New York, Feb 16 (IANS) Employing cardiovascular disease prevention strategies in mid-life may delay or stop the brain alterations that can lead to dementia in later life, a new study suggests.The study, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, found that atherosclerosis in mid-life can impact areas of the brain impacted by dementia.Atherosclerosis, or buildup of fats, cholesterol and other substances in and on artery walls, is the underlying cause of most cardiovascular diseases, which is the leading cause of death around the world. Dementia is also among the top causes of death and disability around the world, with 50 million people currently living with dementia, according to the researchers from the American College of Cardiology. The presence of atherosclerosis has been linked to cognitive impairment in advanced stages of the disease, but little is known about how they influence each other, especially since both can be asymptomatic for long periods of time earlier in life, the team said.For the study, the researchers included 547 participants from an atherosclerosis-based study and scanned them using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) scans.The team sought to determine the association between brain metabolism, subclinical atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk factors in asymptomatic, middle-aged adults.They found that cardiovascular risk is associated with brain hypometabolism, including the cerebral areas known to be affected in dementia. Hypertension was the modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factor with the strongest association.According to the researchers, these results underscore the need to control cardiovascular disease risk factors early in life to potentially reduce the brain's later vulnerability to cognitive dysfunction.--IANSvc/bg
What is Cervical Spondylosis?
Cervical spondylosis is a disorder in which there is abnormal wear on the cartilage and/bones of the neck (cervical vertebrae) and it is a common cause of chronic neck pain. It is a degenerative condition of the cervical spine affecting the middle and old age group of both sexes leads to pain and stiffness in the neck, radiating pain to the arm, paraesthesia, numbness, headache, giddiness, etc.
In Ayurveda, Cervical spondylosis is caused by a Vata dosha aggravation and it’s mainly a Vata problem. Its clinical presentation is similar to Vishwachi in which degenerative condition of the cervical spine is common. It’s a disease that mainly affects the neck and upper extremities having signs and symptoms similar to that of cervical spondylosis. Vishwachi is a vataja nanatmaja vikara. The involvement of Vata in the clinical manifestation of vishwachi is of prime importance.
Cervical Spondylosis Symptoms & Signs
Often develop slowly over time, but they get worse suddenly
Pain may be mild/it can be deep and so severe that affected movements
After standing/sitting at night, the pain gets worsen
Pain over the shoulder blade/it may spread to the upper arm, forearm, fingers
Pain gets worse at night/sneezing/coughing/laughing/bending the neck backward/walking more than a few yards
Neck stiffness that gets worsen
Abnormal sensation/numbness in the shoulders/arms/legs
Headache (especially back of the head)
If pressure occurs on the spinal cord then, loss of control occurs over the bladder/bowels
Moving the head may make the pain worse and after sleeping neck stiffness is more common
Sometimes, these all changes result in a compression of the blood vessels, it can affect the blood supply to the brain and results in dizziness and blackouts
Dysphagia can occur rarely
Cervical Spondylosis Causes
It is caused by chronic wear on the cervical spine, includes the discs/cushions between the neck vertebrae and the joints b/w the bones of the cervical spine, there may be abnormal growths/spurs on the bones of the spine (vertebrae)
The major risk factor is aging. At the age of 60, most persons show signs of cervical spondylosis
Other factors include
Being overweight/not exercising
Having a job that requires heavy lifting/lot of bending/twisting
Past neck injury
Past spine surgery
Severe arthritis/small fractures/osteoporosis
When to See Your Doctor for Cervical Spondylosis Disease?
When pain and stiffness around the neck occur for long days and found unable to move properly your neck and facing difficulty and pain while bending, along with signs and symptoms that affect your daily routine, then you should consult the doctor.
