Liver disease has become a lifestyle disease in India, with the incidence of non-alcoholic and alcoholic fatty liver disease now much higher than hepatitis B virus as the main cause of liver disorders, said experts here ahead of the World Liver Day.
World liver day is observed on every April 19, to spread awareness about liver related disease. The liver is the second largest and the most complex organ in the body, after the brain. It is a key player in our body's digestive system.
Fatty liver condition occurs when fat builds up in the liver that can cause liver inflammation, and damage your liver and create scarring. In severe cases, the scarring can lead to liver failure.
Among people who drink a lot of alcohol, the condition is known as alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD), while among those who don't drink a lot, it's metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), earlier known as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
MAFLD is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Lifestyle changes involving obesity, sedentary lifestyle, food rich in sugar, calories and fat, and alcohol are the main reasons behind the poor liver health.
According to Dr Bhaskar Nandi, HOD - Liver & Digestive Sciences, Sarvodaya Hospital, Faridabad, till a few decades back, the most common cause of chronic liver disease in India was hepatitis B infection, that led to liver cirrhosis, liver cancer and liver failure.
"However, fatty liver, a metabolic disorder, now constitutes the largest burden of liver disease today due to changing lifestyle of people," he said. Nandi added that as many as "80 per cent of people coming for an ultrasound checkup today are found to have fatty liver disease".
While about one in three of these will progress to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, cirrhosis, or end-stage liver disease, it is difficult to predict which ones will fall in that one-third bracket.
"India is seeing a significant rise in liver problems due to lifestyle changes. To fight liver disease, it is necessary to change our lifestyle - proper and healthy diet, exercise, avoid drinking alcohol or drink in moderation, increasing our screening," Dr. Pankaj Puri, from Fortis Escorts Liver and Digestive Diseases Institute, told IANS.
Often liver disease goes undiagnosed for years, as the initial stages generally have no symptoms and people feel well, and routine blood tests may not show liver abnormalities.
Globally, liver condition is seen in about 25 per cent or one in four adults that often goes undiagnosed, raising the risk for heart disease, according to a new American Heart Association scientific statement.
Nandi said that liver disease is fast becoming a public health problem for India. In 2015, acute and chronic liver diseases accounted for 2 million deaths worldwide, 18 per cent of whom were from India. The burden of liver disease has consistently been increasing in the country since then.
While hepatitis B vaccination is commonly given to children for immunisation, it is not popular among adults. "Every year, more than 115,000 people die in India due to hepatitis B related complications. About 4 crore people in the country are carriers of this virus but remain asymptomatic and unaware of the risk they pose to others," Nandi said.
"Unlike in the West where main causes of transmission of hepatitis B virus include infected needles and sexual contact, in India, the spread is due to horizontal transmission by staying in proximity with an infected individual, like a family member who is asymptomatic," he noted.
