With hectic lifestyles, meeting deadlines, erratic work hours, nutrition intake is severely impacted. Hence, lifestyle diseases like diabetes, hypertension etc are on the rise and it's time to face some hard facts, says an Indian nutrition expert.
The latest survey by the Indian Market Research Bureau (IMRB) to ascertain the levels of protein deficiency and awareness about protein in India showed 73 per cent of urban rich are protein deficient with 93 per cent of them unaware about their daily protein requirements. In fact, despite the urban populace eating poultry products as a source of animal protein, India's consumption of poultry meat products remains one of the lowest in the world at less than 4 kg per capita for poultry while other developed countries have a per capita consumption of as much as 40 kg.
To create awareness about the need to incorporate the essential component of protein in our diets, Protein Week is celebrated from July 24-30 each year.
Detailing the importance of including protein in one's diet, leading nutritionist Ritika Samaddar shares, "As a building block of life, protein is present in every cell of the body. Protein is crucial for growth and development and to fight against diseases. The RDA for protein for an average Indian Adult is 0.8-1.0g per kg body weight, which is around 50-60 g of protein per day for the healthy adult population. There is a need to create awareness on the importance of protein on our health, how much to take and the sources of protein in our diet. India is a crab loving country. We as a nation consume excess starch and fat and grossly inadequate in proteins and there are multiple reasons for this."
Debunking the common myths around protein consumption, Samaddar said, "Firstly the common perception is that "protein is difficult to digest", "leads to weight gain" and "protein is only for bodybuilders"."
So how do we make sure that we get adequate proteins in our diet? Protein is of two types complete and incomplete, which is determined by the composition of amino acids. Complete proteins are found in poultry, egg, milk, fish etc. Complete protein sources like chicken, turkey, duck and egg are high in quantity and quality and 100 per cent digested. Eggs and poultry, besides being an excellent source of protein, are also loaded with micronutrients like vitamin A, Vitamin B12, Zinc, Iron, Selenium.
"One egg gives around 7 g of protein, whereas 100g of chicken, duck or turkey is around 20-21g. So the focus should be not just on the quantity but also on the quality of protein one takes. Eating high-quality protein like egg and poultry increases metabolism, improves satiety and keeps energy levels high. Inadequate intake of protein leads to weakness and fatigue and delays wound healing and over a long period of time can precipitate into lifestyle diseases like central adiposity, diabetes and high triglyceride levels, besides malnutrition."
Recommending a guideline on protein intake, Samaddar added, "To have adequate protein in one's diet, including a source of protein in every meal. Start your day with a healthy breakfast and include an egg daily or milk. Meals should include some protein food like chicken or lentils. Also snack on protein-rich foods like nuts, sprouts or eggs. In this pandemic too the nutrient most talked about and of utmost importance is protein. Protein is required to build immunity and also fight the disease. Post recovery too, increasing intake of protein is important to rebuild muscle loss, immunity and energy levels."
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Hyderabad, July 15 (IANS) Scientists at the Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (IITH) have developed COVIHOME, an artificial intelligence-powered Covid-19 test that allows self-testing at home.On obtaining ICMR approvals, and after commercialisation, the kit developed by Prof Shiv Govind Singh, Department of Electrical Engineering, will be available in the market at an affordable price.This test kit can produce results within 30 minutes for both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The major benefit of this testing kit is that it does not require RT-PCR (Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction), an expert human resource, and a BSL 2 lab facility for the extraction of RNA, so it has potential for one to take the test at home without expert supervision.Explaining the benefits of the testing kit, Shiv Govind Singh said, "A major objective of the research team for the development of the COVIHOME Test Kit was to break the transmission chain through affordable testing. We have already filed a patent for the device and are now looking for industry partners for ToT of technology for mass production".As per IITH, CSIR-CCMB has performed the validation of the rapid RNA electronic diagnostic device for detection ofSARS-Cov-2 virus in the swab samples independently with the in-house samples and hospital samples as advised by ICMR. These samples were confirmed for their positivity or negativity by the RT-PCR method.The validation report confirmed the kit's efficiency at 94.2 percent, Sensitivity 91.3 percent and Specificity 98.2 percent.While a test currently costs around Rs 400, the developers say that mass production of the testing kit will help to reduce the cost to around Rs 300 per test.Speaking about the role of IIT Hyderabad in helping tackle the COVID-19 pandemic, Prof B S Murty, Director, IIT Hyderabad, said, "IITH has come up with many unique & novel socio-technological initiatives and delivered remarkable results during this pandemic. Prof Shiv Govind's "COVIHOME" is one such admirable milestone. I am confident it will play a significant role in the safe & fast diagnosis of COVID-19 and minimize its spread".The COVIHOME testing kit was developed by the research team of Dr Suryasnata Tripathy, Supraja Patta, Swati Mohanty, and other students led by Shiv Govind Singh, Department of Electrical Engineering.The initial clinical trial and testing of the device was performed at ESIC Medical College and Hospital in Hyderabad. "Dean ESIC, Prof Srinivas M, and his team Dr Imaran, Dr Swati, and Dr Rajeev have played a big role in the successful development of this novel kit", said Singh.--IANSpvn/bg
