Chronic inflammation caused by obesity may trigger the development of cells that break down bone tissue, including the bone that holds teeth in place, finds a new research.
The study, completed in an animal model, found that excessive inflammation resulting from obesity raises the number of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), a group of immune cells that increase during illness to regulate immune function.
MDSCs, which originate in the bone marrow, develop into a range of different cell types, including osteoclasts (a cell that breaks down bone tissue).
"This research promotes the concept that MDSC expansion during obesity to become osteoclasts during periodontitis is tied to increased alveolar bone destruction," said researcher K.H. Kwack from the University at Buffalo.
"Taken together, this data supports the view that obesity raises the risk of periodontal bone loss," Kwack added.
Bone loss is a major symptom of gum disease and may ultimately lead to tooth loss.
Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease affects more than 47 per cent of adults 30 years and older, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
For the study, published in the Journal of Dental Research, the team examined two groups of mice fed vastly different diets over 16 weeks -- one group, a low-fat diet that derived 10 per cent of energy from fat, the other group a high-fat diet that drew 45 per cent of energy from fat.
The investigation found that the high-fat diet group experienced obesity, more inflammation and a greater increase of MDSCs in the bone marrow and spleen compared to the low-fat diet group.
The high-fat diet group also developed a significantly larger number of osteoclasts and lost more alveolar bone (the bone that holds teeth in place).
Also, the expression of 27 genes tied to osteoclast formation were significantly elevated in the group fed a high-fat diet.
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Lifestyle plays a huge role in your fitness and health. Often a sedentary lifestyle along with unhealthy eating habits contribute to weight gain or other lifestyle diseases. With discipline and patience, you can work on your lifestyle to reach a fitness level you have always desired. Always remember that whatever changes you implement should not be focused on temporary results, but rather on a long and sustainable lifestyle.
A good fitness level is more important than just fat loss. However, you can lose fat by practising these things:
1. Make Your Diet A Lifestyle:
Most people tend to focus on diet as a destination, rather than a journey. Your nutrition should not be a trend or a plan for short-term results, but rather a lifestyle that you can follow effortlessly. Although easier said than done, implementing a positive lifestyle can have tremendous long-term results. Tweaking your food habits and incorporating essential macro and micronutrients can aid your fat-loss journey. A good way to include the right food components in your diet is through a good diet plan which you must follow with discipline. Eat good food every day. It's as simple as that. Don't divert even if you have to eat the same food every day, you can always innovate your dishes with the help of spices and other preparation methods.
2. Workout Regime To Increase Activity:
Even if you can't do a heavy workout every day, it is essential to include some kind of activity in your lifestyle. Find a physical activity that suits you. Some people despise gyms, but love jogging or playing a sport. Some like strength training and lifting weights. Whatever you choose, follow through without any excuses. Your daily physical activity plays a huge role in your metabolism and fitness level. It's not just about burning calories; it's about setting a pattern for your body to undergo positive stress. When you exercise, your body is already doing half the work required for losing weight and becoming fit.
3. Don't Compromise on Your Sleep and Hydration:
People underrate the importance of a good night's sleep. Your body requires sleep to recover, to balance the cortisol hormone level which is responsible for your binge eating. Sleeping is our body's natural way of balancing the stress level and rectifying any errors in its system. Fix a sleeping time and don't change it no matter what. This is one of the most important changes you must incorporate. The other being hydration water is extremely important for your system. Not only does it help in passing the nutrients throughout your system, but it also helps the body detox and shed the pesky water retention habit. You'll be surprised by the number of times your body confuses thirst for hunger, so always drink adequate water. Set a reminder through a phone app, it can be helpful.
(The author Pranit Shilimkar is a Health and Fitness Entrepreneur, Digital Content Creator and Founder of Fitnesstalks)
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Ghee is a pure clarified fat made from milk and milk products. Ghee is essential in some cultures, especially in the Indian diet. It is known as 'samna' as in Egypt, 'Samn' as in the Middle East, 'Rogan' in Iran, 'Samuli' in Uganda.
