लंदन। साइकिल चलाना, पैदल चलना, बागवानी, साफ-सफाई और खेलों में भाग लेने वाली या नियमित व्यायाम करने वाली महिलाओं को पार्किंसंस रोग होने का खतरा लगभग 25 प्रतिशत तक कम हो सकता है। ये बात एक अध्ययन से पता चली है। अमेरिकन एकेडमी ऑफ न्यूरोलॉजी के मेडिकल जर्नल में प्रकाशित अध्ययन हालांकि यह साबित नहीं करता है कि व्यायाम करने से पार्किं संस रोग का खतरा काफी कम हो जाता है, लेकिन इसका संबंध जरूर दिखाता है।
अध्ययन के लेखक एलेक्सिस एल्बाज ने कहा, व्यायाम स्वास्थ्य को बेहतर बनाने के लिए कम लागत वाला तरीका है, इसलिए हमारे अध्ययन ने यह निर्धारित करने की कोशिश की कि क्या यह पार्किं संस रोग के विकास के कम जोखिम से जुड़ा हो सकता है। यह एक ऐसी बीमारी है जिसका कोई इलाज नहीं है।
एल्बाज ने कहा, हमारे परिणाम पार्किं संस रोग को रोकने के लिए हस्तक्षेप की योजना बनाने के सबूत प्रदान करते हैं।
अध्ययन में 95,354 महिला प्रतिभागियों को शामिल किया गया, जिनकी औसत आयु 49 वर्ष थी, जिन्हें अध्ययन की शुरूआत में पार्किंसंस नहीं था। शोधकर्ताओं ने तीन दशकों तक महिलाओं को फॉलो किया, जिसके दौरान 1,074 प्रतिभागियों ने पार्किं संस विकसित किया।
अध्ययन के दौरान, प्रतिभागियों ने शारीरिक गतिविधि के प्रकार और मात्रा के बारे में छह प्रश्नावली पूरी कीं।
उनसे पूछा गया कि वे कितनी दूर चली और प्रतिदिन कितनी सीढ़ियां चढ़ती हैं, कितने घंटे वे घरेलू गतिविधियों में लगाती हैं और साथ ही उन्होंने बागवानी जैसी गतिविधियां और खेल जैसी अधिक जोरदार गतिविधियां करने में कितना समय लगाया।
अधिक व्यायाम करने वालों में पार्किं संस रोग के 246 मामले या प्रति 1,000 व्यक्ति-वर्ष में 0.55 मामले थे, जबकि सबसे कम व्यायाम करने वालों के बीच 286 मामले या 0.73 प्रति 1,000 व्यक्ति-वर्ष थे। व्यक्ति-वर्ष अध्ययन में लोगों की संख्या और प्रत्येक व्यक्ति द्वारा अध्ययन में खर्च किए जाने वाले समय दोनों का प्रतिनिधित्व करता है।
निवास स्थान, पहली बार पीरियड और मेंस्ट्रूएशन और धूम्रपान जैसे कारकों को देखने के बाद, शोधकर्ताओं ने पाया कि ज्यादा व्यायाम करने वाले समूह में पार्किं संस रोग के विकास की दर 25 प्रतिशत कम थी।
आहार या चिकित्सा स्थितियों जैसे उच्च रक्तचाप, मधुमेह और हृदय रोग के समायोजन के बाद परिणाम समान थे।
शोधकर्ताओं ने यह भी पाया कि डायगोनेसिस से 10 साल पहले, पार्किं संस रोग के शुरूआती लक्षणों के कारण इस रोग वाले लोगों की तुलना में शारीरिक गतिविधि में तेजी से गिरावट आई।
अध्ययन की एक सीमा यह थी कि प्रतिभागी ज्यादातर स्वास्थ्य-जागरूक शिक्षक थी जिन्होंने लंबी अवधि के अध्ययन में भाग लेने की इच्छा जताई थी, इसलिए सामान्य जनसंख्या के लिए परिणाम भिन्न हो सकते हैं। (एजेंसी)
यह भी पढ़े►घरेलू हिंसा से पीड़ित महिलाओं में अस्थमा का जोखिम ज्यादा : स्टडी
Stress is the body and mind's physical reaction to an event that is happening in our lives. Stress is referred to in Ayurveda as SAHASA, and it lowers immunity and makes the body more susceptible to disease. Stress can be caused by eating unhealthy foods, following an irregular or incorrect routine, and having uncontrolled mental emotions like fear, rage, or grief.
