Biological, social and behavioural factors have led to differences in the most common causes of health problems faced by men and women. Men die younger than women and bear a greater burden of disease throughout their lives. They get sick at a younger age and have illnesses that last longer than women. Heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer and depression are the top male killers. However, men also face male-specific issues such as prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Heart disease comes in many forms. All its manifestations can lead to serious and fatal complications if they are not noticed. One in three adult men has some form of cardiovascular disease. Hypertension and stroke are also common in men under the age of 45. Lifestyle modification and routine medical checkups can help manage heart-related risks, as your doctor can calculate your risk for cardiovascular disease based on several risk factors, including cholesterol, blood pressure and smoking habits.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in men after heart disease. Skin, prostate, colon and lung cancers are among the most commonly diagnosed cancers in men. The combination of a healthy lifestyle and regular checkups ensures that disease stays at bay. Regularly applying sunscreen, avoiding alcohol and tobacco, and reducing red meat consumption all help reduce the risk of cancer.
Diabetes usually sets in without showing any signs. It raises blood sugar levels and eventually passes into the urine. Increased urination and thirst are the first visible signs of diabetes. High glucose acts like a slow poison on blood vessels and nerves throughout the body. Heart attacks, strokes, blindness, kidney failure and amputations are the consequences for many men.
If left untreated, diabetes causes nerve and kidney damage, increases the risk of heart disease and stroke, causes vision problems and blindness. Men with diabetes are also at risk for lower testosterone levels and sexual impotence, which in turn can lead to increased depression or anxiety.
Mental Health and Depression
Depression in men can go unnoticed because the symptoms don't always match what they expect. Men sometimes experience depression as anger or irritability rather than sadness. They are also more likely to sweep these feelings under the rug.
It is often believed that depression affects women far more than men. In fact, it may be a tendency for men to hide feelings of depression, or to present them differently than women. When it comes to mental health issues like anxiety and depression, men are reluctant to seek help, which significantly increases the risk of suicidal behaviour. Given the stigma associated with mental health problems, especially among men, it is crucial to dispel misconceptions and make therapy more available to those in need.
The most common cause of erectile dysfunction is atherosclerosis, the same condition that causes stroke and heart attack. In fact, having ED usually indicates that blood vessels throughout the body are not in good condition. Erectile dysfunction is considered by doctors to be an early risk symptom of cardiovascular disease. Although erectile dysfunction is not a life-threatening condition, it does indicate a serious health problem.
Erectile dysfunction affects two thirds of men over the age of 70 and up to 39 per cent of men under the age of 40. Men with erectile dysfunction are less happy and more likely to be depressed.
The bad news is that the average man pays less attention to his health than the average woman. The good news is that men can be healthy by taking control of their lifestyle. Whether it's eating better, quitting bad habits like smoking, or getting regular check-ups, here are some steps you can take to prevent common health problems in men of all ages. Whatever health issues you face, you can take control of your well-being by taking preventative and proactive measures today. (Agency)
