Hyderabad- People suffering from arthritis should maintain an active lifestyle as physical exercise reduces inflammation by reducing fat and increasing the production and release of anti-inflammatory molecules, say doctors on World Arthritis Day.
Each year, October 12 is commemorated as World Arthritis Day, and this year, doctors recommend people to take a pledge to enhance awareness about arthritis, its related problems, to stay fit and active, and strive towards reducing the overall arthritis case burden in the country.
Arthritis is an autoimmune condition or a degenerative joint disorder, both causing inflammation in the joints, and these are chronic-cum debilitating problems. At present, there is no specified cure for this ailment, except to live with the problem and manage it from time to time, using steroids. Arthritis can cause severe pain, reduces the quality of life, and decrease people's ability to function.
Doctors warn that more Indians could become victims of arthritis-linked problems due to overweight and obesity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in India is increasing faster than the world average.
The prevalence of overweight increased from 8.4 percent to 15.5 percent among women between 1998 and 2020, and the prevalence of obesity increased from 2.2 percent to 5.1 percent over the same period. Men are not behind in this problem, and together they are adding to the rising burden of arthritis cases in the country.
"Overweight or obesity along with problems like diabetes, suffering from a traumatic injury to joints, congenital joint deformities, could lead to arthritis problems. While there is a slight difference in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, both cause severe damage to human functions. And people who are obese are likely to suffer more than lighter peers after they cross a certain age threshold," said Jagan Mohan Reddy, Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, SLG Hospitals.
According to K. Saketh, Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon (Sports Surgery & Regenerative Orthopedics), Gleneagles Global Hospital, severe pain in the joints deter arthritis patients from taking up any physical activity due to fear that it could worsen their condition.
"But it is important that individuals suffering from arthritis maintain an active lifestyle. Otherwise, a sedentary lifestyle will further debilitate their ability to do any physical activity, and this could have a severe psychological bearing on the mind. Hence, it is important arthritis patients do not stay immobile and instead motivate themselves to walk or exercise regularly."
Satyanarayana V V, Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Aware Gleneagles Global Hospital, pointed out that physical exercise reduces inflammation by reducing fat and increasing the production and release of anti-inflammatory molecules from human muscles.
"Given that inflammation is a primary cause of joint pain in arthritis, exercising will help improve symptoms and will play a crucial role in managing the problem," he said.
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हैदराबाद- विश्व हृदय दिवस पर डॉक्टरों का कहना है कि 50 साल से कम उम्र के करीब 75 फीसदी आबादी को दिल का दौरा पड़ने का खतरा है, ऐसे में दिल की जटिलताएं एक बड़ी बीमारी है, जिसे नजरअंदाज नहीं किया जा सकता है। देश भर में चिकित्सा पेशेवरों द्वारा किए गए अध्ययनों से संकेत मिलता है कि 40 वर्ष से कम आयु के कम से कम 25 प्रतिशत भारतीयों को दिल का दौरा पड़ने या दिल से संबंधित किसी अन्य गंभीर जटिलता से पीड़ित होने का खतरा है; और यह जोखिम 40 से 50 वर्ष की आयु के बीच 50 प्रतिशत आबादी तक बढ़ सकता है।
