New York, June 19 (IANS) Older adults who struggle to fall asleep and experience frequent night awakenings are at high risk for developing dementia or dying early from any cause, a new study suggests.The findings, published in the Journal of Sleep Research, indicated that people who reported routinely experiencing difficulty falling asleep had a 49 per cent increased risk of dementia.And those who often woke in the night and had difficulty falling back asleep had a 39 per cent increased risk of dementia, reports CNN."We found a strong association between frequent difficulty falling asleep and nighttime awakenings and dementia and early death from any cause, even after we controlled for things like depression, sex, income, education and chronic conditions," said researcher Rebecca Robbins from Harvard Medical School.For the study, the team analysed data collected by the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), which conducts annual in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of 6,376 Medicare beneficiaries.Data from between 2011 and 2018 were examined for the new study, with a focus on people in the highest risk category -- those who said they had sleep issues "most nights or almost every night".Self-reported sleep difficulties by participants in the study were then compared to each participant's medical records.The study found that people who had trouble falling asleep most nights had about a 44 per cent increased risk of early death from any cause.Those who said they often woke in the night and struggled to return to sleep had a somewhat higher risk -- a 56 per cent increased risk of early death from any cause."These results contribute to existing knowledge that sleep plays a very important role, every night, for reducing our long term risk for neural cognitive decline and all-cause mortality," said Robbins.--IANSvc/sdr/
Ottawa, June 12 (IANS) The state-run Health Canada said that it will not use the 300,000 Johnson & Johnson Covid-19 vaccine doses which arrived in the country in April due to a possible quality issue."To protect the health and safety of Canadians in response to concerns regarding a drug substance produced at the Emergent BioSolutions facility in Baltimore Maryland, Health Canada will not be releasing the shipment," the government department said in a statement on Friday.The drug substance produced at the facility was used in the manufacturing of this shipment of Janssen vaccines, reports Xinhua news agency."The drug substance was manufactured at the time a separate batch of vaccines was contaminated by the components of a different vaccine. "Health Canada was unable to determine that this shipment of Janssen vaccines meets the Department's rigorous quality standards," the statement added.To ensure the safety of any future vaccine supply from this facility, Health Canada is planning an on-site inspection, expected to take place later this year."Until this inspection has been completed, Canada will not be accepting any product or ingredients made at this site," it said.The statement came after the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said on Friday that Johnson & Johnson must discard millions of doses of its Covid-19 vaccine that were manufactured at the Baltimore facility.The FDA halted production at the Baltimore site after discovering that ingredients from AstraZeneca's Covid-19 vaccine also being produced at the plant at the time contaminated a batch of Johnson & Johnson jab.An FDA inspection also reportedly found sanitary problems and bad manufacturing practices at the plant.The AstraZeneca vaccine is no longer being made at the Baltimore facility, and Health Canada previously said that the 1.5 million doses it had imported from this facility were safe and met quality specifications. --IANSksk/
New Delhi, May 21 (IANS) The Coronavirus pandemic which started last year has taken a heavy toll on the working mothers in India with significant reduction in their average sleep time and more than two-fold jump in time taken to care for elderly in the family, a nationwide survey showed on Friday.
Working mothers in the country are now sleeping for only 5.50 hours per day as compared to 6.50 hours every day on average in pre-Covid era (before 2020), a reduction of about 17 per cent.
They are now spending 01.50 hours more taking care of the elderly/others in the family than in pre-Covid times, according to a survey carried out by market research agency Market Xcel Data Matrix covering 1,200 working mothers across the country.
The pandemic has also altered working mothers' routine and lifestyle -- their time of exercise and entertainment has also been reduced significantly.
Juggling between various responsibilities, they are struggling hard to finish their office work and are spending 08.55 hours to finish office work as compared to 06.50 hours earlier. Their household work has also gone up with the absence of housemaids in many cases.
Moreover, the working mothers are spending more time on their children's education now, with the absence of proper guidance in schools. Around 30 per cent women reported more household chores since the pandemic started and about 26 per cent said there were more childcare responsibilities.
As many as 30 per cent women also reported mental health issues since 2020 while another 26 per cent said they were having some kind of physical health issues.
"The present pandemic situation has had a ripple effect on everybody's life. The working mothers have especially been impacted who are burdened and stressed working round the clock fulfilling professional responsibilities and household duties," said Ashwani Arora, Senior Vice President, Market Xcel Data Matrix, in a statement on the Friday.
