Migraine is a debilitating neurological disease, ranking consistently among the top 10 leading causes of years lived with disability, worldwide. The main symptom of migraine is an enduring headache, along with symptoms such as severe pain on one side of the head or throbbing pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and nausea. Despite being a very common headache disorder that affects roughly 15 percent of the adult population worldwide, it remains inadequately understood and most neglected.
In Delhi, approximately 25 per cent of the population suffers from migraines, every year.
While migraine is an invisible condition, it can severely impact individuals across personal, professional and social domains, thus affecting the overall quality of life and productivity. Work-from-home, or the 'new normal,' has drastically impacted the lives of people suffering from migraines from an inability to concentrate at work to missed workdays. It has become even more urgent to ensure that individuals have the understanding and tools to effectively manage migraines.
There is a lack of understanding amongst people about the severity of migraines. In a study we recently conducted, about 50 to 60 per cent of migraineurs were undiagnosed, despite recurrent headaches. Because migraine falls on a spectrum, ranging from infrequent or mild attacks to recurrent ones, many pass it off as merely a headache'. With busy work-from-home schedules, paired with fear of contracting COVID-19 infection and difficulty in accessing in-person care, people are avoiding seeking medical help for the condition, instead attributing symptoms to associated comorbidities, such as stress or depression."
He continued, "Financial worries due to job loss or salary cuts also contribute to aggravated migraine attacks, which is more noticeable recently. The effects of migraine on one's quality of life also reportedly worsened, particularly for many migraineurs working as essential healthcare workers at this time.
Symptom neglect and failure to treat the condition can lead to migraines becoming chronic. A fundamental need is to recognize migraine as a serious condition with severe disability and adopt a holistic treatment approach. Early detection can be a key enabler of a smoother patient journey and an improved quality of life."
Here are 5 ways to manage your migraine while working from home:
Identify Risk Factors and Monitor Triggers
Migraines can begin at any age but tend to peak during one's prime productive years. Moreover, women are three times more likely to be affected than men, with prevalence peaking between the ages of 25 and 55 years.
Long hours of working from home, along with longer screen times, disrupted sleep schedules and irregular eating habits can increase stress levels. For migraineurs, such changes can become migraine triggers, exacerbating their condition. Identifying personal triggers can help individuals manage their migraines better.
Make The Right Choice for Diet and Lifestyle
Working from home can be hard, but a daily routine that optimizes your physical and mental health can help keep your migraine at bay. Eating healthy meals at appropriate times or consuming small, frequent meals throughout the day are associated with less frequent migraine headaches. Taking breaks from work at regular intervals can help you eat right and reduce eye strain owing to excessive screen use. Making modifications to your lifestyle, including smoking cessation and reduced alcohol consumption, and maintaining optimal sleeping habits and exercising regularly can be key to manage migraines. These also benefit migraine prevention and treatment.
Talk to An Expert
It is important to consult a medical specialist when you are experiencing severe headaches that disrupt your daily routine. A lot of migraineurs hesitate to seek medical help. This could be due to several reasons lack of understanding of migraine severity, lack of time due to hectic work-from-home schedules, or recently, due to a reduction in-person clinic consultations owing to the fear of Covid-19 infection. However, consulting a neurologist, even via teleconsultations, is a necessary step to diagnose your condition and understand the available options for acute and chronic management of migraine, including preventive treatment. With evidence-based information on effects across migraine intensity reduction, quality of life and ease of use, neurologists can guide you on the most suitable treatment option to prevent or reduce your migraine episodes.
Track Your Migraines
It is a good idea to maintain a diary (or download a migraine tracker app), to record the time and severity of your migraine attacks, symptoms, daily diet, exercise routines, and medications and side effects. This can help identify triggers and patterns. It can also prompt meaningful conversations with your doctor, contributing to a more holistic treatment plan, personalized to suit your work schedule.
