेदार है (लड़कों में 46.4 प्रतिशत और लड़कियों में 44.3 प्रतिशत)। लड़कों में अन्य सामान्य बचपन का कैंसर लिम्फोमा (16.4 प्रतिशत) था, जबकि लड़कियों में यह घातक अस्थि ट्यूमर (8.9 प्रतिशत) था।
बचपन के कैंसर दो आयु समूहों के लिए प्रस्तुत किए जाते हैं : 0-14 वर्ष और 0-19 वर्ष राष्ट्रीय और अंतर्राष्ट्रीय तुलना को सक्षम करने के लिए और बचपन के कैंसर के अंतर्राष्ट्रीय वर्गीकरण के अनुसार वर्गीकृत किया जाता है।
रिपोर्ट में कहा गया है कि बचपन के कैंसर के अलावा, तंबाकू के उपयोग से जुड़े कैंसर में पुरुषों में 48.7 प्रतिशत और महिलाओं में 16.5 प्रतिशत कैंसर शामिल हैं।
थायरॉइड कैंसर (महिलाओं में 2.5 प्रतिशत बनाम पुरुषों में 1 प्रतिशत) और पित्ताशय के कैंसर (महिलाओं में 3.7 प्रतिशत बनाम पुरुषों में 2.2 प्रतिशत) को छोड़कर, साइट-विशिष्ट कैंसर का सापेक्ष अनुपात महिलाओं की तुलना में पुरुषों में अधिक था।
सभी कैंसरों में दूर के मेटास्टेसिस का उच्चतम अनुपात फेफड़ों के कैंसर (49.2 प्रतिशत पुरुष और 55.5 प्रतिशत महिलाओं) के रोगियों में देखा गया, इसके बाद पित्ताशय का कैंसर (40.9 प्रतिशत पुरुष और 45.7 प्रतिशत महिलाएं) और प्रोस्टेट कैंसर (42.9 प्रतिशत) का स्थान है।
रिपोर्ट ने सुझाव दिया कि कई कैंसर के लिए कीमोथेरेपी अभी भी सबसे विशिष्ट उपचार पद्धति थी, भले ही प्रस्तुति में रोग की नैदानिक सीमा कुछ भी हो, जिसमें यकृत, पित्ताशय, पेट, फेफड़े और बचपन के कैंसर शामिल हैं।
यह भी पढ़े► कैंसर और हार्ट अटैक से ज्यादा खतरनाक हो जाएगा सेप्सिस: शोध
Havana, Sep 7 (IANS) Cuba has become the first country in the world to begin Covid-19 vaccination for children aged 2 and above, according to media reports.Cuba's health authorities said those aged two years old to 18 will be administered three doses of the homegrown coronavirus vaccine -- Abdala, Xinhua news agency reported.However, the vaccine is not recognised by the World Health Organization.Nationwide, 700 schools in Cuba have been turned into vaccination centres, as education authorities postponed the resumption of in-person classes until students get fully vaccinated.As per Cuban Health Minister Jose Angel Portal, more than 1,15,000 kids had contracted the virus since the start of the pandemic on the island in March 2020, the report said.This is "a significant step to advance the country's immunization strategy (against Covid-19) and protect our children and adolescents as soon as possible," he was quoted as saying.In-person classes have been postponed until children get vaccinated and the epidemiological situation in Cuba improved.Cuba opted to develop its own vaccine against Covid-19, rather than import.The three shot Abdala, named after a poem by apostle Jose Marti, is given in two-week intervals, while Soberana 2, translated as sovereign in English, is administered in four-week intervals.Health regulators approved the homegrown Abdala vaccine for emergency use in July, making Cuba the first Latin American country to develop a successful Covid vaccine, NBC news reported.Phase 3 clinical trials of Abdala and Soberana 2, the other Cuban vaccine, reported over 90 per cent efficacy rates.But international health organisations have urged Cuba to publish trial data in peer-reviewed scientific journals so the efficacy can be evaluated by global scientists.Several countries are vaccinating children above the age of 12, and others are conducting trials in younger kids.While countries such as China, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela have announced plans to vaccinate younger children, Cuba is the first to do so. Chile also on Monday approved the Chinese Sinovac vaccines for children between six and 12, the report said.Cuba has so far recorded more than six lakh Covid infections and over 5,000 deaths.--IANSrvt/dpb
New Delhi, Sep 6 (IANS) In a country, where more than a million people die every year due to tobacco related diseases, it is essential that we save our future generations from the fast-spreading tentacles of tobacco usage.Numerous studies, researches, and surveys reveal that tobacco usage among children is the first step towards addiction. What is more disturbing is that on an average children, as young as 12-13 year old, are using tobacco products such as cigarettes, bidis etc, that are easily within their reach. In a survey of adolescent girls, it was found that 72 per cent of the girls were used to consuming tobacco.The problem of children using tobacco has worsened over the years, as from 12 years 3 months in 2012, the average age when children begin using tobacco products has dropped to 10 years in 2019 – a drop of more than 2 years in a span of 7 years. The situation is particularly grim in the north-eastern states, especially Mizoram, where the youngest tobacco users were found to be just 6 years old!A National Fact Sheet on Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS-4), India, 2019, released by Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, last month highlighted the high prevalence of tobacco consumption among school going children aged 13-15 years.According to the Survey findings, nearly one-fifth of the students aged 13-15 used tobacco in one form or the other (smoking, smokeless, and other forms) in their lives. Prevalence of tobacco use among boys was 9.6 per cent and among girls was 7.4 per cent. The prevalence of smoking tobacco was 7.3 per cent. In case of smokeless tobacco product, the prevalence was 4.1 per cent.Tobacco is the