So, here you’ll get all the information related to obesity disease for that you need to read this article.
The Best Treatment For Obesity
Today's a busy lifestyle, stress and carelessness are becoming the cause of obesity, which is the most important reason for weight gain. nowadays it is becoming a general problem. Almost every household in India undergoes this disease. Patients Asking for the best treatment for obesity.
Sometimes overweight can embarrass you. Not entirely this, but obesity also commands you to many other severe health problems. It is clear that obesity is not helpful in any way but is harmful to our health. So, here you’ll get all the information related to obesity disease for that you need to read this article.
What is Obesity?
When a person's body weight exceeds normal, it is called obesity. When you take many calories as food daily, when your body is not able to consume that much daily, then excess calories start accumulating in the body in the form of fat, which causes the body to gain weight.
The problem of obesity is seen in most people, yet the causes of being overweight in them can vary. It is clear from the studies done on obesity that overweight can be a difficulty due to-
• Not exercising- The main cause of obesity is not to do exercise or physical activities. By doing this, fat is collected in the body, which takes the form of obesity.
• Overeating- Obesity is more likely in people who eat more food. Such people should pay special consideration to their food and drink so that they do not get sick in any way.
• Genetic reasons- Often, obesity can also be caused by genetic reasons. For example- If a member of a person's family is suffering from obesity, then that person is also prone to obesity.
• Taking any kind of medicine- If a person takes any kind of medicine, he may have a problem of overweight. Such a person should visit for the advice to the doctor so that he does not have any side effects on his body.
• To have a mental reason- Sometimes, over-stressing can also lead to overweight. Thus, all people should try to manage stress so that they do not have obese.
Obesity Causes & Risk Factors
Let us know the causes & risk factors of obesity-
• Overeating Causes Obesity: Taking large and heavy meals increases weight. Eating sweets and heavy foods often affect the digestive system and weight gain in large quantities. It is also known for imitating Agni.
• Eating Vata and Kapha Increasing Foods Lead to Obesity: Consumption of very dry, spicy, and oily foods in the food spoils the vata which increases the digestive power (fire). Food items that have high sugar content also increase kapha dosha. These foods lead to the accumulation of fat in the body and cause obesity.
• Weight Gain Due to Lack of Exercise: Always lying on the couch is not good for your weight loss goal in any way. Not being active enough and not exercising is one of the main reasons for obesity. You need to be dynamic to get your body healthy and in shape.
• Weight Gain Due to Insomnia: Not getting enough sleep or getting more sleep than necessary leads to obesity. Your body is not able to burn calories properly if you do not get at least 7-8 hours of sleep a day. Alternatively, too much sleep also leads to the problem of inactivity and slow metabolism.
• Obesity Due to Metabolism: Each person's metabolic system works in a unique way. Some have efficient and fast-functioning metabolic systems that do not store fat, while some act at a slower rate, which leads to weight gain.
• Obesity Caused by The Medical Condition: Sometimes a person suffers from a certain disease, the side effects of which are obesity. Some medicines play an important role in building your weight. These are not among the most common reasons for weight gain, but in some cases it does.
• Obesity Caused by Genetics: Sometimes, genetics and heredity play a major role in deciding whether a person will become obese or not. Such cases are rare.
Risk Factors of Obesity
Obesity is often combined with the following causes and factors. Which includes the following items -
• Genetics- It depends on your lineage, how efficiently your body converts food into energy, and how many calories you lose during exercise.
• Family Lifestyle- Obesity runs from the previous generation in the family. If the mother or father or both have obesity, you are at increased risk of becoming obese.
• Lay Dormant- If you are not active, you will not be able to reduce the calories as much as you should. Because of such a speedless lifestyle, you will be consuming more calories than you would have to reduce with exercise.
• Unhealthy Diet- Diet and beverages that are lacking in fruit vegetables, full of calories, can make you fat. Overeating also leads to obesity.
