With hectic lifestyles, meeting deadlines, erratic work hours, nutrition intake is severely impacted. Hence, lifestyle diseases like diabetes, hypertension etc are on the rise and it's time to face some hard facts, says an Indian nutrition expert.
The latest survey by the Indian Market Research Bureau (IMRB) to ascertain the levels of protein deficiency and awareness about protein in India showed 73 per cent of urban rich are protein deficient with 93 per cent of them unaware about their daily protein requirements. In fact, despite the urban populace eating poultry products as a source of animal protein, India's consumption of poultry meat products remains one of the lowest in the world at less than 4 kg per capita for poultry while other developed countries have a per capita consumption of as much as 40 kg.
To create awareness about the need to incorporate the essential component of protein in our diets, Protein Week is celebrated from July 24-30 each year.
Detailing the importance of including protein in one's diet, leading nutritionist Ritika Samaddar shares, "As a building block of life, protein is present in every cell of the body. Protein is crucial for growth and development and to fight against diseases. The RDA for protein for an average Indian Adult is 0.8-1.0g per kg body weight, which is around 50-60 g of protein per day for the healthy adult population. There is a need to create awareness on the importance of protein on our health, how much to take and the sources of protein in our diet. India is a crab loving country. We as a nation consume excess starch and fat and grossly inadequate in proteins and there are multiple reasons for this."
Debunking the common myths around protein consumption, Samaddar said, "Firstly the common perception is that "protein is difficult to digest", "leads to weight gain" and "protein is only for bodybuilders"."
So how do we make sure that we get adequate proteins in our diet? Protein is of two types complete and incomplete, which is determined by the composition of amino acids. Complete proteins are found in poultry, egg, milk, fish etc. Complete protein sources like chicken, turkey, duck and egg are high in quantity and quality and 100 per cent digested. Eggs and poultry, besides being an excellent source of protein, are also loaded with micronutrients like vitamin A, Vitamin B12, Zinc, Iron, Selenium.
"One egg gives around 7 g of protein, whereas 100g of chicken, duck or turkey is around 20-21g. So the focus should be not just on the quantity but also on the quality of protein one takes. Eating high-quality protein like egg and poultry increases metabolism, improves satiety and keeps energy levels high. Inadequate intake of protein leads to weakness and fatigue and delays wound healing and over a long period of time can precipitate into lifestyle diseases like central adiposity, diabetes and high triglyceride levels, besides malnutrition."
Recommending a guideline on protein intake, Samaddar added, "To have adequate protein in one's diet, including a source of protein in every meal. Start your day with a healthy breakfast and include an egg daily or milk. Meals should include some protein food like chicken or lentils. Also snack on protein-rich foods like nuts, sprouts or eggs. In this pandemic too the nutrient most talked about and of utmost importance is protein. Protein is required to build immunity and also fight the disease. Post recovery too, increasing intake of protein is important to rebuild muscle loss, immunity and energy levels."
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New Delhi, July 1 (IANS) Expressing his anguish at the death of Corona warriors, Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan on Thursday thanked the members of the medical fraternity and their families for their ‘exemplary valour and service to the society' during the ongoing pandemic.He was speaking at the inaugural session of the second edition of ‘Gratitude Week -- A Tribute to Health Guardians' organised by the Integrated Health and Wellbeing (IHW) Council, a premier health think-tank."On the occasion of National Doctor's Day, I would like to appreciate the efforts to organise the Gratitude Week. In this unprecedented war against a new virus, doctors have been the frontline soldiers," Harsh Vardhan said in a video message."Each life lost is a matter of great personal grief for me. Doctors have put their own lives at risk to save the lives of others -- there can be no greater example of courage, sacrifice and compassion than this. I also bow down to the family members for encouraging you to carry on with your duty -- I thank you and your families for your exemplary valour and service to the society," Harsh Vardhan added.He also urged the doctors to take care of themselves, stay connected to their peers for updates and serve as a role model to the people and the community at large.Meanwhile, Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, WHO Southeast Asia, has thanked all healthcare and frontline workers for working tirelessly day and night for over 18 months amid the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic."We have unfortunately lost many of our health workers to the pandemic. To these brave hearts, their families and our health workforce, WHO salutes you. Your heroism, commitment and duty are legendary. WHO will continue to work with countries to invest in health workforce strengthening, to protect their occupational health and safety and embrace health workforce innovations that enhance health equity. WHO stands in solidarity with all health workers, everywhere," Singh said in a statement.Every year, July 1 is celebrated as National Doctors' Day by the Indian Medical Association (IMA). While the doctor-per-patient ratio and lack of skilled healthcare workers has been a long-standing structural challenge for India, many have been victims of violence.According to a Lancet report, more than 75 per cent of the doctors across India have faced some form of violence, and 68.33 per cent of violence was committed by the patients' attendants. --IANSrvt/arm
Tokyo - A diet low on sugar may help keep our muscles healthier for longer, suggests a study.
Healthy muscles are an important part of a healthy life. With the wear and tear of everyday use, our muscles continuously repair themselves to keep them in top condition.
Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University in Japan found that skeletal muscle satellite cells, key for muscle repair, rapidly increases in low glucose environments.
They produced pure cultures of skeletal muscle satellite cells in ultra-low glucose environments.
This is contrary to conventional wisdom that says mammalian cells fare better when there is more sugar to fuel their activities.
The findings, published in the Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, has the potential to boost biomedical research on muscle repair.
For the study, skeletal muscle satellite cells were multiplied in petri dishes.
While higher levels of glucose had an adverse effect on the cells, lower glucose led to a larger number of cells.
This seemed counterintuitive as glucose is considered to be essential for cellular growth, the researchers said. It is converted into ATP, the fuel that drives a lot of cellular activity.