Emotions and body organs are said to be intimately related in Ayurveda. When we repress negative emotions, they are not processed and cannot be released, which puts stress on the organs and causes diseases. According to Ayurveda, stress is a nerve system disturbance that the Vata dosha governs. Ayurvedic techniques for managing stress not only keep the body and mind in harmony but also gradually increase the level of inner fulfillment.
Ayurvedic treatments have basically two aims:
Maintain the health of a healthy person and Cure the disease of an ill person.
Ayurvedic lifestyle recommendations for stress management achieve both of the objectives mentioned above. Life, in accordance with Ayurveda, is a harmonious union of the body, mind, and soul. Ayurveda advises making lifestyle changes to reach a balanced condition, such as scheduling activities like sleeping and waking up, following a balanced meal plan, engaging in appropriate exercise, and getting enough rest.
Literally meaning mental peace, treatments for stress management work to relieve the ill effects that come from the burden of mental strain-stress, insomnia, lack of concentration, fatigue, and headaches, and help in improving your mental health. The treatment course for Manashantichikitsa/treatment follows the 3 stages, Poorvakarma - the preparatory phase, Shodana - the cleansing or eliminating phase, and finally Samana which is the corrective and rejuvenation phase.
In the first step, internal and external oleation (Snehanam) and therapeutic sweating (Swedanam) prepare the body for the removal of toxins. After the body has been prepped, the doctor will choose the cleansing procedure or panchakarma treatment based on each patient's body type and overall health. The doshas (body constitution) imbalances will be stabilized during these two stages of treatment. The body is gradually pulled out of the extreme cleansing and elimination stage during the third and final stage of treatment, Samana or Paschatkarma, by correcting medications, moderate therapeutic treatments, a healthy diet, and yoga asanas to revitalize the body. (Dr Jayan, Sr. Doctor, Kalari Kovilakom)
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The Union Minister of Ayush and Ports, Shipping & Waterways Shri Sarbananda Sonowal inaugurated six new buildings as part of the Project II of the North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Homoeopathy (NEIAH) to expand capacity. The cost of the construction of these new buildings is estimated at more than 60 crores.
Speaking on the occasion, Shri Sonowal said that the expansion of this premier institute can play an instrumental role in furthering the role of traditional medicine in the region. We see a huge role of integrative medicine in the healthcare solutions delivery system of the country in the forthcoming years. The investment made by the government through these new buildings will embolden our effort to rejuvenate traditional medicine in this region of the country. The Minister also announced NEIAH will be starting its ambulance services soon.
Speaking about the role of the Northeast’s role in traditional medicine, Sarbananda Sonowal added, “Our Northeast is blessed by Mother Earth whose natural bounty has helped us heal for many generations. We simply want to take this process forward so that it can help many more people and help them live a better quality of life. The vision of PM Modi Ji is to develop a healthcare delivery system which is effective and efficient. With the continuous impetus to build and expand capacity for research and build a scientific base for traditional medicine, I believe the six new buildings inaugurated today will play a crucial role for NEIAH towards the achievement of this objective.”
NEIAH has witnessed a steady growth in patients as more and more people are experiencing better results at the hospital. In FY2022-23, the hospital saw a footfall of 52,088 patients in its OPD clinics while 504 patients were admitted as IPD patients for healing & recovery. In Ayurveda, NEIAH saw a footfall of 36,683 patients at the OPD clinics, as well as 482 patients, who got admitted to the IPD section of the university. In Homoeopathy, the footfall in its OPD clinics was 19,397 patients while 22 patients got themselves admitted under it. As many as 35 health camps& 4 CMEs (Continuing Medical Education)were conducted by NEIAH during the same period.