• Medical Problem- Arthritis also reduces the activity of the body, due to which obesity increases.
• Some Medicines- If you do not make changes in diet and activity along with taking medicines, it can increase your weight.
• Age- Obesity can occur at any age. But as you get older, hormonal changes and less active lifestyles increase your risk of obesity.
• Pregnancy- During pregnancy, women gain weight. Some women find it difficult to lose weight after having a baby. Increasing weight can cause obesity in women.
• Lack of sleep- Not getting enough sleep or getting more sleep makes a hormonal change, which increases the earthquake.
Prevention of Obesity
As explained above, obesity can put all people in trouble, so it makes sense to avoid it. It is possible that some people are not aware of the methods, which can be helpful in preventing obesity, due to which they easily become victims of it.
Despite this, if they knew that they could prevent obesity in the following way, their life would be happy-
• Eating Healthy Food- As explained above, the problem of overweight is mainly due to bad food. Thus, to prevent this, people should pay special attention to their food and food and eat healthy food.
• Exercise- All of us should exercise daily (at least 30 minutes). By doing this our immunity power increases, which protects us from the risk of potential diseases.
• Relaxing- However, it is difficult for any person to relax because we all have to work hard to improve our life. Despite this, we must rest for some time, so that the energy of our body is not lost.
• Getting Plenty of Sleep- It is very important for all people to get enough sleep (6-8 hours) as it works to give our body the necessary energy as well as recharging our body. In addition, people can avoid the problem of obesity by getting enough sleep.
• Not Eating Outside- However, we all spend most of the time outside the house in connection with jobs or other work, in which we have to eat outside without even wanting. This food can prove to be harmful to our health, so we should diet outside food so that we stay healthy.
Diagnosis of Obesity
However, obesity can confirm to be dangerous for people as it can make them suffer from many severe diseases. Despite this, it is a matter of comfort that obesity can be avoided if it is identified in time.
Thus, these 5 ways can be adopted to recognize obesity-
1. Examining BME- The most obvious way to recognize obesity is to check BMI. A person who has a BMI of 25 or more is considered a victim of overweight.
2. Checking Heartbeats- Since obesity also impacts the heartbeats, it can also be recognized by checking their speed.
3. Seeing Medical History- Often, doctors also look at people's medical history to find out more weight. This is done because obesity can sometimes be the result of chronic disease.
4. Blood Test- Obesity can also be fetched by a blood test. By this test, it is found that the amount of fat in the blood of a person.
5. Abdominal Examination- The most impact of overweight is on the stomach of a person. For this reason, obesity is also identified by examining the stomach.
Complication of Obesity
Although obesity is possible, it can take serious forms if it is not administered at the right time.
In such a situation, people suffering from obesity may face a lot of problems and after some time this problem can prove to be fatal for them.
Although the potential risks of obesity may be many, the main 5 are as follows:
1. Diabetes Increases- If a diabetic patient gains weight, it can cause diabetes to increase. In such a situation, diabetes can reach type-2, which is a matter of concern.
2. Increased Risk of Heart Diseases- Overweight also affects a person's heart. For this reason, he may have an increased risk of heart diseases including heart attack.
3. Sleeplessness- Often, it has been seen that obesity also affects people's sleep processes. Because of this, he complains of sleeplessness, for which he has to resort to pills.
4. Increase in the Risk of Cancer- It also increases the risk of cancer when obesity increases in an unusual way. This condition can prove to be harmful to any person, who may need to seek medical help.
5. Death- Millions of people around the world lose their lives due to obesity. Hence, possible hazards of obesity include the death of people.
Treatment of Obesity
1. Reducing calories and eating healthy food is important in overcoming obesity. You might want to lose weight fast, but for health, it is better to lose weight slowly. By doing this, the possibility of gaining back the weight is also reduced.
2. Avoid unrealistic dietary changes, such as crash diets, as they weaken your immune system and increase your risk of dehydration.
