The medical experts said the report of a human death from H5N1 is alarming and needs to be examined thoroughly for its origin and variants and immediate measures need to be taken.
A senior doctor in AIIMS, however, said, "There is no other patient infected with Avian Influenza in AIIMS."
Senior doctors said that there is a possibility of several cases of Bird Flu but the mortality rate so far is very low. It also depends on the variant as different strains of the virus have a different impact on the human body.
"There is a possibility of having some cases of Bird Flu in Delhi also, but it is the first time such a serious thing has emerged. The death of a human is absolutely alarming for public health and it needs to be taken seriously," said Dr. B L Sherwal, medical director of Rajiv Gandhi Super Specialty Hospital.
"This case needs to be examined very carefully so that its origin can be traced and examined in a genome sequencing lab to find out more about it. We need to know whether it has come from chicken or wild bird," Sherwal added.
According to medical experts, avian influenza (H5N1) or H5N8 is commonly called Bird Flu though many other strains are prevalent. It spreads through droppings, saliva and secretions of birds.
"Virus enters the human body by inhalation or through the nose, mouth or eyes. Whenever a person touches his mouth or nose with dirty hands, there is a chance of infection. Bird Flu is a contagious respiratory illness and the symptoms are the same as the common cold. However, the disease severity varies from mild illness to severe disease. Mortality from bird flu can be as high as 60 per cent," said Dr Neetu Jain, PSRI Hospital.
Jain said mostly people working with poultry get affected by Bird Flu. People should avoid coming in contact with infected poultry directly, they should avoid consuming undercooked chicken and eggs.
She said that people who are in regular touch with birds should get a yearly flu vaccine shot. "It will not prevent bird flu but can reduce the risk of co-infection with other flu viruses," Jain added.
According to AIIMS, the boy, who died there on Tuesday, was infected with the H5N1 virus and belonged to Haryana. He was admitted on July 2 with pneumonia and leukaemia.
A senior doctor in AIIMS informed that a team from the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has been sent to the boy's village in Haryana to check for more H5N1 cases and carry out contact tracing.
Earlier this year thousands of wild birds were found dead and tens of thousands of poultry were culled after a massive wave of bird flu cases swept several states, including Haryana.
Several of the infections, however, were from a different strain of the virus - H5N8 - which experts say is less dangerous to humans.
IANS also tried to find out about bird flu cases in the national capital. However, Delhi Health Minister Satyendar Jain was yet to reply on it.
Beijing, June 1 (IANS) A human infection with the H10N3 strain of avian influenza has been found in China's Jiangsu province, the National Health Commission (NHC) said on Tuesday.The patient, a 41-year-old man in Zhenjiang city, developed fever and other symptoms on April 23 and was hospitalised on April 28, Xinhua news agency quoted the NHC as saying. He is now in stable condition and has broadly met the standards for discharge, the Commission noted.All close contacts of the patient in Jiangsu have been placed under medical observation and emergency monitoring has been initiated, said the NHC, adding that nothing abnormal has been detected.The Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention carried out whole-genome sequencing of the specimen on May 28 and the result was positive for the H10N3 virus.The whole-genome analysis shows that the avian-origin virus is not effectively infectious to humans, according to experts, who believe it poses a "very low" risk of large-scale outbreak.--IANSksk/
Bird flu (Avian influenza) is a viral disease that not only affects birds such as chickens, ducks, and geese but also animals and humans when they come in direct contact with this infected poultry. When infected, humans get symptoms in around 2-8 days ranging from mild to severe.
The mild symptoms of bird flu include fever, chills, runny nose, sore throat, and headache while severe symptoms include bleeding from the gums, shortness of breath, diarrhea, blood in the stool, and sleeping difficulties.
Herbal home remedies help defeat the mild symptoms of bird flu. They also help strengthen the immune system, so that the body can fight the infection better. Take a look at a few herbal home remedies that help fight bird flu or avian influenza. Also, remember to consult a medical expert if the symptoms get severe or persist for several days.
Also, Read► Avian influenza in poultry birds confirmed in 5 states: Govt
Curcumin, the principal curcuminoid in turmeric is known for its anti-inflammatory property. It helps stimulate the immunoprotective agents and reduce the risk of avian flu inflammation. Also, the antiviral properties of turmeric may help combat avian influenza and reduce the symptoms.
