In a significant step forward, the Ministry of Ayush has paved the way for strengthening the quality of Ayurvedic and other Indian Traditional Medicine products globally and also enhancing their export potential, especially to the USA Market. This has been achieved by signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine & Homoeopathy (PCIM&H) and American Herbal Pharmacopoeia, USA on 13thSeptember, 2021.
The MoU was signed virtually and the Ministry of Ayush has entered this MOU with the specific purpose of strengthening, promotion, and development of standards in the field of Ayurveda and other Indian Traditional systems of medicine between the two countries on the basis of equality and mutual benefit.
This collaboration of efforts will go a long way in enhancing the export potential of the ASU&H (Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathy) drugs. Under this MOU, there will be the constitution of a Joint Committee to develop the action plan along with timelines for the development of Monographs and other activities for cooperation in the field of Traditional Medicine.
The Ministry feels that this MOU will develop the confidence of the global community about the safety of ASU&H drugs. One of the major outcomes of this partnership will be that both PCIM&H and AHP, USA would be working to identify various challenges faced by theherbal market of Ayurveda products/drugs in the USA. This will lead to adoption of Ayurveda standards developed out of this cooperation by the manufacturers of herbal drugs in the USA. This can be termed as a major move and will eventually foster the adoption of Ayurveda standards developed out of this cooperation for the market authorization of ASU&H products/drugs in the USA.
Development of Monographs of Ayurveda & other Indian Traditional Medicine products and herbal products, exchange of technical data for the development of Monographs with due acknowledgement between the parties, training and capacity building, exchange of Herbarium specimens and Botanical Reference Samples and phytochemical reference standards are also the part of MoU. There is an understanding in development of a Digital database on Ayurveda & other Indian Traditional Medicine products/drugs and herbal products and identifying further areas of co-operation for the promotion of quality standards of drugs/products used in Ayurveda & other Indian Traditional Medicine.
This MoU between India and USA is a timely step to add further momentum to the ongoing initiatives of the Ministry of Ayush to strengthen the quality of Ayurveda and other Indian Traditional Medicine products both inland and globally. Ayurveda and other AYUSH medicines have much to contribute in dealing with lifestyle disorders which are the major killers of this century.
Further, the role of ASU&H drugs in promoting the immunity of the body to fight against the prevalent infections is evidence based and worth praising. India enjoys the distinction of having the largest network of traditional health care systems which are widely accepted owing to its wide accessibility, affordability, safety and trust of people. It is the mandate of the Ministry of Ayush to work for promotion and propagation of these systems at international level for its global acceptance.
Through this MoU both the collaborators would strive to recognize the role of standards ensuring the quality and safety of Ayurveda and other Indian Traditional Medicine products. Will ensure an increase in awareness and understanding of the quality of traditional herbal medicines and their products.
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Thiruvananthapuram, Sep 5 (IANS) After a 12-year-old boy succumbed to Nipah virus attack on Sunday, two health workers who were in contact with the boy are now under surveillance.State health minister Veena George, who reached Kozhikode in the morning along with state PWD minister P.A. Mohammed Riyaz and state Transport minister A.K. Saseendran held a meeting of the health, revenue and police officials to review the situation.The review meeting mainly revolved around the steps to be taken to manage the situation arising after the death of the 12 year-old boy and the return of Nipah after it was contained in the state on June 10, 2018.In the last Nipah attack in 2018, 17 people had lost their lives and the government and health department are now not taking any chances.According to the health department officials, two health officials, who were on the contact list of the boy, have developed symptoms of the virus. A total of 188 people are in the contact list and 20 of these are from the index list or high-risk category.State Health Minister Veena George told media persons that one of the health workers is from the Kozhikode Government Medical College hospital and the other is from the private hospital where the boy was treated earlier.The health Minister while speaking to the media persons after the review meeting at the Kozhikode government guest house said, "There is no reason to worry but have to be highly alert. A ward at the Kozhikode Government Medical College has already been converted to Nipah ward and a control room is opened."She said that the three-storied pay ward at the Kozhikode Government Medical College will be allotted for Nipah and high-risk patients and the health workers will be soon shifted in that facility. The minister also said that a team from National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune will reach