3. Continue the weight loss program for at least 6 months and keep the maintenance phase of the program for at least one year for best results.
4. Choose a diet plan that includes a healthy diet that you think will work for you. Include the following things in dietary changes to cure obesity.
• Reduce calories- You can reduce your weight by reducing your calories. You and your doctor can monitor your food and drinking habits, how many calories you are usually consuming, and where you can cut down. You and your doctor can decide how many calories you need to consume each day to lose weight.
• There is a typical amount of 1,200 to 1,500 calories for women and 1500 to 1800 calories for men.
• Feeding full in less food- By eating a large portion of low-calorie foods, you can reduce the pain of hunger.
• Make healthy choices- To make your whole diet healthy, eat fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain carbohydrates. Also, emphasize sources like protein such as lentils, soya, and meat (without fat). If you like to fish, try to include fish twice a week. Reduce salt and sugar content. Eat low-fat dairy products. Eat small amounts of fat and make sure they come from heart-healthy sources, such as canola and walnut oil.
• Limiting on Certain Foods- Some diets limit the amount of an appropriate food group, such as high-carbohydrate or full-fat foods. Ask the doctor which diet plans are effective, which may be helpful for you. You will consume more calories by drinking sweetened beverages, and limiting these drinks or eliminating them altogether is a good start.
• Eating Replacement- You replace one or two of your diets with a calorie shake or meal bar. Take fewer calories and fat in your third diet.
These Ayurvedic Remedies Will Reduce Your Obesity
Consumption of these herbs along with Yam and a healthy diet will soon be effective in reducing obesity as well as reducing belly fat. Let's know about these herbs that remove the stubborn fat of the stomach:-
Fenugreek For Weight Loss
Fenugreek is considered good for digestion and weight loss. Galactomannan, which is a water-soluble element found in fenugreek. Helps reduce your hunger, so that you do not feel hungry for a long time. It can also increase your body's metabolism rate. The best way to use this herb is to grind it into a powder. You can mix this powder in water and drink it on an empty stomach.
Guggul For Weight Loss
Guggul is an ancient herb that is used in making Ayurvedic medicine. It contains unsaturated steroids known as guggulsterone, which promote weight loss and increase body metabolism. It is also known to stimulate the body's cholesterol level. Consuming guggul as tea is very beneficial.
Vijaysar For Weight Loss
The bark of the Vijayasar tree is considered very good for weight loss and for managing diabetes. According to Ayurveda, the bark of Vijayasar leaves resin, which helps in maintaining a healthy digestive system. Consuming Vijayasar as an herbal tea can soon relieve stomach fat.
Triphala For Weight Loss
Triphala has been used to lose weight since ancient times. The powder made by mixing Amla, Haran, and Bahera is called Triphala powder. Its intake helps to flush out the toxins from the body. Consuming one to half a teaspoon of Triphala powder with lukewarm water 2 hours before dinner or half an hour before breakfast can soon relieve the stubborn belly fat.
Punarnava For Weight Loss
Punarnava is also known by its scientific name Boharvia Diffusa. The plant and its parts are used to prepare many Ayurvedic medicines. Mainly, it helps in removing the sensations of the body.
Yoga is Effective in Weight Loss
These three asanas, easy to practice, if done regularly, helps in rapid weight loss. So let us know what are these postures reduce obesity and what is the method of doing them.
1. Anulom-Vilom Praanaayaam- To do this, first of all, sit in Siddhasana or Padmasana. Then rest your right hand easily on the right knee and obstruct the left pore of the nose with the thumb of the left hand. Then get a deep exhalation through the right hole. Now free the left hole and prevent the right hole. Exhale inside the left hole. Repeat this procedure at least ten to fifteen times
2. Naukasan- To do this, first of all, face the sky and lie down on your back. Now keep the hands accurate at the waist and keep your palms facing the ground. Now slowly actuate your neck upwards and raise your neck upward while keeping your hands straight. Simultaneously lift your feet and take the form of a yacht. Remain in this position for about 25-30 seconds. Then slowly return to normal posture. Repeat this process Naukasana two to three times.