The Six new buildings will have a boy's hostel with a capacity to accommodate 104 occupants, a girl's hostel with a capacity to accommodate 104 occupants, 8 units of Type III quarter, 6 units of Type IVA Quarter, 7 units of Type IVB cum Director’s Residence, a senior resident hostel with 25 units, and a guest house with 19 rooms & 2 suites. The buildings were made with an estimated cost of ₹60.16 crores.
The event was also attended by Guests of Honour, viz. Dr Mazel Ampareen Lyngdoh, Health & Family Welfare Minister, Govt. Of Meghalaya as well as AL Hek, Minister of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary, Govt. of Meghalaya. Prof. Prabha Shankar Shukla, Vice Chancellor, North Eastern Hill University (NEHU); Prof(Dr) Nalin Mehta, Director, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health & Medical Sciences (NEIGRIHMS) and Dr Neeta Mahesekar, Director, NEIAH also attended the event.
In academics, NEIAH has already enrolled six undergraduate batches into the Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (BAMS) and Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS). From 50 students in 2016-17, the intake of students has now been increased to 63 per batch. The courses are affiliated with North Eastern Hill University (NEHU), Shillong, Meghalaya.
The North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Homoeopathy (NEIAH) is an autonomous Institute under the Ministry of Ayush, Government of India. NEIAH was established to provide health care facilities to the people of NE Region and Sikkim under Ayurveda and Homoeopathy systems of medicine. The Institute is currently running one college of Ayurveda and one college of Homoeopathy along with its attached hospitals. The Institute runs 60 bedded Ayurvedic and 20 bedded Homoeopathic Hospitals.
The hospitals at the NEIAH campus are well-equipped with private wards, a labour room, Operation Theatre, a Yoga centre, a Physiotherapy unit, a Panchkarma unit etc. Investigation facilities like ECG, USG, X-ray, Laboratories, and Nadi Taranganietc. are also available at the institute. The institute is equipped with 7 OPDs in Ayurveda and 5 OPDs in Homoeopathy. There is a full-fledged IPD facility with 60 beds for Ayurveda and 20 beds for Homoeopathy. The institute is spread over an area of 20 acres.
Read More►AIIA and CCRAS Jointly Organize An Interactive Meeting on Research and Education in Ayush
All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA) and the Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS) jointly organized an Interactive meeting for Research and Education in Ayush with a focus on R& D, Education, and capacity building today at New Delhi.
The objective of the interactive meeting was to brainstorm and set goals to capitalize on the expertise and experience of the Chairs in academic and research avenues. The participants discussed the research education ecosystem in Ayush Colleges, at both graduation and post-graduation levels. The meeting was focused on Research & Development, Education & capacity building in the Ayush sector. All the Directors presented their success stories.
On this occasion, Vd. Rajesh Kotecha, Secretary of the Ministry of Ayush, said “Today we all have gathered here to brainstorm how we can collectively use the expertise and knowledge of the distinguished chair and set up the goal for the future. The pandemic allowed Ayush to develop their science, and Ayush did it by developing Ayush 64, etc.”.
Pramod Kumar Pathak, Special Secretary, Ministry of Ayush, said “This meeting will help researchers to get the insights from Ayush Distinguished Chairs and know their experience in their field. An initiative like today’s was the need of the hour. The Ministry of Ayush is working to promote Ayush’s patents and research”.
Welcoming everyone Prof. Tanuja Nesari, Director of AIIA said, “It is a historic movement when Administrators, Policy makers, Education experts, Researchers, and distinguished Scientists have come under one platform. This platform gives us an opportunity to create an evidence-based Ayurveda creating disciplinary model and integration.
Prof. Vd Rabinarayan Acharya, Director General CCRAS, said “When we compare Ayush with Chinese alternative method of treatment, it has much more potential to go high. During COVID time Ayush system has registered more clinical studies, in comparison to the Chinese system of medicines. It is high time to give much priority to research,”.
