One may envy or desire long, stylish nails but unless they are clean underneath, they can be the reason behind a range of bacterial diseases such as diarrhoea. Longer nails harbor more dirt and bacteria than short nails, thus possibly contributing to the spread of infection, says Rajesh U Pandya, Managing Director, KAI India
"Fingernails should be kept short, and the undersides should be cleaned frequently to maintain nail hygiene. At the same time, it is important to keep a tab on how you clean the nails. Unless the means are safe, the process of cleaning hands can cause more damage than good," Pandya told IANSlife.
He further explains: wash your hands, including nails, and underneath them, as many times as required with lukewarm water and soap. If you handle stronger dirt like grease, you may want to use a pair of gloves while working or use a specific cleaner for that specific type of dirt. Trimming nails regularly help you to maintain healthy nails and avoid breaking. How frequently you trim your nails will depend on how fast they grow.
Also, Read► Healthy oral hygiene for kids during summer lockdowns
Every time you wash hands, ensure you dry them completely. Moist hands may attract germs that proliferate in a damp environment and facilitate their spread. Before clipping nails, ensure that all equipment to be used, such as nail clippers and files, are properly cleaned and sanitised even if you are using them at home. Sterilising equipment before use is especially important when nail tools are shared among a number of people, as is common in commercial nail salons or any beauty parlour.
Many people are not adequately conscious of the necessity to keep the hands clean, notes Pandya. "Negligence towards hand hygiene can cause a series of diseases, bacterial and viral infections, including by the deadly COVID-19 virus that is wreaking havoc across the country.
"Considering that fingernails can harbor tons of dirt and debris and can become COVID-19's first route of communication, keeping our hands, and by extension our nails, clean is crucial. So, don't let germs make you fall sick. Clean your hands well so you can eat well, and stay healthy," he concludes.
Read More► How to maintain good sexual hygiene
New York, April 15 (IANS) Maintaining good oral health is more important than use of antibiotics in dental procedures, according to a new American Heart Association (AHA) scientific statement.Oral hygiene may be key in preventing a heart infection caused by bacteria around the teeth, affirmed the statement, published in the journal Circulation.Infective endocarditis (IE), also called bacterial endocarditis, is a heart infection caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart lining, a heart valve or a blood vessel.Intravenous drug use increases risk for IE. There's been concern that certain dental procedures may increase the risk of developing Viridans group streptococcal infective endocarditis (VGS IE) in vulnerable patients.VGS IE is caused by bacteria that collect in plaque on the tooth surface and cause inflammation and swelling of the gums."Scientific data since the 2007 AHA guidelines support the view that limited use of preventive antibiotics for dental procedures hasn't increased cases of endocarditis and is an important step at combating antibiotic overuse in the population," said Walter R. Wilson, from the Department of Internal Medicine at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, US.The new guidance affirms previous recommendations that only four categories of heart patients should be prescribed antibiotics prior to certain dental procedures to prevent VGS IE due to their higher risk for complications from the infection. The groups are: people with prosthetic heart valves or prosthetic material used for valve repair; people who have had a previous case of infective endocarditis; adults and children with congenital heart disease; or people who have undergone a heart transplant.The AHA's 2007 guidelines, which presented the biggest shift in recommendations, resulted in about 90 per cent fewer patients requiring antibiotics.Prescribing antibiotics prior to certain dental procedures only among high risk patients may help prevent VGS IE, the researchers noted.In the presence of poor oral hygiene and gingival disease, VGS IE is far more likely to develop from bacteria attributable to routine daily activities such as toothbrushing than from a dental procedure, they said.--IANSrvt/sdr/
Seoul, Feb 17 (IANS) Samsung Electronics on Wednesday said it has launched a kiosk machine in South Korea that highlights advanced security and hygiene features, as the tech giant enters the self-service machine business amid the pandemic-induced contactless trend.Samsung Kiosk is an all-in-one self-service machine that allows consumers to select, order and pay for services and products at restaurants, marts and pharmacies.Samsung said its first-ever kiosk machine will be globally available in the first half of the year. The company signed a partnership with Fiserv, a leading payments and financial services solutions provider, to sell the kiosk.The product with a 24-inch touch display comes in three types -- wall-mounted, standing and table. It is powered by an advanced system-on-chip and does not require a separate personal computer to manage content and payment information, reports Yonhap news agency. Samsung said the kiosk's touch screen is coated with a special film that boosts antibacterial and sterilisation effects, and was recognised by US-based safety certification organisation Underwriters Laboratories.The kiosk, which runs on a Linux-based Tizen operating system, is applied with Knox, Samsung's security solution that protects its payment platform and data from hacking.Those who have Samsung Kiosk can manage the machine in real-time through its remote management system, the company added.--IANSwh/na
People with diabetes face a real challenge during the winter season. The cold weather coupled with reduced physical activity puts stress on the body, causing it to go into a fight-or-flight mode. This results in the release of natural survival hormones like adrenaline and cortisol. Consequently, the liver releases more glucose for energy leading to increased blood sugar levels.
Here we are sharing 10 tips that can help people with diabetes during the winter season.
A well-balanced diet is crucial to keep diabetes in control no matter the season. It is recommended to include plenty of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, lentils, beans, and oatmeal. Sweets and fatty foods should be avoided. Also, diabetics should refrain from consuming dry fruits as the fructose in them may spike the sugar level.
The ancient practice of yoga can work wonders on the body, helping people with diabetes to keep the disease under control and lead a normal, happy life. Science has shown that specific yoga poses that involve the twisting and stretching of the internal muscles and organs stimulate the pancreas and endocrine system. This facilitates insulin secretion, which keeps the blood glucose levels under check.
