Lifestyle disorders are a major cause of death in almost every country now. The occurrence of these problems is not a one-day process; people suffer due to long-time ignorance of their health care. Some of the lifestyle disorders are obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancers, strokes, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), arthritis, and mental health issues.
Himanshu Rai, Chief Dietician and Nutritionist at Think You shares some of the leading causes of lifestyle disorders:
If your eating habits are linked to skipping meals, overeating, oily-fried-sugary meals, then you could be in the trap of lifestyle disorders. As per the WHO, "A healthy diet helps to protect against poor nutrition in all its forms and lifestyle-related health issues such as diabetes, heart diseases, strokes, cancers and brain disorders also." Eating healthy meals, not skipping meals and food that contains ingredients from all the major food groups (cereals, legumes and pulses, milk and meat, fruits and vegetables, fat and sugar) would be helpful to protect you from lifestyle disorders.
Also, Read► Covid-19 Changed Indians' Outlook on Dietary and Lifestyle
Lack Of Physical Activity
Lack of physical activity may lead to obesity or being overweight and it may lead to several other disorders such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers and various others. The WHO suggests regular physical activity is very helpful for the prevention of diseases and improves the overall quality of life. As per WHO, adults should do 150 - 300 minutes of moderate-to-intense physical activity every week to provide significant benefits to overall health.
Lack Of Sleep
According to CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), poor sleep has been linked to diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, depression and obesity. In the case of diabetes, it has been linked to poor control of blood sugar levels. Whereas, in cardiovascular diseases, persons with poor sleeping are found to be at increased risk of high blood pressure, stroke, coronary heart diseases and irregular heartbeats. In obesity, short sleep duration results in metabolic changes, which are linked to obesity. Sleep disturbances for a long time have been one of the important symptoms of depression also.
As per Mayo Clinic, long-term stress puts the body on over-exposure to cortisol hormone and other stress hormones, which affects your body's normal health process. Overexposure to stress results in heart diseases, weight gain, depression, anxiety, digestive problems, sleep issues, headaches and memory issues. Stress management is very important to keep away from the different health issues.
Also, Read► To Keep Your Immune System In Its Prime
Smoking affects almost all the organs in a bad manner. Direct smoking may lead to different serious health concerns such as cancer, heart diseases, diabetes, stroke, lung disease, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), etc. Whereas second-hand smoke causes stroke, coronary heart diseases, lung cancer, etc in adults. In children, second-hand smoke causes sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections, middle ear disease, more severe asthma, respiratory symptoms, and slowed lung growth.
Excess Alcohol Consumption
Excess alcohol drinking in the long term may lead to chronic diseases such as heart diseases, stroke, liver diseases, cancer, mental issues, digestive issues and several others. Whereas in short term, it causes accidents, violence, alcohol poisoning, risky sexual behaviours, miscarriage and stillbirth in pregnant women.
Mahatma Gandhi once wrote, "Instead of using the body as a temple of God we use it as a vehicle for indulgences, and are not ashamed to run to medical men for help in our effort to increase them and abuse the earthly tabernacle."
This statement is well connected to today's lifestyle disorders also; it means we are neglecting the power of prevention, doing excess and inviting lifestyle disorders.
Lifestyle disorders can be easily prevented with the help of eating nutritious meals on time, proper physical activity, proper sleep, stress management and avoiding alcohol and smoke.
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<br>Although our immune system safeguards our body from diseases and pathogens by targeting and killing invaders such as bacteria and viruses, healthy lifestyle habits such as consuming nutritious food, good sleep, sufficient hydration, and exercise are critical in enabling the immune system to function at its best.Here are few important tips that you can incorporate into your routine to help you achieve your nutritional and lifestyle goals.Start your day in a healthy way:Unarguably, it is critical to prioritise your health, especially at a time when the world is grappling with Covid-19. Knowing that the lockdown is limiting our ability to go out for a lively morning walk in the open air, indoor guided meditation in the morning will help you build your physical and mental health while at the same time energize you for the day.Keep a close eye on