डॉक्टरों का मनाना है कि भारतीय युवाओं और मध्यम आयु वर्ग की आबादी के बीच स्वस्थ भोजन और सक्रिय जीवन को प्रोत्साहित करना चाहिए। यह सुनिश्चित करने के लिए कदम उठाए जाने चाहिए कि अपेक्षाकृत युवा आबादी में दिल के दौरे के मामलों में वृद्धि को तत्काल नियंत्रित किया जाए। तनाव के स्तर में वृद्धि और अनुचित जीवनशैली दिल से संबंधित बीमारियों के बढ़ने के दो प्रमुख कारण हैं।
चीफ इंटरवेंशनल कार्डियोलॉजिस्ट,ग्लेनीगल्स ग्लोबल हॉस्पिटल के एम साई सुधाकर ने कहा,कई सामाजिक मानकों पर भारत की रेटिंग खराब है, और यह हर गुजरते साल के साथ अधिक से अधिक लोगों को तनावपूर्ण स्थितियों में और अधिक गहराई तक धकेलने का एक प्रमुख कारण है। व्यक्तिगत मुद्दों के साथ ये सामाजिक समस्याएं मानसिक तनाव से पीड़ित लोगों के लिए प्रमुख कारण हैं। उनके दिल पर सीधा प्रभाव पड़ता है। जबकि अधिक पुरुषों को इस समस्या का शिकार माना जाता है।
सीनियर इंटरवेंशनल कार्डियोलॉजिस्ट, एसएलजी हॉस्पिटल्स के वी.हरिराम ने बताया कि भारतीय ट्रांस फैट के अभ्यस्त उपभोक्ता हैं, और यह खराब जीवनशैली, अनियमित कामकाजी समय, शराब, धूम्रपान तंबाकू के साथ-साथ हृदय रोग का खतरा बढ़ाता है और ऐसे व्यक्ति अत्यधिक कमजोर होते है।
अचानक दिल के दौरे के मामलों की संख्या में काफी वृद्धि हुई है। जो हार्मोनल असंतुलन के कारण हो सकता है। मधुमेह, उच्च रक्तचाप और हृदय रोग वाले लोग इसकी चपेट में आ सकते हैं। यह महत्वपूर्ण है कि लोग संभावित हृदय समस्या के किसी भी प्रारंभिक चेतावनी संकेतों को अनदेखा न करें और समय पर चिकित्सा की सलाह ले।
राजीव गर्ग, सीनियर कंसल्टेंट इंटरवेंशनल कार्डियोलॉजिस्ट, अवेयर ग्लेनीगल्स ग्लोबल हॉस्पिटल का मानना है कि कुछ सरल लेकिन अत्यधिक प्रभावी कदम संभवत: युवा भारतीयों में दिल के दौरे के जोखिम को कम कर सकते हैं। भोजन की आदतों में नियमित रूप और संयम सबसे सरल लेकिन शक्तिशाली आदतें हैं, जिन्हें लोग अपने दिल के जोखिम को कम करने के लिए कर सकते हैं। प्रत्येक व्यक्ति का शरीर अलग होता है और तनाव को कम करने की एक अलग क्षमता होती है लेकिन उचित जीवन शैली को बनाए रखना और शारीरिक रूप से सक्रिय रहना है। इस जोखिम को कम करने के लिए सबसे अच्छा हो सकता है।
डॉक्टर ने सलाह दी हैं कि लोगों को शुरूआती चेतावनी के संकेतों जैसे सांस फूलना, सीने में दर्द, अत्यधिक पसीना, चक्कर आना आदि को नजरअंदाज नहीं करना चाहिए और समय पर चिकित्सा शुरू कर देना चाहिए। यह भी महत्वपूर्ण है कि मोटे व्यक्ति और पहले से मौजूद स्वास्थ्य जटिलताओं वाले लोग धूम्रपान छोड़ दें और शराब का सेवन बंद कर दें (यदि उनमें ये दोनों आदतें हैं)। यह भी कहा कि 30 वर्ष से कम आयु के युवा, जिनका हृदय रोगों का पारिवारिक चलता आ रहा है,उनको नियमित रूप से चिकित्सा जांच करवाना चाहिए हैं।
यह भी पढ़े► मधुमेह वाले कुछ लोगों के लिए कोविड क्यों अधिक घातक?
Without a doubt, the wedding is one of the most important days of a person's life. To ensure everything is memorable comes with its own set of pressures and anxiety This can take a toll on your mind and body, leaving you stressed. A great way to combat wedding anxiety is with yoga.
The ancient practice offers scientifically proven solutions to everyday problems both physical and mental. Yoga lowers the stress hormones and also strengthens the nervous system while stimulating the lymphatic system which is responsible for removing toxins from the body.
Yoga also calms the mind and can contribute to deeper regulated sleep which is crucial for wellness. We all are aware how good sleep can help heal and maintain a healthy body. With so much to tend to at a wedding, sound sleep helps you stay fresh the whole day.
Here we sharing yoga poses to help unwind and find your peace:
Sukhasana refers to a cross-legged, seated position, and one of the most basic poses used in yoga practice and meditation. It is also a calming pose and it is one commonly used for meditation and practicing breathing exercises.
