New York, July 14 (IANS) Science, not speculation, is essential to determine how COVID-19 reached humans, and relying on espionage agents only replaces science with politics, a U.S. scholar has said.John Richard Schrock, former chairman of the biology department at the Emporia State University, made the comments while echoing a joint statement of 24 international scientists, which was published on the premier medical journal The Lancet on July 5 to refute the widespread lab-leak theory."We believe the strongest clue from new, credible, and peer-reviewed evidence in the scientific literature is that the virus evolved in nature, while suggestions of a laboratory-leak source of the pandemic remain without scientifically validated evidence that directly supports it in peer-reviewed scientific journals," the scholar said in the statement, Xinhua reported."The claim of a torpedo attack in the second Gulf of Tonkin incident led to an escalation of the Vietnam War -- but there was no torpedo attack," said Schrock in his article published on the Salina Post, a local newspaper in the U.S. Midwestern state of Kansas, on Monday."'Intelligence' that (the fifth president of Iraq) Saddam Hussein was harboring weapons of mass destruction (nuclear and chemical weapons) was used to justify the Iraq war -- but there were no such weapons," said Schrock, also editor of the Kansas School Naturalist at the Emporia State University, who used to teach various classes at universities in China."Science is far more reliable. But science takes time," he added.--IANSint/kr
New Delhi, June 21 (IANS) On the occasion of International Day of Yoga, the central government introduced National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) Diploma course in Yogic Science to help those who pass out of the course to become a job provider rather than a job seeker.The two-year diploma programme has five subjects in the first year in which Yoga Teaching and Training will be taught and in the second year, five subjects related to Yoga Therapy will be taught.Minister of State for Education Sanjay Dhotre launched the NIOS Diploma course and released the self-instructional material of the course.The Minister congratulated NIOS for offering such vocational courses to the learners.Highlighting about the significance of Yoga especially during covid, Dhotre said it has resulted in creating many employment opportunities.--IANSrak/skp/
New Delhi/New York, May 12 (IANS) Noted science writer Nicholas Wade, who has worked with some of the world's most distinguished science magazines and journals, penned an exhaustive article last week explaining why Coronavirus has all the hallmarks of being engineered in a laboratory.Wade is the latest among many other experts on science-related issues to make such a claim. In his article on the origin of Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), he wrote, "From early on, public and media perceptions were shaped in favour of the natural emergence scenario by strong statements from two scientific groups. These statements were not at first examined as critically as they should have been."A group of virologists and others wrote in the medical journal Lancet on February 19, 2020, when it was really far too soon for anyone to be sure what had happened, "We stand together to strongly condemn conspiracy theories suggesting that Covid-19 does not have a natural origin." Scientists "overwhelmingly conclude that this coronavirus originated in wildlife", they said, with a stirring rallying call for readers to stand with Chinese colleagues on the frontline of fighting the disease.In a scathing criticism of the Lancet, Wade wrote further, "Contrary to the letter writers' assertion, the idea that the virus might have escaped from a lab invoked accident, not conspiracy. It surely needed to be explored, not rejected out of hand. A defining mark of good scientists is that they go to great pains to distinguish between what they know and what they don't know. By this criterion, the signatories of the Lancet letter were behaving as poor scientists: They were assuring the public of facts they could not know for sure were true."It later turned out that the Lancet letter had been organised and drafted by Peter Daszak, president of the EcoHealth Alliance of New York. Daszak's organisation funded coronavirus research at the Wuhan Institute of Virology in China. If the SARS2 virus had indeed escaped from the research he funded, Daszak would be potentially culpable, Wade wrote, adding that this acute conflict of interest was not declared to the Lancet's readers. To the contrary, the letter concluded, "We declare no competing interests".Virologists like Daszak had much at stake in the assigning of blame for the pandemic, Wade wrote. For 20 years, mostly beneath the public's attention, they had been playing a dangerous game. In their laboratories they routinely created viruses more dangerous than those that exist in nature. They argued they could do so safely, and that by getting ahead of nature they could predict and prevent natural "spillovers", the cross-over of viruses from an animal host to people, Wade said.If SARS2 had indeed escaped from such a laboratory experiment, a savage blowback could be expected, and the storm of public indignation would affect virologists everywhere, not just in China. "It would shatter the scientific edifice top to bottom," MIT Technology Review editor, Antonio Regalado, had said in March 2020.A second statement which had enormous influence in shaping public attitudes was a letter (in other words an opinion piece, not a scientific article) published on March 17, 2020 in the journal Nature Medicine. Its