Six in 10 people with SARS-CoV-2 still have at least one symptom of long Covid a year later, with fatigue, shortness of breath and irritability being the most common, a new study has shown.
The study, being presented at this year's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Portugal, found that Covid-19 symptoms that don't clear up after 15 weeks are likely to last at least a year.
An estimated 25-40 per cent of people with Covid-19 develop long Covid, persisting symptoms that can affect multiple organs and include mental health problems.
Most of the data to date, however, is based on patients who were hospitalised with Covid-19 and it isn't clear how it applies to Covid-19 cases more generally.
To find out more, Aurelie Fischer and colleagues at the Luxembourg Institute of Health in Luxembourg, surveyed almost 300 people a year after they were diagnosed with Covid.
The 289 participants (50.2 per cent women) had an average age of 40.2 years and were divided in three groups, based on the severity of their initial infection: asymptomatic, mild and moderate/severe Covid-19.
They were asked to fill in a detailed questionnaire about whether they were experiencing 64 common long Covid-related symptoms.
A third (34.3 per cent) were experiencing fatigue a year on, 12.9 per cent said respiratory symptoms were affecting their quality of life and more than half (54.2 per cent) had ongoing sleep problems.
Participants who had moderate/severe Covid-19 were twice as likely to still have at least one symptom a year on than those whose initial infection was asymptomatic. Having had moderate/severe Covid-19 was also associated with more sleep problems after a year than being asymptomatic (63.8 per cent vs. 38.6 per cent).
"Participants with a mild form of the acute illness were more likely than those who'd been asymptomatic to have at least one symptom at one year, and to have sleep problems, but to a lesser extent than those with a moderate or severe acute illness," Fischer said.
One in seven participants (14.2 per cent) said they could not envisage coping with their symptoms long-term.
Further, the analysis also revealed that some groups of symptoms tend to occur together, suggesting that there are multiple different types of long Covid.
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London: Exercise maintains insulin and body mass index (BMI) levels, which helps, protect brain volume and thus help stave off dementia, researchers have found.
The study, published in the journal Neurology, showed the relationship between exercise and the metabolism of glucose in the brain was not affected by insulin or BMI levels.
Reduced glucose metabolism in the brain can be seen in people with dementia.
"These results may help us to understand how physical activity affects brain health, which may guide us in developing strategies to prevent or delay age-related decline in memory and thinking skills," said Geraldine Poisnel, from Inserm Research Center in Caen, France.
"Older adults, who are physically active, gain cardiovascular benefits, which may result in greater structural brain integrity," Poisnel added.
The study involved 134 people with an average age of 69 who had no memory problems. The people filled out surveys about their physical activity over the past year. They had brain scans to measure volume and glucose metabolism. Information was gathered on BMI and insulin levels as well as cholesterol, blood pressure and other factors.
People with the most physical activity had a higher total volume of grey matter in their brains than people with the least amount of physical activity, with an average of about 550,000 cubic millimetres compared to about 540,000 cubic mm.
When researchers looked only at areas of the brain affected by Alzheimer's disease, they found the same results.
Those with the most activity also had a higher average rate of glucose metabolism in the brain than those with the least amount of activity.
Higher physical activity was not associated with how much amyloid plaque - a marker for Alzheimer's disease - people had in their brains.
Poisnel said more research is needed to understand the mechanisms behind these relationships.