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टेलीविजन पर आपने वह विज्ञापन जरुर देखा होगा जिसमें एक कब्ज(Constipation) दूर करने वाली एक आयुर्वेदिक औषधि के प्रचार में मशहूर कॉमेडियन राजू श्रीवास्तव कहते हैं कि, ‘पेट सफा तो हर रोग दफा’। ये लाइनें वैसे तो विज्ञापन के पंचलाइन को आकर्षक बनाने के लिए लिखी गयी है लेकिन देखा जाए तो वास्तविकता के बेहद नजदीक है।
आयुर्वेद में भी अनेकानेक रोगों के मूल में उदर यानी पेट को माना गया है। यदि आपका पेट यानी पाचन तंत्र ठीक है तो बीमारियाँ आपको छू भी नहीं सकती। देह को जीवित रखने के लिए जिस प्रकार प्राणवायु का महत्व है, उसी प्रकार शरीर के निर्माण और उसे बलशाली बनाने में खाना यानी अन्नपान का महत्व है। इस आहार का पाचन अग्नि द्वारा होता है जिससे आहार रस का निर्माण होता है और जो शरीर को बल प्रदान करता है।
आयुर्वेद के ग्रंथों में पाचन तंत्र में स्थित अग्नि को समस्त चयापचय का प्रमुख कारक माना गया है। यदि अग्नि ठीक से काम नहीं करेगा तो पाचन तंत्र में समस्या पैदा हो जायेगी और हम कब्ज समेत पेट और आँतों की कई समस्याओं से ग्रस्त हो सकते हैं जिसका असर पूरे शरीर पर पड़ेगा। लेकिन आधुनिक समय में खराब खान-पान और दिनचर्या के कारण बड़ी संख्या में लोग कब्ज जैसी पेट की बीमारी से ग्रस्त हैं।
विडंबना ये है कि शुरूआती दौर में लोग इस बीमारी के लक्षणों को पहचान नहीं पाते या फिर उसे अनदेखा करते हैं। बाद में यही समस्या विकराल रूप धारण कर लेती है। इसलिए ये बेहद जरुरी है कि इसके शुरूआती लक्षणों को पहचानकर तुरंत उपचार किया जाए।
कब्ज के लक्षण - Symptoms of Constipation in Hindi
कब्ज़ का अर्थ बहुत कड़ा मल या मल त्याग करने में कठिनाई होना है. यह भी हो सकता है कि आपको पेट खाली करने के लिए (मल त्याग के लिए) ज़ोर लगाना पड़े। शौचालय जाने के बावजूद मन हल्का न लगे और ऐसा लगे कि पेट पूरी तरह से साफ़ नहीं हुआ है।
बार-बार पेट दर्द, ऐठन, गैस बनना, डकार आना, जीभ में छाले आना व पीलापन आना, आलस्य , सिरदर्द व उलटी का होना भी कब्ज के ही लक्षण है। यदि हफ्ते में तीन दिन से अधिक आप मल त्याग नहीं कर पाते तो यह कब्ज के स्पष्ट लक्षण है. खाने में अरुचि का बढ़ना भी कब्ज का ही संकेत है।
कब्ज के कारण - Causes of Constipation in Hindi
कब्ज के कई कारण हो सकते हैं। लेकिन इसका सबसे बड़ा कारण खराब खान-पान और गलत दिनचर्या है। फास्टफूड की संस्कृति ने इस रोग को बढ़ाने में खासी भूमिका निभायी है। भोजन में अपर्याप्त मात्रा में रेशों (फाइबर) का सेवन, कम पानी पीने, व्यायाम की कमी, लंबे समय तक एंटीबायोटिक व गैस की दवाओं के सेवन और समय पर मलत्याग करने न जाना कब्ज की समस्या के प्रमुख कारण है।
महिलाओं में प्रसव के दौरान भी पेट की आतंरिक समस्याओं की वजह से यह रोग हो सकता है. दूध की चाय, कॉफी, तंबाकू या सिगरेट के लगातार सेवन से कब्ज की समस्या पैदा हो जाती है। पाचन ठीक न होने के बावजूद पेटभर कर खाना खाने और लगातार आलस्य की मुद्रा में बैठे रहने से भी कब्ज की समस्या पैदा हो सकती है।
इसके अलावा समय पर भोजन न करने और समय पर न सोने-उठने की वजह से भी कब्ज की समस्या दीर्घकाल में हो जाती है। कुछ लोग शौचालय में अखबार लेकर देर तक गलत तरीके से बैठते हैं जो इस रोग को एक तरह से बुलावा देना है।
कब्ज की समस्या का उपचार - Treatment of Constipation in Hindi
कब्ज की समस्या का यदि सही समय पर उपचार न शुरू किया जाए तो आगे चलकर यह शरीर के त्रिदोषों (वात, पित्त और कफ) को असंतुलित करने के अलावा और कई गुदा रोगों मसलन बवासीर, फिशर आदि का कारण भी बनता है।
इसलिए इसकी अनदेखी बिलकुल नहीं करनी चाहिए. शुरूआती दौर में इसका इलाज आहार-विहार में परिवर्तन करके ही आसानी से किया जा सकता है। एक दिलचस्प मिथ्या है कि कच्चे फल और सब्जियां खाने मात्र से कब्ज ठीक हो जाएगा जबकि ऐसा होता नहीं है, उलटे कच्चा खाने से वायु बढ़ेगा. आइये जानते हैं कि कब्ज की समस्या का क्या-क्या आयुर्वेदिक उपचार हो सकते हैं:
