Mumbai, July 1 (IANS) The country's leading ophthalmologist Dr Tatyaro P. Lahane -- who created a world record with an eye-popping 162,000-plus cataract surgeries -- has retired after over 36 years from government service."Now, I will go back to my first love, Opthalmology" a visibly relaxed Lahane told IANS a day after hanging up his boots and attending a variety of media events.Having served in various capacities with the government, the last post he held was the prestigious Director - Directorate of Medical Education & Research (DMER) - and was one of the key persons leading the anti-Covid war in the state.Often regarded as the 'Last Word' in eye ailments, Lahane completed his 100,000th cataract surgery in 2007 -- witnessed by the late Union Minister and former Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh -- and was conferred a Padma Shri (2008). Since then the record has climbed upto over 162,000 eye surgeries.On his post-retirement plans as the country paid tributes to the medical fraternity on National Doctors Day on Thursday, Lahane said he will continue to "serve the people", and would not stop as far as ophthalmology was concerned, going back to the Opthalmology Department at the Sir J. J. Hospital where he was once the Dean.He was born on February 12, 1957 to a farmer couple Pundlikrao and Anjanabai Lahane, as one of seven siblings, in a small village Makegaon in Latur district.After his schooling and medical education, he started his professional career at the Ambejogai Hospital in adjoining Beed district.During his childhood, both his kidneys had failed and his mother donated one of her kidneys to save his life and later in 1995, he underwent a kidney transplant in Mumbai.Despite the kidney transplant, continuing on medication, Lahane works for more than 15 hours daily and is reputed to have not taken a single day off in several decades.During his tenure at the Sir J. J. Hospital, he modernized the age-old Opthalmology Department and also brought the state-of-the-art Phacoemulsification Surgery to the government sector which revolutionized cataract treatment in public hospitals frequented by the poor and needy.Over the years in the public health sector, Lahane conducted thousands of eye camps in the remotest villages or tribal hamlets to bring the benefits of the latest treatment for eye ailments to those who could ill-afford treatment costs or travel to hospitals in distant urban centres.In 2018, film-maker Virag M. Wankhede paid a celluloid tribute to him with a Marathi biopic - "Dr. Tatya Lahane - Angaar Power is Within".In his long innings in the ophthalmology field, Lahane has lectured widely, conducted eye camps, and has been conferred several honours and awards for his services to the community and humanity.--IANSqn/bg
Washington, June 24 (IANS) The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said that more than 1,200 cases of myocarditis and pericarditis have been reported across the country in young people who received the mRNA Covid-19 vaccines.Experts of CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices met on Wednesday to review risks of these rare heart problems in the vaccinated younger population, reports Xinhua news agency.A total of 1,226 cases of myocarditis and pericarditis were reported in young people who received the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines through June 11, according to the CDC.There have been 267 cases reported after receiving one dose of the mRNA vaccines, and 827 reported cases after two doses. There are 132 additional cases where the number of doses received is unknown, according to the CDC.Of these cases, 309 developed symptoms and were hospitalized, and 295 people have been discharged. About 79 per cent of them have fully recovered. Nine people were still hospitalized, with two in intensive care as of June 11, according to the CDC.Most cases have been mild, with symptoms like fatigue, chest pain and disturbances in heart rhythm that quickly clear up within a day or so.Males under 30 make up the majority of the cases. More cases occurred after the second dose than the first, according to the CDC.Experts said they will need to follow up with patients in the months ahead in order to get a complete picture of the impact.Clinical presentation of myocarditis cases following vaccination has been distinct, occurring most often within one week after the second dose, with chest pain as the most common presentation, said Grace Lee, who chairs the committee's safety group.CDC officials are gathering more data to fully understand the potential risks, how to manage it and whether there are any long-term issues, she said.Experts stressed this occurrence is rare, about 12.6 heart inflammation cases per million doses.Officials emphasized that the benefits of the vaccines outweigh the risks, and noted that for every million doses of mRNA vaccine given, there are far more Covid-19 cases and hospitalizations prevented compared to the number of potential myocarditis cases.About 45.4 per cent of the US population is fully vaccinated, and 53.6 per cent of the population has received at least one shot, according to CDC data.Roughly 144.8 million of people 18 and older in the US are fully vaccinated.--IANSksk/
If you have felt increased screen time is doing a number on your eyes and potentially contributing to digital eye strain, a survey shows you're not alone. Findings show that 80 per cent of respondents say pandemic-prompted screen time put their eyes in "overdrive".