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राष्ट्रपति राम नाथ कोविंद ने प्रेसिडेंट्स एस्टेट, नई दिल्ली में आधुनिक उन्नत आयुष सम्पूर्ण स्वास्थ्य केन्द्र का उद्घाटन किया। इस अवसर पर केन्द्रीय आयुष मंत्री सर्बानंद सोनोवाल, केन्द्रीय आयुष राज्य मंत्री डा. मुंजपरा महेंद्रभाई कालूभाई और अन्य गणमान्य व्यक्ति भी उपस्थित थे। उद्घाटन समारोह में प्रथम महिला सविता कोविंद भी शामिल हुईं।
आयुष मंत्रालय और राष्ट्रपति सचिवालय की संयुक्त पहल के रूप में 25 जुलाई 2015 को प्रेजीडेंट्स एस्टेट में आयुष वेलनेस सेंटर (एडब्ल्यूसी) शुरू हुआ। एडब्ल्यूसी में आयुर्वेद, योग और प्राकृतिक चिकित्सा, यूनानी, सिद्ध और होम्योपैथी उपचार की सुविधा है और यह राष्ट्रपति, राष्ट्रपति सचिवालय के अधिकारियों और प्रेसिडेंट्स एस्टेट के निवासियों की चिकित्सा आवश्यकताओं को पूरा करता है। आयुष प्रणाली की सुविधाओं के साथ आधुनिक बुनियादी ढांचा उपचार के मानक प्रोटोकॉल का पालन करेगा।
राष्ट्रपति भवन में आयुष सम्पूर्ण स्वास्थ्य केन्द्र की "स्थापना, कामकाज और विशेष उपलब्धियों" के बारे में लिखित जानकारी देने वाली एक पुस्तक का विमोचन भी आज राष्ट्रपति भवन सांस्कृतिक केन्द्र में आयुष राज्य मंत्री डॉ. मुंजपरा महेंद्रभाई कालूभाई ने आयुष मंत्रालय में सचिव श्री वैद्य राजेश कोटेचा और राष्ट्रपति के सचिव श्री के डी त्रिपाठी की उपस्थिति में किया गया।
प्रकाशन की सराहना करते हुए, राष्ट्रपति ने पुस्तक में निहित अपने संदेश में कहा है, "मुझे यह जानकर प्रसन्नता हो रही है कि इस केन्द्र से बड़ी संख्या में रोगी लाभान्वित हुए हैं। रोगी शिक्षा कार्यशालाएं, स्कूल स्वास्थ्य कार्यक्रम और ओपीडी तक पहुंच आदि जैसी पहल इस केन्द्र द्वारा की गई हैं। कोविड-19 महामारी के दौरान शुरू की गई टेलीमेडिसिन सुविधाओं और ऑनलाइन योग कक्षाओं ने इस कठिन दौर में लाभार्थियों की मदद की।”
इस अवसर पर केन्द्रीय आयुष मंत्री श्री सर्बानंद सोनोवाल ने कहा कि आयुष चिकित्सा पद्धति का उपयोग सदियों से स्वास्थ्य देखभाल के लिए पारंपरिक रूप से किया जाता रहा है। उन्होंने कहा कि आयुष प्रणालियों की स्वास्थ्य के लिए प्रोत्साहक, रोकथाम करने वाली और उपचारात्मक भूमिका जनता के बीच इसकी स्वीकृति का कारण हैं। आयुष मंत्री ने बताया कि आयुष मंत्रालय और राष्ट्रपति सचिवालय ने इस दिशा में पहले कदम के रूप में आयुष वेलनेस सेंटर, प्रेसिडेंट्स एस्टेट को शुरू करने के लिए सहयोग किया। उन्होंने कहा कि आधुनिक आयुष वेलनेस सेंटर निर्बाध और कुशल तरीके से आयुष उपचार प्रदान करता रहेगा।
केन्द्र की मुख्य विशेषताओं को याद करते हुए आयुष सचिव, श्री वैद्य राजेश कोटेचा ने कहा कि इस केन्द्र की स्वीकृति के स्तर का अंदाजा इसी बात से लगाया जा सकता है कि पिछले 7 वर्षों में प्रेसिडेंट्स एस्टेट के 1.6 लाख से अधिक निवासियों ने इस केंद्र का दौरा किया है। केंद्र द्वारा अब तक कुल 60 शोध पत्र प्रकाशित किए जा चुके हैं। उन्होंने जोर देकर कहा कि अपनी बढ़ी हुई सुविधाओं के साथ, केंद्र निवासियों की अधिक समग्र तरीके से सेवा करने के लिए वचनबद्ध है।
राष्ट्रपति भवन ने आयुष मंत्रालय की मदद से जुलाई 2015 में प्रेसिडेंट्स एस्टेट में एक ही छत के नीचे सभी प्रणालियों के साथ देश का पहला आयुष वेलनेस क्लिनिक (एडब्ल्यूसी) स्थापित किया था। उस समय प्रेसिडेंट्स एस्टेट में एक जीर्ण-शीर्ण इमारत का नवीनीकरण किया गया था और इसे एडब्ल्यूसी में परिवर्तित किया गया था। एडब्ल्यूसी में आयुर्वेद, योग और प्राकृतिक चिकित्सा, यूनानी, सिद्ध और होम्योपैथी उपचार की सुविधाएं हैं। यह देश भर में विभिन्न सरकारी विभागों और एम्स जैसे प्रतिष्ठित संस्थानों में ऐसे अनेक क्लीनिकों का प्रणेता है।
यह भी पढ़े► आयुर्वेद और योग का केंद्र बनने की राह पर गोरखपुर
Amid hectic work schedules, tentative vacay plans, and the never-ending to-do list that's lingering on us, you'd agree that we are all doing the best we can to live the fullest and stay fit in our small but unique way. And days like, June 21, which is celebrated every year as International Yoga Day, act as a gentle reminder to embrace health and wellness.
According to the Ministry of AYUSH, yoga is key to improving flexibility, strength, balance, and attaining harmony. And its popularity across the globe is proof enough.
What is important to remember here, however, is the fact that this ancient practice alone can't help you achieve your health and fitness goals. Yoga and a nutritious, balanced diet go hand in hand, and eating the right foods ensure your body gets the essential nutrients it requires for optimal health - not just body but also minds.