कब्ज की समस्या से निजात पाना है तो सबसे पहले पर्याप्त मात्रा में पानी पीना शुरू कर दे। यदि गुनगुना पानी पीते हैं तो अति उत्तम। गुनगुना पानी आँतों को सुचारू रूप से काम करने में मदद करता है। भोजन में फाइबर की मात्रा बढ़ा देनी चाहिए। चोकरयुक्त आटे की रोटी खाना श्रेयस्कर होगा। दूध में गाय का घी डालकर पी सकते हैं, इससे फायदा होगा क्योंकि घी वात का शमन करता है अर्थात घटाता है।
अमरूद का सेवन भी लाभकारी होगा। त्रिफला को गर्म दूध या पानी के साथ लेने से भी कब्ज का उपचार संभव है। समय पर उठे–जगे और खाए–पीयें। रात्री जागरण और फास्ट फ़ूड से बचे। मैदे से बनी चीजों को खाने से परहेज करे। शारीरिक सक्रियता बढायें, व्यायाम करें।
फिर भी कब्ज की समस्या ख़त्म न हो तो आयुर्वेद चिकित्सक की सलाह से अभ्यारिष्ट और द्राक्षारिष्ट जैसी औषधियों भी ली जा सकती है। अनुवासन बस्ती जैसी पंचकर्म थेरेपी भी करवाई जा सकती है. उसके अलावा गुनगुने पानी से भरे टब में बैठने से भी फायदा होगा।
यह भी पढ़े► इम्युनिटी कम होने के कारण, लक्षण और आयुर्वेदिक उपाय
Banaras Hindu University (BHU) scientists have developed a new variety of medicinal plant Rishyagandha which has the properties to treat all types of cancer, especially cervical.
After eight years of long research, the new variety was developed using nano-biotechnology. The research done on the basis of Indian Ayurveda is now being approved by scientists of many countries. Rishyagandha is mainly available in the dry hot climatic conditions of Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.
Rishyagandha is commonly known as 'Paneer flower' or 'Paneer bandha' and in scientific language as 'Withania coagulans'. Generally, its seeds are used for making paneer in dairy industry, as it has enzyme protease.
Studies related to these findings have been published in the prestigious international research journals such as 'Material Science and Engineering C', 'Plant Cell Reports' and 'Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants'.
The plant has been included into endangered category due to indiscriminate use and various other reasons. Currently, to maintain the sustainability of this endangered plant and to improve the pharmacological efficiency with high efficacy, various researches are being carried out.
Prof. Shashi Pandey from Department of Botany, BHU told IANS, "scientists at Banaras Hindu University have grown high quality medicinal plant Rishyagandha in their lab by uitlising nano-biotechnological approach. This is a latest example of integrating technology in Ayurveda research and taking the ancient medical science of India to the masses."
Prof. Shashi Pandey undertook a research with her student Dr. Deepika Tripathi eight years ago. The study of Dr. Pandey suggested the potential role of Nano-biotechnology in the improvised version of Rhishygandha along with the high content of bioactive pharmacological compounds withanolides.
Prof. Pandey said that initially they developed an efficient protocol to propagate this endangered plant using in-vitro plant tissue culture methods. Further, under collaboration with Prof. Gopeshwar Narayan of Molecular and Human Genetics Department, efficiency of green synthesised nanoparticles were also studied using laboratory grown plant extracts as a potent drug against cervical cancer.