Kozhikode soon and set up a virology lab at Kozhikode Government Medical College hospital. This lab is for initial screening for Nipah virus.The minister also said that medical teams are visiting Chathamangalam panchayath to find out the contact source of the disease. She said that all necessary precautions were taken by Saturday evening itself before the test result of the child was announced.Meanwhile the authorities have declared a high alert in Kozhikode district. The roads within 3 km of the residence of the deceased boy were cordoned off with a heavy police posse being deployed for duty.The health department has already closed Ward no 9 of Chathamangalam panchayath and restrictions imposed in wards 8, 10, and 12.The staff of the local hospital at Omassery in Kozhikode district where the child was first taken for consultation after he developed fever are also put under alert.Health authorities have already informed the local people to immediately report any instances of fever, vomiting and other health ailments.--IANSaal/dpb
New Delhi, Aug 18 (IANS) As many as 41 per cent of surveyed Delhi households say that they have one or more members who are currently down with flu-like symptoms.The findings of the survey by Local Circles also indicate that 22 per cent of Delhi households are fully impacted with it, which means all members are having such symptoms while 19 per cent have only 1 member so far and it is likely that more members may develop symptoms in the days to come. However, 59 per cent of citizens have indicated that they do not have anyone in their households with the flu-like symptoms, the survey said. Many Delhi residents in the last 7 days have reported that one or more members in their family are struggling with Covid-like symptoms i.e. fever, runny nose, fatigue. Many are also getting a RT-PCR test done only to find later post doctor consultation that they are Covid-negative and had gotten under the influence of some kind of viral infection or seasonal flu. Doctors across hospitals are saying that 80 per cent of such cases were seasonal flu and 20 per cent were of Swine Flu. The Covid-19 test positivity rate in the national capital is currently less than 0.1 per cent. Residents of NCR cities i.e., Noida, Gurugram, Ghaziabad, and Faridabad have also reported rising instances of similar Covid-like symptoms. --IANSsan/vd
Toronto, Aug 10 (IANS) Depression and anxiety symptoms have doubled in children and adolescents when compared to pre-pandemic times, according to an alarming study.Researchers at the University of Calgary conducted a meta-analysis, pooling together data from 29 separate studies from around the world, including 80,879 youth globally.The findings, published in the medical journal JAMA Pediatrics, showed that an alarming percentage of children and adolescents are experiencing a global-wide mental crisis due to the Covid-19 pandemic."Estimates show that one in four youth globally are experiencing clinically elevated depression symptoms while one in five have clinically elevated anxiety symptoms," said lead author Dr Nicole Racine, a postdoctoral associate, and clinical psychologist at the varsity. More alarmingly, these symptoms are compounding over time.The study -- which incorporates 16 studies from East Asia, four from Europe, six from North America, two from Central and South America and one from the Middle East -- also shows that older adolescents and girls are experiencing the highest levels of depression and anxiety."We know from other studies that rates of depression and anxiety in youth tend to ebb and flow with restrictions. When more restrictions are imposed, rates go up. Being socially isolated, kept away from their friends, their school routines, and social interactions has proven to be really hard on kids," said Dr Sheri Madigan, a Calgary varsity clinical psychologist.Older teens in particular have missed out on significant life events such as graduations, sporting events, and various coming of age activities."These kids didn't imagine that when they graduated, they'd never get to say goodbye to their school, their teachers or their friends, and now they're moving on to something new, with zero closure," Racine said. "There's a grieving process associated with that."While mental health symptoms in youth are rising, more mental health support should be put in place to help children and adolescents in this time of need."If we want to mitigate the sustained mental health effects of Covid-19, because of the chronic stressors our youth experienced, we have to prioritise recovery planning now. Not when the pandemic is over, but immediately. Because kids are in crisis right now," Madigan said.--IANSrvt/vd