Seek Support From Your Family, Friends or Colleagues
Living with migraines can make one feel helpless, distressed and misunderstood. But talking to your friends and family will help them understand your condition better. Having an open conversation about your migraine with your employer is a good idea, particularly to work out a schedule, with specific routine adjustments to mitigate triggers. This can help you be productive and healthy while working from home. Employers can also take the initiative -- arranging wellness programs for employees to raise awareness about migraines and how to effectively manage them at work and enhance productivity.
Migraine attacks can be challenging. Changes to your daily routine and active communication about your condition with your employer, after consulting a neurologist, can help you better manage migraines as you work from home.
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In a significant step forward, the Ministry of Ayush has paved the way for strengthening the quality of Ayurvedic and other Indian Traditional Medicine products globally and also enhancing their export potential, especially to the USA Market. This has been achieved by signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine & Homoeopathy (PCIM&H) and American Herbal Pharmacopoeia, USA on 13thSeptember, 2021.
The MoU was signed virtually and the Ministry of Ayush has entered this MOU with the specific purpose of strengthening, promotion, and development of standards in the field of Ayurveda and other Indian Traditional systems of medicine between the two countries on the basis of equality and mutual benefit.
This collaboration of efforts will go a long way in enhancing the export potential of the ASU&H (Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathy) drugs. Under this MOU, there will be the constitution of a Joint Committee to develop the action plan along with timelines for the development of Monographs and other activities for cooperation in the field of Traditional Medicine.
The Ministry feels that this MOU will develop the confidence of the global community about the safety of ASU&H drugs. One of the major outcomes of this partnership will be that both PCIM&H and AHP, USA would be working to identify various challenges faced by theherbal market of Ayurveda products/drugs in the USA. This will lead to adoption of Ayurveda standards developed out of this cooperation by the manufacturers of herbal drugs in the USA. This can be termed as a major move and will eventually foster the adoption of Ayurveda standards developed out of this cooperation for the market authorization of ASU&H products/drugs in the USA.
Development of Monographs of Ayurveda & other Indian Traditional Medicine products and herbal products, exchange of technical data for the development of Monographs with due acknowledgement between the parties, training and capacity building, exchange of Herbarium specimens and Botanical Reference Samples and phytochemical reference standards are also the part of MoU. There is an understanding in development of a Digital database on Ayurveda & other Indian Traditional Medicine products/drugs and herbal products and identifying further areas of co-operation for the promotion of quality standards of drugs/products used in Ayurveda & other Indian Traditional Medicine.
This MoU between India and USA is a timely step to add further momentum to the ongoing initiatives of the Ministry of Ayush to strengthen the quality of Ayurveda and other Indian Traditional Medicine products both inland and globally. Ayurveda and other AYUSH medicines have much to contribute in dealing with lifestyle disorders which are the major killers of this century.
Further, the role of ASU&H drugs in promoting the immunity of the body to fight against the prevalent infections is evidence based and worth praising. India enjoys the distinction of having the largest network of traditional health care systems which are widely accepted owing to its wide accessibility, affordability, safety and trust of people. It is the mandate of the Ministry of Ayush to work for promotion and propagation of these systems at international level for its global acceptance.
Through this MoU both the collaborators would strive to recognize the role of standards ensuring the quality and safety of Ayurveda and other Indian Traditional Medicine products. Will ensure an increase in awareness and understanding of the quality of traditional herbal medicines and their products.