Yangon, July 12 (IANS) Myanmar's Health and Sports Ministry imposed a stay-at-home order in 18 more towns across the country due to the Covid-19 outbreak, the state-run media reported on Sunday.The stay-at-home order, which will take effect on Monday, will be applied to six towns in Bago region and 12 towns in Yangon region because of the recent increasing Covid-19 infections, the Xinhua news agency reported.So far, the ministry has imposed the stay-at-home order in 63 towns across the country.According to the ministry's figures on Sunday, the number of Covid-19 cases in Myanmar has increased to 192,213 after 3,461 new cases were reported in the past 24 hours.In addition, 82 new deaths were reported, bringing the death toll to 3,838 in the country.A total of 146,358 patients have been discharged from the hospitals and over 2.86 million samples have been tested for Covid-19 so far, the figures showed. --IANSint/rs
New Delhi, July 10 (IANS) Sounding a note of caution, Union Home Secretary Ajay Bhalla on Saturday asked eight states having tourist destinations and hill stations to follow strict Covid appropriate behaviour to avoid spread of the virus.Emphasising that "second wave of Covid-19 is not yet over", Bhalla, while chairing a meeting here, directed the states to ensure strict adherence to the protocols prescribed in respect of wearing of masks, social distancing and other safe behaviour.He was checking the steps taken by state governments to avoid the spread of Covid-19 in hill stations and tourist locations.During the meeting, the overall management of Covid-19 situation and the vaccination status in respect of the states of Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal was discussed.The Home Secretary sounded a note of caution in view of media reports showing blatant disregard of Covid appropriate behaviour in hill stations and other tourist locations.It was observed that the decline of the second wave is at variable stages in the different states or Union Territories (UTs) in the country, and that while the overall case positivity rate may be declining, the case positivity rate in certain districts of Rajasthan, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh is over 10 per cent, which is a cause for concern.States were also asked to follow the five-fold strategy of Test-Track-Treat-Vaccinate and Covid appropriate behaviour, as has been laid out in Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) order dated June 29 this year, said the Home Ministry.Adequate health infrastructure preparedness (especially in rural, peri-urban and tribal areas) was also advised, with a view to tackle any potential future surge in cases.The meeting was attended by Dr. V.K. Paul, Member (Health), NITI Aayog; Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; Director General, Indian Council for Medical Research; and Chief Secretaries, Directors General of Police and Principal Secretaries (Health) of the eight States.Three days ago, Bhalla held similar meeting and directed all northeastern states to ensure strict containment measures as per extant guidelines while noting that out of 73 districts in the country with Case Positivity Rate (CPR) above 10 per cent, 46 are in these states.--IANSrak/pgh
As the second Covid wave leaves India devastated amid the third wave warning, those who were severely hit by the deadly respiratory disease must also keep the health of their kidneys in check, top health experts advised on Friday.
A latest AIIMS study has confirmed that apart from the lungs and liver, kidneys were the most affected in deseased patients with severe Covid-19.
According to Dr Amit K Devra, Senior Kidney Transplant Surgeon at Jaypee Hospital in Noida, low oxygen level in blood because of pneumonia can produce ATN (damage to tubule) in kidney.
"In severe cases, because of cytokines storm, there is severe immune reaction leading to intense inflammation of multiple organs including kidney, causing damage to healthy kidney," Devra told IANS.
The full impact of COVID-19 on the kidneys isn't yet clear yet.
However, C John Sperati, an expert in kidney health from Johns Hopkins Medicine, has revealed how the new coronavirus might affect kidney function as the illness develops and afterward as a person recovers.
The virus itself infects the cells of the kidney. Kidney cells have receptors that enable the new coronavirus to attach to them, invade, and make copies of itself, potentially damaging those tissues.
"Similar receptors are found on cells of the lungs and heart, where the new coronavirus has been shown to cause injury," Sperati, also Director, Nephrology Fellowship Training Programme, said in a latest update published on Johns Hopkins website.
Another possibility is that kidney problems in patients with the coronavirus are due to abnormally low levels of oxygen in the blood, a result of the pneumonia commonly seen in severe cases of the disease, he added.
The kidneys are like filters that screen out toxins, extra water and waste products from the body.
"Covid-19 can cause tiny clots to form in the bloodstream, which can clog the smallest blood vessels in the kidney and impair its function," according to Sperati.
Some people suffering with severe cases of Covid-19 are showing signs of kidney damage, even those who had no underlying kidney problems before they were infected with the coronavirus.
Early reports say that up to 30 per cent of patients hospitalised with Covid-19 in China and New York developed moderate or severe kidney injury.
According to Dr. Anuja Porwal, Additional Director, Nephrology, at Fortis Hospital, majority of the times, the damage is reversible and sometimes, it is partially reversible and sometimes, it is not reversible.
"If a person has underlying co-morbidities like diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, kidney stones etc, he/she is more susceptible to having kidney issues.
Additionally, sometimes, the drugs given for treatment of Covid can have an impact on the kidney as well," Porwal told IANS.
If a patient has had kidney involvement during Covid infection, he/she should definitely get their kidney function test and follow up with a nephrologist regularly at least upto three months, the experts advised. (IANS)
Yangon, July 8 (IANS) Myanmar's Health and Sports Ministry imposed a stay-at-home order in 14 more townships, state-run media reported on Wednesday.The stay-at-home order, which will be effective on Thursday, will be applied to one township of Magway region, three townships of Mon state and 10 townships of Yangon region due to the recent increasing Covid-19 infections.So far, the ministry has imposed the stay-at-home order in 45 townships across the country, the Xinhua news agency reported.Meanwhile, Myanmar reported 3,947 new Covid-19 cases on Wednesday, bringing the tally to 175,923, according to the ministry's figures.In addition, the death toll has increased to 3,570 in the country after 57 new deaths were reported in the past 24 hours.A total of 141,255 patients have been discharged from the hospitals and over 2.81 million samples have been tested for Covid-19 so far, the figures showed. --IANSint/rs