Continuing this research work, Prof. Pandey found that synthesised nanoparticles and UV-B treatment in the laboratory conditions enhanced the yield of Rishyagandha with a quantitative increase of about 50 per cent in its medicinally useful compounds withanolides.
Prof. Pandey told IANS: "By integrating nano-biotechnological approaches, we can conserve the plant in nature along with its enhanced medicinal potential.
New researchers of lab are now extending this work towards finding out the effect of different exnvironment factors on the production of the compounds Rishyagandha." Recognising Pandey's effort, recently she has been elected as a member of Genome India International (GII).
"Banaras Hindu University offers a unique amalgamation of education and research in traditional Indian knowledge and modern sciences at one place. This specialty makes BHU truly the capital of knowledge, not only in India but all across the globe," Prof. Pandey added. (agency)
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In todays day and age with the kind of food available, nutrition is generally lacking in the growing kids. To build a strong immune system, children need the right and enough nutrients. Below are a few Superfoods which can help kids boost their immunity and help in their growth.
1. OZiva kids Superfood immunity Multi Gummies- OZiva Superfood Immunity Multi is a clean blend of powerful superfoods with Ayurvedic Herbs specially created to support enhanced immunity in children. It boosts and strengthens the immune system with plant-based Vitamin C, supports the production of white blood cells and antibodies to fight infections, reduces chances of infection with Zinc's anti-inflammatory properties,
helps keep the immune system balanced with Vitamin D by preventing it from overreacting, combats illnesses, increases immune cells and maintains healthy immune system with plant-based extracts of Elderberry, Amla and Acerola Cherry. These delicious gummies are easy to chew and are vegan with no preservatives, gelatin free, no artificial sweeteners, no artificial colour, soy-free. Recommended 1 gummy daily for children of age 5 years and above.
2. Fast&Up Charge Kids- Fast&Up provides high-quality supplements and vitamins to increase performance. Fast&Up Charge Kids has a triple action formula with Immunity Booster Herbs like Curcumin, Ginger and Tulsi which helps strengthen the body's defence system. It has essential nutrients, Active Vitamin C Complex, Natural Amla, 100% RDA Vitamin C which helps to boost immunity. Kids above the age group of 4+ can consume Fast&Up Charge Kidz.
3. NutriBears Daily Multivitamin Gummies- This advanced NutriBears Kid's Multivitamin Gummy supplement helps in filling the gaps in your child's diet. Fortified with a vitamin complex that contains Vitamins A, B5, B12, C, D, and E, as well as Folic Acid, Iodine, Magnesium and Zinc, our vitamin gummies taste great and give your child the boost they need to be at their physical and mental best.
4. Patanjali Nutrela Kid's SuperFood Nutrition Drink- Patanjali Nutrela Kid's Superfood is a scientifically designed advanced formula as per ICMR guidelines for every growing kid for 4-12 years in delicious chocolate flavour. An ideal blend of milk protein and vitamins with botanical extracts. It is 100 per cent vegetarian, GMO-free, gluten-free, no artificial colour, preservative-free and trans-fat-free. Balanced nutrition for active growth with essential amino acids.
5. Amazing Grass Kidz Superfood - Berry Blast- This nutritional smoothie combines the farm fresh greens with a rainbow of over 30 wholesome fruits and veggies providing kids with the whole food nutrition their growing bodies need and the amazing taste they'll love. This plant-based drink is dairy-free, Certified Organic by CCOF - Non-GMO and More. (Agency)
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37 or 38 weeks pregnant, the finishing line seems so close yet so far. As one inch closer to their due date, often patience runs out and you may be ready to try everything possible to help induce labour naturally.
most women choose to speed things up naturally with food choices. Some look at these food groups as old wives' tales since there is limited evidence to prove these are hundred per cent successful in aiding labour.