"Multitasking and playing many roles simultaneously is gradually becoming hectic. Working mothers have to compromise with their exercise and sleep. Managing office and home school (of kids) at the same time at the same pace is definitely not easy and we need to give some extra care for the caregivers," Arora added.
For the survey, 1,200 working mothers, aged between 25-45 were surveyed in 17 states across the country.
New York, May 5 (IANS) Stress levels of mothers with preschoolers soared during the Covid-19 pandemic, with twice as many of the mothers reporting loss of sleep during the virus outbreak than before it, finds a study.The study, published in the scientific journal 'Women's Health', supports the necessity of providing mothers with reliable, affordable childcare options and a clear path to maintain a healthy work-life balance."Moms of young children are already less likely to get the recommended amount of sleep and physical activity than women who don't have children. These shortfalls could raise the risk for obesity and poor health, and the lockdown worsened the situation by increasing the levels of stress and household chaos," said Chelsea Kracht, post-doctoral researcher in the Pediatric Obesity and Health Behaviour Laboratory at the Pennington Biomedical Research Centre in the US.Mothers who worked remotely during the Covid-19 shutdown reported more household chaos than those who were not teleworking. This is likely because the first group of mothers had to supervise their children's remote schooling and telework at the same time.Having fathers or other family members take on some of the childcare and housework would help the mothers balance the demands of their careers and personal lives, Kracht said."There are a number of ways moms can reduce stress, such as taking a break from the news and spending a few minutes unwinding before they go to sleep. But what moms really need is more support, from their family, workplaces and communities. They need systemic change," said Amanda Staiano, Associate Professor and Director at the Laboratory.The study looked at the relationship between household chaos -- disorder, noise, crowding stress, physical activity -- and sleep for moms. Researchers surveyed more than 1,700 mothers of 3-to-5-year olds during May 2020.--IANSrvt/arm
New York, May 4 (IANS) Mental health and sleep of nearly one in five older adults worsened since the coronavirus pandemic began in March 2020, according to a survey.More than one in four were found to be more anxious or worried than before the Covid-19 era, according to the National Poll on Healthy Ageing. The poll, conducted by University of Michigan's Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation in the US, involved more than 2,000 adults aged 50 to 80. The participants were surveyed in late January, when vaccination was just opened for the elderly.The older adults felt more depressed or hopeless (28 per cent), nervous or anxious (34 per cent), andA stressed (44 per cent). Nearly 64 per cent also faced trouble falling asleep or staying asleep at least once.However, the poll also revealed long-term resilience in many older adults. Over 80 per cent adults noted that their mental health is as good as, or better than, it was 20 years ago and about 29 per cent maintained that they have made a lifestyle change such as exercise, diet, and meditation to improve their mental health since the start of the pandemic."As we enter a new phase of the pandemic, with most older adults getting vaccinated, it's important to ensure adequate access to mental health screening and care to detect and address any lingering effects of this prolonged period of stress," said Lauren Gerlach, geriatric psychiatrist at Michigan Medicine."This is especially important to those who might have a harder time accessing mental health care, including those with lower incomes and worse physical health,"Gerlach added.Nearly 71 per cent also stated that they would not hesitate to see a mental health professional in the future, and 13 per cent said they had talked with their primary care provider about a new mental health concern since the pandemic began.--IANSrvt/sdr/
Toronto, May 3 (IANS) Health Canada is set to pause the first batch of 300,000 Johnson & Johnson Covid-19 jabs after learning that a part of the vaccine was made in the same US plant where millions of doses were spoiled, the media reported.The Candian government agency found that a "drug substance" needed to become the final J&J vaccine was made at the Emergent Biosolutions plant in Baltimore, Maryland, the globalnews.ca reported."The drug substance is the active ingredient that undergoes further processing before becoming the final product (i.e., the vaccine). The final Janssen vaccines were manufactured at a different site located outside of the US," the agency was quoted as saying in a statement.The plant has been in news for several violations, including cleaning and sterilisation as well as the potential for cross-contamination. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has since ordered the facility to stop making more J&J vaccines until it addresses the violations and manufacturing errors, which resulted in 15 millions of those doses being destroyed, the report said.Health Canada stated that it was working with Janssen and the FDA to assess the vaccines and they would only be released once they were deemed to be safe. The agency also maintained confidence that the 1.5 million AstraZeneca vaccines also delivered to Canada from that plant in late March were still safe and met "quality specifications", the report said."Since issuing our statement [on AstraZeneca], Health Canada has learned that a drug substance produced at the Emergent site was used in the manufacturing of the initial Janssen vaccines received on April 28 and intended for use in Canada," read the statement.--IANSrvt/ksk/