authors were a group of virologists led by Kristian G. Andersen of the Scripps Research Institute. "Our analyses clearly show that SARS-CoV-2 is not a laboratory construct or a purposefully manipulated virus," the five virologists had declared in the second paragraph of their letter."Unfortunately, this was another case of poor science, in the sense defined above," Wade wrote. "True, some older methods of cutting and pasting viral genomes retain tell-tale signs of manipulation. But newer methods, called ‘no-see-um' or ‘seamless' approaches, leave no defining marks. Nor do other methods for manipulating viruses such as serial passage, the repeated transfer of viruses from one culture of cells to another," he wrote. "If a virus has been manipulated, whether with a seamless method or by serial passage, there is no way of knowing that this is the case. Dr. Andersen and his colleagues were assuring their readers of something they could not know," Wade wrote in his piece.The article went on to say: "Natural emergence was the media's preferred theory until around February 2021 and the visit by a World Health Organization commission to China. The commission's composition and access were heavily controlled by the Chinese authorities. Its members, who included the ubiquitous Dr. Daszak, kept asserting before, during and after their visit that lab escape was extremely unlikely. But this was not quite the propaganda victory the Chinese authorities may have been hoping for. What became clear was that the Chinese had no evidence to offer the commission in support of the natural emergence theory."This was surprising because both the SARS1 and MERS viruses had left copious traces in the environment, Wade wrote. "The intermediary host species of SARS1 was identified within four months of the epidemic's outbreak, and the host of MERS within nine months. Yet some 15 months after the SARS2 pandemic began, and a presumably intensive search, Chinese researchers had failed to find either the original bat population, or the intermediate species to which SARS2 might have jumped, or any serological evidence that any Chinese population, including that of Wuhan, had ever been exposed to the virus prior to December 2019."Natural emergence remained a conjecture which, however plausible to begin with, had gained not a shred of supporting evidence in over a year. And as long as that remains the case, it's logical to pay serious attention to the alternative conjecture, that SARS2 escaped from a lab," Wade argued.Though Wade's works have featured in Nature, Science, the New York Times and other significant platforms, he self-published his article on the origin of SARS2 on the online publishing platform, Medium.In the article, Wade has said that even as the case for SARS2 originating in a lab is substantial, the scientific community has reason not to talk about it. "Government research funds are distributed on the advice of committees of scientific experts drawn from universities. Anyone who rocks the boat by raising awkward political issues runs the risk that their grant will not be renewed and their research career will be ended. Maybe good behavior is rewarded with the many perks that slosh around the distribution system," he wrote.The US government, Wade wrote, "shares a strange common interest with the Chinese authorities: Neither is keen on drawing attention to the fact that Dr. Shi's coronavirus work was funded by the US National Institutes of Health".--IANSaat/arm
Bengaluru- As triple-layered and N95 masks offer best protection from Covid, they must be used where health officials have made it mandatory to prevent aerosol generation, according to a study by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc)on Sunday.
"You are protected, but others around you may not be. For single and double-layered masks, most of the droplets were found to be below 100 microns, with the potential to become aerosols that remain suspended in the air for a long time and potentially cause infection," said IISc's mechanical engineering professor Saptarish Basu in a statement here.
Triple-layered masks, even those made of cloth, and N95 masks were found to prevent atomisation and therefore offered the best protection," the study revealed.
Using a high-speed camera, the institute's research team tracked individual cough-like droplets impinging on single, double and multi-layered masks.
"When a person coughs, large droplets (less than 200 microns) hit the inner surface of a mask at a high speed, penetrate the mask fabric and break up or "atomise" into smaller droplets, which have a chance of aerosolisation and carry viruses like Covid with them, said the premiere institute's study, published in "Science Advances".
Face masks can reduce virus transmission by blocking both large droplets and aerosols, but their efficiency varies with the type of material, pore size and number of layers.
"Most studies don't look at what is going on at the individual droplet level and how aerosols can be generated," Basu asserted.
Previous studies looked at how these droplets "leak" from the sides of masks, but not at how the mask can aid in secondary atomisation into smaller droplets.
To mimic a human cough, the team used a custom droplet dispenser to pressurize a surrogate cough liquid (water, salt with mucin and a phospholipid) and eject single droplets onto the mask.
"The pressurisation increases a droplet's velocity and the [nozzle] opening time determines the size," noted research student Shubham Sharma on the occasion.
The team also used a pulsed laser to cast shadows of droplets, and a camera and zoom lens to capture images at high speeds (20,000 frames per second).
