Menstrual health comprises the physical, social and mental aspects related to menstruation or periods. In India, women's health has been given secondary importance due to a male dominant society, illiteracy, low socio-economic conditions and ignorance.
The most common causes of menstrual problems are PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), and abnormal or heavy menstrual bleeding. Menstruation or monthly periods have been associated with a lot of social and cultural taboos in India.
Many young girls and women do not have facilities to manage their menses hygienically, maintaining their privacy, dignity and gender equality at home, schools and workplaces.
So, what are normal periods? A normal menstrual period lasts from 2-7 days and comes at an interval of 21-35 days. It is difficult to quantify the actual menstrual flow. In general, use of three to four XL or regular size sanitary pads per day (since they need to be changed every six to eight hours) can be considered normal on an average, but it may vary depending on the individual.
Common Menstrual Problems
1. Menstrual hygiene
2. Menstrual flow
3. Menstrual cycle
4. Menstrual hormones
Menstrual Hygiene Related Problems: Use of unclean sanitary pads or clothes can give rise to genital tract infections, anaemia and urinary tract Infection. This can be prevented by social awareness and easy availability of affordable sanitary products. It is also important to have the right knowledge about menstrual hygiene to avoid such issues from taking place.
Menstrual Flow Related Problems: One can experience excess or scanty flow during periods. Usually heavy menstrual flow can be for 1-2 days but if it continues for more than 5-7 days, it can lead to low haemoglobin and anaemia. This definitely needs to be investigated and treated along with oral iron replacement therapy. The less flow or change in flow over years can be due to hormonal imbalance. This can occur mostly after completion of family in perimenopausal age.
Menstrual Cycle Related Problems: Irregular periods, skipping or not getting periods for more than six months (also known as secondary amenorrhoea) and bleeding in between periods (called inter menstrual bleeding) are a few problems under this type of problem. The most common cause for this is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), stress, anxiety and depression. Investigations in the form of pelvic sonography and hormonal investigations are necessary to make a diagnosis. Regular exercise, a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle changes are important.
Menstrual Hormone Related Problems: This usually gives rise to psychomotor issues. They can be symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) at any age group or peri/postmenopausal vasomotor symptoms after the age of 45. Bloating, breast tenderness, irritability and depression which occur premenstrually and disappear with onset of periods are classical symptoms of PMS. If they are affecting day to day family life, then it needs to be treated.
Every woman experiences menopausal symptoms in varying severity, starting usually 4-5 years before menopause. The night sweats, hot flushes, low moods, anxiety, irritability, joint and muscle pain, loss of interest in having sex, and weight gain are typical menopausal symptoms due to deficiency of oestorgen hormones.
No matter which type of menstrual problem you're facing, it is always advisable to visit a gynaecologist who will be able to identify all your queries after making the right diagnosis.
Nua, a new-age brand transforming the women's wellness space in India with holistic and personalised solutions that addresses real problems faced by women in managing their menstrual health and personal hygiene, provides an innovative range of products and services, including India's first customizable pack of sanitary pads and self-heating menstrual cramp patches, also available on a subscription basis. (Vaishali Joshi, #NuaExpert on Gynaecology, is an Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai)
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A regular and consistent yoga practice can do wonders for your health and over well-being. The pandemic has accelerated the need for physical activity, and no wonder, yoga has emerged as the preferred choice.
Sarvesh Shashi, Founder, SARVA lists the top mistakes beginner yogis often tend to make:
1. Don't over-exert yourself. If on a scale of 1 to 10 -1 being easiest and 10 being the toughest every asana need not be a 10. Some days an 8 feels like a 10 and on others, a 15 feels like an 8!
2. Don't hold your breath unnaturally unless the trainer specifically mentions this during practice. Breathe normally.
3. Avoid practicing yoga when you are exhausted, during illness, Yoga should make you feel the rush of happy hormones in the end, not entirely exhausted!
4. Do not practice alone. This one is more of a guideline. If you're a beginner, it's best to practice under someone's guidance. It is not advised to simply read and practice, it may lead to a muscle pull or discomfort. While practicing advanced postures for the first time, it's best to have someone assist you while doing these.
5. Avoid wearing tight clothes and do not wear shoes. Especially tight upper body clothing will restrict the movement of the rib cage and lung that would result in incomplete breathing.
6. Don't shower immediately, after a good sweaty workout, let the body dry normally and then shower for a normal cool-down of the body.
7. Do not perform inversion or 'feet up' asanas, during the menstruation cycle. Preferably perform relaxation and breathing techniques.
8. Do not perform any high-intensity workout post-yoga. Perform it before yoga practice for a better effect.
9. Avoid drinking too much water during the practice. You can have water at a moderate level just to overcome your thirst during practice.
Read More► Can Yoga Help With Fertility Issues?