3. Baalaasan- Baalaasan is also very helpful in reducing obesity. First of all, you should sit on the heels by laying mats on the ground. Then with the arms elevated upwards, breathing, keep your forehead on the ground. After this, try to stay in this pose for three minutes.
Q1. What are the causes of obesity?
Ans. Obesity is mainly the result of over-eating and not doing physical activity. In addition, it can also be the result of a genetic cause, suffering from a disease.
Q2. What kind of food does obesity occur?
Ans. If a person consumes fast food, oily food, alcohol, etc., then he is more likely to become obese.
Q3. What should an overweight person eat?
Ans. Overweight people should take special care of their food and drink. He should eat green vegetables, fruits, juices, dry fruits, etc. as these can prove to be helpful in reducing weight.
Q4. Can obesity be reduced?
Ans. Yes, obesity can be reduced. However, some people may not believe it because they get used to it. Despite this, obesity can be reduced with the help of excise, healthy food, medicine, etc.
Q5. Do thin people live longer?
Ans. It is not clear from any such study that thin people live longer. However, this applies to some extent to people who take special care of their health.
Bhopal - The effects of the Bhopal gas tragedy of 1984 are still visible among the residents of the state capital. Obesity and thyroid problems are becoming a major health issue with many victims of the tragedy, says a new data-based study.
On the occasion of the 36 anniversary of the Union Carbide incident in Bhopal, members of the Sambhavana Trust Clinic have found that the victims of the accident are experiencing more problems related to obesity and thyroid than others.
Giving details of the study, Dr. Sanjay Srivastava, a physician, said, "The analysis of data of 27,155 gas victims and others who have been taking treatment in our clinics for the last 15 years has found that people suffering from poisonous gases of Union Carbide are 2.75 times more likely to be overweight and suffer from obesity than normal people. The rate of thyroid-related diseases is 1.92 times higher."
The founder trustee of Sambhavna Trust Satinath Shadangi said that high obesity in Bhopal gas tragedy victims makes them more prone to such ailments as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, joint pains, apart from deadly diseases such as cancers of the liver, kidney, breast and uterus.
The clinic's community health worker Tabassum Ara said that the workers of the Sambhavana Trust Clinic have worked to spread awareness in 15 localities with a population of 42,000 to cope with the Coronavirus epidemic over the last eight months.
It may be recalled that the Sambhavana Trust Clinic, set up for free treatment of the victims of Union Carbide in 1996, has treated 25,348 victims of the gas tragedy and 7,449 people suffering from the effects of groundwater polluted by poisonous wastes. (IANS)
New York - One key gut hormone, released a few hours after eating, turns off fat production by regulating gene expression in the liver and this regulation is abnormal in obesity, according to a new study.
The researchers from University of Illinois (UI) found that the gut hormone FGF15 in mice and its human counterpart FGF19 turn off fat-producing genes in the liver.
The hormones are released a few hours after eating, when the body transitions from feeding to fasting.
FGF15/19 activates regulatory molecules to enter the nucleus, the centre of the cell where DNA is stored, and inhibits gene expression, reports Xinhua news agency.
"This gut hormone actually acts as a breaker of insulin action, and specifically inhibits lipogenesis in the liver so that it is tightly regulated," said UI molecular and integrative physiology Professor Jongsook Kim Kemper in the study published in the journal Nature Communications.
"For example, with the holidays coming up, if you eat some cookies, the body will release insulin, which promotes lipogenesis. If lipogenesis is not reduced later when the body enters the fasting state, excess fat will accumulate in the liver, so the FGF19 hormone puts the brakes on fat production."
Furthermore, in experiments involving mice with obesity and human patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, the researchers found that the pathway for turning off fat production was dysregulated.
