Nairobi, July 2 (IANS) Many African countries are reeling from a spike in hunger, malnutrition and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) due to the Covid-19 pandemic-linked disruptions on the continent's food production systems, scientists have said.Addressing a virtual forum here on Thursday, Margaret Karembu, chair of Africa Life Science Knowledge Hub, said that inability of the continent's low-income population to access nutritious diets has escalated the dual crisis of malnutrition and lifestyle diseases, reports Xinhua news agency."Our communities have been challenged in terms of what they eat due to Covid-19 pandemic leading to a high burden of malnutrition and non-communicable diseases," Karembu said.She said that the high prevalence of non-communicable diseases like cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and respiratory ailments is to blame for severe forms of Covid-19 and fatalities in Africa.Karembu said that awareness targeting African policymakers and community health practitioners is key to raising the visibility of linkage between coronavirus and lifestyle diseases.Deoraj Caussy, an epidemiologist at Mauritius Academy of Science and Technology, said that disruptions to agriculture value chains linked to the pandemic derailed Africa's quest to eradicate hunger and malnutrition.He said that job losses and hike in food prices witnessed at the onset of the pandemic in the continent worsened nutrition insecurity among groups that are predisposed to chronic diseases including the elderly.The pandemic derailed access to food supplements among the poor and terminally ill in the continent, thus exposing them to the risk of life-long deformities, said Caussy, who added the cost of managing non-communicable diseases in Africa is estimated at $2.5 trillion annually and their high prevalence has undermined efforts to reduce Covid deaths.Sheryl L. Hendriks, director of the Institute for Food, Nutrition and Wellbeing with the University of Pretoria, South Africa, said the pandemic has exposed the fragility of food and nutrition security interventions in Africa.According to Hendriks, African governments should enact policies to address the underlying causes of malnutrition including poverty, obsolete farming systems and gender inequality.--IANSksk/
The pandemic has caused many of us to reimagine our lifestyle and take cognizance of the potential health risks. Give your father the gift of great health by getting him to adopt a wise sodium-intake diet and a little bit of exercise. Ensure he makes small lifestyle changes for positive impact, starting with these four tips.
Check His BP
The connection between excess sodium intake and high blood pressure (hypertension) is an open secret. World Hypertension Day that went by in May also reminded us of the importance of keeping this silent killer in check. In fact, it has been found that regulating one's salt intake in the diet can prove very effective in getting one's BP under control. So, help your father rein in his salt intake by using iodized salt with low sodium, for example -- Salt with at least 15 per cent less sodium from a trusted brand. Another effective strategy is to help them switch to alternative flavourings: wedges of cut lemon, chili flakes and black pepper powder, onion powder, and garlic powder are good options. Herbs like coriander, parsley, mint, oregano, thyme, and basil work well too.
Try this: Mix 5 parts roasted and powdered sesame seeds with 1 part salt (high quality iodized salt), and use as a flavouring. The fact is that although the total requirement of iodine for an adult adds up to less than a spoonful as there is no storage organ for iodine in the body, it is necessary for iodine to be included in our daily diet. Salt works as a very effective medium for this purpose and will help them meet their iodine requirement too.
Ensure that they eat a plate full of palatable colour. A colourful diet that is the easiest and most effective way to ensure well-being and to keep myriad diseases at bay. And what better time than during Father's Day to reiterate the importance of this simple rule of rainbow eating to our fathers. This simple step will pay rich dividends in terms of better health and longevity for them.
Hydrate. Hydrate. Hydrate.
It is easy to forget to drink enough water in the rush to do things. But this can be detrimental to your father's efficiency, may lead to brain fog and may even lower their immunity. To prevent dehydration, share with them this simple plan: Begin the day with 2 glasses of water. Finish 1 litre of water by lunchtime and then another by dinner time. Also have an additional glass of warm water after every meal. This will take care of their daily water needs.
Don't Miss Out on Exercise
Lockdown and the virus has interfered with everyone's exercise regime: accessing gyms are tough and stepping out for walks is not easy. But this is no reason to stop movement completely. After all, they need to burn off those extra calories (and also need some extra help from endorphins to keep the moody blues away) now more than ever. So ask your father to get creative. Take short walks after dinner by walking around the house or in the balcony /garden (however small or big it might be), or enroll them in an online yoga class.
With health being front and centre in these times, ensure your father has the best shot at a healthy life ahead.
Read More► Essential Steps to Catching Covid Symptoms Early in Children
Yoga is a powerful practice that works on both the body and mind that is why it helps in transforming the whole personality and not just the physical body. However, there's a common misconception that yoga is all about complicated postures. That by doing a complicated backbend, or after achieving the full splits, we somehow become 'better than we were before'. It limits the concept of yoga to something that you only do on the mat. It assumes that if you can't do extreme postures, you can't ever be good at or practice yoga.