"Maintaining a lower BMI through physical activity could help prevent disturbed insulin metabolism that is often seen in ageing, thus promoting brain health," Poisnel said. (agency)
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टेलीविजन पर आपने वह विज्ञापन जरुर देखा होगा जिसमें एक कब्ज(Constipation) दूर करने वाली एक आयुर्वेदिक औषधि के प्रचार में मशहूर कॉमेडियन राजू श्रीवास्तव कहते हैं कि, ‘पेट सफा तो हर रोग दफा’। ये लाइनें वैसे तो विज्ञापन के पंचलाइन को आकर्षक बनाने के लिए लिखी गयी है लेकिन देखा जाए तो वास्तविकता के बेहद नजदीक है।
आयुर्वेद में भी अनेकानेक रोगों के मूल में उदर यानी पेट को माना गया है। यदि आपका पेट यानी पाचन तंत्र ठीक है तो बीमारियाँ आपको छू भी नहीं सकती। देह को जीवित रखने के लिए जिस प्रकार प्राणवायु का महत्व है, उसी प्रकार शरीर के निर्माण और उसे बलशाली बनाने में खाना यानी अन्नपान का महत्व है। इस आहार का पाचन अग्नि द्वारा होता है जिससे आहार रस का निर्माण होता है और जो शरीर को बल प्रदान करता है।
आयुर्वेद के ग्रंथों में पाचन तंत्र में स्थित अग्नि को समस्त चयापचय का प्रमुख कारक माना गया है। यदि अग्नि ठीक से काम नहीं करेगा तो पाचन तंत्र में समस्या पैदा हो जायेगी और हम कब्ज समेत पेट और आँतों की कई समस्याओं से ग्रस्त हो सकते हैं जिसका असर पूरे शरीर पर पड़ेगा। लेकिन आधुनिक समय में खराब खान-पान और दिनचर्या के कारण बड़ी संख्या में लोग कब्ज जैसी पेट की बीमारी से ग्रस्त हैं।
विडंबना ये है कि शुरूआती दौर में लोग इस बीमारी के लक्षणों को पहचान नहीं पाते या फिर उसे अनदेखा करते हैं। बाद में यही समस्या विकराल रूप धारण कर लेती है। इसलिए ये बेहद जरुरी है कि इसके शुरूआती लक्षणों को पहचानकर तुरंत उपचार किया जाए।
कब्ज के लक्षण - Symptoms of Constipation in Hindi
कब्ज़ का अर्थ बहुत कड़ा मल या मल त्याग करने में कठिनाई होना है. यह भी हो सकता है कि आपको पेट खाली करने के लिए (मल त्याग के लिए) ज़ोर लगाना पड़े। शौचालय जाने के बावजूद मन हल्का न लगे और ऐसा लगे कि पेट पूरी तरह से साफ़ नहीं हुआ है।
बार-बार पेट दर्द, ऐठन, गैस बनना, डकार आना, जीभ में छाले आना व पीलापन आना, आलस्य , सिरदर्द व उलटी का होना भी कब्ज के ही लक्षण है। यदि हफ्ते में तीन दिन से अधिक आप मल त्याग नहीं कर पाते तो यह कब्ज के स्पष्ट लक्षण है. खाने में अरुचि का बढ़ना भी कब्ज का ही संकेत है।
कब्ज के कारण - Causes of Constipation in Hindi
कब्ज के कई कारण हो सकते हैं। लेकिन इसका सबसे बड़ा कारण खराब खान-पान और गलत दिनचर्या है। फास्टफूड की संस्कृति ने इस रोग को बढ़ाने में खासी भूमिका निभायी है। भोजन में अपर्याप्त मात्रा में रेशों (फाइबर) का सेवन, कम पानी पीने, व्यायाम की कमी, लंबे समय तक एंटीबायोटिक व गैस की दवाओं के सेवन और समय पर मलत्याग करने न जाना कब्ज की समस्या के प्रमुख कारण है।
महिलाओं में प्रसव के दौरान भी पेट की आतंरिक समस्याओं की वजह से यह रोग हो सकता है. दूध की चाय, कॉफी, तंबाकू या सिगरेट के लगातार सेवन से कब्ज की समस्या पैदा हो जाती है। पाचन ठीक न होने के बावजूद पेटभर कर खाना खाने और लगातार आलस्य की मुद्रा में बैठे रहने से भी कब्ज की समस्या पैदा हो सकती है।
इसके अलावा समय पर भोजन न करने और समय पर न सोने-उठने की वजह से भी कब्ज की समस्या दीर्घकाल में हो जाती है। कुछ लोग शौचालय में अखबार लेकर देर तक गलत तरीके से बैठते हैं जो इस रोग को एक तरह से बुलावा देना है।
कब्ज की समस्या का उपचार - Treatment of Constipation in Hindi
कब्ज की समस्या का यदि सही समय पर उपचार न शुरू किया जाए तो आगे चलकर यह शरीर के त्रिदोषों (वात, पित्त और कफ) को असंतुलित करने के अलावा और कई गुदा रोगों मसलन बवासीर, फिशर आदि का कारण भी बनता है।
इसलिए इसकी अनदेखी बिलकुल नहीं करनी चाहिए. शुरूआती दौर में इसका इलाज आहार-विहार में परिवर्तन करके ही आसानी से किया जा सकता है। एक दिलचस्प मिथ्या है कि कच्चे फल और सब्जियां खाने मात्र से कब्ज ठीक हो जाएगा जबकि ऐसा होता नहीं है, उलटे कच्चा खाने से वायु बढ़ेगा. आइये जानते हैं कि कब्ज की समस्या का क्या-क्या आयुर्वेदिक उपचार हो सकते हैं:
कब्ज की समस्या से निजात पाना है तो सबसे पहले पर्याप्त मात्रा में पानी पीना शुरू कर दे। यदि गुनगुना पानी पीते हैं तो अति उत्तम। गुनगुना पानी आँतों को सुचारू रूप से काम करने में मदद करता है। भोजन में फाइबर की मात्रा बढ़ा देनी चाहिए। चोकरयुक्त आटे की रोटी खाना श्रेयस्कर होगा। दूध में गाय का घी डालकर पी सकते हैं, इससे फायदा होगा क्योंकि घी वात का शमन करता है अर्थात घटाता है।
अमरूद का सेवन भी लाभकारी होगा। त्रिफला को गर्म दूध या पानी के साथ लेने से भी कब्ज का उपचार संभव है। समय पर उठे–जगे और खाए–पीयें। रात्री जागरण और फास्ट फ़ूड से बचे। मैदे से बनी चीजों को खाने से परहेज करे। शारीरिक सक्रियता बढायें, व्यायाम करें।
फिर भी कब्ज की समस्या ख़त्म न हो तो आयुर्वेद चिकित्सक की सलाह से अभ्यारिष्ट और द्राक्षारिष्ट जैसी औषधियों भी ली जा सकती है। अनुवासन बस्ती जैसी पंचकर्म थेरेपी भी करवाई जा सकती है. उसके अलावा गुनगुने पानी से भरे टब में बैठने से भी फायदा होगा।
यह भी पढ़े► इम्युनिटी कम होने के कारण, लक्षण और आयुर्वेदिक उपाय
Soaking in a variety of colours and indulging in a lot of junk food and dessert during the festival, makes it important to take care of your skin post-Holi. Even if the colours are mild or harsh on your skin there are a few "Gharelu nuskhe" (home remedies) to keep your skin nourished and healthy.
