Malaxis acuminata, commonly known as Jivak in India, is a Malaxis species, which is an orchid. It originated from India and is majorly found in Uttarakhand. This plant has been used since ancient times, and it is an important ingredient of Chyawanprash.
Jivak has different names in different languages in India; in Hindi, it is known as "Jeevak," in Malayalam and Tamil "Jeevakam," Telugu "Jeevakamu," and Jivak is the English name.
Jivak is a very versatile plant; it is proven that Jivak has anti-inflammatory property which manages swelling and pain, it is antimicrobial, that prevents microbial attack and infections; it is also an antioxidant because it consists of many bioactive molecules (essential fatty acid, vitamin C, flavonoids, carotenoids, phytochemicals). It also has mild antitoxic activity.
In Ayurveda, Jivak is a great vata (body energy) balancer and pitta balancer, which helps in so many disease conditions. Jivak also possesses Rejuvenating or Rasayana property, which is beneficial for overall health. According to Ayurveda, Jivak also helps in sexual weakness. It is generally used as a food supplement in the form of Chyawanprash, or Jivak stem's bulbous enlargement or pseudobulb is processed to make a paste. This paste is applied externally to the affected area to benefit from arthritis pain.
Jivak helps in so many diseases like diarrhea, arthritis, a stomach infection, mild cough and fever, bronchitis, sexual weakness, oligospermia, constipation, etc. It is also used as an anti-aging remedy.
Historical Uses of Jivak
Ayurveda, which is also called "Mother of All Healing'' originated more than 5000 years ago in India. And according to the literature written by the rishis, Jivak is a wonder plant. It has been found that there are more than 35 Ayurvedic formulations of therapeutic value consisting of this plant. These formulations were used to treat many diseases, especially male and female reproductive system-related diseases. We came to know that Jivak has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, anti-microbial, antioxidant, and many more properties from Ayurveda.
Benefits of using Jivak in Ayurvedic treatment
● Managing Diarrhea
Diarrhea is the discharge of watery, loose stools more than 3 times a day, which decreases the consistency of stools and increases the bowel movements. According to Ayurveda, Diarrhea (Atisar) occurs due to impure water, toxins in food or water, improper food, or even mental stress. Besides all of this, one of the biggest reasons is a weak digestive system or Agnimandya due to imbalance of Vata dosha. All of this causes a serious imbalance in metabolism, this causes other tissues to lose water, and that water comes to the intestine and mixes with the stool. Making the stool watery and thus causes diarrhea. Jivak is a very good Pitta balancer that helps to maintain the digestive fire. Its Vata balancing property also keeps the digestive system strong and thus manage diarrhea.
● Bronchitis problem
Cigarette smoking or the Influenza virus causes inflammation in the windpipe and lungs. Inflammation in the bronchial tract causes accumulation of mucus or sputum. This diseased condition is called bronchitis. Cough, shortness of breath, chest discomfort, and production of mucus or sputum are the symptoms of bronchitis. As it is a virus-infected disease, antibiotics will not work here. According to Ayurveda, bronchitis or Kasa roga occurs due to imbalanced Vata dosha and Kapha dosha. Ayurveda says imbalance in Vata dosha (body energy) blocks the Kapha dosha (immunity), which causes the respiratory tract to inflame and thus causes accumulation of sputum, accumulation of sputum blocks the air pathway. Jivak's rejuvenating or Rasayana property helps to manage bronchitis. The Vata balancing property of Jivak prevents Kapha's blockage, which helps to manage bronchitis condition.
● Sexual problems
A stressful and unhealthy lifestyle creates lots of problems related to sex. It could be a sexual weakness where one or both partners, male or female, face low sex drive or loss of sexual desire, also known as loss of libido. Or, it could be a decrease in semen retention power, or we can say early discharge of semen in case of male partners. Ayurveda says these kinds of sexual problems happen due to an imbalance of Vata dosha, which is the imbalance in body energy. Jivak has great Vata balancing qualities, so it is very helpful in these situations. Jivak also acts as an aphrodisiac (helps increase sexual desire).
● Infection caused by Insect
Jivak gives a cooling effect on applying because of its Sita property. Jivak's sita and Vata balancing properties give relief from an insect bite's burning sensation and pain. It also reduces the poisonous effects of insect bite.