3. Sufficient Hydration
It is essential to keep the body hydrated at all times to get rid of the excess glucose through urine. Water should be the primary beverage choice as other beverages are loaded with preservatives and sugar.
4. Proper Sleep
Sound sleep is vital as the body relies on it to repair itself from exposure to toxins, daily stressors, and much more. Diabetics should aim for at least 6-7 hours of continuous sleep daily to let the body recuperate from damages and boost the immune system.
5. Mental Health
Those affected with diabetes live with a lot of stress. It can cause spurts of anxiety, mood change, confusion, and depression. The American Diabetes Association says that Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) may occur during winters; however, it is treatable. Spending time with loved ones, indulging in hobbies, or getting professional help are some of the ways through which diabetics can find relief.
6. Personal Hygiene
To maintain personal hygiene, people with diabetes should wash their hands frequently and thoroughly with a natural soap. Apart from that, saline rinses using a Neti pot should also be practiced as it keeps the respiratory passages clear.
7. Lose Weight
Obesity can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 80-85%. For people with obesity, the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to meet the body's needs. Therefore, losing weight becomes the only option to stay healthy and fit. Regular exercise, brisk walks, etc., should be incorporated into daily life to get rid of excess weight.
8. Avoid Immune Suppressing Foods
Diabetics should stay away from high-fat food, alcohol, caffeine, and white sugar, suppressing the immune system's effects. Too much high-fat foods can block the lymphatic system, hindering the body's ability to fight infections.
Diabetes care is complex and it goes well beyond glucose control. Physical activity, healthy eating, and maintain proper body weight are crucial factors in preventing, managing, and reversing diabetes.
Guwahati, Dec 26 (IANS) The state-owned OIL has launched 'OIL Shakti', a society-based sanitary napkin production and marketing unit in Assam, to promote the menstrual health and hygiene management among women of vulnerable communities so as to reduce maternal and infant mortality ratios, officials said here on Saturday.An Oil India Limited (OIL) official said that the scheme was launched under the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) at Hijuguri in eastern Assam's Tinsukia district. "The scheme will increase the livelihood opportunities as well as health and hygiene management of women, especially in rural areas," the official told IANS. An OIL release said on Saturday that for carrying out mass awareness against the stigma associated with menstruation, a comic book based on scientific facts in Assamese language was also released which would be distributed at schools, colleges and the community level. The sanitary napkin production and marketing unit would be managed by a large network of rural women for promotion of menstrual health and hygiene management among the vulnerable communities such as adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and rural women in reproductive age group as well as men under 'Project OIL Arogya' to reduce the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in OIL's operational areas of eastern Assam.The release said that the unit was inaugurated by OIL's Chief General Manager Dilip Kumar Bhuyan along with Deputy General Manager (CSR & CC) Tridiv Hazarika and Senior Manager-(CSR) Nayana Madhu Dutta among others. According to an official document, the MMR of India per 100,000 live births has declined to 113 in 2016-18 from 122 in 2015-17 and 130 in 2014-2016.The document said that India's IMR also declined to 34 (per 1,000 live births) in 2016 as compared with 44 in 2011. The annual rate of decline of IMR between 2015 and 2018 was 8.1 per cent. --IANSsc/tsb
New Delhi, Nov 6 (IANS) As it is typical for babies to create a mess while playing or eating, and they usually do not stay still and throw a tantrum while being cleaned, keeping extra-large baby wipes handy is ideal for maintaining skin hygiene.They also make the process of cleaning a lot easier, offering convenience to those who find it overwhelming to settle in with their newborn in the beginning due to the constant challenges of cleaning, diaper changes, and taking care of the baby's skin and overall hygiene."Rather than struggling with pulling out three-four wipes to cleanse your baby every time, using one extra-large wipe helps in quick face-to-toe cleansing," said Dr. Prathibha Babshet, Ayurveda Expert, R&D, The Himalaya Drug Company."Additionally, it's important that parents use a wipe that is gentle and safe on their baby's delicate skin. Consider using wipes that are not only large but also infused with the goodness of natural ingredients," she said, adding that it is equally important to use wipes that are free from ingredients like, parabens, phthalates, silicones, etc.Given below are a few instances when extra-large baby wipes can be used:During cold days: Winter is setting in, and it's recommended to give your baby a bath during the daytime when it is sunny. If you want to wipe your baby clean before bed, you can use baby wipes infused with the goodness of time-tested herbs. This will help keep baby's skin moisturised during cold days.Freshen up anytime: After a long day, you can quickly freshen up your baby from face-to-toe using baby wipes to remove dirt and germs. Keeping extra-large baby wipes handy is ideal to freshen up your little one anywhere, anytime.When baby is unwell: Especially when your baby is unwell, using baby wipes can give your little one a shorter cleanup time.Bedtime freshness: Before putting your baby to sleep, you can freshen up your baby, apply some baby cream or lotion, and put on a night suit. This will not only maintain hygiene but also help baby get some good sleep.Considering baby's delicate skin, you may like to choose an extra-large wipe infused with the goodness of ingredients like aloe vera and Indian lotus. Indian lotus helps keep baby's skin soft and supple, and aloe vera, a well-known herb in Ayurveda, helps baby's skin stay fresh and moisturised. Extra-large wipes are convenient to cleanse baby's face and body to remove dirt. Use alcohol-free wipes that are gentle and safe on baby's skin.While this is a convenient alternative to maintain your baby's hygiene, do not miss out on your little one's regular bath schedule.--IANSbu/na