The genes that the gut hormone regulates were highly active, the FGF15/19-activated regulatory molecules did not even enter the cell's nucleus and the suppression markers were not added to the genes.
"This study could be very important for understanding this pathway and investigating how it is abnormal in obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease," Kemper said.
"It adds to our understanding of obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and other metabolic disorders. It also could have implications for other diseases such as diabetes or certain cancers, for which obesity is a risk factor.
"Based on this study, we potentially could search for therapeutic treatment options to target this pathway and increase regulatory function." (IANS)
New York - We have now one more reason to maintain vitamin D in our body as researchers have found that vitamin D deficiency during early development can disrupt the metabolic balance between growth and fat accumulation.
Using a zebrafish model, the study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, suggests a linkage between vitamin D and metabolic homeostasis, or equilibrium.
"The vitamin D deficient zebrafish exhibited both hypertrophy and hyperplasia - an increase in both the size and number of fat cells," said study author Seth Kullman from the North Carolina State University in the US.
"They also had higher triglycerides and cholesterol, which are hallmarks of metabolic imbalance that can lead to cardio-metabolic disease," Kullman added.
This, combined with stunted growth, indicates that vitamin D plays an important role in the ability to channel energy into growth versus into fat storage.
For the study, the research team looked at groups of post-juvenile zebrafish on one of three diets: no vitamin D (or vitamin D null), vitamin D enriched and control.
The zebrafish spent four months on their particular diet, then the researchers looked at their growth, bone density, triglyceride, lipid, cholesterol and vitamin D levels.
They also examined key metabolic pathways associated with fat production, storage and mobilization and growth promotion.
The zebrafish in the vitamin D deficient group were, on average, 50 per cent smaller than those in the other two groups, and they had significantly more fat reserves.
After the initial testing, the vitamin D deficient zebrafish were given a vitamin D enriched diet for an additional six months, to see if the results could be reversed.
While the fish did continue to grow and begin to utilize fat reserves, they never caught up in size with the other cohorts and they retained residual fat deposits.
"This work shows that vitamin D deficiency can influence metabolic health by disrupting the normal balance between growth and fat accumulation," Kullman said.
"Somehow the energy that should be going toward growth is getting shunted into creating fat and lipids, and this occurrence cannot be easily reversed," Kullman added.
Future work will involve looking at the offspring of vitamin D deficient mothers, to determine whether this vitamin deficiency has epigenetic effects that can be passed down, the researchers noted.
Obesity is an emerging independent risk factor for susceptibility to and severity of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). It is increasingly being recognised as a predisposing factor in the coronavirus led disease, Covid-19. The health experts have warned that contraction of the Covid-19 and its fatality are 70 per cent higher in people who are overweight or obese.
Ritika Samaddar, Regional Head, Department of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Max Super Speciality Hospital, said that diabetes is no longer a cosmetic issue but emerged as a new disease. "Obesity is a new disease that we need to fight. During this time, we have noticed the obese people are the ones who are getting the severity of the Covid-19. The mortality rate is high only in these people. It is imperative for us to recognize it as a medical issue. Obesity could no longer be restricted to a cosmetic problem or something that has to do with the looks. People with severe Obesity often end up in ventilators, which makes it very difficult for them to recover," she said, addressing a panel discussion during a webinar on lifestyle behaviours during Covid-19.
The webinar was organized by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) as a part of their ongoing series on health- 'Illness to Wellness'.
She also said the public should consider obesity as a disease and take all precautions like dietary, lifestyle, or medical management. "It is high time to realize how important being healthy is. Being healthy means high immunity, which reduces susceptibility to any viral infection," Samaddar added.
Ishi Khosla, Clinical Nutritionist, Centre for Dietary Counselling, said that obese people have a 70 per cent higher chance of contracting the viral disease and suffering from its severe symptoms. People who are overweight or obese are more vulnerable to contracting novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and dying from Covid-19. Besides, it is a significant risk factor for various health conditions. She stressed upon the need to check diet and restart physical activities to tackle the weight issues. "People need to get back to physical activities like walking, jogging, cycling, and running even if gyms continue to remain shut as this is going to be the new normal and will continue to be so for the next few months," she added.