Sit on your padding in a comfortable, cross-legged position.
Slide the shoulder blades down your back so your shoulders move away from your ears. The crown of your head should rise towards the ceiling.
Your hands can rest in your lap or on the tops of your thighs.
On your inhalations, feel your spine grow long. On your exhalations, root down through your seat.
Standing Forward Bend stretches and lengthens the hamstrings and calves. It is regarded as a relaxing and stress-relieving pose. Traditionally, it is said to help relieve insomnia.
From Raised Hands Pose, sweep your arms down on either side of your body to come into a forward fold from your hips.
Bring your fingertips in line with the toes. Press your palms flat to the mat if you can. You can use blocks under your hands here if they don't reach the floor.
Bend the knees a little bit so that they are not locked.
Bring your weight a little bit forward into the balls of your feet so that your hips stay over your ankles.
Let your head hang.
Inhale and place your hands onto your hips, press your tailbone down and contract your abdominal muscles as you rise up slowly.
Cobra Pose increases the mobility of the spine, strengthens spinal support muscles, and can help relieve back pain. It opens the chest and the front of the body.
Place your palms flat on the ground directly under your shoulders. Bend your elbows straight back and hug them into your sides.
Pause for a moment looking straight down at your mat with your neck in a neutral position.
Inhale and lift your chest off the floor. Roll your shoulders back and keep your low ribs on the floor. Make sure your elbows continue hugging your sides.
Keep your neck neutral. Your gaze should stay on the floor.
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As you perform SetuBandhasana, also known as Bridge Pose, you will become more alert in both body and mind. This rejuvenating backbend will open your chest up and keep your spine flexible.
Lie on the floor, bend your knees, and set your feet on the floor, heels as close to the sitting bones as possible.
Exhale and, pressing your inner feet and arms actively into the floor, lift the buttocks off the floor.
Keep your thighs and inner feet parallel. Clasp the hands below your pelvis and extend through the arms to help you stay on the tops of your shoulders.
Lift your chin slightly away from the sternum and, firming the shoulder blades against your back, press the top of the sternum toward the chin.
Firm the outer arms, broaden the shoulder blades, and try to lift the space between them at the base of the neck up into the torso.
Stay in the pose anywhere from 30 seconds to 1 minute. Release with an exhalation, rolling the spine slowly down onto the floor
Corpse pose is essential to practice at the end of every yoga practice. This posture rejuvenates the body, mind and spirit while reducing stress and tension.
Spread the legs one to two feet apart, the toes are turned outwards, the heels facing each other, a comfortable distance apart.
Bring the arms a little away from the body, palms turned upward.
Relax the neck and allow it to turn to the side if it is more comfortable.
Close the eyes and focus the attention on the body, breathing normally.
Begin focusing on each body part and relaxing it, then moving on. Keep the mind focused on relaxation, the breath should be normal. Relax the whole body.
Breathing properly contributes to the stress response which worsens with anxiety. Do not take breathing for granted, take out the time at the beginning and the end of any yoga session or just once in a day breathe deeply for at least 2-3 minutes and you can see the difference without moving a muscle.
The short time effects of yoga can be felt through breathing techniques by learning to deeply breathe you not only allow your muscles to relax but you also feel equipped with other relaxation techniques like meditation.
Read More► Can Yoga Help With Fertility Issues?
World Alzheimer's Day- Constant exposure to noise pollution may increase the risk of dementia caused due to Alzheimer's disease while music could have positive impact, say doctors.
According to a recent study published in international health journals around the world, constant exposure to traffic noise increases the risk of dementia among aged population.
Each year, September 21 is commemorated as the World Alzheimer's Day, and Alzheimer's disease has been found to be the commonest cause of dementia.
Doctors say with India fast racing towards becoming the most populated country in the world, and with improved healthcare delivery mechanism, aged population is on the rise in the country. This section of the society is at the risk of developing age-related complications like dementia, which is often considered a serious mental problem caused by brain disease or injury, that affects the ability to think, remember and behave normally.