Risk Factors of Cervical Spondylosis
Age- it’s a normal part of aging, occurs more commonly in old age persons
Occupation- Overhead work put extra stress on your neck
Genetic factors inherent
Repeated occupational trauma: carrying axial loads/professional dancing/gymnastics
Some conditions that contribute to segmental instability and excessive segmental motion like congenitally fused spine/cerebral palsy/down syndrome
Some myelopathy causes
Smoking also a risk factor
Cervical Spondylosis Prevention
Regular exercise for the speedy recovery
A heated pad/cold pack can provide pain relief when the neck muscles become sore
A soft neck brace can temporarily relieve pain if a person wears them for short periods
Maintain neck muscle strength, especially neck extensor strength for prevention in general
Avoid holding the head in 1 position (for long duration)
Avoid prolonged head extension
Be careful while performing physical activities
Hot shower in the morning can help
Headrest & seatbelt also may reduce the risk of developing this condition
Yoga Therapy: balasana, natarajasana, bitilasana, marjaryasana, viparitakaranai asana, utthita trikonasana, shavasana can help to reduce the effect of cervical spondylosis
Diagnosis of Cervical Spondylosis
EMG & nerve conduction velocity test may be done to examine nerve root function
The doctor will check the range of motion in your neck for proper identification and location of pain
Reflexes and muscle strength will be tested to find out if there’s pressure on your spinal nerves/spinal cord
Nerve conduction study
What to avoid in Cervical Spondylosis?
Potato/cucumber/cold drinks/ice-cream/rajma/dry meat, etc. Avoided
Bending/sudden stretching/weight lifting to be avoided for making it more severe
Long journey on two-wheeler/sitting in abnormal posture/sitting for a long time to be avoided
Avoid holding the head in 1 position ( for longer duration)
Avoid prolonged head extension
Be careful while performing physical activities
Consumption of high-fat dairy products can lead to inflammation
Avoid processed food completely
Avoid meat and dairy products which contain saturated foods & arachidonic acids
Avoid more caffeine consumption
Avoid red meat
Avoid foods that lead to more production of acidity
Avoid spicy/hot/salty/oily foods
What to eat in Cervical Spondylosis?
Black gram/horse gram/wheat/rice
Gingili oil/mustard oil/milk/butter/soar fruits
Drumstick fruits & leaves
Consume a diet that is rich in anti-inflammatory food substances
Fish/nuts/oilseeds/omega 3 fatty acids and Vitamin- E rich foods
Diet rich in monounsaturated fatty acids
Replace rice with wheat
Bitter gaud/drumstick bitter vegetables
Questions & Answers
Q1. Why Cervical Spondylosis occur in old-age people?
Ans. Older age is a risk factor as in addition to age, people often get more likely to experience neck pain. It is the general term for age-related wear & tear affecting the spinal discs in the neck region. Also, it is caused due to disks dehydration and shrinking. In most people age > 50, discs between the vertebrae become less spongy & provide less of a cushion. Bones & ligaments get thicker and encroached the space of the spinal canal.
Q2. If myelopathy occurs with cervical spondylosis, then what will be the symptoms like?
Ans. Symptoms of cervical spondylosis with myelopathy include tingling/numbness/weakness in the arms, hands, legs, feet/lack of coordination & difficulty walking/abnormal reflexes/muscle spasms/loss of control over bladder/bowel incontinence.
Q3. How is Cervical Spondylosis diagnosed properly?
Ans. By taking a medical history with signs and symptoms appearing, it will be followed by a physical exam of the body by focussing on the neck/back/shoulders. The strength of hands and arms/reflexes test/loss of sensation checkups/walk/equilibrium can be tested. Other tests also can be done include x-ray/computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging( MRI), EMV tests, etc.
Q4. According to Ayurveda, which disease is similar to that of cervical spondylosis?
Ans. In Ayurveda, Cervical spondylosis is caused by a Vata dosha aggravation and it’s mainly a Vata problem. Its clinical presentation is similar to Vishwachi in which degenerative condition of the cervical spine is common. It’s a disease that mainly affects the neck and upper extremities having signs and symptoms similar to cervical spondylosis. Vishwachi is a vataja nanatmaja vikara. The involvement of Vata in the clinical manifestation of vishwachi is of prime importance.
Q5. What exactly is the meaning of the term ‘Spondylosis’?
Ans. Spondylosis is basically a painful condition and situation of the spine which results from the degeneration of the intervertebral discs. Often, it is considered a general term for age-related wear & tear of the spinal discs. It affects the vertebral discs and facet joints that gradually develop with age. This condition can narrow the spinal canal that further results in the compression of the spinal cord & nerve roots. Chronic compression can lead to damage to the spinal cord/can cause radicular arm pain further.
Q6. What are the complications of Cervical Spondylosis?
Ans. Complications of cervical spondylosis include: cervical myelopathy/paraplegia/tetraplegia/recurrent chest infection/pressure sores/recurrent urinary tract infection/progressive neurologic deficits/documented compression of the cervical nerve root/or spinal cord/intractable pain.
