आयुर्वेद में विरुद्ध आहार - Viruddh Ahara in Ayurveda in Hindi
स्वास्थ्य के दृष्टिकोण से पौष्टिक भोजन का विशेष महत्व है. लेकिन शरीर का पोषण और ऊर्जा देने वाले खाद्य पदार्थों का सेवन गलत समय और गलत तरीके से किया जाए तो शरीर पर उसका प्रतिकूल असर भी पड़ सकता है. आयुर्वेद में वर्णित विरुद्ध आहार की अनूठी अवधारणा खान-पान की ऐसी ही विसंगतियों के बारे में बताती है. विरुद्ध आहार का अभिप्राय ऐसे दो भोजन या खाद्य पदार्थ से है जिसका एकसाथ सेवन करना स्वास्थ्य के दृष्टिकोण से हानिकारक सिद्ध हो सकता है. इसके अलावा गलत समय, गलत खुराक और गलत मौसम में भोजन का सेवन भी विरुद्ध आहार का कारण बन सकता है. विरुद्ध आहार कई तरह के रोगों जैसे त्वचा रोग, बवासीर, जुकाम, मधुमेह आदि का कारण बन सकता है. आइये जानते हैं कुछ ऐसे खाद्य पदार्थों के बारे में जिनका एक साथ सेवन विरुद्ध आहार का कारण बन सकता है -
विरुद्ध आहार - Viruddh Ahara in Hindi
भोजन के साथ फल : फलों का सेवन उत्तम स्वास्थ्य के लिए जरुरी है. लेकिन फलों के सेवन को लेकर कई तरह के सवाल आम लोगों के मन में उठते रहते हैं. मसलन, क्या फलों को भोजन के साथ लेना सही है? इसी तरह, क्या फलों का सेवन खाली पेट करना चाहिए या भोजन से कम से कम 30-40 मिनट पहले करना चाहिए? आयुर्वेद की माने तो यह वास्तव में फल की प्रकृति और व्यक्ति की पाचन शक्ति पर निर्भर करता है। फलों का सेवन भोजन के दौरान या भोजन से पहले या बाद में और साथ ही व्यक्ति के पाचन के अनुसार किया जा सकता है। भोजन के क्रम में पहले मीठे पदार्थों का सेवन करना चाहिए, उसके बाद खट्टा, नमकीन, तीखे, कड़वे और कसैला फलों का स्वाद लेना चाहिए। इसलिए मीठे फलों को भोजन के पहले भाग में शामिल किया जा सकता है।
फल के साथ दूध - दही : मीठे फलों के साथ दूध लेना ठीक है और इसका स्वास्थ्य पर कोई दुष्प्रभाव नहीं पड़ता। लेकिन खट्टे फल के साथ दूध से परहेज करना बेहतर है। आयुर्वेद के अनुसार किसी भी डेयरी प्रोडक्ट के साथ खट्टा फल नहीं खाने की सलाह दी जाती है क्योंकि यह पाचन को प्रभावित कर सकता है। साथ ही शरीर में विषाक्त पदार्थों का उत्पादन कर सकता है। साइनस, सर्दी-खांसी और एलर्जी का यह कारण बन सकता है।
मछली और दूध : आयुर्वेद में मछली और दूध का सेवन एक साथ करने की सख्त मनाही है. दोनों के एकसाथ सेवन से अपच और त्वचा रोग हो सकता है। इन दोनों की प्रकृति अलग - अलग होती है। दूध ठंडा होता है और मछलियाँ गर्म। इन्हें एक साथ लेने से दोष उत्पन्न होता है जिससे त्वचा रोग होने की संभावना प्रबल हो जाती है।
केला और दूध : आयुर्वेद में केला और दूध को एक साथ खाने की सलाह नहीं दी जाती है। आयुर्वेद इस संयोजन को विष के समान मानता है। ऐसा कहा जाता है कि यह शरीर में भारीपन पैदा करता है और दिमाग को धीमा कर देता है। लेकिन इसके बावजूद केला और दूध आपका प्रिय भोजन है तो यह सुनिश्चित करें कि केला बहुत पका हुआ हो। साथ ही पाचन संबंधी विकारों से बचने के लिए उसमें इलायची और जायफल मिला ले तो बेहतर होगा।
दही के सेवन का समय : दही का सेवन हमेशा दिन के समय करना चाहिए। रात के समय दही के सेवन से बचें। इससे कफ की प्रवृति बढ़ने की संभावना रहती है। साथ ही दही को गर्म नहीं करना चाहिए क्योंकि गर्म करने से दही के गुण खत्म हो जाते हैं। मोटापे, कफ रोग और रक्तस्राव विकारों और सूजन संबंधी बीमारियों वाले लोगों को इससे बचना चाहिए। खट्टे दही से बचना चाहिए क्योंकि इससे गैस्ट्राइटिस हो सकता है।
दूध और चावल : दूध और चावल को एक साथ लिया जा सकता है लेकिन इसका भी एक तरीका है. यदि पके हुए चावल को दूध के साथ मिलाकर सेवन किया जाए तो कोई नुकसान नहीं होता. दूध और चावल के साथ नमक का प्रयोग वर्जित है क्योंकि इससे अपच की समस्या हो सकती है।