Red Raspberry Leaf
Red raspberry leaf is known to help strengthen the uterus muscles and tone the pelvic floor- both of which can help prepare for the process of birth.
Studies have revealed that red raspberry leaves can help shorten labour and decrease the likelihood of a C-section or chances of an assisted birth using forceps/vacuum.
These leaves are commonly consumed in the form of tea by brewing the leaves in boiling water and then consuming the same. Since raspberry leaves can increase the frequency of Braxton hick's contractions, it is recommended to consume these past 34 weeks.
The orange and ripe papaya although thought to be prohibited in pregnancy can actually be consumed occasionally in moderation and is no longer considered harmful for pregnant women. However, it is the green unripe and raw papaya that contains latex, which is believed to have properties similar to that of the hormone oxytocin (released during labour for uterine contractions).
For this reason, unripe papaya is often a food choice amongst pregnant women who are naturally trying to induce labour during their last couple of days of gestation.
Pineapple is yet another fruit that is generally avoided by most pregnant women during pregnancy. Unfortunately, not many seem to know why this norm is popular.
Pineapple contains an enzyme known as bromelain which is believed to cause cervical ripening. Cervical ripening is the first step towards cervical dilation which could eventually lead to labour.
It is believed that the highest concentration of bromelain is present in the core of the pineapple. Pineapple is therefore consumed by pregnant women often in the last weeks of pregnancy in a bid to aid cervical ripening.
It is believed that dates can help with the process of cervical ripening while also improving the spontaneity of labour & reducing the chances of postpartum haemorrhage.
Studies have revealed that those who consume dates in their third trimester have a shorter first stage of labour and a quicker rate of cervical dilation.
It must also be kept in mind that although dates are high in fibre, they do contain high levels of sugar and are therefore to be avoided in cases of gestational diabetes or for those who have a yeast infection in pregnancy (yeast feeds of sugar).(Dr. Vanshika Gupta Adukia, Pregnancy/Childbirth & Lactation Specialist)
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Gluten is a family of proteins mainly found in wheat, barley, rye and triticale (a cross between wheat and rye). It contains gliadin and glutenin. The elasticity of dough is because of its gluten content. Gluten gives a chewy texture and desired shape to the product. In some people, gluten causes inflammatory and autoimmune reactions, where it mainly destroys the tissue of the small intestine and gut lining. In human body absorption of nutrients takes place in the small intestine, so in such cases, it is very important to follow a gluten-free diet for good gut health and nutritional status. Now let's know about the two grains which are naturally gluten-free and have many health benefits too:
Millet is one such ancient superfood that gives many health benefits due to its nutritional content. It helps to strengthen the immune system, promote good bone health and aids in weight loss. It contains all potential antioxidants which prevent ageing and metabolic disorders like diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia etc. We know that many diseases occur due to our body's acidic pH. Where a diet rich in alkaline foods are required. So this grain is alkaline in nature, preventing acidity and heartburn issues.
Health Benefits of Millet:
It's a good source of B vitamins like niacin, folate and pantothenic acid. These nutrients help to perform many enzymatic reactions in our body and are also necessary for the normal functioning of the organs.
Millet contains an insoluble fibre known as prebiotics. It supports good bacteria in the gut. Insoluble fibre helps to relieve symptoms like constipation, bloating, gas and cramps etc.
It can be a healthier grain to include in your diet if you want to protect your heart. It contains a good amount of magnesium which helps to control blood pressure. Millets are rich in dietary fibre too (both soluble and insoluble fibre) which makes it a good choice for people who are suffering from high cholesterol levels.
It's low in simple carbs and high in complex carbs (a low GI food) and hence its consumption is good to control sugar levels and aids in weight loss.
Millets are rich in antioxidants and phenols especially ferulic acid and catechins. Antioxidants help in reducing oxidative stress in the body and boost immune functioning. The darker millets contain more antioxidants compared to the lighter ones.
