Eating fruits is one of the most satisfying ways to tackle sweet-tooth cravings while meeting your nutritional needs. Despite many studies and research on fruit consumption in diabetes, there are a lot of speculations on the right kind of fruit consumption and its relation to blood sugar levels.
Eating seasonal and locally available fruit has many health benefits ranging from reducing sugar and inflammation levels to fighting high blood pressure thanks to their abundant vitamins and mineral presence! They are a powerhouse of antioxidants like vitamins A, B, C, E, and minerals like iron, calcium, magnesium, and fiber.
The fruits listed below are not just diabetic-friendly but are loaded with fiber and water content which can slow down the sugar spikes and sugar absorption rate.
Apples are not just nutritious and filling; According to a study, they are significantly associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes if consumed in moderation. Turns out there is a truth in the old saying, "An apple a day keeps the doctor away", after all!
Avocados are a great source of healthy fats and more than 20 vitamins and minerals. They are high in fibers as well, and have been linked with lowering the risk of diabetes.
Adding berries is one of the best ways to add a variety to your diabetes-friendly diet. You can choose from blackberries, blueberries, or strawberries because all of them are power-packed with antioxidants, vitamins, and fibers.
Papaya is rich in natural oxidants, which makes it a perfect pick for people with diabetes. It reduces the chances of future cell damage.
This sweet and sour fruit is rich in dietary fiber and vitamin C. It also positively impacts anti-inflammatory processes and can help repair cell damage, and it has minimal fruit sugars as well.
Kiwi fruit is an excellent source of Vitamin E, K, and potassium, and they are low in fruit sugars as well, which makes it a perfect diabetic-friendly fruit.
Melons (Musk melon and watermelon): Powerful hydrating fruits like cantaloupe and melons are recommended for people with diabetes, and people with the risk of developing diabetes. Eat-in moderation for multiple nutritional benefits like fiber, potassium, magnesium, vitamin B, and C.
Dragon fruit is full of dietary fibers, vital vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
Pear are nutrient-rich, and they are known to fight inflammation and improve digestion.? Studies also suggest that consuming pears along with a healthy diet reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Orange This citrus fruit is full of fiber that helps slow down sugar absorption into the bloodstream, and its vitamin C component helps improve immunity levels.
Add fruit to your salads to enjoy their goodness with a sprinkle of cinnamon, it tastes better and reduces sugar spikes . Add nuts like walnuts and almonds to complement your fruit snack. you can also add flaxseeds to balance the glycemic load in the body.
Read More► Herbs, Nuts and Fruits to Enhance Your Daily Diet
Chennai, Aug 17 (IANS) Even as Tamil Nadu has the capacity to vaccinate eight lakh people a day, the number of inoculations stand at 2.4 lakh a day. The shortage of vaccine, according to health officials, is the major reason for the less daily vaccinated count.Health department officials said that the reduced count of inoculation is due to the shortage of vaccines in the state and that the department was trying to overcome this with a fresh quota of more doses of vaccines.According to a document of the Union Health Ministry, as on August 2, the state stood at eighth position in the number of 45 plus category people having taken a single dose of vaccine. It is to be noted here that the first seven states in this list have administered the first dose of vaccine to more than 1 crore people.The figures of the Union Health Ministry as of August 2 reveals that the state has administered a single dose of vaccine to 83,58,273 people which is much less when compared to other states who are leading in the list.Tamil Nadu has gone three steps behind on the number of people who have been administered both the doses of the vaccine and stood at 11 in the overall ratings as far the document of the Union health ministry is concerned.According to the data, the state has administered 97.91 lakh doses to people in the age group of 18-44 which is again the eighth position among the overall ratings.The state Finance Minister P.T.R. Thiagarajan had in the Budget speech said that the state is vaccinating 2.4 lakh people a day while it has a capacity to vaccinate 8 lakh people a day. With the state allowing more areas to reopen, the vaccination has to be done on a priority basis to save the people from getting the disease.The state, according to senior health officials, has trained manpower and administered vaccines to 69 lakh children in a one-week polio drive during the pandemic. A senior health official said, "We have to receive more vaccines and must make use of facilities and trained manpower to the maximum so that more people are given vaccines and this is the only way to overcome a third wave of the pandemic if it hits."State Health Minister Ma Subramanian told IANS, "The government is constantly in touch with the Union health ministry and we will receive more allocations of the vaccine in a few day's time. The team is working around the clock and is closely monitoring the situation, we will overcome the vaccine shortage soon and increase the rate of inoculation in a few day's time."--IANSaal/dpb
The most common cause of low birth weight babies is premature delivery, when the baby doesn't get enough time to grow inside the womb of the mother. The second most common cause is when the baby stops growing inside the womb and no matter what the growth just stops. In this case we need to deliver the baby irrespective of the gestational age.