New Delhi, Aug 14 (IANS) Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya on Saturday embarked on a 3-km cycle journey here to kick-start the "Pedal for Health" campaign.Mandaviya was joined by Union Sports Minister Anurag Thakur and Law Minister Kiren Rijiju during the journey from Major Dhyanchand National Stadium to Akbar Road. As part of "Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav", the programme was simultaneously organised in 75 cities across the country on Saturday."To support the Ayushman Bharat scheme and celebrate 'Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav' as a public awakening, launched #PedalforHealth campaign with Shri @KirenRijiju and @iAnuragThakur. The campaign will help to promote cycling in the country, and keep India healthy and fit," the Health Minister tweeted in Hindi.Speaking on the occasion, Mandaviya said that cycling is good for health, environment friendly and saves fuel. Further asserting that cycling should be a passion, he urged everyone to do it daily. He also urged cyclists to encourage others."Fitness dose of half an hour daily is crucial to be healthy and fit. If people will be fit, the nation will be fit," Thakur said, adding that a healthy India will be a strong India.Similarly, Rijiju said that cycling is the way of life and awareness on cycling has increased over the years. "The government has brought cycling under priority sports, which were earlier in other sports categories," he added."India can represent cycling in the Olympics and can bring a medal in the future." --IANSavr/shs/ksk/
Jaunpur (UP), April 28 (IANS) Shocking pictures of an old man carrying his wife's body on his bicycle for cremation have exposed another heart-wrenching aspect of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.According to reports, the old woman died of Covid and the local villagers did not allow her cremation in the village, fearing spread of the infection.Her husband was forced to carry the body of his deceased wife on his bicycle for hours, in search of a place to cremate her.In one of the photographs, the old man is seen sitting on the roadside while the body of the woman lies on the road along with the bicycle.However, after coming to know about the elderly man's ordeal, the Jaunpur police conducted the last rites of the woman at Ramghat on Tuesday.A police spokesman said that the woman's condition had deteriorated on Monday, after which she was admitted to the Umanath Singh District Hospital. However, she died soon after and the hospital sent her body back in an ambulance.The local people did not come forward to help the elderly man in cremating the deceased. They also warned him not to cremate his wife in the cremation ground in the village.The district administration, however, has not confirmed if the deceased was Covid positive.--IANSamita/arm
New Delhi, April 25 (IANS) Women can take Covid-19 vaccines during their periods, the government has clarified in wake of various reports on social media platforms against taking the jabs at such a time.A social media post, being circulated widely, said that women should not take Covid-19 vaccines five days before and after their period cycle as their immunity is very less during the time."#Fake post circulating on social media claims that women should not take #Covid19Vaccine 5 days before and after their menstrual cycle. Don't fall for rumours! All people above 18 should get vaccinated after May 1," the PIB said in a tweet.Many reports have emerged in the US claiming that periods change after they got their coronavirus vaccines. However, "so far, there's no data linking getting vaccinated to changes in menstruation", Alice Lu-Culligan and Randi Hutter Epstein at Yale School of Medicine were quoted as saying to the New York Times."Even if there is a connection, one unusual period is no cause for alarm," they said.The rumours were also quashed by doctors and activists, while urging people to get vaccinated. Vaccination in India has been opened for all above 18 years of age from May 1."A lot of patients messaging me asking if it's safe/effective to take the vaccine during their period. Some silly WhatsApp rumour has spooked everyone. Your period has no effect on the vaccine efficacy. Take it as soon as you can. Spread the word, please," Mumbai-based gynaecologist Dr Munjaal V. Kapadia said in a tweet.--IANSrvt/vd
In India there are 335 Million of menstruating women , representing nearly 30% of the nation’s population.
Menstruation has for long been a taboo topic that was only (if every talked about) discussed behind close doors. The recent wave of awareness around menstrual hygiene and its importance for female wellbeing has been pivotal.
However, one crucial point of discussion often gets missed in this conversation, that needs to be addressed. Menstrual cramps and spasms affect over 80% of the menstruating women in India, and often no heed is paid to it. It has a direct correlation with productivity, and cramps on an average result in almost 9 days of lost productivity for women every year!
The fact that period leaves are being offered only offers solution to the problem for a limited section. Think about a new mother who is also a homemaker, juggling between managing the household as well as the tantrums of a toddler. Is period leave a solution for her? Can she even take a 5 second break from the duty of caring for her child? Should she continue to work in pain and let this monthly cycle take a toll on her body?
Allopathic pain-killers and analgesics provide some respite, and majority of women aware about them become dependent. These ephemeral remedies often have immediate side-effects, ranging from an over-worked liver to rashes on the skin, which in turn snow-ball into major disorders in the longer run. With 12 years being the global average for the onset of menstruation and 41 years being that for menopause, a women on average goes through around 400 menstrual cycles in a lifetime, which requires the consumption of around 2,800+ of these allopathic tablets to counter the unbearable pain. To put things into perspective, the degree of pain experienced is often described to be tantamount to a heart attack!
There is a need for a sustainable solution that is not harming the body in the longer run. More importantly, there is a need to normalize the conversation around menstrual cramps. #LetsNotWhisper anymore and announce to the world the pain that is being endured, the degree of it and what it leads to. Its important for women to know that there is a better, more sustainable solution out there that does not harm your body in the longer run. Let’s work towards ensuring Every Period is a Painless Period globally !
This has been a focal point of our research HempStreet, and we do believe that we do have a more responsible and sustainable solution to combating and serving a third of our population that has been constantly underserved.