The meeting was attended by Heads of all Ayush National Institutions, Research, Councils, and advisors of MoA, Chairman of NCSIM Vaidya Jayant Deopujari, and NCH Dr. Anil Khurana including five newly- distinguished appointed scientists Ayush Distinguished Scientist Chairs Dr. Nandini K. Kumar (Interdisciplinary Clinical Research), Dr. Arvind Chopra, (Public health and Epidemiology), Dr. Sharmila Shekhar Mande (Ayurveda Biology and Basic Sciences), Dr. Madhu Dikshit (Pharmaceutical Drug Development) and Dr. B.N. Gangadhar (Consciousness and Cognitive Sciences). The meeting occurred in the August presence of Sec Ministry of Ayush Vd Rajesh Kotecha, Special Secretary P.K. Pathak, and Prof (Dr) Tanuja Nesari, Director, AIIA, Prof. (Vd.) Rabi Narayan Acharya, Director General (CCRAS) MDNIY Director Dr. Ishwar V. Basavaraddi and Prof. Bhushan Patwardhan, National Ayush Chairs, Directors of National Institute, and research councils.
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लंदन। भारतीय मूल की एक महिला के नेतृत्व में किए गए एक शोध के अनुसार, जिन महिलाओं को घरेलू दुर्व्यवहार का सामना करना पड़ा है, उनमें अस्थमा सहित एटोपिक बीमारियों के विकसित होने का खतरा अधिक हो सकता है। जर्नल ऑफ एलर्जी एंड क्लिनिकल इम्यूनोलॉजी में प्रकाशित स्टडी के मुताबिक, रोगी रिकॉर्ड के विश्लेषण में पाया गया कि महिलाओं का एक बड़ा प्रतिशत वो था जिनको एटोपिक रोग थे और जिनका इतिहास घरेलू दुर्व्यवहार और हिंसा का रहा है।
ब्रिटेन के बमिर्ंघम विश्वविद्यालय के डॉ जोहत सिंह चंदन ने कहा, हमारे नतीजे बताते हैं कि घरेलू हिंसा और दुर्व्यवहार की पीड़ित महिलाओं में एटोपिक बीमारियों के विकास का जोखिम 52 प्रतिशत बढ़ जाता है।
उन्होंने कहा, घरेलू हिंसा और दुर्व्यवहार एक वैश्विक मुद्दा है जो महिलाओं को प्रभावित करता है। हम घरेलू हिंसा के स्वास्थ्य प्रभावों के बारे में अपनी समझ को और गहरा करना चाहते हैं, इसलिए साक्ष्य-आधारित सार्वजनिक स्वास्थ्य नीतियों को न केवल घरेलू हिंसा को संबोधित करने के लिए विकसित किया जा सकता है, बल्कि एटोपिक रोगों पर भी ध्यान दिया जा सकता है।
शोधकर्ताओं की टीम ने यूके में एक अध्ययन किया, एक चिकित्सक के साथ वयस्क महिलाओं (18 वर्ष और उससे अधिक आयु) के साथ हुई घरेलू हिंसा को देखा और उनकी तुलना 18 वर्ष से अधिक उम्र की दूसरी महिलाओं से की जिनके साथ ये हिंसा नहीं हुई थी।
जिन महिलाओं में एटोपिक रोग पहले से थे उनको अध्ययन से बाहर रखा गया।
कुल 13,852 महिलाओं की घरेलू हिंसा के संपर्क में आने के रूप में पहचान की गई और बिना हिंसा की शिकार 49,036 महिलाओं से उनका मिलान किया गया।
स्टडी के मुताबिक, 13,852 महिलाओं में से 967 में एटोपिक रोग पाया गया, जबकि दूसरे समूह में यह संख्या 2,607/49,036 थी। (एजेंसी)
यह भी पढ़े►भारत में प्रति नौ में से एक को कैंसर का खतरा
Pregnancy is a life-changing experience for women, as they prepare to bring a new life into the world. It is a time of great joy and anticipation, but it can also be a time of stress and anxiety.