● Joint pain
Joint pain or the pain felt during Rheumatoid arthritis mainly happens due to the immunity problem, where the immune system attacks healthy cells or body tissue. According to Ayurveda, this causes an imbalance in Vata (body energy). Jivak being a great Vata balancer helps in balancing Vata, which in turn manages rheumatoid arthritis pain.
Possible side effects of Jivak use
There are no possible side effects of Jivak. There is not enough evidence or research data available related to the safety and precautions of using Jivak. So one can safely use Jivak.
FAQ’s About Jivak
1. Can Jivak increase sperm count?
Low sperm count or oligospermia is a male reproductive system related problem. In oligospermia, the quality, motility, and production of sperm are hampered. Jivak is proven to be helpful in these situations to increase sperm count as well as improve sperm motility and production rate.
Vata and pitta dosha causes the condition oligospermia when the sperm count in the semen decreases. Jivak act as an aphrodisiac (increase sex drive), and its Vata balancing property both are helpful for oligospermia. It prevents a reduction in sperm count and also improves sperm motility and overall production quality.
2. What are the positive health effects of jivak Chyawanprash?
Jivak's anti-inflammatory property induces smooth respiratory function and also helps in bronchitis. It is also good for the nervous and circulatory system, and it is an antimicrobial that helps fight infection. So consuming Jivak chyawanprash strengthens overall immunity, and it is good for our health.
Jivak chyawanprash is a very good food supplement; it is Vata dosha balancing, has Rasayana, or rejuvenating property. So jivak chyawanprash is good for overall health.
3. Does jivak chyawanprash help in stomach infection?
Jivak is an antimicrobial agent so that it can prevent any microbial growth in the large intestine. This property of jivak helps minimize any risk of stomach infection, so consuming jivak chyawanprash helps to prevent stomach infection.
4. How does Jivak as a food supplement helps in constipation?
Jivak has mild laxative property, so consuming Jivak chyawanprash eases stool excretion by promoting bowel movement. `
According to Ayurveda, constipation causes an imbalance in Vata dosha, where unbalanced body energy leads to dryness in the intestine and makes the stool hard; dry hard stool makes it difficult to pass and excrete. Jivak Vata balancing property prevents this dryness from occurring and also prevents the stiffness of stool. Thus jivak manages constipation.
5. How is Jivak good for health?
Jivak is high in essential fatty acid, vitamin c, flavonoids, carotenoids, and phytochemicals; all of these together act as an immune modulator, which helps to improve the immunity of the body. It is antimicrobial and also shows a mild laxative property. So, jivak is beneficial for overall health.
Ayurvedically, Jivak is a great Vata balancer; its Rasayana quality strengthens immunity and helps fight common cold and cough. Jivak manages inflammation in bronchitis; its aphrodisiac property helps in sexual weakness.
6. Can we prevent skin aging by using Jivak?
Skin aging causes the skin to lose its elasticity and forms wrinkles; it also speeds up collagen breaking, which replaces the dead skin cells. Jivak contains flavonoids, carotenoids, phytochemicals, and other bioactive constituents. These constituents make jivak a good anti-collagenase and anti-elastase, which prevents the breaking of peptide bonds in collagenous tissue. All of this combined makes jivak a good anti-aging product.
7. Is Jivak an anti-inflammatory agent?
The bioactive compounds present in jivak act as an anti-inflammatory agent. These constituents help to manage inflammatory response, thus reducing inflammation. That's why Jivak reduces swelling, pain and also helps in bronchitis.
In Ayurvedic terminology, inflammation occurs due to imbalance Vata or pitta dosha. Jivak’s Vata (body energy) balancing and sita (cooling effect) property manages an inflammatory condition and reduces pain.
8. Can jivak be an antioxidant?
Yes, jivak might act as an antioxidant because it contains many bioactive constituents that help fighting skin aging and free radical-induced damage. Jivak prevents free radical-mediated cell damage; thus, it is good for overall health.
9. Can we use jivak in the case of snakebite?
The paste of jivak pseudobulb, which is a bulbous enlargement of the jivak stem, has antitoxic properties. Applying this paste on the snake-bitten area helps to neutralize the poisonous effect. But it is best to go to a hospital in this kind of situation.