In fact, two-thirds of respondents report experiencing some degree of eye discomfort every day and nearly a quarter say their eyes feel worse now than they did a year ago. All that is adding up to a new sense of urgency: 90 per cent say it's important to take care of their eyes -- starting now.
The VSP Vision Care survey also found that a quarter say their eyes feel worse now than before the pandemic.
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Over half of the respondents report looking at a computer most of the day, every day, say the findings, adding that nearly 2 in 3 experience some degree of eye discomfort on a daily basis. Eighty per cent would be willing to schedule routine computer breaks to relieve digital eye strain, while roughly 1 in 5 prioritise paying regular visits to the eye doctor.
In the survey, more than half of respondents defined a "digital detox" as a break from screen time. However, there are other ways to relieve your eyes other than stepping away from screens completely:
Finding relief from digital eye strain: Digital eye strain can occur from prolonged and frequent use of screens, which engages our near vision, and exposes us to the blue light emitted by screens. Symptoms can appear as watery, dry, sore eyes, blurred vision and headaches. Although around 65 per cent report experiencing eye discomfort on a daily basis, half of Americans sometimes miss their annual exam or never go, according to the survey.
Even if you have perfect vision, prolonged screen time -- pandemic-related or not -- can tire out your eyes. During an eye exam, your eye doctor may suggest a computer lens or a blue light-reducing, anti-reflective lens coating that can help reduce your exposure and combat digital eye strain. If you don't wear prescription glasses, non-prescription lenses with a blue light-reducing, anti-reflective coating can be used.
In the 20-20-20 rule, where every 20 minutes, you take 20 seconds to look at something 20 feet away. This will help to reset your focus and help your eyes feel less fatigued due to digital eye strain. Blinking more frequently also helps to relieve discomfort by moistening your eyes.
Keeping an eye out for kids: The survey found that more than half of parents are worried about the effects of their children's increased screen time. Men are more likely than women to be worried about their children's eyes and, when it comes to millennial dads, 6 in 10 are concerned about their children's vision due to increased screen time.
Eye care is health care, and through a comprehensive eye exam, an eye doctor can detect early signs of serious health conditions like diabetes and hypertension.
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London, May 30 (IANS) The B.1.617 coronavirus variant could "pick up speed and become a big problem" in the UK as the country further eases its lockdown, an expert has warned.The UK's fight against coronavirus could turn bad "very, very quickly" unless the government acts cautiously on easing lockdown further, Xinhua news agency quoted Professor Tim Gowers from the University of Cambridge as saying to the Guardian on Saturday."So I think if that's the way you're going to play things, then you should be very, very cautious about every step you take... And maybe everything (will) be okay, maybe the number of people who are vaccinated will be just enough."But if it's not OK, we know, because of mathematics, that things will get bad very, very quickly. "Or at least, maybe it won't look that quick to start with, but it'll grow exponentially. So it'll pick up speed and become a big problem," he said.Meanwhile, Professor Anthony Harnden, deputy chair of the UK's Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI), also warned that the variant is "clearly more transmissible"."We need to be reassured that we're in a very different position now in that we've got a highly vaccinated population and we just need to continue moving at speed," he told the BBC on Saturday."We do know that with this particular variant you do need two doses to offer complete protection, and so we're very, very keen to make sure that all those, particularly higher risk groups, that's the over-50s and those with underlying illness, receive their second vaccination as soon as feasible."Meanwhile, the B.1.617 variant cases doubled in a week in England to almost 7,000, prompting concerns that the government's lockdown roadmap will be derailed.The roadmap is expected to see all legal limits on social contact to be removed on June 21. It is understood that a final decision on the planed easing of lockdown will not be made until June 14.More than 38.8 million people, or more than 70 per cent of adults in Britain, have been given the first jab of the coronavirus vaccine, according to the latest official figures.The UK's overall Covid-19 caseload and death toll currently stood at 4,496,823 and 128,037, respectively.--IANSksk/