मीठे खाद्य पदार्थ : रात के समय मीठे खाद्य पदार्थों के सेवन से बचना बेहतर है क्योंकि इससे कफ दोष बढ़ सकता है।
सब्जियां और दूध : हरी पत्तेदार सब्जियों और मूली का सेवन करने के बाद दूध पीने से बचना चाहिए। इससे अपच, त्वचा का रंग फीका पड़ना और त्वचा रोग हो सकते हैं।
यह भी पढ़े ► बीमारियों का वाहक है विरुद्ध आहार
What are black foods? Foods with the pigments called anthocyanins are known as black foods. Anthocyanins are found in black, blue and purple coloured foods and have hidden nutrients and benefits galore. These pigments have rich anti-oxidant properties which promote health and have the potential to reduce the risk of cancer, heart disease and stroke. They play a huge role in immunity. They are fun, healthy, offbeat and make for a nice visual treat too.
Few Interesting Ones and Their Benefits:
Cultivated in South East Asian belt, this rice has a nutty flavour and can be used in many recipes. In China this was known as the Forbidden rice in ancient times as it was reserved for only royalty. Now, some parts of north East India grow black rice too. They are loaded with lutien and zeaxanthin and promote good eye health. They have cancer fighting properties due to their high anti-oxidant and fiber content. They can be used in puddings, stir fries, risotto, porridge, noodles, bread and even makes a great idea for a good kheer!
A closer to home surprise! Indians have used black dal since ages. They are used as gravies and in mixed dal preparations. They are rich in fibre, iron, folate and protein and can be quite delicious too.
With the western influence on our eating habits, it has brought along a long list of good foods. Olives are one of them and they are versatile in their flavour. They can be added to salads, pastas, stir fries and some pickles and drinks too. Olives contain monounsaturated fats, Vitamin E, Polyphenols and oleocanthal which is a strong anti-inflammatory and pain-killer compound found in olives. This little power-packed food can protect your arteries from clogging, maintain eye health, prevent DNA damage, promote good skin health and also hair health.
Black Sesame Seeds
Commonly known as Til, they come with a huge bunch of benefits, loaded with fibre, protein, magnesium, potassium, iron, calcim, zinc, copper, selenium and Vitamin E. It also contains sesamin, which helps reduce inflammation and plays a vital role in joint pain. Yes! All of that in a daily allowance of 1-2 teaspoons can do wonders for your health. They can be used in salads as garnish, in laddoos, in breads, smoothies, soups, hummus, dips and even tahini. They can be consumed soaked, sprouted, baked or roasted too.
Known for their sweet taste and popular flavour, black grapes are a favourite for many. This seasonal fruit has a host of benefits to give us. Black grapes contain Lutein, Zeaxanthin which prevents retinal damage and macular degeneration. Resveratrol in grapes are known to have anti-cancer properties and have a huge protective effect on cardiac health by lowering LDL levels too. Proanthocyanidins present in this fruit has great benefits for skin health too. Use these grapes in salads, smoothies, jams, and even good old curd rice!