Talking about premature deliveries, there are several reasons as to why this happens. It can happen due to infections in the vagina of the mother like Group B Streptococcal infections or a recurrent urinary tract infection. These infections start the cascade of reactions which ultimately starts the premature delivery process.
It can also happen if the mouth of the uterus is so short that it cannot hold the weight of the pregnancy and with this pressure it just opens up.
Sometimes it can also happen due to the infection of the womb by the TORCH infections, named so due to Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes.
It can also be caused due to some structural anomalies in the uterus like if there is a septum in the middle of the cavity of the uterus or if the cavity of uterus is divided into two parts due to which there is not enough space for the baby to grow inside the womb.
Too much amniotic fluid can also start the process of labor due to excessive pressure.
Sometimes the age of the mother also plays a role, a very young mother, like a teenager, has organs which might not be too well developed to hold the baby till term. Similarly if she is too old then the organs become too weak.
All these factors can lead to preterm delivery and hence low birth weight babies.
Coming to the next part when the baby stops growing inside the womb which is also known as fetal growth restriction, this can happen if the baby is unable to receive proper nutrition either due to the functional abnormality in the placenta (the powerhouse which brings nutrition and oxygen to the baby) or due to abnormality in blood vessels in the umbilical cord (which carries blood from the placenta to the baby).
The abnormalities in the placenta like placenta praevia when part of the placenta is in the lower uterine segment or circumvallate placenta can hamper the growth of the baby.
The reasons for abnormal blood supply through umbilical cord are malnutrition in the mother, drug abuse, smoking cigarettes or drinking alcohol, chronic health conditions like hypertension, advanced diabetes, autoimmune disorders, sickle cell anaemia, chronic kidney disease, obesity and APLA syndrome. All these factors disrupt the blood supply to the baby and hence the low birth weight.
All the above are the maternal factors which can cause low birth weight in the babies. Along with this there are certain fetal factors also which can cause low birth weight in babies like twin pregnancy, fetal anomalies like aneuploidy, triploidy, trisomy 13,18,21, turners syndrome.
Birth of low birth weight babies can cause lots of problems to the babies because they are born when they are not prepared to enter the world. They can suffer from various complications ranging from inability to gain weight due to difficulty in feeding, breathing problems due to immature lungs, bleeding in the brain also known as intraventricular haemorrhage etc.The only way we can prevent low birth weight babies is by ensuring that the mother takes regular antenatal check ups so that the growth of the baby and maternal weight gain can be measured regularly. With this continuous surveillance even risk factors for preterm labor can be minimised. Preventable risk factors like alcohol consumption, smoking and drug abuse should be avoided completely.
(Obstetrician and Gynecologist Amodita Ahuj)
(IANSlife Features can be contacted at [email protected])
London, July 9 (IANS) The overall risk of children becoming severely ill or dying from Covid is extremely low, a new study has confirmed.The study, led by scientists from University College London, and the Universities of York, Bristol and Liverpool, showed that the overall risk of hospitalisation and death remained low in children, the BBC reported.However, those living with multiple chronic illnesses and neuro-disabilities were most at risk, they said.The team analysed England's public health data and found that among the young people who had died of Covid-19, around 15 had life-limiting or underlying conditions, including 13 living with complex neuro-disabilities, while six had no underlying conditions recorded in the last five years.Further, 36 children had a positive Covid test at the time of their death but died from other causes, the analysis suggests. Children and young people who died were more likely to be over the age of 10 and of Black and Asian ethnicity, the BBC report said.Currently, under-18s are not routinely offered Covid vaccines, even if they have other underlying health conditions that put them at risk.The findings are being considered by the UK's vaccine advisory group, the report said.The complex decisions around vaccinating children requires in-depth research. Data expected from studies in children in the US and Israel, should also be taken into account when making the decision, lead researcher Prof Russell Viner, was quoted as saying.However, if there were adequate vaccines, their research suggested certain groups of children could benefit from receiving Covid jabs, he said."I think from our data, and in my entirely personal opinion, it would be very reasonable to vaccinate a number of groups we have studied, who don't have a particularly high risk of death, but we do know that their risk of having severe illness and coming to intensive care, while still low, is higher than the general population," Viner said."Although this data covers up to February 2021, this hasn't changed recently with the Delta variant. We hope this data will be reassuring for children and young people and their families," added Elizabeth Whittaker, from the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health and Imperial College London.--IANSrvt/vd
London, July 7 (IANS) Men with symptomatic Covid-19 and low testosterone are six times more likely to become severely ill and die from the disease, new research has shown.