Mental health issues are common during pregnancy, and it is essential to take care of your mental health to ensure a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.
Mental health issues during pregnancy can take many forms, including depression, anxiety, and stress. These issues can be caused by a variety of factors, including hormonal changes, relationship problems, financial stress, and physical discomfort. Whatever the cause, it is important to address mental health issues during pregnancy to ensure the best possible outcome for both the mother and the baby.
According to Shivangi Sagar, Counselling Psychologist and Co-Founder of HopeQure, a platform for counselling and therapy consultations, mood swings are normal during pregnancy but if you feel nervous or down all the time, it could be a sign of something deeper. She says, "Stress over being pregnant, changes in your body during the pregnancy, and everyday worries can take a toll. Depression and anxiety are the two most common and prevalent disorders faced during pregnancy. The prevalence ranges from 8 to 30 per cent all over the world."
"Antenatal depression i.e., depression before the birth of the child is a strong predictor of postnatal depression. Depression is sadness or feeling down or irritable for weeks or months at a time. Someone may have depression before getting pregnant. But it also can start during pregnancy for a number of reasons -- for example, if a woman isn't happy about being pregnant or is dealing with a lot of stress at work or stress at home. Whereas, anxiety is a feeling of worry or fear over things that might happen. If you worry a lot anyway, many things can stress you out during pregnancy. You might worry that you won't be a good parent or that you can't afford to raise a baby," says Shivangi.
"Perinatal and antenatal mental issues have been associated with many poor outcomes, including maternal, child, and family unit challenges. Infants and young children of depressed mothers are more likely to have a difficult temperament, as well as cognitive and emotional delays. Among mothers who have a history of depression and decide to stop taking their antidepressants during the perinatal period, the majority suffer from relapsing symptoms. If depression continues postpartum, there is an increased risk of poor mother-infant attachment, delayed cognitive and linguistic skills in the infant, impaired emotional development, and risk for behavioural problems in later life."
While there is a probability of adverse mental health concerns in mothers during pregnancy, it is of chief importance that these symptoms can be managed.
Here are seven ways Counselling Psychologist Shivangi suggests you protect your mental health while pregnant:
Seek Prenatal Care: Regular prenatal care is critical to identify mental health issues early on and providing support and resources to address them. Prenatal care can also ensure that both the mother and the baby are healthy throughout the pregnancy. Prenatal yoga is a powerful tool for managing depression. It can assist in elevating the mood during pregnancy and provide strength to the body, especially the pelvic floor, hip, and abdominal core muscles. It gives the mother a healthier pregnancy and research has confirmed that a healthy mother is more likely to have or give birth to a healthy baby.
Increase Awareness: It is important to take notice that you are facing mental health issues. It can be helpful to talk to a professional and help you deal with your specific issues.
Practice Positive Self-Talk: Sometimes writing a few positive affirmations and reading them aloud can help in uplifting the mind. It is significant that pregnant women should focus their attention on positive things.
Communicate Openly: Talking about what is causing you stress with your partner, family, friends or a professional can help you understand your stressors and how you can manage them. It will also help your loved ones support you during this period. Having a strong support system during pregnancy can provide valuable emotional support and connection. Joining a support group for pregnant women can also provide a valuable source of support.
Prioritise Self-Care: Taking care of oneself during pregnancy is essential to reduce stress and promote positive mental health. This can include getting enough rest, eating a healthy diet, and engaging in regular physical activity. Taking time for oneself to relax and engage in activities can also help reduce stress.
Breathing Exercises: You can try breathing exercises and help you calm yourself in times of stress and anxiety. You can also try mindfulness and meditation techniques to regulate your emotions.
Seek Professional Help: If you are experiencing severe or persistent mental health issues during pregnancy, it's essential to seek professional help. This can include therapy, medication, or a combination of both. Healthcare providers can help identify the best treatment options for individual needs. (N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe)
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