Sydney, April 29 (IANS) Two men in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW) died days after receiving Covid-19 vaccines, as the health authorities are urgently investigating the cause of their deaths, local media reported on Thursday.One man in his 50s died in a hospital in northeast NSW on April 21, due to a massive blood clot in his lungs, eight days after receiving a vaccine. It is believed he had not had prior lung problems, the Xinhua news agency reported.At this stage it has not been confirmed which brand of vaccine the 55-year-old had received, according to local media.The Therapeutic Drugs Administration (TGA) in response to the case, released a statement saying "all reports to the TGA of death following vaccination are reviewed to assess the likelihood that the vaccine contributed to the event or medical condition that led to a fatal outcome."The second man, who was aged 71 and reportedly had ongoing health problems, died in Sydney after receiving the AstraZeneca vaccine.The man had multiple underlying health conditions at the time of his death. A panel of experts was convened by NSW health authorities to examine the circumstances and determine whether the death was linked to the vaccination, and the investigation results will be passed to the TGA.The TGA, however, already concluded a likely link between the AstraZeneca vaccine and the death of a 48-year-old NSW woman, who died in hospital from blood clots one day after receiving the vaccine.A further three cases of rare blood clots, including a 35-year-old woman, a 49-year-old man and a 80-year-old man were also likely linked to the AstraZeneca vaccine."All three patients are clinically stable, have responded well to treatment and are recovering," the TGA said.The TGA notes that the most frequently reported adverse reactions to the AstraZeneca vaccine are headaches, fever, muscle pain, chills and fatigue.Australian health authorities already recommended the AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine to be used by those over the age of 50, while the Pfizer jab to be taken up by younger Australians. --IANSint/rs
<br>Notably, these individuals pooled their human resources to provide free medicines, arranging ICU beds, oxygen cylinders and even transporting patients to hospitals.IANS caught up with these individuals in the worst hit cities of Delhi and Mumbai to know the ground reality of the Covid resurgence.One such individual, east Delhi-based businessman Varun Tyagi, 39, not only helped Covid patients secure medicines but on many occasions gave away medicines free of cost to needy individuals.Accordingly, IANS verified some of the past incidents of Tyagi's generosity and tracked him in east Delhi."From my business network, I am fully aware of the availability of medicine in the market. I'm volunteering purely out of concern for human life," he told IANS."People call me to help them secure medicines like Remdesivir, Fabiflu, oxygen, and diabetic and hypertension medicine which are short in supply. I do not accept any payment for any medicine which my associates or I provide. God has been kind enough on me and I feel this is the right way to serve him."A similar story of generosity and social service has emerged gtom communication specialist Amit Khanna, 45, who helps people create medical care at home.People reach out to him by word of mouth."As a volunteer, I have seen severe cases and its purely personal experience in managing Covid at home since hospitals have run out of bed. I usually help people create medical care at home settings with essential medicines and other important things like oxygen, inhalers under the guidance of family doctors or the doctors patients are consulting, I totally discourage self medication," Khanna said."I haven't spent anything but have diverted Covid essentials from people who got cured to more needy people in my network - this has been a key success in my approach towards helping people."Besides, Rahul Sanghavi, 43, a Trustee in Veer Foundation has took it upon himself and his organisation to provide free of cost oxygen cylinders across Mumbai."Currently, we have 55 centers across Mumbai city through which we are providing free medical oxygen cylinders,"<br>Sanghavi said."At the start of the pandemic we had initiated centres for supply of free sanitisation equipment to the societies and sanitised more than 55,000 societies, hospitals, public transport, ambulance."Apart from individuals, India Inc is also playing a pivotal role in helping augment medical supplies.Especially, the Tata Group, Linde, ITC, SpiceJet, IndianOil, BPCL and many others are playing their part in helping the country emerge out of this devastating Covid resurgence.In fact, Indian Railways, defence forces as well as NGOs are aiding the fight to save lifes.(Rohit Vaid can be contacted at [email protected])-IANS<br>rv/skp/
New York, April 6 (IANS) Anxiety among men transitioning into parenthood is significantly higher than reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) regional prevalence rates, a new study suggests.The findings indicated that the overall estimate of anxiety among men during the perinatal period was nearly 11 per cent, with rates being lower during pregnancy (9.9 per cent) than during the first year postpartum (11.7 per cent).These rates are considerably higher than the global WHO regional prevalence rates for anxiety among men that range between 2.2 to 3.8 per cent, suggesting the transition into parenthood may increase the risk for anxiety in men."The transition to parenthood is a major life event that's often accompanied with new challenges related to financial, relationship, and work-life balance concerns," said researcher Jenn Leiferman from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus in the US."Despite those changes happening for both men and women, not much is known about the prevalence of anxiety among new fathers," Leiferman added.For the study, published in The Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, the team reviewed eligible studies representing more than 40,000 participants that have been published between 1995-2020.In terms of anxiety among mothers, the researchers found an estimated 17.6 per cent of women experience it during the perinatal period. This is also substantially higher than global WHO regional preferences for anxiety among women, but in line with estimates for maternal anxiety from other meta-analyses, the researchers said."The prevalence of anxiety and depression among men is talked about less as a society, even though research shows men are more likely to commit suicide or abuse alcohol than women," said Leiferman."It's important that we create more transparency around men's mental health issues. Our hope is by creating awareness, we can help people get help earlier when needed," Leiferman added.--IANSvc/bg
New York, Ever thought how different are men and women's brains? Hardly at all, say researchers.