first step towards addiction. Therefore, it is essential that COTPA be well-equipped to curb the usage of tobacco especially among children. "COTPA can be an important tool in protecting our children from the rising menace of addiction," says Priyank Kanoongo, Chairperson, NCPCR, who feels that the proposed amendments to COTPA will make it more effective.Kanoongo, who was delivering the keynote address in the virtual panel discussion around National Fact Sheet on Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS-4), India, 2019, singled out the tobacco lobby for circumventing the laws by advertising tobacco products under the garb of saffron, cardamom and other such materials. He also drew attention to tobacco companies sponsoring sports events and using film actors to entice young children into using tobacco products. However, with the proposed amendments to COTPA coming into effect, such activities and surrogate advertisements will be considered an offence and can attract penal action.The amendments to COTPA will help prevent the illicit trade of tobacco and other drugs at the borders, especially with Myanmar and Bangladesh. It will also ensure protection of street children who are the most vulnerable to addiction. In fact, street children have gone beyond tobacco consumption and have switched over to inhalants.It is estimated that the number of children using inhalants is 1.1 per cent higher than the adults. It has come to light that for Rs 100 worth of plastic bottles that rag picking children sell, traders involved in the scrap business pay only Rs 30 in cash and the rest Rs 70 as inhalants.Amendments to COTPA and social boycott of such traders can help protect young children from falling prey to the vicious cycle of addiction.NCPCR, numerous ministries, and government bodies are collaborating to shoulder the responsibility of protecting our future generation from addiction to tobacco and other drugs. Prahari Clubs at schools that are mentored by Gandhi Smriti Darshan Samiti, installing cameras at school premises to monitor illicit activities, and installing cameras at medical stores and pharmacies to curb sale of Scheduled drugs without prescription, are some of the initiatives that are being piloted.Dr Rajdeep Roy, BJP MP from Assam and a medical surgeon, emphasised on the need for a holistic approach to curb tobacco usage. He shared that in the north-eastern states, children as young as 5-6 years old are seen smoking bidis instead of going to school."We need to tackle this problem. The government can bring in regulations that are supported by medical experts and vetted by people who can vouch that introduction of such rules can curb tobacco usage." Dr Roy observed that although COTPA 2003 had discouraged tobacco usage, there is still a lot that needs to be done. He called out the tobacco lobby for pressurising manufacturing and encouraging usage of tobacco. He called upon these companies to be more responsible and not destroy the future generation of the country.Dr Roy is hopeful that doctors in Parliament across party lines will be supportive of the proposed amendments to COTPA when the bill is presented in the Parliament for discussion. "We are committed to bringing in good laws that will help protect our future generation and patients, as well as are good for the industry," he added.At present, there is negligible awareness about the COTPA guidelines, which enables the tobacco lobby to muffle the discussions around the subject and dilute the efforts. "Even the media has long downplayed the issues that children face," observed Manoj Verma, Senior Journalist, Lok Sabha. However, continued discussions such as this webinar, hosted by Arun Anand, Author and Journalist, and conducted in the context of the recently published GYTS Fact Sheet can help spread awareness at a wider scale to protect our children from the use of tobacco and make India tobacco-free. --IANS san/skp/
एक नए अध्ययन से पता चला है कि कोविड-19 महामारी के दौरान बच्चों का वजन अधिक बढ़ गया, खासकर 5 से 11 साल की उम्र के बच्चों का। जर्नल ऑफ द अमेरिकन मेडिकल एसोसिएशन में प्रकाशित निष्कर्षों ने संकेत दिया कि कोविड -19 महामारी के दौरान शरीर के वजन में वृद्धि और मोटापे की व्यापकता थी, खासकर 5 से 11 वर्ष के बच्चों के लिए।
यह निर्धारित करने के लिए कि क्या महामारी के दौरान बच्चों ने अतिरिक्त वजन उठाया, शोधकर्ताओं ने 1,91,509 बच्चों के इलेक्ट्रॉनिक स्वास्थ्य रिकॉर्ड का विश्लेषण किया, जिनकी आयु 1 मार्च, 2019 से 31 जनवरी, 2021 तक 5 से 17 वर्ष थी।
शोधकर्ताओं ने कहा कि 5 से 11 साल के बच्चों ने कोविड -19 से पहले की समान अवधि की तुलना में कोविड -19 के दौरान 5.07 पाउंड अधिक प्राप्त किए, जबकि 12 से 15 वर्ष के बच्चों और 16 से 17 वर्ष के बच्चों ने 5.1 पाउंड और 2.26 पाउंड से अधिक प्राप्त किया।
5 से 11 साल के बच्चों में, वजन बढ़ने के कारण लगभग 9 प्रतिशत अधिक बच्चे अधिक वजन वाले या मोटे हो गए, जबकि 12 से 15 साल के युवाओं में 5 प्रतिशत और 16 से 17 साल की उम्र में 3 प्रतिशत बच्चे थे।
5-11 और 12-15 वर्ष के समूहों में अधिकांश वृद्धि मोटापे में वृद्धि के कारण हुई।
कोएबनिक ने कहा, हमें बिगड़ते मोटापे की महामारी की निगरानी में तुरंत निवेश करना शुरू करना होगा और बच्चों को स्वस्थ वजन हासिल करने और बनाए रखने में मदद करने के लिए आहार और गतिविधि हस्तक्षेप विकसित करना होगा।
यह भी पढ़े► कैंसर से पीड़ित बच्चों में और गंभीर हो सकता कोविड संक्रमण : लैंसेट