Washington, May 26 (IANS) After the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) vaccine safety group in the US said it was looking into "relatively few reports" of possible link between heart problem and Covid vaccines in young people, doctors suggest people should pay close attention to possible symptoms, such as chest pain and shortness of breath.However, it still remains unclear whether the vaccine is the cause of the heart problem called myocarditis, reports NBC News, quoting health experts.The report said it identified at least 55 suspected cases in the US."In recent weeks, there have been rare reports of myocarditis and pericarditis occurring after Covid-19 vaccination in the United States and Europe," the CDC had said in a statement. "Reported cases appear to be mild and often go away without requiring treatment."Myocarditis and pericarditis are conditions that involve inflammation in and around the heart.Cases have been reported more often in males than in females, according to the CDC."The onset occurs more often following the second dose, typically within four days of receiving that shot"."Most cases go away on their own without patients knowing they ever had the condition," said Dr Steven Nissen, chief academic officer of the Heart, Vascular and Thoracic Institute at the Cleveland Clinic."Keep in mind that Covid itself can cause myocarditis. What we have is a disease that kills people, including young people, and a theoretical incidence of myocarditis," Nissen was quoted as saying in the report on Tuesday.A number of viruses can also cause myocarditis, including enteroviruses.Manesh Patel, chief of the division of cardiology at Duke University School of Medicine, said he's only seen one possible case, which he reported to the CDC.This kind of myocarditis "is usually sort of self-limiting, or improves as the heart gets better, even when it's inflamed", Patel was quoted as saying.--IANSna/in
New York, May 18 (IANS) A team of US researchers has, in an alarming study, found direct evidence that Covid-19 can infect cells in the eye.SARS-CoV-2, which causes Covid-19, is thought to transmit and begin infection in the upper respiratory tract. For this reason, the use of face masks has been recommended for the general public.However, the new study by the Mount Sinai Hospital researchers found that cells in the eye can be directly infected by SARS-CoV-2. While aerosol transmission is thought to be the primary route of spread, viral particles have been detected in ocular fluid suggesting the eye may be a vulnerable point of viral entry.The findings showed that SARS-CoV-2 can infect surface cells of the eye. The exposed cells revealed the presence of infection-associated proteins including ACE2 -- the virus receptor -- and TMPRSS2 -- an enzyme which allows viral entry. IFN-beta -- a protein that has antiviral and antibacterial properties -- was also found to be suppressed from the exposure to the virus.In addition, the researchers found that ocular surface cells, particularly the limbus, were susceptible to infection, while the central cornea was less vulnerable."We hope this new data results in additional measures to protect the eyes. We also intend to use these models to test approaches to prevent ocular infections," said Timothy Blenkinsop, Assistant Professor, at Mount Sinai.The study, published in the journal Cell Stem Cell, has an immediate impact on preventive measures to help mitigate the spread of Covid-19 and support new guidance for eye protection that can be instituted worldwide. It also highlights the importance of washing hands, as rubbing one's eyes should now be viewed as an entry point for infection, the researchers said.For the study, the team examined adult human eyes in an in vitro stem cell model. The donor cells were infected with SARS-CoV-2 and then analysed through RNA sequencing. The sequences were then mapped to the human genome and compared to non-infected control cells from adult tissues.The expression of the exposed cell was then evaluated. The study also evaluated whether SARS-CoV-2 could infect both tissues and primary cells in the eye.--IANSrvt/vd