Lucknow, June 9 (IANS) About four lakh Anganwadi workers in Uttar Pradesh will get smart phones to improve their efficiency and the state government will also train them to use the devices.A training plan has already been prepared for this.According to the government spokesman, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath has instructed the officials concerned to ensure their distribution in order to help those crucial in implementation of women and child welfare schemes in rural areas.The Anganwadi workers, working in the field facilitating women and children issues related to health and nutrition, have been an important tool in the chief minister's scheme of things, including effective implementation of Corona control.All data related to women and children's schemes will now be in the hands of Anganwadi workers.This, according to the spokesperson, will result in maximum transparency in implementation of the schemes.Decisions related to the schemes will be taken on the basis of real-time data, without delay, and the scope for corruption will be minimized."After being equipped with smartphones, the various schemes in rural areas including nutrition and child welfare, will be implemented in a more effective manner," he stated.There are 1.89 lakh Anganwadi centres in the state with about four lakh workers available.--IANSamita/in
London, Feb 27 (IANS) Smartphones, often blamed for eye strains and other problems, can also come to your aid as researchers have found that these devices could be used to scan people's eyes for early-warning signs of glaucoma, helping to prevent severe ocular diseases and blindness.Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve which is estimated to affect 79.6 million people world-wide and, if left untreated, causes irreversible damage.In most cases, blindness can be prevented with appropriate control and treatment.Glaucoma is associated with elevated levels of intraocular pressure (IOP) and an accurate, non-invasive way of monitoring an individual's IOP over an extended period would help to significantly increase their chances of maintaining their vision.Soundwaves used as a mobile measurement method would detect increasing values of IOP, prompting early diagnosis and treatment.The study published in the journal Engineering Reports showed that scientists at University of Birmingham in Britain have successfully carried out experiments using soundwaves and an eye model."We discovered a relationship between the internal pressure of an object and its acoustic reflection coefficient," said Khamis Essa, Director of the Advanced Manufacturing Group at the University of Birmingham."With further investigation into eye geometry and how this affects the interaction with soundwaves, it is possible to use a smartphone to accurately measure IOP from the comfort of the user's home."Risk factors for other eye diseases are easier to assess -- for example, in the case of diabetic retinopathy, individuals with diabetes are specifically at risk and are constantly monitored for tiny bulges that develop in the blood vessels of the eye.Intraocular pressure is a vital measurement of healthy vision, defined as pressure created by continued renewal of eye fluids.Ocular hypertension is caused by an imbalance in production and drainage of aqueous fluid -- most common in older adults. Risk increases with age, in turn increasing the likelihood of an individual developing glaucoma.--IANSgb/in
Cell phones have become integral to function for nearly everyone. While it has brought a lot of tasks to our fingertips, cell phones also have a host of disadvantages. Cellphones emit intermittent electromagnetic radiation (also referred to as Radio Frequency energy) and bright screen light, both these aspects have tremendous impact triggered from prolonged use.
Increased screen time also affects the sleep and psychosocial behavior across age groups. Usage of cellphones has exponentially increased over time, so much so that we usually take it to bed, to the play areas, and even to the toilet.
Being exposed to the bright light emitting from cell phones has been shown to reduce levels of Melatonin, which plays a pivotal role in maintaining your natural sleep-wake cycle. Melatonin is a hormone which is secreted by the Pineal Gland to give cues to the biological clock and brain, that it's time to sleep. Studies have shown that excessive use of cell phones leads to reduced duration and quality of sleep; it also increases daytime fatigue. It increases personal stress by creating an urge to reply to the text messages immediately, and respond.
A study done by He et al. reported that avoiding cellphone use 30 minutes prior to sleep, increases the duration and quality of sleep, it also improves work memory. An NCBI study on Japanese adolescents found that long duration of mobile phone use was associated with Insomnia, particularly in students using mobile phones for 5 hours or more each day.
Additionally, long hours spent on social networking aites and online chatting apps using mobile phones, was related to depression, particularly in students who spent over two hours on these sites. It concluded that appropriate use of mobile phones should be propagated in order to prevent sleep disturbances and the impairment of mental health among adolescents.
Reducing mobile phone usage at night before sleeping is a great habit to cultivate. The literature on the dangers of cellphone use and electromagnetic radiation on the brain is still in an emerging phase, however the advantages of avoiding phone use before sleeping and excessive use during day are very much evident.
Here's how you can better your sleep patterns:
Reduce blue light exposure in the evening; restrict gadget use by 30 minutes to one hour before bed time
Do not consume caffeine late in the day
Cut out alcohol
Curb irregular daytime naps
Exercise regularly for 30 minutes at least, but not before bed time
Dinner should be consumed 1-1.5 hours before bed time
Take a relaxing bath or shower before bed
Consistently maintain a sleep and wake time
(The author Dr Preyas Vaidya is Consultant Pulmonologist, Fortis Mulund and Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi.)
Smartphone users who suffer from regular headaches and migraines may be more likely to use painkillers and find less relief, say researchers at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).
For the study, published in the jorunal Neurology: Clinical Practice, researchers have identified 400 people in India with a primary headache condition, which includes migraine, tension headache and other headache types that are not due to another condition.
"While the results need to be confirmed with larger and more rigorous studies, the findings are concerning, as smartphone use is growing rapidly and has been linked to a number of symptoms, with headache being the most common," said study author Deepti Vibha, from AIIMS in New Delhi.
According to the researchers, the study does not prove that smartphone use causes greater use of pain medication and less relief; it only shows an association.
For the findings, the research team asked the people about their smartphone use and their headaches and medication use.
Of the 400 people, 206 were smartphone users and 194 were non-users.
People who did not use smartphones were older, had a lower education level and were more likely to have a low socioeconomic status than those who did use smartphones.
The smartphone users were more likely to take pain-relieving drugs for their headaches than non-users, with 96 per cent of smartphone users taking the drugs as compared to 81 per cent of non-users.
Smartphone users took an average of eight pills per month compared to five pills per month for non-users, the study said.
Smartphone users also reported less relief from the medication, with 84 per cent gaining moderate or complete relief of headache pain compared to 94 per cent of non-users.
However, the study did not find any difference between the two groups in how often headaches occurred, how long they lasted or how severe they were.
The researchers noted that the study only examined people at one point in time; it did not follow them to look for changes over time.
"The root of the problem is not yet clear. Is it a user's neck position? Or the phone's lighting? Or eye strain? Or the stress of being connected at all times? Answers will likely emerge in upcoming years and eventually guide strategies for more sustainable use of the devices," said Heidi Moawad, member of the American Academy of Neurology.
"Features such as hands-free settings, voice activation and audio functions could potentially hold the key to helping smartphone users benefit from their phones without exacerbating their headaches," Moawad added. (IANS)