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आयुष मंत्रालय ने आयुर्वेदिक और अन्य भारतीय पारंपरिक दवाओं की गुणवत्ता बढ़ाने का रास्ता तैयार कर दिया है। इससे दुनिया में इन दवाओं की उपस्थिति बढ़ेगी और निर्यात क्षमता में भी वृद्धि होगी। इसमें अमेरिका के बाजार का विशेष स्थान है। भारतीय चिकित्सा एवं होम्योपैथी भेषजसंहिता आयोग (पीसीआईएम-एंड-एच) ने अमेरिकन हर्बल फॉर्माकोपिया (एएचपी) के साथ 13 सितंबर, 2021 को एक समझौता-ज्ञापन पर हस्ताक्षर करके यह महत्त्वपूर्ण काम अंजाम दिया है।
इस समझौता-ज्ञापन पर वर्चुअल माध्यम से हस्ताक्षर किये गये। समझौता करने के सम्बंध में आयुष मंत्रालय का उद्देश्य है कि दोनों देशों के बीच बराबरी तथा आपसी लाभ के आधार पर आयुर्वेद और अन्य भारतीय पारंपरिक औषधि प्रणालियों को प्रोत्साहित किया जाये और उनके मानकीकरण का विकास किया जाये।
इस सहयोग से आयुर्वेद, सिद्ध, यूनानी और होम्योपैथी दवाओं की निर्यात क्षमता को बढ़ाने के दूरगामी प्रयास होंगे। समझौते के तहत एक संयुक्त समिति का गठन किया जायेगा, ताकि पारंपरिक औषधि के क्षेत्र में सहयोग के हवाले से मोनोग्राफ के विकास तथा अन्य गतिविधियों के लिये समय-सीमा के साथ एक कार्य योजना भी विकसित की जाये।
आयुष मंत्रालय को विश्वास है कि इस समझौते से आयुर्वेद, सिद्ध, यूनानी और होम्योपैथी दवाओं के बारे में विश्व समुदाय में भरोसा पैदा होगा। इस साझेदारी का एक प्रमुख नतीजा यह होगा कि पीसीआईएम-एंड-एच और एएचपी, अमेरिका में आयुर्वेद उत्पादों/दवाओं के बाजार के सामने आने वाली विभिन्न चुनौतियों की मिलकर पहचान करेंगे। इस कदम से सहयोग के तहत विकसित होने वाले आयुर्वेद मानकों को अमेरिका के हर्बल दवाओं के निर्माता अपना लेंगे। इसे एक बड़ा कदम कहा जा सकता है और फलस्वरूप सहयोग के तहत विकसित आयुर्वेद मानकों को अपनाये जाने से अमेरिकी बाजार में आयुर्वेद, सिद्ध, यूनानी और होम्योपैथी दवाओं को बेचने का रास्ता खुल जायेगा।
आयुर्वेद और अन्य भारतीय पारंपरिक औषधियों और जड़ी-बूटियों से बने उत्पादों के लिये मोनोग्राफ का विकास, पक्षों के बीच मोनोग्राफ के विकास के लिये तकनीकी आंकड़ों का आदान-प्रदान, प्रशिक्षण और क्षमता निर्माण, जड़ी-बूटियों के नमूने, वनस्पतियों के नमूने तथा पौधों के रासायनिक मानकों को भी समझौते का अंग बनाया गया है। दोनों पक्षों के बीच यह समझ भी बनी है कि आयुर्वेद और अन्य भारतीय पारंपरिक दवा उत्पादों तथा जड़ी-बूटियों के उत्पादों के लिये एक डिजिटल डेटाबेस बनाया जाये। इसके तहत आयुर्वेद और अन्य भारतीय पारंपरिक दवाओं के इस्तेमाल के बारे में गुणवत्ता मानकों को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिये सहयोग के अन्य उपायों की पहचान की जायेगी।
भारत और अमेरिका के बीच यह समझौता ऐसे समय में हुआ है, जब आयुष मंत्रालय भारत और विदेश में आयुर्वेद तथा अन्य भारतीय पारंपरिक औषधीय उत्पादों की गुणवत्ता बेहतर बनाने के लिये कई कदम उठा रहा है। आयुर्वेद और अन्य आयुष दवाओं ने गलत जीवन-शैली से पैदा होने वाली बीमारियों से निपटने में बहुत योगदान किया है। इन बीमारियों से इस सदी में तमाम लोग मृत्यु को प्राप्त हुये हैं।
इसके अलावा, संक्रमण के खिलाफ लड़ने को शरीर की रोग विरोधी क्षमता को बढ़ाने में भी आयुर्वेद, सिद्ध, यूनानी और होम्योपैथी की अहम भूमिका है, जिसके प्रमाण सबके सामने हैं। यह अत्यंत प्रसंशनीय है। भारत को पारंपरिक स्वास्थ्य सुविधा प्रणाली का वरदान मिला है। यह प्रणालियां बड़े पैमाने पर मान्य हैं, क्योंकि ये आसानी से उपलब्ध हैं, सस्ती, सुरक्षित हैं और लोगों को उन पर भरोसा है। यह आयुष मंत्रालय के अधिकार-क्षेत्र में है कि वह इन औषधियों को दुनिया भर में मान्य करने के लिये वह अंतर्राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर इन प्रणालियों का प्रचार-प्रसार करे।