Q7. What is the role of psychosocial support in the treatment of cervical spondylosis?
Ans. Some patients with significant disabilities often react with fear/anxiety/depression. Postoperative depression is significantly associated with pain intensity/pain interference/pain-related disability. After surgery, results of one study of depression/negative affect among spinal surgery patients suggest postoperative screening for depression and treating depression to improve functional outcomes after spine surgery.
Q8. What are the various exercises and therapies recommended for cervical spondylosis?
Ans. Various exercises recommended to ease the symptoms of cervical spondylosis are neck stretch/neck tilt/side-to-side neck tilt/neck turn with 5 repetitions. In Ayurveda, some yoga therapies are there like, balasana, natarajasana, bitilasana, marjaryasana, viparitakaranai asana, utthita trikonasana, shavasana can help to reduce the effect of cervical spondylosis.
Q9. What is the role of physical therapy in the treatment of cervical spondylosis?
Ans. Usually, immobilization of the cervical spine occurs with severe cervical spondylosis with evidence of myelopathy. It limits the motion of the neck. Soft cervical collars are recommended for daytime use only. Patient’s tolerance and compliance are considered when any braces used. Isometric cervical exercises may help to limit the loss of muscle tone. Molded cervical pillows can better align the spine during sleep & provide symptomatic relief for some patients. Neck & upper back exercises are recommended. Yoga therapies also play an important role to reduce the inflammation and pain in cervical spondylosis.
Q10. How cervical spondylosis is cured through the Ayurveda line of treatment?
Ans. During the acute phase (about a week), usually complete bed rest & use of a thin pillow & hard bed is recommended. After acute phase, some panchakarma procedures like sadyovirechana, greevabasti, abhyanga, patra pinda sveda, nasya should be done.
Podikkizhi, ilakikizhi, greeva pichu, tailadhara, panchatikta & ksheera basti, shalishastic pinda sweda is also recommend. Mainly, all the above procedures done after examine the bala and prakriti of the patients. Along with these procedures, shamana chikitsa with recommend classical formulations should be given to the patient.
1. Longmore, Wilkinson, Davidson, Foulkes, Mafi, Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine 8th Edition
2. Kayachikitsa Volume-3by Prof. Ajay Kumar Sharma (2017)
3. Charak Samhita, Chikitsa Sthana- ch-28
4. J.Alastair Innes, Davidson’s Essential of Medicine 2nd edition
5. K Sembulingam, P Sembulingam, Essentials of Medical Physiology 6th Edition
What is Diarrhea?
Diarrhoea is the passage of three/ more loose/ liquid stools per day/more frequently than normal for an individual. From the clinical point of view, diarrhea means increased stool water, and this increases stool frequency and the passage of liquid stool.
Diarrhea in Ayurveda
According to Ayurveda, Diarrhoea is commonly known as Atisara. It occurs due to intake of causing factors which results in agnimandya mainly jathragni due to which ama dosha (Kapha) increases and vata prakopa occurs due to which strotodushti in poorishvaha and udakavaha occurs and increase of more loose or liquid stools comes out.
Types of Atisara - According to Acharya Charak
Blood/ mucus in the stool
Frequent bowel movements
Food intolerance/lactose intolerance
Adverse reaction to a medication
Viral/ bacterial infection
Childhood cause - Rotavirus
Bacterial infection - salmonella/E.coli
Stress/indigestion due to mal-absorption
Acc. To Ayurveda- ajirnashana, adhyashana, ati-drava, ati ruksha ahara, dushita anna, etc.
Prevention of Diarrhoea
Safe drinking water
Hand washes with antiseptic soap/solutions
Good personal hygiene/food hygiene
Health education about the spread of infections
Use of ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution)
Nutrient-rich foods in case of malnutrition
Consult a doctor in case of persistent diarrhea
When to See Your Doctor for Diarrhoea Disease?
When diarrhea persists beyond a few days and the body starts dehydrating with severe abdominal/ rectal pain/bloody/black stools/weight loss/fever above 102 degrees F, then you should consult the doctor immediately.