Jivak's Vata balancing and sita property reduce a snake bite's pain and swelling when applied externally.
10. Does jivak help in Rheumatoid arthritis?
jivak has an anti-inflammatory effect and acts as an analgesic. The pseudobulb's paste, which is a bulbous enlargement of the jivak stem when applied externally to the affected area, reduces swelling and pain in the joint. Thus Jivak helps in Rheumatoid arthritis.
कोविड-19 से संक्रमित लोगों के लिए इस बीमारी से लड़ाई का अंत रिकवरी के बाद भी शायद नहीं हो रहा है। सार्वजनिक स्वास्थ्य विशेषज्ञों के अनुसार, युवाओं सहित कई लोगों में घातक बीमारी से रिकवरी के बाद हृदय संबंधी समस्याएं देखी जा रही हैं।
डॉक्टरों के अनुसार, अस्पतालों में ऐसे युवाओं की संख्या में वृद्धि देखी जा रही है, जो संक्रमण से ठीक होने के बाद कार्डियक मुद्दों की वजह से आ रहे हैं। इनमें सबसे आम घबराहट, या हृदय गति का बढ़ना है, वहीं कुछ मामलों में कार्डियक अरेस्ट या दिल का दौरा भी देखा गया है।
हालांकि कोविड-19 की सबसे खतरनाक समस्याएं फेफड़ों पर असर और सांस लेने में समस्या जैसे लक्षण हैं, लेकिन अब ऐसा समझा जा रहा है कि वायरस से हृदय पर भी गहरा असर पड़ रहा है। यह मौजूदा हृदय रोगों से ग्रसित रोगियों के लिए एक गंभीर खतरा है।
संक्रमण के कारण हृदय में रक्त के थक्के बन सकते हैं और कई मामलों में यह हृदय में सूजन भी पैदा कर सकता है। हाल ही में दिल्ली के एक निजी अस्पताल में 31 वर्षीय एक व्यक्ति का इलाज किया गया, जिसे संक्रमण से उबरने के बाद दिल का दौरा पड़ा। मरीज का हृदय संबंधी बीमारियों का कोई पूर्व इतिहास नहीं था और वह बिल्कुल स्वस्थ था।
अखिल भारतीय आयुर्विज्ञान संस्थान (एम्स) में कार्डियोलॉजी के प्रोफेसर सुदीप मिश्रा ने कहा, कोविड से उबरने के बाद युवा, सहित कई लोग सभी प्रकार के कार्डियक समस्याओं के साथ अस्पताल वापस आ रहे हैं। वायरस सूजन प्रक्रिया को बढ़ाता है। यहां तक कि यदि वायरस से संक्रमित रोगी की रिपोर्ट नेगेटिव आने के बाद भी सूजन रहती है।
उन्होंने आगे बताया, इससे हृदय की मांसपेशियां कमजोर होती है और रोगी हृदयाघात की समस्या का सामना कर सकते हैं। यह वेसेल्स की सूजन को भी बढ़ाता है और थक्के के गठन को बढ़ाता है। अस्पताल में हर 10 में से एक व्यक्ति हृदय संबंधी समस्याओं के साथ वापस आ रहे हैं।
मिश्रा ने कहा, डॉक्टरों का सुझाव है कि जो लोग कोविड-19 से उबर चुके हैं, उन्हें अपनी इकोकार्डियोग्राफी जरूर करवानी चाहिए। कोविड-19 संक्रमण के दौरान, ध्यान सिर्फ फेफड़ों पर रहता है। बाद में लोगों को पता चलता है कि उन्हें हृदय की समस्याएं भी थीं, जिसे पहले पूरी तरह से नजरअंदाज किया जाता है।
फोर्टिस एस्कॉर्ट्स हार्ट इंस्टीट्यूट में कार्डियोलॉजी विभाग की अतिरिक्त निदेशक, अपर्णा जसवाल ने भी यही बात दोहराते हुए कहा कि युवाओं सहित 5-10 प्रतिशत कोविड-19 से ठीक हो चुके मरीज अस्पताल में हृदय संबंधी मुद्दों के साथ वापस आ रहे हैं।
जसवाल ने कहा, कई युवा मरीज घबराहट के साथ वापस आ रहे हैं, जिनकी अवहेलना नहीं की जानी चाहिए। हमने हृदय गति धीमी होने जैसे कई मामलें भी देखे हैं। कुछ मरीजों में हार्ट फेल भी देखा गया।
हालांकि एक अन्य कार्डियोलॉजिस्ट ने कहा कि कोविड-19 से उबरने के बाद युवाओं में हृदय संबंधी समस्याओं का संकेत यह दर्शाता है कि इस आयु वर्ग में पहले से ही अंतर्निहित बीमारी थी।
दिल्ली में उजाला सिग्नस ग्रुप ऑफ हॉस्पिटल्स के कार्डियोलॉजिस्ट संजीव गुप्ता ने कहा, कोविड -19 वास्तव में अघोषित समस्या का भंडार है। इसके अलावा, युवाओं की खराब जीवनशैली और खान-पान की आदतें भी उन्हें बीमारियों का शिकार बना रही हैं। (आईएएनएस)
Kolkata, Dec 9 (IANS) Veteran Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) leader and former West Bengal Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharya was admitted to a private hospital here on Wednesday after respiratory problems.According to reports, the 76-year-old Bhattacharya developed difficulty in breathing and his respiratory problems aggravated this afternoon. He been unwell for quite some time as he was suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), as well as other old age-related ailments for quite some time."Comrade Buddhadeb