Yes you heard that right. Well these aren't naturally found, but develop this colour due to a process that turns them black and used widely in Asian cuisine. It is regular white garlic that has been fermented or aged. It possesses a caramelized, savoury richness that adds flavour to stir fries, meat bakes, rice and noodles preparations and soups too. These have properties that prevent cell damage and hence protect us from cancers. Black garlic contains more anti-oxidants [almost 2X] than its white counterpart.So why wait -add them in small doses into your meals and let your health thrive.
Advantages: As mentioned above they come with a host of benefits such as anti-cancer, anti-ageing, good for eye, heart, skin and hair health too.
Disadvantages: Nothing in particular. There are no real toxicities associated with these foods that are reported and are considered generally safe, but always do remember, too much of anything is not the rule in nutrition.
Points to remember: Always ensure you have a balanced diet that contains all food groups, myriad colours, nutrients and varieties choose in moderation and build them into your daily meal plan with the help of a nutritionist.
Read More► Herbs, Nuts and Fruits to Enhance Your Daily Diet
Nairobi, Aug 18 (IANS) Kenya Red Cross Society said Tuesday that 2.1 million Kenyans are currently facing high acute food insecurity, up from 1.4 million in February due to a worsening drought situation.Asha Mohammed, secretary-general of Kenya Red Cross Society, said that the affected people are in 12 semi-arid and arid counties of the country, the Xinhua news agency reported."The worsening food and nutrition situation is mainly attributed to the poor performance of the October-November-December 2020 and March-April-May rains," Mohammed said, adding that unless urgent multi-sectoral interventions are implemented, the food insecurity situation will get out of hand and affect a total of 20 counties.According to the organisation, the drought-affected counties have had no significant harvest, as most water points such as boreholes, wells and water pans have dried up, increasing distances that people travel looking for water for domestic and livestock use.Mohammed observed that the general lack of water and grazing pasture is fuelling migration and resource-based conflicts while rates of malnutrition in the northeastern part of the country are on the increase.Projections based on weather forecasts indicate that the ongoing drought will persist until early 2022 since climate forecasts for the upcoming short rains beginning in October indicate below-average rains in the water-stressed areas.--IANSint/arm
New Delhi, Aug 2 (IANS) The Alliance for Sustainable and Holistic Agriculture (ASHA) - Kisan Swaraj has written to the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) to abort the plan to make synthetic/chemical fortification of foods mandatory in India.Earlier, the FSSAI had issued a draft regulation for mandatory fortification of edible oil and milk with Vitamin A and D. The FSSAI has also outlined its plan to make rice fortification mandatory from 2024 with Vitamin B12, Iron, and Folic Acid in India.ASHA - Kisan Swaraj has sent a letter to the FSSAI that carries the signatures of medical experts, nutritionists, agricultural scientists, farmers' organisations, academics, civil society organisations across the society to stop any such plan of food fortification.The government has recently initiated a 3-year centrally sponsored pilot scheme on rice fortification and supply via PDS in 15 districts of the country. The ASHA - Kisan Swaraj claimed that the government has started to provide fortified rice through the mid-day meal scheme and ICDS programme citing widespread nutritional deficiencies since April.Responding to a letter from civil society groups earlier, the FSSAI held food fortification just as complementary strategy to diverse diets. "If FSSAI really saw fortification as a complementary strategy, then how it has become mandatory now while dietary diversity and other holistic approaches to malnutrition are optional," the letter mentioned.The activists claimed that FSSAI's intentions are questionable since it has cited industry-funded studies to justify fortification on a national scale, willfully ignoring conflict of interest since those very entities stand most to profit from such a policy."It is ridiculous that the government is promoting polished rice, which has lost a lot of its nutrition on the one hand, and talks about chemical fortification on the other hand," said Dr. Debal Deb, ecologist and traditional rice conservator. Adding one or two synthetic chemical vitamins and minerals will not solve the larger problem, instead, it can lead to the toxicity, including gut inflammation, highlights the letter.--IANSapr/pgh
Monsoon comes with its own sets of concerns. While building on immunity has been the topic of discussion for the past year, monsoons tend to affect immunity and the body is susceptible to health issues and prone to infections.
