An immediate challenge today is the prevention of Diabetes among the youth and pregnant women, Union Minister of State Dr. Jitendra Singh said on Sunday.
The minister, also a renowned Diabetologist, called for a mandatory diabetes test in all maternity hospitals and for every pregnant women, adding that more than 70 per cent of India's population is below 40 years of age.
Calling for an integrated and holistic approach to fight Diabetes, Singh said: Covid has prompted us to discover new norms in adversity and underlined the importance of combining traditional Indian management modalities with the Allopathic System."
"Diabetes is a growing epidemic globally and more so in India. A total of 88 million adult populations in India has diabetes in 2019 as per the latest International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimates and this is projected to rise by almost 74 per cent to 153 million by 2045, giving India the dubious distinction of becoming the diabetes capital of the world," Singh said.
Sharing the concerns about of Diabetes that is making fast inroads in rural India with huge economic bearing on poor families, Singh said that there is a need to popularise Telemedicine to provide easy and affordable access to the ailing population.
Talking about the National Digital Health Mission, Singh said it can revolutionise healthcare in India as citizens will be issued a health card that will have all their medical information.
He said, the details of medical tests, illnesses, doctors' prescriptions and medical reports will be on a single identity card and will be the first of its kind in the world.
The Union Minister was speaking at a webinar on diabetes on the occasion of World Diabetes Day, jointly organized by Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samasthana, S-VYASA, Bengaluru and Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy, CCRYN, New Delhi.
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US researchers have discovered a gene that may help explain why some people who lead enriching lives are less prone to Alzheimer's and age-related dementia.
Many people develop Alzheimer's or other forms of dementia as they get older. However, others remain sharp well into old age, even if their brains show underlying signs of neurodegeneration. Among these cognitively resilient people, researchers have identified education level and amount of time spent on intellectually stimulating activities as factors that help prevent dementia.
The study, led by researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, showed that this kind of enrichment appears to activate a gene family called MEF2, which controls a genetic programme in the brain that promotes resistance to cognitive decline.
The researchers observed this link between MEF2 and cognitive resilience in both humans and mice. The findings suggest that enhancing the activity of MEF2 or its targets might protect against age-related dementia.
"It's increasingly understood that there are resilience factors that can protect the function of the brain," said Li-Huei Tsai, Director of MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory.
"Understanding this resilience mechanism could be helpful when we think about therapeutic interventions or prevention of cognitive decline and neurodegeneration-associated dementia," Tsai added. The study appears in the journal Science Translational Medicine.
The MIT team set out to try to figure how the environmental factors, such as education level, type of job, number of languages spoken, affect the brain at the neuronal level. They looked at human datasets and mouse models in parallel, and both tracks converged on MEF2 as a critical player.
In two human datasets comprising slightly more than 1,000 people all together, the MIT team found that cognitive resilience was highly correlated with expression of MEF2 and many of the genes that it regulates.
To study cognitive resilience in mice, the researchers compared mice who were raised in cages with no toys, and mice placed in a more stimulating environment with a running wheel and toys that were swapped out every few days.
As they found in the human study, MEF2 was more active in the brains of the mice exposed to the enriched environment. These mice also performed better in learning and memory tasks.
The findings suggest that enhancing MEF2 activity could help to protect against dementia, but, because MEF2 also affects other types of cells and cellular processes, more study is needed to make sure that activating it wouldn't have adverse side effects, the researchers said. (Agency)
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Many people believe that heart disease typically affects men. Unfortunately, this is far from the truth. Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of mortality not only among men, but also among women. But women are actually at greater risk if not detected early, and this exacerbates the issue.
Signs of poor heart health do not appear as visibly in women as it does in men. What this means is that if a man has a heart issue, there are specific symptoms like angina which can be spotted easily and the right course of action be recommended. The same issue in a woman may not result in a sign or symptom that can be easily spotted. So often, their symptoms go ignored or unrecognised and they do not receive timely intervention to correct the problem. The issue is so acute that today 1 in 3 deaths among women is due to coronary heart disease.
There is also a significant lack of self-awareness among women about risk factors and the prevention of CVDs. Women don't only attend to matters of the home, but they hold positions at leading companies, and continue to rise to the occasion and meet impossible demands on their time. Through all of this, they take care of the emotional needs of their family members and loved ones; and still culturally are predisposed to putting the needs of others before their own. The stress they experience, among other common risk factors, often goes unnoticed by those around them. And stress has a greater influence on CVD risk in women vs men. Along with stress, other factors like diet quantity and quality also have a greater influence on CVD risk in women vs men. Additionally, women are also impacted by female-specific risk factors for CVD like polycystic Ovarian syndrome PCOS, preeclampsia, pregnancy induced hypertension and gestational diabetes.
In such a situation where symptoms of a heart problem do not manifest visibly, it is extremely important for women to be aware of their own risk factors and adopt proactive measures to take care of their heart health. For example, one risk factor, stress has been linked to a greater intake of energy and nutrient-dense foods, mainly sources of sugar and fat, and to poor diet quality. Women can take simple steps like reducing unhealthy fats and products with high content of sugar and salt to improve the quality of their diet. Choose ingredients that are good for the heart, like oatmeal, wholegrains, fiber rich vegetables, blended oils with the right balance of fatty acids, legumes, soy products, and the like. Regular and consistent exercise, adequate sleep, and other such lifestyle modifications can help maintain heart health in the long term.
Furthermore with signs of poor heart health not manifesting visibly in women, it is crucial that they get regular health check-ups done to assess their risk proactively. Self-awareness and early identification of cardiovascular risk factors can lead to better prevention of CVD in women.
This World Heart Day, let's choose self-care. Get a simple heart check-up done and encourage other women in yourselves too, to get the same done. Take proactive steps for heart health today.