"Adding a handful of walnuts to your daily diet can set you off to a great start and fuel your brain and body", shares Naaznin Husein, Nutritionist, Yoga Consultant, and founder of Freedom Wellness Management, "By a handful, approx. 28g of walnuts that contain 4g protein, 2g fiber, and 2.5g plant-based omega-3 ALA. All these beneficial nutrients are known to support the health of our heart, brain, and gut."
Did you know that California walnuts are produced under stringent quality controls that exceed California inspection standards, reputed to be the world's toughest? It's a long road from planting a walnut orchard to delivering fresh, delicious walnuts to our local markets. Not only this, these wonderful crunchy and mildly sweet wonder nuts, when added to our daily diet, can help in overall wellness, shows research:
Say Hello to A Healthy Heart: Loaded with good fats (plant-based omega-3 ALA), walnuts, as part of a nutritious and balanced diet, may decrease the risk of heart disease and stroke. They help maintain healthy cholesterol levels and decrease blood pressure, two of the major risk factors for heart disease.
Focus on Immunity: Walnuts are a good source of plant-based vitamin B, zinc, and selenium the trio that boasts of the potential to ensure normal functioning of our immune system as per FSSAI's Eat Right During Covid 19 guidelines.
Weight Maintenance: Most of us exercise to lose weight and get into the perfect shape. While walnuts may not make you shed those extra calories, they sure help along the way. Research shows walnuts' potential role in influencing appetite hormones that make you feel full for longer. Which, in turn, avoids unnecessary cravings.
Reduce The Risk of Diabetes: One of India's most common and concerning diseases is diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes. It has been discovered that walnuts, as part of a healthy diet, may help manage diabetes and metabolic syndrome. A study representing more than 34,000 American adults suggests those who consume walnuts may have about half the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, compared to adults who do not eat nuts.6
Here are some quick hacks Nutrition and Yoga expert, NaazninHusein recommends adding walnuts into the daily diet regime :
Blend it into your pre-workout/post-workout smoothie to keep yourself energized.
Toss it into your salad or trail mix to transform them into an omega-3-rich meal/snack.
Add them to your curries and tikkas, and you can say goodbye to the cream for good.
Coat your meat and seafood with chopped walnuts for that extra crunch and nutrition quotient.
Indulge in a handful of walnuts to fix your mid-meal hunger pangs. (N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe )
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Most people underestimate the significance of regular examinations. Our hectic and unpredictable lifestyle frequently prevents us from seeking routine preventive care. People usually only come when they are seriously ill. In fact, health surveys show that men are less likely than women to visit doctors.
Men over the age of 50 should have a yearly physical examination, while those under the age of 50 should have one every three to five years. Even if you feel healthy, it is critical to have regular check-ups because they help to diagnose disease early and reduce the risk of complications.
5 important health check-ups for men:
The doctor will determine which tests to perform and how frequently they should be performed based on the individual's health conditions. The following tests are recommended for the general population.
Risk factors for developing high blood sugar levels include family history of diabetes, obesity. The risk of getting diabetes increases as you grow older. Regular screening for diabetes using fasting, post prandial and HbA1C is recommended for individuals above 40 years.
With the family history of diabetes, the screening on a regular interval should be started even as early as above 30 years. Monitoring the blood sugar levels is important to reduced end organ damage. Uncontrolled diabetes increases the risk of heart disease, kidney damage, eye problems and neurological problems.
All adults over the age of 35 should get their cholesterol checked every 5 years. You might need to begin screening as early as 20 years of age if you have certain risk factors such as diabetes, smoking, a body mass index above 30, family history of stroke, or first-degree relatives who have had deranged cholesterol levels. High cholesterol levels can increase the risk for heart disease and stroke. People with cardiovascular disease risk factors should monitor cholesterol levels more frequently.
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by your blood on the walls of blood vessels. A high BP puts you at risk of various health conditions like heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke. It is very easy to check your BP at home with the help of automated apparatus. A normal blood pressure level is less than 120/80 mmHg.
As the dietary modifications happening due to cultural changes in the society, the onset of hypertension is seen in young adults. Hence adults above age of 18 should have their BP checked at least once. People with comorbidities like diabetes, heart disease or kidney problems should have their blood pressure checked more often.
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
About 1 in 8 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. It is one of the top ten leading cancers for men in India. Prostate cancer screening can help identify cancer early on, when treatment is most effective. It is done with a simple, widely available blood test called Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test, sometimes combined with a digital rectal exam (DRE) to feel the prostate for abnormalities. It is recommended for all men above the age of 50 years on a yearly basis. Individuals with a family history of prostate cancer should begin screening at the age of 40.
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Thyroid hormones control the metabolism and contribute to our overall energy levels, nerve functions, and much more. Any irregularities with the thyroid can lead to various health problems and cause weight gain, lethargy, exhaustion, or fatigue. TSH test is done to find out how well the thyroid is working. High and low TSH can affect fertility in men.