Bhattacharya has been admitted for treatment of acute exacerbation of his respiratory problems in Woodland. No visitor is being allowed now," said CPI-M state Secretary Surjya Kanta Mishra, requesting well-wishers to co-operate with the hospital authority.Hospital sources said that a six-member medical expert team is looking after Bhattacharya. The oxygen saturation level was low in his body at admission and he was kept on mechanical ventilation at the hospital, they said, adding that he is responding to medical treatment and is stable now. Necessary tests were also conducted upon the veteran communist leader at the hospital's flu-clinic, they said.Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee paid a visit to the veteran leader."I wish him a speedy recovery. He was the Chief Minister of Bengal and I respect him a lot. The state government will provide all necessary arrangements as and when they ask. I thank all the doctors and medical staffs at the hospital. We all are there by his family," she said while visiting the hospital this evening. She had said that she was praying for his speedy recovery. "Concerned to hear that former Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee has been hospitalised with breathing problems. Praying for his speedy recovery and wishing him well," she tweeted.--IANSsbn/vd
London - Researchers at Google-owned Artificial Intelligence company DeepMind have solved a 50-year-old grand challenge in biology known as the "protein folding problem," revealing what shapes proteins fold into.
The latest version of DeepMind AI system, AlphaFold, has been recognised as a solution to this grand challenge by the organisers of the biennial protein-structure prediction challenge called Critical Assessment of protein Structure Prediction (CASP).
"We have been stuck on this one problem -- how do proteins fold up -- for nearly 50 years," Professor John Moult, Co-Founder and Chair of CASP, University of Maryland in the US, said in a statement.
"To see DeepMind produce a solution for this, having worked personally on this problem for so long and after so many stops and starts, wondering if we'd ever get there, is a very special moment."
This breakthrough demonstrates the impact AI can have on scientific discovery and its potential to dramatically accelerate progress in some of the most fundamental fields that explain and shape our world, DeepMind said in a blog post on Monday.
A protein's shape is closely linked with its function, and the ability to predict this structure unlocks a greater understanding of what it does and how it works.
Many of the world's greatest challenges, like developing treatments for diseases or finding enzymes that break down industrial waste, are fundamentally tied to proteins and the role they play.
The ability to computationally predict a protein's 3D structure has been a major challenge because the number of ways a protein could theoretically fold before settling into its final 3D structure is astronomical.
"Our methods may prove especially helpful for important classes of proteins, such as membrane proteins, that are very difficult to crystallise and therefore challenging to experimentally determine," the UK-based AI company said.
The results from the 14th CASP assessment were released on Monday.
DeepMind said it is preparing a paper on its system to submit to a peer-reviewed journal in due course. (IANS)
London - The Covid-19 pandemic, despite lockdown and social distancing norms, did not inhibit risky sexual behaviours and researchers found that acute sexually transmitted infections (STIs) actually spiked during the lockdown period, along with increasing the risk of SARS-CoV-2 virus contagion.