Commenting on the problem, Sritheja Reddy, Consultant Neurologist, Gleneagles Global Hospital believes that music usually has a soothing effect on individuals of all ages, but loud and persistent noise can cause mental disturbance, and could even trigger experiences of ill being among those people who are suffering from dementia or Alzheimer's related problems. "Cities are usually bustling with great activity during the day times and in the nights, but this could increase exposure to excessive noise, that can lead to short term impairments in cognitive function, particularly with respect to the ability to focus and remember. And the most important aspect here is that chronic exposure to noise pollution may increase the risk for dementia," the doctor said.
Abhinay M. Huchche, Consultant Neurologist, SLG Hospitals says that musical sounds could have a positive impact on people suffering from dementia, caused due to Alzheimer's disease." Listening to or singing songs can provide emotional and behavioral benefits for people with Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia. Musical memories are often preserved in Alzheimer's disease because key brain areas linked to musical memory are relatively undamaged by the disease," he added.
Changala Praveen, Consultant - Neurophysician, Aware Gleneagles Global Hospital pointed out that ageing patients require extra attention, and those impacted by dementia require proper evaluation and management of the disease through a multidisciplinary approach. "Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause for dementia, and there are multiple reasons for aged population developing this problem. Constant exposure to loud and unsavoury sounds like traffic noise is also a major cause for the older people to develop dementia. People who have aged family members in the house must ensure the elderly are protected from loud noises, and this is the best solution to arrest complexities," he said.
Having exposure to high levels of noise during the night is especially concerning, as sleep is a critical period for mental and cognitive restoration. Fragmented sleep resulting from noise disturbance is associated with increased oxidative stress causes alterations in the immune system and increased systemic inflammation.
Read More► Are young Indians at a higher risk of heart disease?
Lucknow, Sep 7 (IANS) Uttar Pradesh administered more than 31.67 lakh doses of the Covid-19 vaccination on Monday and crossed the 8-crore mark.Among the districts, Lucknow topped with 1.03 lakh doses administered on Monday. Sitapur (91,553), Prayagraj (82,907), Bareilly (80,598) and Kushinagar (73,039) followed next.The state now has administered the highest number of the Covid vaccines in the country.Health officials stated that the final figure of the doses administered on Monday would increase further as the data upload is completed by Tuesday.Lucknow, on Monday, became the first district in the state to inoculate over 1 lakh people in a single day, since vaccination began on January 16 this year.M.K. Singh, in-charge of vaccination in Lucknow, said: "By 9 p.m., 1,03,143 doses had been administered in Lucknow. No other district has achieved this figure in a single day."The state capital exceeded its target of 86,400 doses for the day by administering 1,03,143 doses, which was the highest in the division and state, according to a press statement by the district administration.--IANSamita/in
Washington, Sep 7 (IANS) Daily Covid-19 cases in the US have increased more than four times that what the country witnessed on Labor Day last year, or a 316 per cent spike, a media report said.Daily Covid-19-related deaths are twice as high, Xinhua news agency quoted the USA Today report as saying on Monday which cited data from the Johns Hopkins University.Hospitalisations are also up by 158 per cent compared to Labor Day weekend a year ago, according to data from the Department of Health and Human Service.According to the USA Today report, some hospitals in the country are getting so crowded with Covid-19 patients that physicians may soon be compelled to make life-or-death decisions on who gets an ICU bed."Blame the highly contagious Delta variant and a swath of Americans refusing easily accessible vaccines that most of the developing world is furiously scrambling to obtain," it said.Also on Monday, the US reached a grim milestone as the overall number of Covid-19 cases crossed the 40 million mark.According to figures from the Johns Hopkins University, the total caseload presently stood at 40,018,268, while the death toll surged to 649,319.California topped the state-level caseload list, with 4,421,247 cases, while Texas came in second with 3,706,980 infections, followed by Florida (3,352,451), New York (2,304,955), and Illinois (1,538,324).Other states with over 1 million cases include Georgia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, North Carolina, New Jersey, Tennessee, Michigan and Arizona, according to the University's tally.The US remains the nation worst hit by the pandemic, with the world's most cases and deaths, making up more than 18 per cent of the global caseload and nearly 14 per cent of the deaths.US Covid-19 caseload reached 10 million on November 9, 2020, crossed 20 million on January 1, 2021, and exceeded 30 million on March 24. --IANSksk/