Namita Piparaiya, Yoga and Ayurveda Lifestyle Specialist, Founder, Yoganama shares few ways you can extend your yoga practice into your daily life.
Also, Read► 5 Breathing Exercises to Strengthen Your Respiratory System
As we learned from Goldilocks, moderation is the approach of 'neither too much nor too little'. Moderation can be followed in all aspects of life, such as diet, speech, exercise, possessions, and everything else. The opposite of moderation would be either overindulgence which is harmful. Or completely denying ourselves to the extent of suppressing our needs which almost always backfires in the long run. Moderation keeps you away from extremes and therefore is a very sustainable strategy as it takes up very little energy.
You experience this in a yoga class when you hold postures for a more extended period. If you push yourself too much, you'll come out of the pose before the time is up due to pain or extreme discomfort. Equally, if you are lazy while practicing, you won't benefit from the time you're spending on the mat. Apply the right amount of effort, and you have a rewarding yoga practice that leaves you feeling recharged and refreshed. And the 'right effort' can be different for everyone; that's why everyone's yoga practice will look different.
Mindfulness refers to present moment awareness. It is a very powerful and well-researched practice that can change the very structure of our brain. Mindfulness meditation makes us more rational, less impulsive, and even increases our grey matter. The good thing is mindfulness can be practiced anytime during the day and not just while you're meditating. You can be mindful when you're eating, when you're brushing your teeth, when driving, and so on. All you have to do is become completely aware of the activity you're doing by observing it in full detail.
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If you've done a yoga class, you've undoubtedly experienced mindfulness. Yoga is a great mindfulness practice because all postures are done with breath awareness. Even in Sun Salutations, you follow a specific breathing pattern. Each movement or transition is accompanied by an instruction to either inhale, exhale or hold the breath. When you hold a difficult single-leg balance like Natrajasana, you automatically become more mindful that you would lose your balance without awareness. In this way, yoga trains you to become aware of what you're doing with the help of the breath or the difficult nature of posture. It is a great skill to start applying in your everyday life both in emotional moments or while doing banal tasks like washing dishes.
Try doing a single leg balance when very angry or emotional, and you'll likely have some trouble. In extreme circumstances, our inner emotional balance gets disturbed, reflecting in our physical state. In yoga, you learn to bring your balance back by taking some deep breaths or doing some gentle kriyas to re-center the body and mind.
And you can employ the breath anytime during the day when you feel overwhelmed. It could be if you're angry at your boss or had an argument with a colleague, have received a defective product, or are stuck in traffic! With Yoga, you've trained yourself in resetting your nervous system by using your breath. And that's a skill that you can employ multiple times during the day to be stronger and more patient to deal with the stresses of modern life.
In fact, without this skill, you cannot sit in meditation because the mind would be highly distracted. That is why in yoga, you practice pranayama before meditation as the breath helps your thoughts settle down. After that, your meditation can be productive as you will have better focus and concentration.
With consistent and regular yoga practice, you learn the value of the right amount of effort that teaches you the concept of moderation. A new or challenging posture leads you to stay in the present moment and be more mindful. And by employing the breath, you learn to consciously relax and unwind even in stressful situations such as a challenging posture. In this way, you develop the mental stamina and fitness to navigate your everyday life.
Read More► How Yoga During Pregnancy Helps Mother And Child
Lifestyle disorders are a major cause of death in almost every country now. The occurrence of these problems is not a one-day process; people suffer due to long-time ignorance of their health care. Some of the lifestyle disorders are obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancers, strokes, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), arthritis, and mental health issues.
Himanshu Rai, Chief Dietician and Nutritionist at Think You shares some of the leading causes of lifestyle disorders:
If your eating habits are linked to skipping meals, overeating, oily-fried-sugary meals, then you could be in the trap of lifestyle disorders. As per the WHO, "A healthy diet helps to protect against poor nutrition in all its forms and lifestyle-related health issues such as diabetes, heart diseases, strokes, cancers and brain disorders also." Eating healthy meals, not skipping meals and food that contains ingredients from all the major food groups (cereals, legumes and pulses, milk and meat, fruits and vegetables, fat and sugar) would be helpful to protect you from lifestyle disorders.
Also, Read► Covid-19 Changed Indians' Outlook on Dietary and Lifestyle
Lack Of Physical Activity
Lack of physical activity may lead to obesity or being overweight and it may lead to several other disorders such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers and various others. The WHO suggests regular physical activity is very helpful for the prevention of diseases and improves the overall quality of life. As per WHO, adults should do 150 - 300 minutes of moderate-to-intense physical activity every week to provide significant benefits to overall health.