your nutrition intake:Covid-19 is known to have an inflammatory impact on the respiratory system. As a preventive measure, you must pivot towards nutrition-rich diets. It is advisable to plan your meals well in advance and monitor adequate water intake. While your body's immunity is the first line of defense against Covid-19, you must boost it and pay attention to proper nutrition.Go for Fruit-rich diets:Fruits can help you fight your way through minor inconveniences like colds, coughs, and infections and may aid you in resisting bigger health issues, and also help you build your immunity. Fruits loaded with vitamins, minerals, and varieties of nutrients have always been the traditional go-to immunity boosters.Stay hydrated! Stay energetic!Work from home and long working hours can make you skip your lunch or even reduce your water intake. Although you must keep a close eye on your water intake, you may also slide in few glasses of fresh healthy fruit juices in your diet. Maintaining adequate water intake ensures your body is flushing out toxins from your body at regular intervals, encouraging the body's health and vitality.Feeling stressed? Breathe!Anxiety and fear induced by Covid-19 can be overwhelming and may lead to emotional outbursts that may be unfavourable for your body. It is more important than ever to learn how to deal with stress and stay safe. Deep breathing is one of the most effective and recommended methods to reduce stress. For a healthy lifestyle and well-being, you may choose to incorporate breathing exercises for a healthier and more fulfilling life.(Inputs from Grow with Kimaye, INI Farms )(N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe can be contacted at email@example.com)--IANS<br>lh/tb/
करीब 4,500 साल पहले स्थापित भारतीय संस्कृति दुनिया की सबसे पुरानी संस्कृतियों में से एक है। कई भारतीय धर्मग्रंथों में भारत को 'दुनिया की पहली और सर्वोच्च संस्कृति' बताया गया है।
पारंपरिक भारतीय प्रथाओं और जीवन जीने के तरीकों को किसी के जीवन काल को लम्बा करने में मदद मिली है। एक स्वस्थ जीवन को बनाए रखने और एक बीमारी मुक्त खुशहाल जीवन जीने के लिए ये परम्पराएँ पीढ़ी दर पीढ़ी चली आ रही हैं। आज हम जो जीवन जी रहे हैं, वह उस जीवन से बहुत दूर है जो 50 साल पहले जैसा था, बहुत कुछ जिसे संरक्षित करने की आवश्यकता थी। नीचे सूचीबद्ध कुछ प्राचीन अनुष्ठान हैं जो एक स्वस्थ जीवन शैली का नेतृत्व करने में मदद करते हैं, और प्रकृति के साथ एक गहरा सार्थक संबंध विकसित करने में भी मदद करते हैं:
* मिट्टी या तांबे के बर्तनों से पानी पिएं: माइक्रोप्लास्टिक्स जो अब हमारे रक्तप्रवाह में अपना रास्ता तलाश चुके हैं जिससे हम कभी कल्पना भी नहीं कर सकते थे। मिट्टी के बर्तनों और तांबे के बर्तनों से पानी पीने से आपकी प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को बढ़ावा मिलता है, पाचन की सुविधा होती है, जोड़ों और मांसपेशियों को मजबूत करता है, और शरीर में रक्त परिसंचरण में सुधार करने में मदद करता है।
* नंगे पैर चलना: फैंसी जूते और जूते हर समय? हम आपको कुछ दूसरी सलाह देंगे। पहले यह नियम था जिसमें कोई भी घर के अंदर जूते नहीं पहनता था। बदलते समय, मधुमेह और अन्य बीमारियों के साथ, यह कई लोगों के लिए एक व्यवहार्य विकल्प नहीं है। कहा जा रहा है, आपको नंगे पैर चलने की कोशिश करनी चाहिए, जबकि अभी भी ओस है, जो आपके जागने के बाद पहली चीज है। यह जोड़ों के दर्द को कम करने में मदद करता है, मांसपेशियों के तनाव को कम करता है, और यहां तक कि तनाव के स्तर को भी कम करता है। आपको बस अपने नियमित फुटवियर से ब्रेक लेना है- दिन में सिर्फ एक बार।
* गोल्ड और सिल्वर ज्वैलरी पहनना: अपने जन्म के तुरंत बाद एक नए जन्मे बच्चे के कान छिदवाना एक परंपरा है जिसका पालन सभी भारतीय करते हैं। सोने और चांदी के आभूषण पहनने से शरीर के तापमान को नियंत्रित करने, चिंता और तनाव को कम करने और किसी के मूड को ठीक करने में मदद मिलती है। हम अनुशंसा करते हैं कि धातु के गहने और खाई वाले प्लास्टिक पहने जो कुछ भी नहीं करते हैं, लेकिन उस विषाक्त अपशिष्ट को जोड़ते हैं।
* अपने हाथों से भोजन करना: पश्चिम की नकल करने की कोशिश में, हमने कटलरी का उपयोग अधिक सभ्य बनाने के लिए किया है। हालांकि यह मामला नहीं है। प्राचीन भारत में, राजा और उनके विषयों दोनों ने अपने हाथों का उपयोग करके अपना खाना खाया। यह न केवल अपने भीतर 'प्राण' या जीवन ऊर्जा को बढ़ाता है, बल्कि किसी की भूख को भी तृप्त करता है - इसके अलावा परोसे गए भोजन के लिए विनम्रता और सम्मान लाता है।
* आदत डालना- जल्दी खाना: आयुर्वेद और इसके सिद्धांतों में सुबह 8 बजे, रात को सोने से 10 या 11 बजे पहले खाना खाने का सुझाव दिया गया है। आखिरी भोजन के कम से कम 3 घंटे बाद जल्दी और सोने के लिए यह अनुशासन सभी गैस्ट्रोइंटेस्टाइनल और पाचन समस्याओं में से एक रहने में मदद कर सकता है।
* 'शौच' या स्वच्छता का अभ्यास करना: स्वच्छ जीवन के महत्व को अब पहले से अधिक दोहराते हुए, हमें हर दिन स्नान करने, घर के बाहर अपने जूते रखने और स्वच्छता का अभ्यास करने की प्रासंगिकता को समझना चाहिए।
* अभ्यास योग: योग और ध्यान की शक्ति को कम करके नहीं आंका जाता है! प्रत्येक दिन 30 मिनट योग को समर्पित करते हैं- गहरे ध्यान और स्वस्थ भोजन के अलावा कपालभाति और सूर्य नमस्कार के 4 दौर। यह आप सभी को खाड़ी में अधिकांश बीमारियों को रखने और स्वस्थ जीवन जीने की आवश्यकता है। (एजेंसी)
यह भी पढ़े► स्वस्थ्य रहना है तो आयुर्वेद के इन पांच नियमों को अपनाएँ
As per global reports by the World Health Organization, heart-related ailments have remained the leading cause of mortality at the global level for the last 20 years.