What to do: Either add a pinch of turmeric in a glass of warm water and consume or add a pinch of it to honey and consume daily.
Also, Read►Bird flu: Unnatural bird deaths reported from J&K, Jharkhand
A study has shown that ginger may have anti-avian influenza potential. The compounds such as gingerols and zingerone in ginger prevent the growth of influenza in the body as well as help boost the immunity to fight against the pathogens.
What to do: Consume ginger tea every morning. You can also add honey or lemon to the mixture and consume it for added benefits.
Also, Read►Bird flu scare: Chicken sales dip by 50-75% in Bihar
Astragalus is known as an immune-enhancing herb that supports the bone marrow by increasing the production of interferon. These signaling proteins help fight pathogens and resist their entry into the body. A study shows that astragalus reduces replication of influenza and promotes an early immune response.
What to do: Astragalus roots are either boiled for tea or added to soups. Caution: astragalus should be taken only after proper consultation with a medical expert. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid its consumption.
Also, Read►Gurugram administration issues advisory amid the spread of bird flu
Ascorbic acid or vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that helps in eradicating various influenza viruses. Adequate consumption of vitamin C daily helps enhance immunity and fight multiple pathogens entering the body. A study says that vitamin C may help provide effective containment against avian influenza.
What to do: Boil a few dried or fresh echinacea flowers and prepare a tea. Consume it at least three a day but not on an empty stomach. It is better to consult a medical expert before its consumption.
Also, Read►Iraq reports bird flu outbreak
Echinacea is known as a blood purifier and a natural immune system booster that helps in strengthening the system against this virus. A study has shown that the ethanol extracts of the herb can be effective against avian strains of influenza.
What to do: Include vitamin C rich foods in your diets such as lemon, orange, broccoli, spinach, tomato, and other leafy greens.
Also, Read►No evidence of bird flu transmission to humans via contaminated poultry consumption
Inhaling steam helps ease the nasal congestion and loosen the mucous. This is the best way to clear the respiratory passage that gets blocked when a person is suffering from avian influenza symptoms.
What to do: Try to include cayenne pepper every day in your diet.
Also, Read►Himachal sets up teams to contain bird flu, monitoring situation
Cayenne pepper helps dilate the pores of the body and allows sweating. This encourages the release of toxins which further helps fight against the bird flu virus. Cayenne pepper also strengthens the immune system and consuming the herb every day is considered the best bird flu prevention measure.
What to do: Boil water, cover the head with a towel, and inhale the steam. Repeat the process twice or thrice a day.
Read more►Bird Flu: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, and Treatment
Q1. Does bird flu spread by eating chicken?
A. No, bird flu is not spread by eating chicken or eggs. However, one should cook chicken up to at least 74 degree-Celcius and boil eggs until both the whites and yolk get firm.
Q2. Can bird flu be cured?
A. Mild symptoms of bird flu such as runny nose, cough, headache, sore throat can be cured by herbal or home remedies such as ginger, essential oils, or steam inhalation. Severe symptoms of avian influenza or bird flu need medicinal treatments.
Q 3. What is the fastest way to cure bird flu naturally?
A. By taking vitamin C rich foods, keeping the body hydrated, taking rest, aromatherapy, and including herbs in diets such as ginger, garlic, and cayenne pepper, one can treat bird flu symptoms in the fastest way.
New Delhi- The Centre said on Monday that the outbreak of Avian Influenza has been confirmed in 5 states for poultry birds and in 9 states for crows/migratory/wild birds to date.
As per the statement by the Union Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and Dairies, Avian Influenza has been confirmed in samples of the dead heron from Tis Hazari, New Delhi, and in crows from Red Fort, and an advisory in this regard has been issued to the Delhi government for taking necessary action.
In Maharashtra, RRTs have been deployed and culling of poultry birds is underway in all the affected epicenters. Culling operations have been completed in CPDO, Mumbai, and cleaning and disinfection is in process, said the Ministry.
Similarly, culling and sanitization operations have been completed in the epicenters of Latur district in Kendrewadi village, Ahmedpur, Sukani village, and Tondar village (Vajrawadi) in Udgir taluk and Kurdwadi village in Ausa taluk.