Khosla further added that to battle obesity, the focus should be laid on the consumption of functional foods and increasing fermented food consumption. For non-vegetarians, she suggested balancing meat consumption with an anti-inflammatory diet to keep the digestive and gut system healthy.
The experts also elaborated on the emerging lifestyle diseases triggered by Covid-19 like insomnia, adverse eating habits caused due to ungainly work hours, and excessive screen time.
Khosla said that people who have insomnia must increase the intake of magnesium in their diet.
"People who are generally healthy are complaining of not being able to sleep. Anxiety and the fear of uncertainty are there for all. There are two parts to tackling it, one is diet, and the other is lifestyle interventions. For diets, eat food that is easy to digest. When your digestion is good, your body begins to relax and can focus on other functions. To calm your nervous system, specific vitamins and minerals are there that are mostly ignored. Magnesium is an under-diagnosed deficiency. As a supplement, it can do much good work for people with anxiety and sleep disorders. It can play several roles like cholesterol, diabetes, and sleep management," she added.
Khosla also emphasized the need to balance screen time and chair time, "No matter what we do, we need to keep moving so there should not be more than an hour of constant sitting. This should be followed by 10-15 minutes of walking or strolling. We need to take that break to get up and stretch. Sitting can lead to inflammation. The same goes for screen times. There has to be a pause button," she added.
Anil Rajput, Chairperson of ASSOCHAM CSR Council, reflected on the importance of balancing lifestyle with the right food and exercise. "Lifestyle behavior plays a critical role even if we discuss it without the Covid-19 pandemic's backdrop. Everything in life depends on balance and consistency. Therefore, the right balance of regular exercise, be it yoga, running or cycling, eating a nutritious diet, providing basic vitamins and minerals, and having multi-vitamins and mental relaxation can go a long way in warding off many diseases," he said.
New York, In a new study on obesity scientists, including one of Indian-origin, have found that obesity may cause a hyperactive immune system response to the Covid-19 infection which makes it difficult to fight the virus.
According to the study published in the journal 'Endocrinology', obesity not only leads to problems like heart disease and diabetes but also influences the immune system in many ways.
Obesity causes chronic, low-grade activation of some parts of the immune system.
When someone with this pre-existing condition is faced with an infection, it could lead to hyper-activation of the immune system but in a detrimental way that does not fight the infection.
"The Covid-19 pandemic has made us aware of the complex interactions of obesity with infectious diseases and the gaps in our understanding of how chronic health conditions affect our immune responses to acute infection," said study author Durga Singer from the University of Michigan in the US.
Recent evidence has highlighted how one part of the immune system, the macrophage, may be a culprit in driving severe Covid-19 disease.
"Our manuscript focuses on what is already known about the interaction of obesity, macrophages and other infections like influenza," Singer added.
"These findings highlight the importance of understanding how obesity might interact with new drugs or vaccines developed for Covid-19."
In this review, the authors described the impact of obesity on the immune system.
They discuss the irregular immune responses caused by obesity that drive organ injury in severe Covid-19 infection and impair a person's ability to fight the virus.
"We consider that obesity-driven dysregulation of innate immune responses may drive organ injury in the development of severe Covid-19 and impair viral clearance," the study authors wrote.
Recently, a study presented at The European and International Congress on obesity (ECOICO 2020) showed that patients with obesity were facing more serious Covid-19 disease and higher mortality risk than patients without obesity.
Another study published in August in the journal 'Diabetes Care' found that Covid-19 patients hospitalised with high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes were over three times more likely to die from the viral disease.
Earlier in July, research published in the European Journal of Endocrinology also revealed that the risk of greater Covid-19 severity and death was higher in people with any obese body mass index(BMI).
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