It is one of the nutrient-rich grains for pregnant women as it is rich in iron, protein, antioxidants, dietary fibre, calcium, magnesium, potassium and folate. All those nutrients are required more during pregnancy. Its high iron content improves haemoglobin levels. Dietary fibre prevents constipation and helps to lower blood sugar levels in gestational diabetes. Calcium and folate help in fetus development. Magnesium and potassium manage blood pressure.
And other information for those who are trying to conceive, that this grain can help you. The science behind that is, grains that are high in complex carbs and low in refined carbs prevent a surge in insulin resistance and preserve ovulation. Also, women suffering from PCOD should add this grain to their daily diet. As it helps to cut down the visceral fat, thus regulates the menstrual cycle.
Buckwheat is not a type of wheat, it's a gluten-free grain that comes under the group of cereals commonly called pseudocereals. As it doesn't grow in grass, it's a plant just like quinoa and amaranth. Basically, it is a seed that needs grinding to make its flour. We all include this grain in our diet during fasting days. But do we know its amazing health benefits?
Health Benefits of Buckwheat:
It is more satiating than any other grain due to its power loaded nutrient and complex carbohydrate content. And this helps to reduce weight as it keeps you full for a longer time and prevent you from binge eating.
Iron is very important for our body's normal functioning. Deficiency of this mineral leads to anaemia, weakness and fatigue. Buckwheat is a good source of iron. So make this grain a part of your diet on non-fasting days too.
It is rich in magnesium and calcium, minerals that are required for healthy and stronger bones and teeth, promotes growth and development.
Among the other pseudocereals, buckwheat is a rich source of rutin antioxidants. It contains other antioxidants too like quercetin. Rutin has anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and antioxidant properties. Antioxidants help to remove potentially harmful substances called "free radicals" from our bodies. And thus it boosts immunity.
It's a rich source of plant-based protein, especially contains a good amount of aspartic acid, arginine and lysine amino acids. These amino acids help in the regularization of hormones in the body. Studies show that intake of lysine may reduce anxiety also improves calcium absorption.
Because of its miraculous nutritional content, it can be a superfood for pregnant women. And it's totally safe to have during pregnancy as it has a good amount of folate, iron, magnesium, calcium, dietary fibre and essential amino acids. Folate supplementation is needed during pregnancy or before conception. A diet rich in folate helps to prevent neural birth defects. Also, it contains a higher amount of dietary fibre, including all three fibre soluble, insoluble or resistant starch.
The role of fibre in our body is to delays the metabolism of sugar and to keep the digestive system healthy. So consumption of this seed will keep you at bay from general problems that occur during pregnancy such as constipation, gestational diabetes and high blood pressure. Research says that intake of lysine with iron and vitamin supplements helps to improve hemoglobin levels in pregnant women.
It will be a great choice for women who are planning to conceive, as buckwheat is a good source of folic acid which helps in releasing eggs during ovulation. Also, it contains a rutin antioxidant that promotes the circulatory system in women. Its high fibre content will help to lose weight in PCOD. It has been found in studies that it lower the testosterone levels by which regulates the ovulation process.
Here is one nutritious recipe you can make by using these two grains:
Millet and buckwheat bhel with the goodness of iron and calcium:
Whole millet grain (boiled): ½ bowl
Buckwheat seed (boiled): ½ bowl
Steamed moong, Kala chana sprouts: ½ bowl
Tossed mushroom: ½ bowl
Green apple: ½ bowl chopped
Lemon: as per taste
Salt and pepper: as per taste
Take a pan and boil whole millet grain and buckwheat seed in water on slow flame till it gets transparent. Drain the extra water and take out the boiled seeds in a bowl. Now add steamed moong and Kala chana sprouts. Meanwhile, toss the mushroom in a pan for few minutes. Add chopped green apple and tossed mushroom in a mixture and flavour it with salt, pepper and lemon.
You can enjoy this bhel as a mid between snack or in dinner.
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