The study, conducted by researchers at San Raffaele University Hospital in Milan, Italy, found that the lower the levels of testosterone, the higher the likelihood that male patients would need intensive care, be intubated on a ventilator and remain in hospital over a longer period.
For the study, the team compared 286 male Covid patients, who came to the emergency department, with 305 healthy male volunteers between February and May 2020.
Nearly 90 per cent of the patients had testosterone below 9.2 nanomoles per litre (nmol/l), compared to just 17 per cent of the healthy volunteers. Those with testosterone levels between 3-4 nmol/l and had mild symptoms or were admitted to hospital, while those admitted to ICU or died of the disease had just 0.7-1.0 nmol/l.
"At the start of the Covid pandemic, we were seeing far more men than women coming to hospital and suffering very severe forms of the disease. We immediately thought this might be related to male hormone levels, particularly testosterone," Professor Andrea Salonia, a specialist in urology and endocrinology at the hospital.
"But we never expected to see such a high proportion of Covid patients with these extremely low levels of testosterone, in comparison to a similar group of healthy men. The relationship is very clear: the lower the testosterone, the higher the severity of the condition and likelihood of death. I've never seen anything like it in my 25 years in the field," Salonia added.
However, since the team does not have data on the testosterone levels in the patients before they contracted Covid-19, they cannot say whether low testosterone was a pre-existing long-term condition that exacerbated the disease or whether it was caused by the SARS-COV2 virus.
"Testosterone does play a role in protecting men from disease. However, it's also possible that the virus itself is able to induce an acute reduction in testosterone levels, which then predisposes these men to a worse outcome," Salonia said.
The findings will be presented at the 2021 European Association of Urology congress (EAU21), which starts from July 8-12.
Read More ► Higher testosterone levels ups diabetes risk in women
New Delhi, June 28 (IANS) The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) has informed the Supreme Court that Covid spread now is substantially low and the Chartered Accountant (CA) exam scheduled in July should not be cancelled or postponed.According to ICAI, the Covid-19 spread is now at a substantially low level, therefore it is opportune moment to offer the aspiring CAs to further their professional careers. "As on date, the number of Covid-19 cases are comparatively low and thus it would be in the best interest of the candidates if the examination is held as per schedule and not cancelled or postponed", said a note by ICAI.It further emphasized that CA exams are professional examinations ought not to be equated with CBSE or other state board examinations for Class 10 or 12. "The ICAI has nor vested interest in holding or not holding the examinations. The only interest for ICAI is to safeguard the interest of the aspiring CAs, ensuring that the exams are held at the most appropriate and conducive time", added the note.A bench headed by Justice A.M. Khanwilkar on Monday adjourned the hearing on the petitions connected with upcoming CA exam, 2021. The bench also comprising Dinesh Maheshwari and Aniruddha Bose asked ICAI to respond by Tuesday on suggestions made by petitioners in three separate writ petitions seeking moderation in the Standard Operation Procedure issued for the July 5 examination.The counsel for ICAI informed the bench that a note has been circulated expressing its stand on the separate petitions filed by Satya Narain Perumal, Anubha Shrivastava Sahai and third by a group of CA aspirants. Senior Advocate Ramji Srinivasan, representing ICAI, submitted that the body is aware of the urgency in the matter. "We will have it tomorrow then. Please email us the note," said the bench.A batch of petitions are pending before the top court in connection with the CA exams scheduled in July. One of the pleas, filed by Anubha Srivastava Sahai assailed a June 5 notification issued by the ICAI on the ground that it does not give students the choice to opt out before and during the exams and to carry forward all the benefits. The plea sought postponement of CA exams from July 5 to any later period till the time COVID-19 situation normalizes, or after teachers, students and invigilators are vaccinated.--IANSss/skp/