इस समझौता-ज्ञापन से दोनों पक्ष आयुर्वेद और अन्य भारतीय पारंपरिक औषधीय उत्पादों की गुणवत्ता तथा सुरक्षा सुनिश्चित करने के लिये मानकों की भूमिका को मान्यता प्रदान करेंगे। इससे पारंपरिक/हर्बल दवाओं और उनके उत्पादों की गुणवत्ता के प्रति समझ तथा जागरूकता बढ़ेगी।
यह भी पढ़े► केंद्र पूर्वोत्तर में नए आयुष कॉलेज खोलने में मदद को तैयार: सर्बानंद सोनोवाल
How one can lose weight is a hot topic, but a lot of people also face an underweight problem. They try different methods with little or no success. Advice from friends and family members may not be helpful. To gain weight, choosing the right method is difficult.
For thin people, it is very easy to start eating food full of fat to gain weight quickly, but it's an unhealthy and dangerous way. Lakshita Jain, Certified Clinical Dietician, Lecturer, Diabetes Educator, Meat Technologist, and Founder of NUTR shares a complete weight gain meal plan that should consist of whole multi-grains, vegetables, fresh fruits, protein and dairy products.
Body Type: There are three types of bodies, and one is ectomorph. Ectomorph individuals can eat any portions and still find it difficult to gain weight and muscles. No amount of food helps them put on weight. A slight modification can help them.
Calories: Increase calories in your diet. Add 500 plus Calories to your daily meals. From your regular food start adding one more portion. For example, if you eat two chapatis per meal -- eat three and stuff it with high fibrous vegetables like bottle gourd, spinach, potatoes etc. You can also stuff it with paneer or combine chapati with two sabzi, one lentil and curd.
Early morning: Have two spoons of ghee with turmeric and black pepper. Ghee is calorie-rich which helps to increase your daily calories and the combination will help you with digestion, joint pain and improving skin.
Breakfast: Protein based smoothies (Dairy/ nut milk + oats + Nuts and seeds + protein supplement + honey) + 4 whole eggs + 2 Banana Or Stuffed potato chapati (3) + Mix veg sabzi + Mix veg achar + Milk
Brunch: 4-5 servings of fruits + nuts and seeds + 1 Tall glass of buttermilk
Lunch: Any 2 sabzi + Dal + Stuffed chapati (3)
Evening: Grilled paneer/ chicken/ Boiled eggs + Saute veggies + Protein shake
Dinner: Oats Uthappam (3) + Sambhar (2 cups) + Coconut Chutney
1 Hour After Dinner:
Banana Shake: 1 Banana + 2 whole eggs + Full cream milk (Blend)
How to gain weight?
Eat small, frequent meals to help build a healthy appetite. Plan for 3 meals and 2-3 snacks each day.
Quick Snack ideas- Rajma rolls, paneer rolls, soya rolls, Cheese, yoghurt and fruit, peanut butter toast, fruit and nut mixes, hard-boiled eggs, tuna or egg salad
Quick Meal ideas- baked potato topped with chilli, vegetable and rice stir-fry, chicken or taco, quesadilla, Dal soup.
Between Meals and Snacks:
* Save your appetite for planned meals and snacks. Avoid eating little bits of food all day long.