Diagnosis of Diarrhoea
Physical examination of the abdomen
Some general questions for the diagnosis will ask by the doctor like current medications/past medical history/family history/travel history/any other medical conditions
Signs of dehydration
Tests for diarrhoea include-CBC/liver function test/tests for malabsorption/ ESR/C-reactive protein/antibodies test/stool tests
X-Ray/CT- scan- to rule out structural abnormalities associated
Diarrhoea Prevention Tips
Drink clear liquids - water/broth/fruit juice
Replenishing water loss is important
Avoid milk, it can make diarrhea worsen
Intake of ORS ( Oral Rehydration Solution)/Electrolytes fluid
Consume (Sugar+salt+water )
BRAT diet -( banana/ rice/applesauce/toast) can be taken
Avoid junk foods/alcoholic beverages
Avoid strenuous exercises
What to avoid in Diarrhea?
Heavy/hard/cold/hot/spicy and oily foods
Raw fruits and vegetables
Avoid junk foods
Avoid strenuous exercises
Greasy foods/spicy foods
Artificial sweeteners/high levels of fructose foods
What to eat in Diarrhea?
Vilepi ( rice gruel), laaja manda, rice washed water ( avoid contamination with pesticides)
Rice+curd/rice + buttermilk
Masoor/ aadhaki yoosha
Coconut water frequent drinking
Deepana and laghu guna diets
Pectin rich foods such as fruit
Electrolytes food- miso-soup, sports drinks
Cooked/ soft vegetables
BRAT( banana/rice/applesauce/toast) diet
Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration
Question & Answer
Q.1 How much serious is Diarrhoea disease in children?
Ans. Diarrhoeal disease is the second leading cause of death in children under 5 years, also kills around 525000 children under five. Globally, there are nearly 1.7 billion cases of childhood diarrhoeal disease every year according to data collected.
Q.2 What are the different types of Diarrhoea?
Ans. Different types of Diarrhoea include -
1) On the basis of duration:- Acute Diarrhoea, Chronic Diarrhoea.
2) On the basis of clinical presentation:- Acute watery diarrhea, Acute Bloody Diarrhoea.
3) On the basis of Physiology:- secretory diarrhea, osmotic diarrhea, exudative diarrhea, motility related, inflammatory diarrhea.
Q.3 How does Diarrhea cause dehydration?
Ans. Body intakes water and salt through drinks/food/fluid. Normally, it loses water and salt through stools/urine/sweat/breathing. When the bowel is healthy, water and salt pass from the bowel into the blood and when diarrhea occurs, the bowel doesn’t work normally. As a result of this, less water and salt pass into the blood, and more pass from the blood into the bowel. Thus, the amount of water and salt passed in the stools is greater than the normal.
Larger than normal loss of water and salt from the body results in dehydration. It usually occurs when the output of water and salt is greater than the input. Repeated vomiting, which often accompanies diarrhea can also contribute to dehydration.
Q.4 Why is Diarrhea dangerous?
Ans. Mainly due to diarrhea two main dangers, death and malnutrition occur. Death from acute diarrhea is most often caused by loss of a large amount of water and salt from the body, loss is called dehydration. Severe diarrhea with complications is most common in people with malnutrition and can also cause malnutrition and can make existing malnutrition worse because nutrients are continuously lost from the body and nutrients repair damaged tissue rather than for growth.
Q.5 Why Diarrhoea has become a major cause of death in many countries?
Ans. Diarrhea is a leading cause of death during complex emergencies and natural disasters. Displacement of populations into temporary, overcrowded shelters is often associated with polluted water sources, inadequate sanitation, poor hygiene practices, contaminated food, and malnutrition - all of which affect the spread and severity of diarrhea. At the same time, the lack of adequate health services and transport reduces the appropriate treatment of diarrhea cases which also considered a major issue in public health.
Q.6 What is the importance of Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) in children?
Ans. A solution of oral rehydration solution salts (ORS) is a simple, inexpensive, and life-saving remedy that prevents dehydration among children with diarrhea. In a healthy child, the small intestines absorb water and electrolytes from the digestive tract so that these nutrient-rich fluids may be transported to other parts of the body through the bloodstream.
In a sick child, diarrhea-causing pathogens damage the intestines- causing an excessive amount of water and electrolytes to be secreted rather than being absorbed. When the ORS solution reaches the small intestines, then the sodium (Na) and glucose in the mixture are transported together across the lining of the intestines, sodium, which is now in higher concentrations in the intestines, promotes water absorption back into the body from the gut.
Q.7 What are the causing factors for Diarrhoea ( Atisara ) according to Ayurveda in general?