Ghee Nutrition Profile:
Calories/5gm 44.8kcal Ghee
Protein/5gm 0g Ghee
Carbs/5gm 0g Ghee
Fats/5gm 4.9g Ghee
Ghee is rich in essential fatty acids and vitamins minerals such as Vitamin A, E, K2, D, calcium, CLA and Omega-3.
There are 3 types of Ghee:
Regular ghee: Ghee is made by melting regular butter from cow or buffalo.
A2 ghee: Made from desi Indian cows like Gir cow and red Sindhi
Bilona Ghee: The most traditional way to make ghee. It is the purest ghee made from desi cow milk.
* A spoon of Ghee with a glass of milk and turmeric with black pepper cleanses the digestive system of its toxins. This helps with constipation and gives a much-needed boost to your immune system.
* One of the most significant ayurvedic benefits of ghee is it helps in improving metabolism. This will greatly improve your mood while also adding to your energy levels and helping you lose weight.
* Ghee is a rich source of butyric acid. It works as probiotic food for the bacteria in the gut.
* Ghee has Vitamin K2, which helps the bones in absorbing the calcium and helps in joint pain.
* Ghee with turmeric and black pepper reduces inflammation as well as stress -- which may help in better sound sleep.
* Ghee is unctuous in nature and brings glow on the skin.
* CLA in ghee reduces tumours, lower cholesterol and stabilizes blood sugars. It also helps in stimulating appetite.
* 1 spoon or 5gm of ghee is high in calories and fat. Cooking food in ghee is one of the best methods of cooking curries, sabzi, dals etc. But few people with health conditions such as Diabetes, Obesity, high cholesterol, heart patients and PCOS should be cautious about the quantity of ghee.
How much to add:
* 3-4 spoons a day of ghee can be added with individuals who lead a healthy active sedentary lifestyle. With increased daily calories, you can increase the ghee intake accordingly.
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Sao Paulo, July 28 (IANS) A 28-year-old Covid positive man who developed orbital cellulitis -- a severe skin infection in the orbital area (around the eye) -- may represent an unusual complication of the infectious disease.Sinusitis related to Covid-19 may be a source of facial infection, suggested Vinicius Almeida Carvalho and his team at the State University of Londrina, Parana, Brazil.A few weeks before being presented to the craniofacial surgery department, the patient had developed mild illness with fatigue and loss of smell and taste, the team reported in The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery.He didn't seek medical care until he developed a headache and swelling around the eye, and loss of smell, which got progressively worse. At his local emergency department, he was diagnosed with Covid-19, as well as sinusitis. However, despite antibiotics and other treatments for sinusitis, the facial pain and swelling worsened -- even as the patient's Covid-19 symptoms improved.By the time Carvalho's department saw him, the patient's eye was swollen and tightly shut. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a fluid collection that was putting pressure on the globe (eyeball), which was fortunately not yet damaged.The CT scan found no evidence of pneumonia or other respiratory involvement from Covid-19.The patient was diagnosed with cellulitis -- severe infection under the skin -- which was thought to have spread from the sinuses to the orbital area. Because of the danger to the eye, Carvalho and colleagues performed urgent surgery, using a small incision to drain the collection of fluid and pus.The swelling around the eye decreased immediately after the procedure. The patient remained in the hospital for several days, including treatment with intravenous antibiotics. A few weeks later, his pain and swelling had resolved and the eye was functioning normally.A previous US paper reported sinus infection and orbital cellulitis as "atypical conditions" associated with Covid-19. Sinusitis is known to be an important cause of infections spreading to the orbital area."It is not clear whether SARS-CoV-2 itself is a contributing factor to the pathogenesis [development] in these cases," Carvalho said.Their case findings suggest that Covid-19 may contribute to sinus infection with the potential to spread to the area around the eye - even in an otherwise-healthy young patient with mild Covid-19 symptoms. Whatever the course of the infection, the researchers emphasise the need for early surgery in patients with severe, vision-threatening orbital cellulitis.--IANSrvt/arm
London, July 20 (IANS) A 61-year-old Caucasian man in the UK experienced facial palsy after each dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid vaccine, suggesting a strong link between the jab and Bell's palsy, according to the doctors at the National Health Service.
Bell's palsy -- a facial nerve palsy of unknown cause, where muscles on one side of the face become weak or paralysed.