Apart from surgical masks, locally sourced cloth masks were also tested.
The study was carried in collaboration with scientists in UC San Diego and University of Toronto engineering.
The researchers plan to do more studies using a patient simulator also allow tracking multiple droplets.
"Studies are on to propose robust models to understand how this atomisation is actually taking place. This is a problem not just for Covid, but for similar respiratory diseases in the future as well," added Sharma. (IANS)
Seoul, Jan 3 (IANS) South Korea said on Sunday it will spend 5.8 trillion won ($5.3 billion) on science and information and communication technology (ICT) research this year as the country fosters new tech industries under its digital New Deal drive and targets going carbon neutral.The earmarked amount is a 12 per cent rise from 2020 and focuses on basic scientific research as well as new technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI) and 6G wireless networks.The ministry said it has set aside 1.8 trillion won for basic scientific research, compared with 1.5 trillion won in 2020, focusing on support for young scientists, while committing 287.9 billion won for research in core tech parts, materials and equipment as the country seeks to foster a self-reliant supply chain.The ministry also said it will spend 139.1 billion won on research to develop virtual services and industries as part of efforts to support the country's digital New Deal initiative, which is aimed at investing 58.2 trillion won in AI and other promising tech industries to create 903,000 jobs by 2025.For next-generation growth drivers, such as 6G and self-driving technology, the ministry will invest 17.2 billion won and 24.9 billion won, respectively, reports Yonhap news agency.In order to meet its carbon zero goal by 2050, the ministry added it will invest around 103.7 billion won for technology to respond to climate change.It has also earmarked 334.9 billion won for space-related research as it prepares to launch its first homegrown space rocket next year and 245.6 billion won for nuclear research to acquire technology for reactor safety and dismantlement.In light of the pandemic that continues to grip the country, the ministry said it will spend 41.9 billion won to develop treatments and vaccines against new infectious diseases.--IANSna/
Dr. Kunal Kamthe, B.A.M.S., MD (Dravyaguna), Founder & President of Mangal Medical Foundation, Director (Dr. Kamthe Piles Clinic) and he is as Secretory in Trishakti Foundation. As an Ayurveda Proctologist, he is practicing in Pune and Mumbai for the last 12 years.
As an Ayurveda Practitioner, he is serving many people to the best ability of him. He has been awarded many awards to name a few Doctor of the Year 2009- by Vishwa Shanti mission, Best Doctor Award 2008- by PMC. He made a lot of records some of them are International Book of record – The largest gathering of Piles patient – Jan 2020, India book of Record – 208 Piles Ksharsutra Treatment in 11 hours- 2019. Dr. Kunal Kamthe likes to practice more and more authentic Ayurveda. Read his interview here.
What does Ayurveda mean for you?
Ayurveda is a LIFE SCIENCE Ayurveda is the ancient Indian system of natural and holistic medicine. When it translated from Sanskrit, Ayurveda is known as the science of life (the Sanskrit base Ayur known as longevity or life and Veda known as science). While allopathic medicine habits focus on the management of disease, Ayurveda gives us the knowledge of how to fend disease and how to removes its root cause if it does happen.
Please let us know about your educational background and professional qualifications?
I’m graduated as MD (Masters in Ayurveda) in Ayurveda from Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Ayurveda in 2010 and B.A.M.S. - Rajiv Gandhi University, Bangalore. I have practiced Kshar Sutra Therapy in Sushrut Pile care center, Aurangabad.
Please let us know where you got interested in Ayurveda?
I am from old Pune, Where my Parents and Grandparents for all ailment refer to natural cure, We have a family belief that for all ailment solution lies in nature, It Interests me since childhood to get know-how body function and how it recovers.
Being a nature lover, Ayurveda is an obvious choice for me to build my carrier, Fortunately, I Become an Ayurveda Practitioner and serve my people to the best of my ability.
How would you represent Life According to Ayurveda Principles?
The intelligence of Ayurveda was passed from the descent of saints in India until it was modulated into text more than five thousand years ago. The oldest known texts on Ayurveda are the Sushruta Samhita, Charaka Samhita, and the Ashtanga Hrudaya. These texts detail the carry that the five elements found in the cosmic system - water, air, fire, space, earth – have on our particular system, and decode on the importance of deferment these elements steady for a healthy and happy life. According to Ayurveda, each person will be impressed by somewhat elements more than others. This is because of their natural constitution, or Prakriti. Ayurveda separates the different unions into three different doshas:
Vata dosha, in which space and air elements rule
Pitta dosha, in which fire element rule
Kapha dosha, in which the water and earth elements rule
The dosha treats not just the shape of one’s body but also bodily inclination (like digestion and food preferences), and the complexion of one’s mind and emotions. Most people’s Prakriti is made up of a conjunction of two doshas.