Further, in Madhya Pradesh (Harda and Mandsaur districts) and Chhattisgarh (Balod district), RRTs have been deployed for the culling of poultry birds in a 1 km radius of the epicenters of the outbreak in poultry. Culling operation of poultry is continuing in the epicenter of Haryana (Panchkula district).
The central team formed for monitoring the situation in the affected areas is visiting the affected sites and has visited Maharashtra to monitor the epicenters of the outbreak and conduct epidemiological studies. Its visit to Kerala is over.
The Department is making continuous efforts to generate awareness about Avian Influenza through platforms including social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook. (IANS)
Patna- Bird flu or avian influenza scare is having a big impact on the poultry business in Bihar with chicken sales dipping by 50-75 per cent across the state.
Kalimudin Ansari, a chicken seller at Boring Road in Patna, said that though no confirmed case of bird flu has been reported from anywhere in the state, customers are not coming to their shops.
"Customers are apprehensive about bird flu due to news reports on digital platforms, TV channels, and newspapers. Only the known customers are coming to our shops to buy chicken," Ansari said.
Another chicken seller, Shahnawaj Alam, said: "Bird flu scare has created panic among the people. Hence, our sales have gone down by 50 to 60 percent."
Chicken sellers are feeling the heat in other districts of the state as well.
The scare of bird flu gripped Bihar after chickens and crows were found dead in Muzaffarpur and Bettiah, respectively, last week.
Rajan Sharma, a resident of Khagaul in Patna district, said: "Being a non-vegetarian, I am now preferring fish ever since bird flu cases were reported in some states. Apart from chicken, I am also avoiding mutton as both are sold together in the majority of the outlets."
"The hygiene factor is always a big issue in meat outlets in Patna. The flu could also transmit through feathers and other wastes which are generally scattered in the surroundings of roadside chicken shops," said Atul Thakur, a resident of the Nageshwar colony.
"As the majority of the outlets are operating without any license from the municipal corporation, they do not have the fear of getting penalized," Thakur added.
The state government has also alerted the administrations of all the 38 districts in Bihar to keep a tab on the developments.
"We are urging people to avoid eating half-cooked non-vegetarian food. Any meat cooked at a temperature of above 70-degree Celsius is safe as the H5N1 virus does not survive then," an official of the health department said, requesting anonymity.
"Besides, we also advised them to avoid coming in contact with chicken sellers, feathers etc. We have also asked the common people to avoid going to poultry forms to buy chickens. People should wash hands with soaps and wear gloves while buying chickens," he said.
New Delhi- In the wake of the bird flu outbreak, a petition has been filed in the Delhi High Court seeking direction to ensure that no birds are culled in and around Ghazipur poultry market, asserting that slaughter, without appropriate licenses and in absence of infrastructure mandated by law, makes it a hotspot for diseases.
Avian influenza has been confirmed in several states in the country, including, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, New Delhi, Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Kerala, and Madhya Pradesh. In Delhi, the city government has banned the import of live birds, set up a 24-hour helpline, and closed the Ghazipur poultry market for ten days.
Animal rights activist Gauri Maulekhi, through the petition, has sought direction from the Delhi Agricultural Marketing Board to ensure that no birds are slaughtered in and around the Ghazipur Mandi. The matter will be taken by the court on Tuesday.
"That slaughtering of birds in a livestock market without appropriate licenses and in absence of the infrastructure mandated by law makes it a hot spot for the spread of diseases," the petitioner said.
"The lack of hygiene is recorded and is evident in Ghazipur Murga Mandi making it a breeding ground for the outbreak of a pandemic or susceptible to the current outbreak of avian influenza imposing severe danger to public health and safety."
Avian influenza (AI) viruses have been circulating worldwide for centuries with four known major outbreaks recorded in the last century. India notified the first outbreak of avian influenza in 2006.
In India, the disease spreads mainly by migratory birds coming into India during winter months i.e. from September-October to February-March.
Implementing management practices that incorporate biosecurity principles, personal hygiene, and cleaning and disinfection protocols, as well as cooking and processing standards, are effective means of controlling the spread of the avian influenza virus viruses. (IANS)