* Drink water between meals and snacks. Beverages fill you up and leave no room for food.
* Limit candy, chips, cake, cookies, and sweetened beverages. These foods provide little nutrition and can ruin your appetite for meals.
* Include physical activity each day. Light exercise improves appetite.
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Singapore, Aug 20 (IANS) Singapore will pilot a home isolation for fully vaccinated Covid-19 patients with mild or no symptoms soon, the Ministry of Health said in statement.With much more local and global data showing that fully vaccinated Covid-19 patients have a much lower risk of developing severe disease, "we are piloting a home-centric care model" from August 30, Xinhua news agency quoted the statement issued on Thursday as saying.These patients will spend the first few days in a medical facility before moving to home isolation. By then, the viral loads of vaccinated patients would have dropped, said the Ministry.The patients and their household members must both be fully vaccinated and must not belong to any vulnerable groups, such as the elderly or immunocompromised.These patients also need to have a suitable home setting, where they can be isolated from the rest of their household, the Ministry added.During Home Isolation, the patients and their household members are required to remain in their place of residence, and the patients will be provided with access to 24/7 telemedicine services.The patients will be subject to a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) swab on the ninth day of illness to determine if they could be discharged from isolation, while all household members will be placed on a daily Antigen Rapid Test (ART) testing regimen for early detection of potential infection.The Ministry said they would closely monitor the pilot's outcomes, and study if more patients may benefit from this mode of recovery in a safe manner.It also announced Thursday a series of measures to further ease the community measures to contain the spread of the virus. The easing involves mainly increasing the size of masked-on events and religious services.According to the Ministry, 77 per cent of the population has received two doses of Covid-19 vaccines, and 82 per cent has received at least one dose.--IANSksk/
Singapore, Aug 19 (IANS) People who were infected with SARS in 2003 and recovered are able to produce antibodies that can potentially neutralise all known Covid-19 variants of concern, scientists have found.The findings, published in The New England Journal Of Medicine, could pave the way for the development of a booster jab, which may involve targeting the SARS-CoV-1 virus responsible for the SARS epidemic in 2003, the Strait Times reported.A team from the Duke-NUS medical school and the National Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCID), found that the antibodies can also tackle other potential animal coronaviruses, offering a broader spectrum of protection for future variants and coronaviruses.Among the coronavirus family, one viral sub-group relies on the ACE2 molecule -- a protein found on the surface of many cell types -- to enter human cells. Neutralising antibodies are able to prevent the viral spike protein from binding with the ACE2 molecules in human cells."Both SARS-CoV-1 and the SARS-Cov-2 virus, which causes Covid-19, belong to this group, as well as a number of coronaviruses circulating among animals such as bats, pangolins and civets," Professor Wang Linfa from the Duke-NUS Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) programme was quoted as saying."Collectively, this group of viruses is known as the sarbecovirus, which has the potential to jump from animals to humans, and could start the next pandemic, although the exact route of transmission still remains unknown," he added.The SARS-CoV-1, SARS-CoV-2 viruses, and the sarbecoviruses have similar antibody-binding sites, which can be targeted by a pan-sarbecovirus neutralising antibody to prevent infection.For the study, the team recruited eight people who recovered from SARS-CoV-1, 10 healthy people and 10 people who recovered from Covid-19 and compared the immune response of the three groups before and after they were vaccinated with the Covid-19 vaccine.Before getting vaccinated, people who recovered from SARS had detectable neutralising antibodies against the SARS-CoV-1 virus, but had little to no antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 virus, Dr Wanni Chia, a research fellow at the Duke-NUS EID programme was quoted as saying.But after taking two shots of the Pfizer Covid vaccine, they displayed high levels of neutralising antibodies against both viruses, and a broad spectrum of antibodies against 10 sarbecoviruses that were examined, she noted.The team now aims to develop a vaccine booster to increase protection for the Covid-19 variants, and potential SARS-CoV-3 or SARS-CoV-4 disease, the report said.--IANSrvt/vd