(By Brajesh Kunwar)
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Gurugram, Sep 6 (IANS) Amid the fear of possible third wave of the Covid-19, Additional Chief Secretary (ACS), Haryana Health Department, Rajeev Arora chaired a review meeting with senior administrative officers, health officials and representatives of private hospitals of Gurugram, Nuh and Rewari in Gurugram on Monday.The meeting discussed preparedness and prevention against the Covid-19 pandemic briefly. Arora said that the government has set a target of vaccinating all eligible citizens in the entire state by the end of September, at least with one dose of the anti-coronavirus vaccine."In Gurugram the vaccination percentage is 119. Since Gurugram has a floating or migratory population, people keep coming and going, hence the vaccination has been more than 100 per cent," he said.Arora also instructed Gurugram Civil Surgeon Dr Virender Yadav to send oxygen audit report of all private hospitals registered on the Covid portal to his office within a week. Also, prepare a report on the availability of beds and oxygen cylinders in these hospitals. Apart from this, he asked to keep all types of nozzles required for all hospital oxygen supplies in Gurugram."As per the instructions of the state government, 20 per cent of the facilities available in the hospitals like ICU, Oxygen Beds etc, should be reserved for children. Then the emphasis is being laid on mobilizing health facilities for NICU, children, infants, etc in Gurugram," Arora said.Apart from this, the Sero survey is going to start from September 8 in Gurugram to know the trend of SARS CoV-2 infection among residents."Our objective is to estimate the sero-prevalence SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among children aged 6 to 17 years and among adults 18 years and above in the district," said a health official.--IANS str/skp/
एक नए अध्ययन से पता चला है कि कोविड-19 महामारी के दौरान बच्चों का वजन अधिक बढ़ गया, खासकर 5 से 11 साल की उम्र के बच्चों का। जर्नल ऑफ द अमेरिकन मेडिकल एसोसिएशन में प्रकाशित निष्कर्षों ने संकेत दिया कि कोविड -19 महामारी के दौरान शरीर के वजन में वृद्धि और मोटापे की व्यापकता थी, खासकर 5 से 11 वर्ष के बच्चों के लिए।
यह निर्धारित करने के लिए कि क्या महामारी के दौरान बच्चों ने अतिरिक्त वजन उठाया, शोधकर्ताओं ने 1,91,509 बच्चों के इलेक्ट्रॉनिक स्वास्थ्य रिकॉर्ड का विश्लेषण किया, जिनकी आयु 1 मार्च, 2019 से 31 जनवरी, 2021 तक 5 से 17 वर्ष थी।
शोधकर्ताओं ने कहा कि 5 से 11 साल के बच्चों ने कोविड -19 से पहले की समान अवधि की तुलना में कोविड -19 के दौरान 5.07 पाउंड अधिक प्राप्त किए, जबकि 12 से 15 वर्ष के बच्चों और 16 से 17 वर्ष के बच्चों ने 5.1 पाउंड और 2.26 पाउंड से अधिक प्राप्त किया।
5 से 11 साल के बच्चों में, वजन बढ़ने के कारण लगभग 9 प्रतिशत अधिक बच्चे अधिक वजन वाले या मोटे हो गए, जबकि 12 से 15 साल के युवाओं में 5 प्रतिशत और 16 से 17 साल की उम्र में 3 प्रतिशत बच्चे थे।
5-11 और 12-15 वर्ष के समूहों में अधिकांश वृद्धि मोटापे में वृद्धि के कारण हुई।
कोएबनिक ने कहा, हमें बिगड़ते मोटापे की महामारी की निगरानी में तुरंत निवेश करना शुरू करना होगा और बच्चों को स्वस्थ वजन हासिल करने और बनाए रखने में मदद करने के लिए आहार और गतिविधि हस्तक्षेप विकसित करना होगा।
यह भी पढ़े► कैंसर से पीड़ित बच्चों में और गंभीर हो सकता कोविड संक्रमण : लैंसेट
New Delhi, Aug 15 (IANS) Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Dr. Virendra Kumar has launched an online portal TAPAS (Training for Augmenting Productivity and Services), developed by the National Institute of Social Defence under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.Ministers of State Ramdas Athawale and Sushri Pratima Bhoumik also joined the event on Saturday.TAPAS is the initiative of National Institute of Social Defence (NISD), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, to provide access to lectures by subject experts, study material and more, but in a manner that it supplements the physical classroom without compromising on the quality of teaching. The main objective of introducing the course modules is to impart training and enhance the knowledge and skills for the capacity building of the participants. It can be taken up by anyone who wishes to enhance his or her knowledge on the topics and there is no fee for joining. The five basic courses are on Drug (Substance) Abuse Prevention, Geriatric/Elderly Care, Care and Management of Dementia, Transgender Issues and on comprehensive course on Social Defence Issues.Dr. Kumar said that the online medium of learning will enable the Ministry in reaching out to an even larger number of people working in this area of social defence. He urged everyone to enroll for the course for a better understanding of issues such as substance abuse prevention, elderly care, transgender welfare and beggary prevention. "Everyone working in the field of social defence is encouraged to enroll for the course. It is an online course and one can utilise this facility to its full potential," Dr. Kumar said."In our education system, where the offline mode of teaching is so deeply entrenched, this course will lead the path of change and open up new possibilities. There is no dearth of respect and regard for our age-old guru-shishya parampara, but there's no reason why it can't be transited to the online medium. Hence, let us embark on this new journey and increase our horizon when it comes to learning and gaining knowledge," he further added.The idea of TAPAS was conceptualised at a time when exploring the online medium for work and education had become imperative due to the outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic.--IANSavr/pgh