Ans. By intake of too cold/unctuous/rough/heavy/coarse/hard things, irregular meals/intake of incompatible and unsuitable things/fasting/delayed meals/drinking defective wine and water/overdrinking/avoiding evacuation/irregular application/mismanagement of remedial measure/excessive exposure to fire, sun, wind & water, sleep/oversleep/suppression of urges/seasonal perversions, excessive fear/grief/mental agitation/, intestinal worms, phthisis, fever, piles, in a person having deranged agni all the three doshas get vitiated and damaged the agni and further reach the colon and cause atisara (=diarrhoea) with symptoms of all the doshas.
Q.8 How Diarrhoea occurs according to Ayurveda?
Ans. According to Ayurveda, Diarrhoea is commonly known as Atisara. It occurs due to intake of causing factors which results in agnimandya mainly jathragni due to which ama dosha (kapha) increases and vata prakopa occurs due to which strotodushti in poorishvaha and udakavaha occurs and increase of more loose or liquid stools comes out.
Q.9 What is Traveler’s Diarrhoea?
Ans. It is a digestive tract disorder that commonly causes loose stools and abdominal cramps. Mainly caused by eating contaminated food and water while travelling to different places. Common signs and symptoms include abrupt onset of passage of three/more stools in a day, urgency for defecation, cramps, nausea/vomiting/ fever can occur.
Q.10 How Ayurveda treatment helps in managing Diarrhoea?
Ans. Mainly Ayurveda principle works on the principle of Chikitsa sutra which includes proper treatment of ama dosha/ langhana/uses of stambhak aushadh/ (deepana-pachana dravya) use &treatment according to bhedanusara lakshana, & use of various ayurvedic formulations in shamana chikitsa helps in managing Diarrhoea acc. To Ayurveda.
1. Longmore, Wilkinson, Davidson, Foulkes, Mafi, Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine 8th Edition
2. Kayachikitsa Volume-2 by Prof. Ajay Kumar Sharma (2017)
3. Charak Samhita, Chikitsa Sthana-ch-19
4. Madhava Nidana, Ch-3
5. Sushruta Samhita Uttaratantra, Ch-3
6. Ashtanga Hridaya, Nidana Sthana, Ch-8
7. Ashtanga Hridyaya, Chikitsa Sthana, Ch-9
8. J.Alastair Innes, Davidson’s Essential of Medicine 2nd edition
9. K Sembulingam, P Sembulingam, Essentials of Medical Physiology 6th Edition
Staying at home has resulted in a lot of stress for people of being stuck indoors for the week on end; the uncertainty has taken a toll on people's mental well-being. Stress cannot be hidden; it shows on your face. The first tell-tale signs reflect on your face as pale skin and mild eruptions on the surface.
Stress causes hormonal imbalance which leads to acne, rashes, hair thinning and fall, and various other skin break-outs. It is imperative that people follow a good skincare routine while they're indoors. Staying inside does not necessarily mean you can forego or overlook skin and hair care. These are prone to more damage owing to stress. One should follow a strict, if not elaborate, skincare routine, which involves cleansing, toning, and moisturizing.
Geetanjali Shetty, Consultant Dermatologist, and Cosmetologist on behalf of Cetaphil India shares most important of all keep yourself hydrated with water and lots of liquid!
Also, Read► 12 Yoga Poses That Do Wonders to Your Skin Naturally
Side Effects of Stress Oily Skin & Acne
Acne and oily skin are the most common side effects of stress. When our body is stressed it releases cortisol which is our fight or flight hormone. The cortisol (stress hormone) weakens the skin's immune system, leading to oxidative (free radicals) stress, which manifests itself as wrinkles, lines, and lackluster skin. It also increases inflammation in the body and conditions like eczema, rosacea, and psoriasis can flare-up.
For skin, stress is quite evident in various forms like redness of the skin, acne, etc. If there are skin breakouts and eruptions -- it is better to avoid exfoliation and stick to cleansing your face thrice daily. Similarly, those with skin on the drier side should aim to wash their face only twice a day with a foaming cleanser. Should your skin need a little boost, indulging in Vitamin C to help combat the loss?
If you know you're about to enter a stressful period, try to make time for the activities that will help you feel calm and rested -- your skin will thank you.
Also, Read► 11 Amazing Health & Beauty Benefits of Cocoa Butter
Home Remedies to Fight Acne
It is highly imperative to discover what one is getting exposed to and when. Stick to your skincare routine - cleansing, exfoliating, and moisturizing, and keep sunscreen handy for the times that you may have to make a quick dash to the grocers. Even if you're not wearing makeup, your face still gathers sweat, sebum, and dirt build-up throughout the day.