The research, conducted in two main STI centres in Milan, Italy, found that despite the lockdown restrictions, diagnosis of STIs, including gonorrhoea, secondary syphilis and mycoplasma genitalium (MG) have increased.
"It was assumed that the lockdown would reduce the opportunity for sexual encounters and STIs. However, I was surprised by the number of new acute infections diagnosed in this short period of time," said Dr Marco Cusini from Policlinico di Milano hospital in Milano, Italy.
Gonhorrhea and syphillis are typically more prevalent in people in their 30s, so infection may have increased because the concentration of Covid-19 morbidity and mortality in the elderly made the younger, more active, cohort feel protected and so less risk averse.
"While it is unrealistic to prevent people from having sex, even in this extraordinary pandemic, close contact during sexual intercourse inevitably involves an increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 contagion," Cusini said.
The research compared the number of confirmed diagnoses of the most common STIs in patients with symptoms for the period March 15 to April 15, following social isolation measures (lockdown) adopted to control the epidemic, with the same period in 2019.
The results, presented at the 29th European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology virtual conference, revealed the number of acute bacterial infections increased during the observational period, including secondary syphilis and gonorrhea.
"The findings show the importance of ongoing screening for STIs and the real benefit of having these types of services open and available during these unprecedented times," the authors wrote. (IANS)
The air pollution reaches a peak in Delhi and its surrounding regions every winter, when pollution from stubble burning and local sources combines with the suspended water droplets in the lower atmosphere to form a thick blanket of noxious smog, thus creating health hazards.
On Wednesday, the capital city's 24-hour average air quality index stood at 258, which falls in the 'poor' category. The System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) categorises air quality in the 0-50 range as good, 51-100 as satisfactory, 101-200 as moderate, 201-300 as poor, 301-400 as very poor and above 400 as severe.
Dr Rohit Gera, a Delhi-based eye doctor, said that various cases of irritation in eyes have been reported, especially in children as well as office-goers due to the deteriorating air quality. "Their eyes were already reeling under the increased screen time because of the coronavirus pandemic and now they are having irritation in eyes because of chemicals, and pollutants in the air."
Gera, an ophthalmologist at Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals, added: "Some have also been developing dry eye symptoms. It is a chronic condition and if left untreated for a long time, it can lead to vision problems. One needs to include food which contains omega 3 and antioxidants besides drinking loads of water to manage dry eye syndrome."
He said that if the air seems hazy from pollution, people should limit time outdoors, protect eyes with sunglasses, or clear safety glasses. "If you wear contact lenses, clean them thoroughly. The need of the hour is to give rest to the eyes and relax," he added.
Dr Tushar Grover, the Medical Director of the Vision Eye Centre, said that the widespread perception that pollution mostly impacts lungs is misconceived, as it is also severely detrimental to eye health.
"As toxic pollutants come in contact with outer surface of the eye, especially cornea and conjunctiva, they feel itchy, irritated and become red with a moderate to sharp burning sensation."
"The eyes can develop dry eye disease which can not only cause discomfort but also lead to blurring of vision due to damage to the surface of the eye. Smog in winters can lead to severe dry eye, impairing both the quantity and quality of tears produced, as a result of which your eyes are deprived of necessary lubrication. Additionally, the risk of catching eye infections also increases," he added.
Grover stressed the importance of observing practices such as wearing sunglasses when stepping out, keeping hydrated, avoiding rubbing of eyes, washing hands before touching their eyes, taking frequent breaks from use of laptops and mobiles and having their eyes periodically lubricated with eye drops.
As per the Central Pollution Control Board, out of 35 pollution monitoring stations, the air quality index in as many as nine stations is in the very poor category, while 20 stations recorded the index in the poor category, five logged it in moderate category and two remained non-functional.
Vivek Vihar in Delhi eastern district recorded the highest AQI at 367, followed by 348 by the pollution monitoring station at west Delhi's Dwarka Sector 8. Delhi's neighbouring areas, including Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Noida, Greater Noida, Meerut and Gurugram are also recording foul air. Faridabad is currently the most polluted amongst all.
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