Did you get any difficulties to achieve your goal?
I start my practice from my maty with a small setup, Which is now enhanced as a multi-center Franchise option “Aim High, But Start Low, Celebrate, and Keep Going”.
It always takes time to understand the challenges and overcome them. I also have the hardship of my life being the first doctor in the family. Nobody there to guide me, how to set things straight. So in my journey, I need to make a lot of sacrifices to achieve what I want.
But the blessing of my god and support of my family, teacher, and friends. I had somehow managed to overcome the challenges that came in my paths. Still learning the best practices in Ayurveda.
What is the greatest success story of yours?
Being the first doctor in the family nobody there to guide me. Somehow I set up my brand Dr. Kamthe Piles Clinic which had served more than 20,000 patients, setup 7 centers across India, Build from scratch, and now build a training center where we teach fellow doctors how to do Ayurvedic procedure for piles, fissure, and fistula.
Along with this, we had achieved some rare achievements like the India Book of Record for Maximum number of Surgery in 1 day. International record for the largest gathering of piles patients, Sushrut Award for 2019. Publication of Ksharkarma and Ksharsutra.
Any memorable moment do you want to share with us?
My first event when I graduated as MD in Ayurveda from Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Ayurveda in 2010. Also when I saw tear-drops in my mother's eye when we organized the Sushrut Award in 2019 in front of the big giant of Ayurveda.
Did you face any problem while treating a patient?
As an Ayurveda Proctologist, the choice of treatment for me is Ksharkarma and Ksharsutra for piles, fissure, and fistula. The problem which I faced while practicing was in the urge of practicing authentic Ayurveda, the Ksharkarma and Ksharsutra practice could not be done without local/spinal anesthesia. Also after the procedure sometimes there is a need to give antibiotics or painkillers for the patient's wellbeing. So according to my point of view, every pathy is great in its field, so we should use whichever is needed and less invasive for patients well being.
Your point of view on the clinical trials in Ayurveda?
As we know Ayurveda is ‘Shahwat’. According to me whatever the treatments mentioned in the Samhitas by our Acharyas are all evidence-based, but obviously, they would have done many trials and then had concluded the treatments. The biggest lacuna is that such trial documentation or history is not available to us in the present era. So it becomes our necessity to conduct clinical trials but these cannot be called research but can be called re-study.
Please tell us about your daily routine to always stay healthy?
I start my day by 5.30 am and to stay healthy, I do cycling/walking for 40 mins in the morning at the last I end my day by 10.30 pm.
Nowadays everyone so busy with their problems because of that some people get depressed, can you give them some tips on how to avoid it?
Hard work and satisfaction are two things. Do your best and be satisfied with what you achieve after that, don’t compare yourself with others, this is the most important thing to learn. Everyone is destined to be successful, but you need to do hard work. Get close to nature. It has all resolution to our problems.
People ask why such a lengthy process in Ayurveda?
This is the biggest misconception about Ayurveda. There is no lengthy process in Ayurveda. Most of the people come to Ayurveda after trying various paths which already make their disease chronic. For chronic cases more than 2-3 years, it obviously takes time to cure completely. As Ayurveda not only treats the symptoms but treats the patient completely it is the science that heals the patient.
Are any hobbies or activities different from the professional life that you want to share with us?
Cycling/walking for 40 mins in the morning is what I enjoy most along with good quality time with my parents and family.
If you get a chance to change something for Ayurveda. So, what would be that?
I would like to practice more and more authentic Ayurveda.
Do you think that Nirogstreet is one of the ways to get close to an Ayurveda?
Yes, Indeed NirogStreet has given a platform where we are getting inspiration to do better in our professional carrier.
How do you see Ayurveda's forthcoming time?
I see Ayurveda as our national pathy(first choice of treatment in the whole nation) in the coming years.
As a senior, is there something inspirational you want to share with young students of Ayurveda?
Never treat your own pathy low. According to me, Ayurveda is the only Science of Life. Believe in it, work hard with a positive attitude, and nothing can stop you from success.
Do you want to share some special words for our readers?
There is so much in Ayurveda of which if we can use 0.01% to advantage our patients, everyone will know us as an icon in industry. “Learn and Apply” help and learning others to learn what you learn is how I feel we all should put forth.
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