London, Aug 4 (IANS) Most children with Covid-19 recover within a week, only a small percentage have long-term symptoms, according to a study published in the journal Lancet Child and Adolescent Health.The study, by researchers at King's College London, showed that less than one in 20 children with symptomatic Covid-19 experienced symptoms lasting longer than four weeks, and almost all children have fully recovered by eight weeks.The most common symptoms reported in children were headaches, tiredness (fatigue), a sore throat, and loss of smell (anosmia).Reassuringly, there were no reports of serious neurological symptoms such as fits or seizures, impaired concentration or attention, or anxiety, the findings showed."It is reassuring that the number of children experiencing long-lasting symptoms of Covid-19 symptoms is low. Nevertheless, a small number of children do experience long illness with Covid-19, and our study validates the experiences of these children and their families," said Professor Emma Duncan, from King's College in London.The team looked at daily health reports logged in the ZOE Covid Symptom Study app by parents or carers on behalf of more than 250,000 children aged 5-17, with nearly 7,000 having symptoms consistent with Covid-19 and a positive test.The team focused on the period from September 2020 through to February 2021.During this time, 1,734 children were reported who had a clear start and end point to their symptoms and a positive Covid PCR test.On average, the illness lasted for five days in younger children (5 to 11 years old) and seven days in older children aged 12 to 17.Fewer than one in 20 experienced symptoms for 4 weeks or more, while only one in fifty had symptoms lasting more than 8 weeks.The researchers also assessed the children who tested negative for Covid-19 who may have had other childhood illnesses, such as colds and flu.To do this, they randomly selected a group of age-matched and gender-matched children with symptoms reported through the app who were tested at the same time as the positive children.Children with Covid-19 were ill for longer compared to children with other illnesses who tested negative for Covid-19 (an average of 6 days' illness with Covid-19 v/s 3 days with other illnesses) and were more likely to be ill for more than four weeks.However, at four weeks, the small number of children with other illnesses tended to have more symptoms than those who were ill with Covid-19 (average 5 symptoms in Covid-negative group v/s 2 symptoms in Covid-positive group).--IANSrvt/in
Coronavirus has left a scar on our minds, and its impact is not only felt by adults but kids as well. The concept of 'long Covid 19' is not well defined yet, but there are several research papers that highlight the long-term effects of Covid-19 on various age groups.
Children who have battled Covid-19 are coming back to hospitals with post-Covid 19 symptoms like persistent headaches, fatigue, abdominal pain, gastric issues, heart palpitations, difficulty to sleep, muscle pain, loss of smell, and Tachycardia (increased heart rate). This symptom typically manifests after 2-4 weeks of the initial infection and may last for weeks to months.
Kumar Salvi, Consultant Paediatrics and Neonatology, Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi, and Asmita Mahajan, Consultant Neonatology and Paediatrics, SL Raheja Hospital, Mahim, to know more about it:
Risk Factors For Kids- Adolescents and teenagers may be prone to witness long Covid-19 symptoms. Moreover, children with higher BMI or Obesity are at higher risk of experiencing long Covid-19. Initially, we were under the impression that long Covid-19 can occur in kids having acute infections. However, that has changed over time, and we see a lot of children with asymptomatic and mild infections also experiencing long Covid-19. Having said that it is important to note, that kids experiencing such symptoms should be properly screened by medical experts, as many of these could be a result of mental health issues induced by the lockdown and pandemic.
There are studies that indicate that isolation and lockdown have resulted in mental health issues among kids, further resulting in headaches, fatigue, anger, misbehaviour, and similar issues. Parents and doctors need to ensure proper diagnosis of these health ailments.
Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C) A Cause Of Many Such Long Covid-19 Issues in Kids- MIS-C in children is a condition where different body parts can become inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs. We know that many children with MIS-C had the Covid-19 virus or had been around someone with Covid-19. When a child's immune system reacts extensively to fight the virus in such cases, the immune system adopts in abnormal ways to fight the disease and that's when organs start to get inflamed causing MIS-C. MIS-C can be serious, even deadly, but most children diagnosed with this condition have gotten better with medical care.
Symptoms Of MIS-C Signs and symptoms of MIS-C in children include:
High-grade fever that lasts 24 hours or longer
Pain in the stomach
Feeling unusually tired
Redness or swelling of the lips and tongue
Redness or swelling of the hands or feet
Headache, dizziness, or light-headedness
Diagnosis and Treatment Of MIS-C- If MIS-C is suspected, a diagnostic or antibody test for Covid-19 can help confirm current or past infection with the virus, which aids in diagnosis and treatment.
Tests Your Doctor May Prescribe, To Look For Inflammation Or Other Signs Of The Disease, Include:
CBC Blood tests
C-reactive protein test
Heart ultrasound (echocardiogram)
Usually, supportive care for symptoms that is, medicine and/or fluids are given to make your child feel better, coupled with various medicines to treat inflammation. Most children who become ill with MIS-C will need to be treated in the hospital. To treat this condition normally, Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) to improve antibody content or steroids in appropriate dosages is given. All these medications are given, and the children are kept under observation. Some children may need to be treated in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (ICU) if they are severely ill.
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