The team added glucose oxidase, a glucose digesting enzyme, to get to even lower levels of glucose, and grew the satellite cells in this glucose-depleted medium.
Shockingly, the cells seemed to fare just fine, and proliferated normally, the researchers said. (IANS)
New Delhi- Amid the struggle against Covid-19, the bird flu scare has increased the worries for the chicken traders at Ghazipur Murga Mandi here.
The traders said that if steps to control the disease are not taken then there will be a huge impact on the chicken business as the prices will fall significantly. As of now, bird flu has spread in Himachal Pradesh and Kerala after Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
There are around 88 shops in Murga Mandi here where around 100 trucks of chicken are traded every day.
A shopkeeper at the mandi, Mohammed Anas told IANS, "The bird flu will make a huge impact on the price of chicken as people will stop eating it. Poultry farm owners will also suffer. They won't be able to bear the expenses. It is a matter of great concern for us."
Currently, the wholesale price of a live bird is Rs 90 per kg and due to the bird flu scare, the price might come down to Rs 20-30 per kg. A customer has to pay Rs 160 for one kg of chicken and if the disease is not controlled then the price might fall to Rs 100 per kg.
President of the Ghazipur Wholesale Poultry Association Salauddin said, "No case of bird flu has been reported in the market here. Apart from this, no such case has been reported at the places from where birds come here."
"Health check-up of every bird is done here at the market and then only they are sold," he added. (IANS)
New York, Dec 19 (IANS) To motivate more people to mask up and get vaccinated, emphasising the benefits of being a protector for the family and loved ones is more effective to overcome their resistance, shows new research.While many people have listened to messaging about wearing a mask and following social distancing guidelines to limit the spread of COVID-19, resistance remains.The new study from University of Michigan has found that appealing to people's concerns for their loved ones can encourage people to get the vaccine."People who respond negatively to being 'told' what to do are much less likely - by more than 50 per cent - to routinely wear a mask. However, at the same time, concern for others increases mask wearing, especially among those who report greater negativity," said study author Lawrence An, associate professor of general medicine at Michigan Medicine.In a recent survey, people who said social distancing and COVID-safety guidelines violated their personal freedoms responded more positively to these ideas when they felt a loved one might be at risk of severe illness.As the coronavirus pandemic continues to ravage the world, messaging focused on shaming or pressuring people to wear a mask or avoid crowds are backfiring.An and colleagues surveyed 1,074 people across the US about their attitudes toward the coronavirus.They discovered two distinct sets of attitudes toward social distancing: Positive beliefs that largely mirror public health messaging and negative beliefs, including the idea that social distancing violates individual rights and freedoms.Concern about a loved one's risk of severe COVID-19 infection was tied to both higher positive attitudes and lower negative attitudes toward social distancing."When people think about what protective behaviours to follow, negative beliefs -- the perception of external control -- override positive beliefs. This means that simply repeating that people should follow public health guidelines is unlikely to be effective," explained study author Kenneth Resnicow in a paper published in the journal Patient Education and Counseling.The data showed that when people consider being a protector for others, they approach risk differently."They are less likely to let their personal beliefs and politics discourage them from practicing COVID protection. Emphasising the act of protecting others may help people who would otherwise be reluctant to practice COVID protection to feel independent and strong, rather than compliant or obedient," Resnicow emphasised.Protectors can take responsibility for monitoring the at-risk person's COVID exposure and protecting them from the disease by limiting the person's exposure to others.This includes doing the shopping, maintaining cleaning protocols and PPE, and providing safe transportation.--IANSna/sdr/
London, Sep 8 (IANS) Researchers have found that the hormone, ghrelin, may help protect the elderly population from muscle loss, The study, presented at e-ECE 2020 online conference on Tuesday, found that administering a particular form of ghrelin to older mice helped to restore muscle mass and strength."As muscle-related diseases are a serious health concern in the elderly population, these findings suggest a potential new treatment strategy for muscle loss to enable the ageing population to remain fit and healthy," said study author from University of Piemonte Orientale in Italy.Ghrelin is a hormone involved in metabolic regulation and energy balance through activation of appetite, but also plays an important role in protecting against muscle wasting. According to the researchers, both acylated (AG) and unacylated (UnAG) forms are present in the body, but UnAG does not bind to the AG receptor (GHSR-1a), so does not increase appetite. A growing body of evidence indicates that UnAG is acting at an unidentified receptor, which also mediates some common AG and UnAG biological activities, including a strikingly protective effect against muscle wasting. "Ghrelin levels decline as we age and may be involved in the development of sarcopenia, but the role of AG versus UnAG in this process has not been investigated previously," the team wrote.For the current study, the research team investigated how unAG affected the age-related decline of muscle mass and function, by either deleting the ghrelin gene in mice or overexpressing unAG. Muscle function as they aged was assessed through a wire hanging test, during which "falling" and "reaching" scores were recorded, to assess whole-body strength and endurance. Both the deletion of the ghrelin gene and the lifelong overexpression of UnAG reduced age-associated decline in muscle mass and function.Despite both groups of animals displaying similar ageing tendencies in body weight and muscle mass, the mice overexpressing UnAG maintained better muscle structure, performance and metabolism, more typical of muscle in younger mice.The study indicates that UnAG, or possibly drugs that mimic it, can preserve muscle function and reduce the risk of age-related sarcopenia, without causing weight gain and obesity.The research team now plans to identify the receptor mediating UnAG biological activities. This will help better define the molecular pathways involved in AG/UnAG actions and to design treatments that may reduce the loss of muscle mass in sarcopenia and other similar conditions.--IANSbu/sdr/