Lastly, it's important that to stay away from fried and spicy food. Vitamin E is a superfood for your skin you can apply it topically or you can choose to consume it through vitamin E-rich foods like almonds, corn oil, cod-liver oil, hazelnuts, lobster, peanut butter, safflower oil, salmon steak, and sunflower seeds. The most essential thing to bear in mind is to keep yourself hydrated drink lots of water, juices, and liquids.
(N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe)
Read More► How to keep your skin healthy in changing season
February 4th is world cancer day: a reminder for people of all ages to minimize the risk of cancer by improving healthy habits. Even though cancer is an increasing concern around the world, there are things you can do to reduce your risk.
Here you'll get some tips to help you make incremental changes that will decrease the risk of cancer:
Also, Read► An Ayurvedic View of Cancer by Mary Bruck
Maintain a Healthy Weight
Did you know that obesity is linked with the development of cancer? Not only does it feel good to maintain a healthy weight, but losing weight is beneficial to avoid life-threatening diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Choose a healthy diet and maintain a consistent exercise routine to let go of the excess pounds.
Also, Read► 5 Ways to Keep Your Spine Healthy and Happy
The most common type of cancer in the United States is skin cancer. UV rays from the sun can damage the skin and lead to cancerous growth. Never use tanning beds and be careful when spending time outdoors. In the mid-day, look for shady areas, wear clothing that offers sun protection, and apply sunscreen every 60-90 minutes.
Also, Read► Why Is It Important to Wear Sunscreen in the Winter?
Researchers estimate that 80-90% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking cigarettes. Additionally, the risk of many other types of cancer increases for smokers: throat, mouth, stomach, colon, bladder, cervix, kidney, liver, larynx (voice box), and more. Quit smoking to be proactive in avoiding a cancer diagnosis. Also, stay away from secondhand smoke whenever possible.
Also, Read► Ways to tackle tobacco addiction as per Ayurveda !!
Links have been found between alcohol consumption and various types of cancers: voice box, mouth, throat, liver, and breast cancer. Minimize alcohol consumption or avoid it altogether.
Hepatitis C has been connected to the development of liver cancer. This disease causes inflammation in the liver, leading to cirrhosis, liver failure, or liver cancer. An easy solution to prevent liver cancer is to stay current with vaccinations to prevent Hep C.
Age is another factor that can affect the development of cancer. Everyone ages, so this factor can’t be avoided. But it is important to tap into resources that are available for assistance if you are facing cancer treatments in the later years of life.
This content loaded with suggestions provides casual information only. It is in no way a replacement for a qualified medical opinion. Always talk with an Ayurveda doctor for more queries.
Read More► Lung cancer rates are rising in young women
Addis Ababa- The Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) emphasized the crucial need to intensify Covid-19 testing and tracing to effectively control the virus and limit transmission across the continent.
"Testing is the number one tool to fight this pandemic because without testing we will be fighting blindly," said John Nkengasong, Director of the Africa CDC, Xinhua news agency reported.
"We also need to trace people who are infected, isolate them and treat them," he said on Thursday, adding that "by supporting African Union (AU) Member States to do more testing and tracing to identify and isolate infected persons, we will be able to control the virus and limit transmission."
As the number of confirmed Covid-19 cases in Africa near 3.5 million cases, the Africa CDC stressed that "with the current daily average of new cases in the second wave surpassing that of the first wave."
According to the latest figures from the Africa CDC, the number of confirmed Covid-19 cases on the African continent reached 3,494,117 as of Thursday morning, as the death toll related to the pandemic in Africa stood at 87,937.
The Africa CDC, a specialized healthcare agency of the AU, also called for concerted efforts to intensify funding in support of a broader effort to accelerate equitable access to testing technologies, increase testing of asymptomatic persons, and reducing community transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the sub-Saharan Africa region.
"Testing and tracing remain two of the strongest public health interventions for containing Covid-19 on this continent of about 1.3 billion people," the Africa CDC said in a statement issued on Thursday.
"Yet, only a little above 30 million tests have been reported since the beginning of the pandemic," it added.
According to the agency, by scaling up testing and tracing, health authorities on the continent will have access to more reliable epidemiologic data to advise governments, businesses and the public on how to better manage the pandemic and mitigate its socioeconomic impact. (IANS)
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