Here are 5 kitchen ingredients that would do wonders to your skin post Holi for a healthy skincare by Neha Kant, Founder, Clovia.
Yoghurt has been the best for the gut and also for the skin. It comes packed with lactic acid that is known to help dissolve dead skin cells and make way for new cells.
It acts as a natural exfoliator that helps you get a natural glow by reducing acne and pimples along with blemishes. Apply yoghurt on your face and neck and massage in a circular motion. Let it stay for 10-15 minutes and wash off with lukewarm water. It gives you the perfect glow, and make your skin feel soft and fresh.
Aloe vera has always been considered a healing product and works wonders post holi celebrations. It is recommended to apply topically on the skin as it helps reduce conditions like pimples, blemishes, dry skin.
It keeps your skin hydrated and protected from harmful chemicals. Rashes and dryness are a common problem post playing with colours, aloe vera gel will further help to heal the skin gently.
It works as a great moisturiser and makes your skin feel soft and smooth. It has anti-inflammatory ingredients Auxin and Gibberellins which have healing properties that reduce skin inflammation and soothe sunburns. Aloe Vera is a great skin product and works majorly for all skin types.
Tomato is a rich fruit in terms of nutrition and skincare. Enriched in Vitamin A, C, K, and antioxidants lycopene helps make your skin look toned, radiant and youthful.
Tomatoes help in unclogging pores, soothe sunburn and reduce acne. A slice of tomato can work well on dry and irritated skin, post-playing with colours.
It makes skin brighter and radiant while reducing pigmentation, dullness, and dark spots. The rich vitamin content in tomatoes soothes skin sunburns by restoring the dead skin cells.
Potatoes are packed with healthful ingredients like vitamins B1, B3, B6, C, and minerals like potassium, iron, magnesium, and phosphorus. Potatoes can be tagged as an "all-rounder" for all skin issues.
It reverses skin tanning and problems like hyper-pigmentation, reduces fine lines and wrinkles, diminishes dark circles and puffy eyes, fights acne, lessens inflammation caused by rashes, ulcers, and other bruises, helps soothe inflamed skin cells, protects skin from environmental damage.
Suntan and dark circles are the most common problem faced during holi and with the presence of vitamin C, potassium and other brightening agents potatoes help in reducing these.
Rich in beta-carotene, Papaya is filled with powerful enzymes and phytochemicals that are great for your skin. A magic nutrient called papain is present in papaya that is said to have skin lightening properties.
Scars and pigmentation are the most common issues faced while playing with colours and papaya acts as a miracle ingredient that clears out the same. More than just a delicious fruit, papaya is a source of nutrients with a number of skin benefits. It reduces wrinkles, makes the skin soft and smooth, and helps in controlling acne.
Read More► Dry colours more harmful than liquid ones: Experts
London: Want to stay young? Lifelong physical activity could protect against age-related loss of muscle mass and function, according to research.
The study, published in The Journal of Physiology, showed that individuals aged 68 and above who were physically active throughout their life have healthier ageing muscle that has superior function and is more resistant to fatigue compared to inactive individuals, both young and old.
This is the first study to investigate muscle, stem cell and nerve activity in humans, said researchers from University of Copenhagen.
"This is the first study in humans to find that lifelong exercise at a recreational level could delay some detrimental effects of ageing. Using muscle tissue biopsies, we've found positive effects of exercise on the general ageing population. This has been missing from the literature as previous studies have mostly focused on master athletes, which is a minority group," said lead author Casper Soendenbroe, from the varsity.