India is leading the race, as research reports suggest that mortality from cardiovascular diseases in India has grown exponentially, from 2.26 million in 1990 to 4.77 million in 2020.
"Non-communicable diseases, especially heart disease, are major killers and we need to be proactive about heart health and make lifestyle changes," says Shashank Joshi, Consultant, Lilavati Hospital. So, on World Health Day, it becomes important to have a conversation about this very important aspect of our health our heart health.
In a larger conversation about health, heart health is often ignored. Not because people don't think that the heart is important, but heart health is really considered only when a problem occurs. So if someone has high cholesterol or a more severe condition, steps are taken only then to control it. However, did you know that making small changes to our lifestyles proactively, can actually help reduce the risks to heart health in a big way?
Also, Read► Stress linked to coronary heart disease in women
It is a known fact that an unhealthy lifestyle leads to several health issues. This is true for heart-related issues too. Our fast paced lifestyles sometimes push us to make unhealthy choices without realizing the impact it could have in the long term. Sedentary lifestyles are on the rise and that coupled with unhealthy eating habits, including skipping meals, can take a toll on one's heart health. While these are known factors, there are also a few other factors that are not as well known; but can increase heart health risk. Lack of sleep is one.
As per a study done by Saffolalife, 63 percent of people in top cities, who sleep less are at heart risk. Another factor that can cause heart risk is stress. The same study found that 65 percent of people in cities, who suffer from stress are at heart risk. What is interesting to note in the study is that 58 percent of people, who are at heart risk due to stress, do not consider stress among the top 3 heart risk factors, in top metros. This lack of awareness can be a huge impediment to living a heart healthy lifestyle.
"Heart-related issues are not confined to any one sex as both are equally at high risk due to lifestyles. However, small changes can really go a long way in reducing this risk for both men and women. Food is a very important contributor to help you stay heart healthy. Ensuring that you eat healthy by including more vegetables and fibre in your diet, choosing a good heart healthy oil to cook your food in, and making sure you eat your meals on time can really help kickstart your heart healthy lifestyle. Taking some time out to exercise will also definitely help with heart health," says the doctor.
He recommends that an individual exercise for 45 minutes a day for at least 4 days a week for optimal health. Adequate sleep is also an important aspect to consider. It is recommended that one gets 7 to 7.5 hours of sleep every night.
"For physical and mental health, managing your stress can make a big difference. Doing meditation and taking time to de-stress is very helpful for your heart health as well as overall health. And of course, opting for regular check-ups can help enormously by keeping you informed about the state of your health."
He adds: "As we move towards a more technologically advanced society, which makes life more stressful and less active, we need to be more proactive in our approach to health and heart health. So this World Health Day take a pledge to make you and your family's future, a heart healthy one." (Puja Gupta)
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Toronto- A lifestyle intervention targeting women with obesity and infertility is more effective in increasing the pregnancy rate compared with fertility treatments, a new study suggests.
The study, presented virtually at ENDO 2021, showed that the lifestyle intervention, called the Fit-For-Fertility (FFF) programme, is a cost-effective alternative to the usual standard of care for women with obesity seeking fertility treatments.
"Our study shows that the FFF programme can significantly improve the pregnancy rate, especially the spontaneous pregnancy rate when no fertility treatments are required, as well as the live-birth rate," said lead researcher Matea Belan from the University of Sherbrooke in Canada.
Lifestyle changes and a moderate weight loss of 5 per cent to 10 per cent of a woman's initial weight have been shown to improve the odds of a pregnancy in women with obesity and infertility, the researcher said.