In the journal BMJ Case Reports, the doctors describe the first such case to be reported in the medical literature of two separate unilateral facial nerve palsies, occurring shortly after each dose of a Covid-19 vaccine.
The man had no previous history of facial nerve palsy, but had a high Body Mass Index, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and Type-2 diabetes. Both doses of the vaccine were administered to the left arm, reported the doctors.
The first episode of facial nerve palsy developed five hours after administration of the first dose and the second two days after administration of the second dose administered six weeks later.
Investigations at initial presentation to the emergency department were unremarkable, and the patient was diagnosed with Bell's palsy on both occasions, the doctors said.
The patient attended the emergency department after the first episode, unable to close his left eye properly or move the left side of his forehead and was diagnosed with Bell's palsy. Routine bloods and a CT head scan showed nothing of concern and he was discharged with a course of steroids, and the facial nerve palsy completely resolved.
The second episode was a more severe left-sided facial nerve palsy. The symptoms included dribbling, difficulty swallowing and inability to fully close his left eye. He went to the emergency department, where he was again prescribed a course of steroids. He was also referred to the emergency ENT (Ear Nose and Throat) clinic, which continued the steroids and referred him to ophthalmology, the doctors reported.
"We describe the first case of Bell's palsy occurring after each dose of any UK-approved Covid-19 vaccine. Single episodes of unilateral facial nerve palsies have been reported in clinical trials and in subsequent case reports. There has been no evidence, however, of an episode after each dose," said Dr Abigail Burrows, ENT, Royal Surrey County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Guildford, UK.
"We also describe the earliest onset of symptoms from the timing of administration of the vaccine, further suggesting Bell's palsy was associated with the vaccine," she added. However the doctors noted that a causal relationship cannot be established.
The doctors report that his symptoms have greatly improved and the patient is almost back to normal.
Single episodes of unilateral facial nerve palsies were reported in the initial clinical trials of the three major Covid-19 vaccines approved for use in the UK -- Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna and Oxford/AstraZeneca -- and there have been subsequent case reports.
In Phase-III trials, four cases of Bell's palsy were reported in volunteers who received the Pfizer vaccine compared with none in those who received the placebo vaccine, and three cases were reported in volunteers who received the Moderna vaccine compared with one in the placebo group.
Three cases of facial nerve palsy were also reported in volunteers who received the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine during clinical trials, and there were three cases in volunteers who received the placebo vaccine.
Perhaps the biggest lifestyle drawback of this lockdown was the extra 'fat' that we all have seemed to gain. With no access to gyms and parks, people have gained many kilos. Though the body fat can still be hidden while clicking selfies, one can't hide the facial fat.
Thanks to the stressful life and ongoing pandemic, that we look more aged than we actually are. If you have also accumulated fat around the chin area, then these simple facial exercises by Fitness Coach and Sports Nutritionist, Hasti Singh can be of use.
Chin Pull: This is a very basic exercise that can help your face look slim. Sit in a comfortable position and try pulling your chin in an upwards position looking at the ceiling or the sky. This will help in stretching your nerves that will help in toning the chin area.
Try Making Fish Face: Just suck your cheeks in like you do while contouring the face in your make-up sessions. Hold the position for five seconds and try smiling with that face. This pose will not only remove your facial fat but will give you a selfie worth face.
Lift Your Face: Another best way to get rid of facial fat easily, place your hand in a punch form just beneath your chin and hold the posture for few seconds. Repeat the exercise and you are done.
Mouth Washing Exercise: A very simple exercise which can be done while you go to brush your teeth. You just have to fill the air in your mouth and then bounce it from one side to another. Repeat the process for 20-30 seconds and relax for a bit. This process will help in enhancing the laugh lines and reduce the bubbliness around the cheek.
Rock and Roll: This effective and simple activity not only tones your chin, jawline, and neck muscles but also tightens the neck area, and helps in reducing the sagging skin. All you need to do is sit comfortably and keep your head facing forward. Now, bend your head towards one side in line with your chin and turn your head in a circular motion. Keep your back straight and shoulders down while doing so. Make the motions in both clockwise and anticlockwise directions for a few minutes.
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