Mumbai based Nutritionist and Lifestyle Educator Karishma Chawla shares a Monsoon food guide and how one can include the right foods to boost one's immunity this season and keep them warm.
Sharing a few guidelines as here under:
1. Add immune booster foods
2. Keep hydration levels high.
3. Add garlic, turmeric in daily foods to enhance immunity
4. Add a probiotic yoghurt to the diet
5. Include warm foods like protein lean meats (egg whites and chicken) and fibre fruits and vegetables to keep the body warm
6. Indulge in seasonal fruits
7. Avoid raw foods
8. Wash vegetables well before cooking
9. Make sure to have your multivitamin and antioxidant supplements every day
10. Make sure to have omega 3 supplements every day
To do or not to do?
With monsoon comes unwanted cravings and refined foods, salty and spicy foods are consumed which can lead to water retention and unhealthy body fat percentages. However, it is important to realize, that a season cannot put a break to your fitness goals. Therefore, it is imperative to follow the optimal level plan of fitness which comprises of:
Eating a balanced diet comprising of complex carbohydrates, lean protein and omega 3 fatty acids
Adequate water and sunshine
Good state of mind- that comes from eating healthy, exercising and spiritual health.
Water retention guidelines:
Keep hydration status high. Thirst is the last indication of the body being dehydrated. If you are well hydrated, you should be urinating about once every 1.5-2 hours.
Add green tea and dandelion tea to the plan- natural diuretics
Parsley and asparagus in food preparations- natural diuretics
Consume calcium rich foods like eggs, low fat milk and milk products and green leafy vegetables
Most importantly avoid table salt.
Read More► Right Nutrition is Paramount
New Delhi, July 9 (IANS) A total of 56 restaurants and eateries in South Delhi can serve food and beverages in open-air spaces and terraces, a decision in this regard was taken by South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC).However, the permission to serve food and liquor in open space is permitted to those restaurants which have obtained permission from the civic authority after fulfilling certain criteria.A senior official privy with the development told IANS that as of now 56 restaurants have been permitted to serve food and beverages in open spaces like terraces. The proposal for permitting liquors and foods in open-air space with certain regulations was made by SDMC last year and the applications were invited to get permission.Out of total, as many as 39 applications were received from areas in the South zone which includes -- Hauz Khas, Green Park and Greater Kailash. Similarly, a total of 31 applications were received from Najafgarh zone, which comprises areas such as Dwarka and Aerocity.Fifteen applications were received from areas in the Central zone like Lajpat Nagar, Bhogal and Defence Colony. Nine applications were received from Western zone areas like Punjabi Bagh, Rajouri Garden and Tilak Nagar.As many as 23 licenses were granted in the South zone, 25 in Najafgarh and seven in the Central zone. Only one was granted a licence for open-air dining in the West zone.The SDMC had passed the proposal last year in view of Covid-19 pandemic in which the restaurants would be allowed to use open-air spaces and terraces abutting licensed eateries as service areas.Under the policy, open-air dining has been allowed only at those restaurants with privately-owned open spaces like terraces, balconies and lawns so that there is no encroachment on public land or pavements."Serving food and alcohol will be permitted in the open space, and the open-air area/terrace should not be covered. If the open space is visible from nearby residential premises, then additional measures to be taken to obstruct visibility," SDMC's proposal states.It also made it clear that the service area should also not be visible from adjoining residential areas. Live performances will not be allowed and music cannot be played beyond the permissible time of 11 p.m.The official said in the last nine months (till June-end), the civic body received 94 applications, out of which 56 were granted licences and 28 were rejected for not fulfilling the norms.SDMC Mayor Mukesh Suryan talking to IANS said, "For the past few years there has been consistent demand from the people in South Delhi to allow serving liquors and foods in open-air space and it has been done considering the demand of people. The step will also help to maintain social distancing during this Covid-19 pandemic."Suryan further added that as of now only 56 restaurants have been granted permission but this number can increase in the coming days if the applicants (restaurants and eateries owners) meet the certain rules.--IANSpd/dpb