They found that elderly individuals who keep physically active throughout their adult life, whether by taking part in resistance exercise, ball games, racket sports, swimming, cycling, running and/or rowing had a greater number of muscle stem cells, otherwise known as satellite cells in their muscle.
These cells are important for muscle regeneration and long-term growth and protect against nerve decay.
In the study, 46 male participants took part and were divided into three groups: young sedentary (15), elderly lifelong exercise (16) and elderly sedentary (15).
They performed a heavy resistance exercise, sitting in a mechanical chair performing a knee extension movement to evaluate muscle function. The amount of force produced was measured. Blood samples were taken, and muscle biopsies were analysed from both legs.
The researchers found elderly lifelong exercisers outperformed both the elderly and young sedentary adults.
Importantly, the study showed that even a little exercise seems to go a long way, when it comes to protecting against the age-related decline in muscle function.
"This is an encouraging finding which can hopefully spur more people to engage in an activity that they enjoy. We still have much to learn about the mechanisms and interactions between nerves and muscles and how these change as we age. Our research takes us one step closer," Soendenbroe said. (agency)
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Unfortunately, the widespread coronavirus pandemic has ruled our lives for the past two years. The constant arrival of new variants is posing demanding challenges for organisations and posing difficult scenarios for them to resume full-fledged operations.
Expecting the workplace to return to their daily office routine is akin to wishing for a life on the moon. Being adaptable in terms of workplace norms is currently the best option, and thus the hybrid work environment has become the new normal.
While there is always a silver lining to every cloud, technology has removed the stress of uncertainty from the heads of the bosses, and everyone has adjusted to working from their desks at home with online meetings and working scenarios.
While we've all gotten used to the hybrid work environment, we can't ignore the impact it's having on us, both mentally and physically. Working online does not reduce stress in fact, it increases it in many ways.
It is substantial to focus on our health while putting in our best foot forward towards our work. Let us look at some tips to remain healthy while working from home or from the office.
Keep Yourself Hydrated: As much as we take this point casually, we should keep drinking water and maintain our fluid intake throughout the day to keep ourselves hydrated through all the exhaustion.
The body gets dehydrated even when you're sitting inside the house, so you must develop a habit of keeping a water bottle with you and keep sipping the water.
You must also include the intake of other healthy fluids like coconut water, buttermilk, lemon water, infused and detox water in your daily routine. If you are someone who has a habit of forgetting, you also have the option of setting drinking water alarms on your phone to remind you of the same.
Eat Nutritious Food: While working we tend to munch on snacks but we must keep in mind that the importance of the three main meals should not be disregarded and one should have a proper balanced breakfast, lunch and dinner while working from both home and office.
Skipping meals can be extremely harmful to the body and can cause severe gastric issues. A meal packed with proteins, carbs, fibres and other crucial nutrients keep you energized for the day and saves you from issues like bloating, gastric attacks and fatigue.
Mid-Meal Snacking: As significant as it is to have a nutritious meal it is also necessary to snack in between to satisfy your hunger pangs. You must always keep a few healthy snacking options handy like roasted makhana, roasted peanuts, fruits, unsweetened nut butter, protein bars, and other healthy snacks so that it keeps you away from munching on unhealthy food items which have a high content of sugar and salt and are low on nutrition. They can cause bloating, weight gain and other health issues.
Breathing Exercises: It is no secret that breathing exercises can calm you down, relax your mind and increase your focus. Breathing exercises enhance the oxygen flow in your blood and boost your energy.
Deep breathing can help you fight anxiety and decrease your stress levels. Practising these exercises on a daily basis can keep your brain fresh and ready to take all the workload with a positive mindset.
Stretching: When you're sitting on your work table with your laptop for extended hours you must take a break after every 30 minutes to 60 minutes where you get up and stretch your body.
Stretching maintains the relaxation of the body and rejuvenates it to promote your strength and flexibility. Sitting in one place gives rise to backaches and pain in the knee joints. Stretching helps maintain the blood flow and keeps you fit.
Wear Computer Glasses: You should be mindful of your screen time and wear computer glasses to avoid the blue light affecting your eyesight.
With the increased work-from-home hours, you are forced to sit in front of the screen, and then even on your break, you use your mobile phone which takes your screen time to almost 18 hours a day causing red eyes, decreased eyesight, and watering of eyes.
This can be hazardous in the long run hence one should take precautions and wear computer glasses to avoid any further complications to the eyesight.
We must collectively aim to reduce mental and physical strain on our body and mind to keep ourselves healthy by keeping these significant tips in mind and being mindful of our own well being. (Aayushi Lakhapati, Cofounder & Chief Health Officer of Upnourish)
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