Elderly men over the age of 50, as well as individuals with risk factors for heart disease, should have a yearly echocardiogram and treadmill test to screen for heart disease. Diabetic patients should have a yearly kidney disease screening with a Creatinine and urine test. Individuals who exhibit high-risk behaviour should be screened for sexually transmitted diseases.
The theme of this year's Men's Health Week is "Building Healthy Environments for Men and Boys." The emphasis is on providing a safe and welcoming environment for men's mental and physical health.
Men are more prone to certain disorders than women. The above tests are extremely helpful in the early detection of men's health problems.(Dr Vidyashankar P, Lead Consultant - Nephrology & Transplant Physician)
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Chandigarh: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a lifestyle ailment which affects 25-30 per cent of the world population.
In India, the overall prevalence of NAFLD in the general population is close to 40 per cent and may still be higher at certain places, including Chandigarh, say doctors.
On the occasion of International NASH Day, the Indian National Association for Study of the Liver (INASL)-NAFLD Taskforce and Indian Consortium on NAFLD (ICON-D) launched an Action plan for the prevention and control of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in India'.
Experts feel that educating the public on healthy lifestyle will go a long way in preventing and controlling this disease.
NAFLD is usually thought as a benign condition and is often ignored by the patients.
The main reasons for NAFLD in India are the metabolic risk factors related to sedentary lifestyle and intake of high calorie food.
Overweight or obesity, diabetes mellitus (blood sugar), hypertension (high blood pressure) and dyslipidemia (deranged blood lipids) are the main risk factors for NAFLD, even though some patients may be predisposed genetically.
The diagnosis of NAFLD is usually simple, based on blood tests, ultrasound and few other tests, but may be delayed due to lack of symptoms in the early stage.
The disease may also be ignored by the patients and physicians alike due to slow progression and lack of specific complaints.
In addition to affecting the liver, NAFLD has also become a very common risk factor for various extra-hepatic diseases like cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, bone loss, obstructed sleep apnoea and cancers of various organs.
The treatment of patients with NAFLD revolves around maintaining a healthy lifestyle with good diet and regular exercise.
Those who are overweight are encouraged to lose weight by cutting down on their calorie intake and by burning more calories through aerobic or anaerobic exercises.
Patients who progress on to severe form of disease (NASH with or without fibrosis, cirrhosis, liver cancer) do require other modalities of treatment, including pharmacological drugs, endoscopy and liver transplantation for those with liver failure. (Agency)
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New York: Obesity, often a result of eating too much fat and sugar in combination with low physical activity, is known as a key factor for developing Type 2 diabetes. However, some obese people do not develop the disease that affect millions globally. Turns out their gut bacteria have a role to play.
Andrey Morgun and Natalia Shulzhenko of Oregon State University and Giorgio Trinchieri of the National Cancer Institute developed a novel analytical technique, multi-organ network analysis, to explore the mechanisms behind early-stage systemic insulin resistance.
The findings, published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, showed that a particular type of gut microbe leads to white adipose tissue containing macrophage cells, large cells that are part of the immune system, associated with insulin resistance.
In the human body, white adipose tissue is the main type of fat.
"Our experiments and analysis predict that a high-fat/high-sugar diet primarily acts in white adipose tissue by driving microbiota-related damage to the energy synthesis process, leading to systemic insulin resistance," said Morgun, associate professor of pharmaceutical sciences in the OSU College of Pharmacy.
"Treatments that modify a patient's microbiota in ways that target insulin resistance in adipose tissue macrophage cells could be a new therapeutic strategy for Type 2 diabetes," he added.
The human gut microbiome features more than 10 trillion microbial cells from about 1,000 different bacterial species.
"The so-called 'western diet', high in saturated fats and refined sugars, is one of the primary factors. But gut bacteria have an important role to play in mediating the effects of diet," Shulzhenko said.
Experiments in mice, looking at the intestine, liver, muscle and white adipose tissue, the team found "adipose tissue has a predominant role in systemic insulin resistance".
Further they "discovered that the Oscillibacter microbe, enriched by a western diet, causes an increase of the insulin-resistant adipose tissue macrophage".
The researchers add, however, that Oscillibacter is likely not the only microbial regulator for expression of the key gene they identified, Mmp12, and that the Mmp12 pathway, while clearly instrumental, is probably not the only important pathway, depending on which gut microbes are present.
Previously studies have shown that another microbial species "Romboutsia ilealis worsens glucose tolerance by inhibiting insulin levels, which may be relevant to more advanced stages of Type 2 diabetes", Shulzhenko said. (Agency)
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