Lack Of Sleep
According to CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), poor sleep has been linked to diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, depression and obesity. In the case of diabetes, it has been linked to poor control of blood sugar levels. Whereas, in cardiovascular diseases, persons with poor sleeping are found to be at increased risk of high blood pressure, stroke, coronary heart diseases and irregular heartbeats. In obesity, short sleep duration results in metabolic changes, which are linked to obesity. Sleep disturbances for a long time have been one of the important symptoms of depression also.
As per Mayo Clinic, long-term stress puts the body on over-exposure to cortisol hormone and other stress hormones, which affects your body's normal health process. Overexposure to stress results in heart diseases, weight gain, depression, anxiety, digestive problems, sleep issues, headaches and memory issues. Stress management is very important to keep away from the different health issues.
Also, Read► To Keep Your Immune System In Its Prime
Smoking affects almost all the organs in a bad manner. Direct smoking may lead to different serious health concerns such as cancer, heart diseases, diabetes, stroke, lung disease, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), etc. Whereas second-hand smoke causes stroke, coronary heart diseases, lung cancer, etc in adults. In children, second-hand smoke causes sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections, middle ear disease, more severe asthma, respiratory symptoms, and slowed lung growth.
Excess Alcohol Consumption
Excess alcohol drinking in the long term may lead to chronic diseases such as heart diseases, stroke, liver diseases, cancer, mental issues, digestive issues and several others. Whereas in short term, it causes accidents, violence, alcohol poisoning, risky sexual behaviours, miscarriage and stillbirth in pregnant women.
Mahatma Gandhi once wrote, "Instead of using the body as a temple of God we use it as a vehicle for indulgences, and are not ashamed to run to medical men for help in our effort to increase them and abuse the earthly tabernacle."
This statement is well connected to today's lifestyle disorders also; it means we are neglecting the power of prevention, doing excess and inviting lifestyle disorders.
Lifestyle disorders can be easily prevented with the help of eating nutritious meals on time, proper physical activity, proper sleep, stress management and avoiding alcohol and smoke.
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<br>Although our immune system safeguards our body from diseases and pathogens by targeting and killing invaders such as bacteria and viruses, healthy lifestyle habits such as consuming nutritious food, good sleep, sufficient hydration, and exercise are critical in enabling the immune system to function at its best.Here are few important tips that you can incorporate into your routine to help you achieve your nutritional and lifestyle goals.Start your day in a healthy way:Unarguably, it is critical to prioritise your health, especially at a time when the world is grappling with Covid-19. Knowing that the lockdown is limiting our ability to go out for a lively morning walk in the open air, indoor guided meditation in the morning will help you build your physical and mental health while at the same time energize you for the day.Keep a close eye on your nutrition intake:Covid-19 is known to have an inflammatory impact on the respiratory system. As a preventive measure, you must pivot towards nutrition-rich diets. It is advisable to plan your meals well in advance and monitor adequate water intake. While your body's immunity is the first line of defense against Covid-19, you must boost it and pay attention to proper nutrition.Go for Fruit-rich diets:Fruits can help you fight your way through minor inconveniences like colds, coughs, and infections and may aid you in resisting bigger health issues, and also help you build your immunity. Fruits loaded with vitamins, minerals, and varieties of nutrients have always been the traditional go-to immunity boosters.Stay hydrated! Stay