The findings, published in the Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, indicate that size is the only clear-cut difference between male and female brains.
Women's brains are about 11 percent smaller than men's, in proportion to their body size. Smaller brains allow certain features, such as a slightly higher ratio of gray matter to white matter, and a higher ratio of connections between, versus within, cerebral hemispheres.
"This means that the brain differences between large- and small-headed men are as great as the brain differences between the average man and woman," said researcher Lise Eliot from Rosalind Franklin University in the US.
"And importantly, none of these size-related differences can account for familiar behavioural differences between men and women, such as empathy or spatial skills," Eliot added.
For the study, the team conducted a meta-synthesis of three decades of research, assimilating hundreds of the largest and most highly-cited brain imaging studies addressing 13 distinct measures of alleged sex difference.
For nearly every measure, they found almost no differences that were widely reproduced across studies, even those involving thousands of participants.
For example, the volume or thickness of specific regions in the cerebral cortex is often reported to differ between men and women. However, the meta-synthesis shows that the regions identified differ enormously between studies. (IANS)
Barcelona, March 23 (IANS) Caffeine -- about 3 milligram per kilogram (mg/kg), the equivalent of a strong coffee -- ingested half an hour before aerobic exercise significantly increases the rate of fat-burning, suggests a new study.The study, published in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, also found that if the exercise is performed in the afternoon, the effects of the caffeine are more marked than in the morning."The results of our study showed that acute caffeine ingestion 30 minutes before performing an aerobic exercise test increased maximum fat oxidation during exercise regardless of the time of day," said lead researcher Francisco Jose Amaro-Gahete from the University of Granada in Spain.For the study, the researchers aimed to determine whether caffeine -- one of the most commonly-consumed ergogenic substances in the world to improve sports performance -- actually does increase oxidation or "burning" of fat during exercise. A group of men with a mean age of 32 participated in the research, completing an exercise test four times at seven-day intervals. Subjects ingested 3 mg/kg of caffeine or a placebo at 8 am and 5 pm (each subject completed the tests in all four conditions in a random order). The conditions prior to each exercise test (hours elapsed since last meal, physical exercise, or consumption of stimulant substances) were strictly standardized, and fat oxidation during exercise was calculated accordingly.In summary, the findings of this study suggest that the combination of acute caffeine intake and aerobic exercise performed at moderate intensity in the afternoon provides the optimal scenario for people seeking to increase fat-burning during physical exercise.--IANSvc/pgh
Moscow- Men take note. If you are experiencing vital exhaustion then you are more likely to have a heart attack, says a new study.
The study indicated that the risk of a myocardial infarction linked with exhaustion was particularly pronounced in never married, divorced and widowed men.
"Vital exhaustion refers to excessive fatigue, feelings of demoralisation and increased irritability," said researcher Dmitriy Panov from the Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation.
"It is thought to be a response to intractable problems in people's lives, particularly when they are unable to adapt to prolonged exposure to psychological stressors," Panov added.
For the study, presented at ESC Acute CardioVascular Care 2021, the team examined the relationship between vital exhaustion and the risk of myocardial infarction in 657 men with no history of cardiovascular disease.
Participants were classified according to their level of vital exhaustion: none, moderate, or high. Participants were followed-up for 14 years for the incidence of heart attack.
Overall, two-thirds (67 per cent) of the men had vital exhaustion (15 per cent had a high level and 52 per cent had a moderate level) while 33 per cent were unaffected. Nearly three-quarters (74 per cent) of men with high blood pressure had vital exhaustion -- high in 58 per cent and moderate in 16 per cent.
In the overall group of men, the researchers analysed the association between vital exhaustion at baseline and the risk of having a heart attack. Compared to those without vital exhaustion, men with moderate or high levels had a 2.7-fold greater risk of a heart attack within five years, a 2.25 higher risk within 10 years, and a 2.1 raised risk within 14 years.
When the analysis was controlled for social factors (education, occupation, and marital status) and age, the influence of vital exhaustion on heart attack risk decreased but remained statistically significant. (IANS)
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