For the study, the researchers recruited 130 women receiving treatment at a fertility clinic, and randomly divided them into two groups.
The first group had access to the Fit-For-Fertility programme alone for the first six months of their participation, and in combination with fertility treatments if no pregnancy occurred after six months.
The programme included individual sessions with a nutritionist and a kinesiologist every six weeks. Women in the FFF group were also asked to follow at least once each one of the 12 group sessions, which included a 45-minute workshop on topics regarding nutrition, lifestyle changes and lifestyle habits, followed by a 45-minute session of initiation to different types of physical activity, including walking, circuit training, step workout and others.
In the second group, the control group, women had access to the fertility treatments from the outset but did not take part in the FFF programme.
Of the 108 women who completed at least six months of the study, or became pregnant during the first six months, the FFF programme generated a difference of 14.2 per cent points in the live-birth rate (51 per cent for the FFF group and 36.8 per cent for the control group).
The spontaneous pregnancy rate (pregnancy without any fertility treatments) was 33.3 per cent in the treatment group, compared with 12.3 per cent in the control group. (IANS)
Pain in the neck happens to be the fourth leading cause of disability globally, lagging behind ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and lower respiratory infection. Neck pain can interfere with daily life, including the ability to feel productive, sleep, and enjoy time with family. It is a common occurrence among the working population usually engaged in tech jobs or desk jobs.
Srikanth H.S, Sr. Naturopath, Jindal Naturecure Institute, points out that there are several factors that can result in neck pain like stress, poor posture, obesity, muscle inflammation, arthritis, and injuries.
"The best way to deal with neck pain is to minimize it in the first place. Naturopathy offers safe and effective alternatives to deal with neck pain without falling prey to the side-effects of pharmaceutical drugs. Blending in the goodness of natural therapies like yoga, massage, herbs, and acupuncture, along with lifestyle modifications, naturopathy can bring huge relief from neck pain," he says.
Risks of Neck Pain
The expert says: "The common causes of neck pain are muscle strain and nerve compression. However, the symptoms alone cannot indicate which one of these is occurring. Muscle strain usually results from poor posture, repeated lifting, sleep, stress, or anxiety. Nerve compression can occur when a disc in the spine slips out of its position and pinches or presses the nerves, or when the tissues in the neck get inflamed or swollen causing the nerves in the area to get squeezed. Whatever the cause, ongoing chronic neck pain shouldn't be neglected as it can lead to a lifetime of disability or even permanent damage."
Also, Read► How To Manage Your Neck Pain Better
He suggests naturopathy ways to treat neck pain:
The ancient art of yoga has been demonstrated to help people with chronic pain including neck pain. Studies have shown that yoga asanas help to reduce pain perception, improves mobility, and decrease inflammation. Even 15 to 20 minutes of yoga exercises a day can relax the body, stretch the muscles, increase blood circulation, and minimize the chances of neck pain. Some of the common yoga asanas which can be practiced for neck pain are Marjariasana (Cat Pose), Bitilasana (Cow Pose), Balasana (Child's Pose), Natarajasana (Reclining Twist Pose), Viparita Karani (Legs up the wall pose), and Savasana (Corpse Pose).
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Several studies have pointed out that massage therapy can offer relief from neck pain and improve range of motion when performed by qualified professionals. Massage therapy usually involves the use of the hands to manipulate soft tissues, like the tendons and muscles, increase blood circulation, and reduce muscle tension. It helps to ease up the sore, numb and stiff muscles in the spinal area and neck region.
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Herbal treatments have been used for ages to treat pains of different sorts. Herbal remedies can be sipped like tea, infused in the bathwater, used as an oil, or inhaled as aromatherapy. Devil's Claw is a popular herb that can substantially reduce neck pain and even improve physical functioning in osteoarthritis patients. Other than that, Lavender, Kudzu, and St. John's Wort are some of the most popular herbs that help relieve neck pain and lower back pain. For maximum effects, these herbs should be taken under the guidance of expert professionals.
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Acupuncture is a thousand of years old technique that involves pricks in the skin with needles at specific points on the body. The frequency and duration of acupuncture sessions may depend on how long the neck pain has already lasted, and also the severity of the symptoms. Some studies have revealed that acupuncture can stimulate biochemical changes both locally (where the needles are placed) and in the central nervous system. These biochemical changes may help to bring pain relief and other beneficial effects in some cases.
Also, Read► Acupuncture can be a safe option to treat migraines
Lifestyle modifications play a significant role in the management of neck aches and stiffness. Practicing good posture while at work or home should be a key priority for those suffering from neck pain. Getting good sleep and maintaining the spine in a comfortable position throughout the night, regular neck exercises, and taking breaks in between work and stretching are some of the ways to reduce strain on the neck and keep it relaxed. (Puja Gupta)
Read More► What Is Neck Pain And Its Symptoms And Cause