energetic!Work from home and long working hours can make you skip your lunch or even reduce your water intake. Although you must keep a close eye on your water intake, you may also slide in few glasses of fresh healthy fruit juices in your diet. Maintaining adequate water intake ensures your body is flushing out toxins from your body at regular intervals, encouraging the body's health and vitality.Feeling stressed? Breathe!Anxiety and fear induced by Covid-19 can be overwhelming and may lead to emotional outbursts that may be unfavourable for your body. It is more important than ever to learn how to deal with stress and stay safe. Deep breathing is one of the most effective and recommended methods to reduce stress. For a healthy lifestyle and well-being, you may choose to incorporate breathing exercises for a healthier and more fulfilling life.(Inputs from Grow with Kimaye, INI Farms )(N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe can be contacted at [email protected])--IANS<br>lh/tb/
करीब 4,500 साल पहले स्थापित भारतीय संस्कृति दुनिया की सबसे पुरानी संस्कृतियों में से एक है। कई भारतीय धर्मग्रंथों में भारत को 'दुनिया की पहली और सर्वोच्च संस्कृति' बताया गया है।
पारंपरिक भारतीय प्रथाओं और जीवन जीने के तरीकों को किसी के जीवन काल को लम्बा करने में मदद मिली है। एक स्वस्थ जीवन को बनाए रखने और एक बीमारी मुक्त खुशहाल जीवन जीने के लिए ये परम्पराएँ पीढ़ी दर पीढ़ी चली आ रही हैं। आज हम जो जीवन जी रहे हैं, वह उस जीवन से बहुत दूर है जो 50 साल पहले जैसा था, बहुत कुछ जिसे संरक्षित करने की आवश्यकता थी। नीचे सूचीबद्ध कुछ प्राचीन अनुष्ठान हैं जो एक स्वस्थ जीवन शैली का नेतृत्व करने में मदद करते हैं, और प्रकृति के साथ एक गहरा सार्थक संबंध विकसित करने में भी मदद करते हैं:
* मिट्टी या तांबे के बर्तनों से पानी पिएं: माइक्रोप्लास्टिक्स जो अब हमारे रक्तप्रवाह में अपना रास्ता तलाश चुके हैं जिससे हम कभी कल्पना भी नहीं कर सकते थे। मिट्टी के बर्तनों और तांबे के बर्तनों से पानी पीने से आपकी प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को बढ़ावा मिलता है, पाचन की सुविधा होती है, जोड़ों और मांसपेशियों को मजबूत करता है, और शरीर में रक्त परिसंचरण में सुधार करने में मदद करता है।
* नंगे पैर चलना: फैंसी जूते और जूते हर समय? हम आपको कुछ दूसरी सलाह देंगे। पहले यह नियम था जिसमें कोई भी घर के अंदर जूते नहीं पहनता था। बदलते समय, मधुमेह और अन्य बीमारियों के साथ, यह कई लोगों के लिए एक व्यवहार्य विकल्प नहीं है। कहा जा रहा है, आपको नंगे पैर चलने की कोशिश करनी चाहिए, जबकि अभी भी ओस है, जो आपके जागने के बाद पहली चीज है। यह जोड़ों के दर्द को कम करने में मदद करता है, मांसपेशियों के तनाव को कम करता है, और यहां तक कि तनाव के स्तर को भी कम करता है। आपको बस अपने नियमित फुटवियर से ब्रेक लेना है- दिन में सिर्फ एक बार।
* गोल्ड और सिल्वर ज्वैलरी पहनना: अपने जन्म के तुरंत बाद एक नए जन्मे बच्चे के कान छिदवाना एक परंपरा है जिसका पालन सभी भारतीय करते हैं। सोने और चांदी के आभूषण पहनने से शरीर के तापमान को नियंत्रित करने, चिंता और तनाव को कम करने और किसी के मूड को ठीक करने में मदद मिलती है। हम अनुशंसा करते हैं कि धातु के गहने और खाई वाले प्लास्टिक पहने जो कुछ भी नहीं करते हैं, लेकिन उस विषाक्त अपशिष्ट को जोड़ते हैं।
* अपने हाथों से भोजन करना: पश्चिम की नकल करने की कोशिश में, हमने कटलरी का उपयोग अधिक सभ्य बनाने के लिए किया है। हालांकि यह मामला नहीं है। प्राचीन भारत में, राजा और उनके विषयों दोनों ने अपने हाथों का उपयोग करके अपना खाना खाया। यह न केवल अपने भीतर 'प्राण' या जीवन ऊर्जा को बढ़ाता है, बल्कि किसी की भूख को भी तृप्त करता है - इसके अलावा परोसे गए भोजन के लिए विनम्रता और सम्मान लाता है।
* आदत डालना- जल्दी खाना: आयुर्वेद और इसके सिद्धांतों में सुबह 8 बजे, रात को सोने से 10 या 11 बजे पहले खाना खाने का सुझाव दिया गया है। आखिरी भोजन के कम से कम 3 घंटे बाद जल्दी और सोने के लिए यह अनुशासन सभी गैस्ट्रोइंटेस्टाइनल और पाचन समस्याओं में से एक रहने में मदद कर सकता है।
* 'शौच' या स्वच्छता का अभ्यास करना: स्वच्छ जीवन के महत्व को अब पहले से अधिक दोहराते हुए, हमें हर दिन स्नान करने, घर के बाहर अपने जूते रखने और स्वच्छता का अभ्यास करने की प्रासंगिकता को समझना चाहिए।
* अभ्यास योग: योग और ध्यान की शक्ति को कम करके नहीं आंका जाता है! प्रत्येक दिन 30 मिनट योग को समर्पित करते हैं- गहरे ध्यान और स्वस्थ भोजन के अलावा कपालभाति और सूर्य नमस्कार के 4 दौर। यह आप सभी को खाड़ी में अधिकांश बीमारियों को रखने और स्वस्थ जीवन जीने की आवश्यकता है। (एजेंसी)
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