आयुर्वेद में विरुद्ध आहार - Viruddh Ahara in Ayurveda in Hindi
स्वास्थ्य के दृष्टिकोण से पौष्टिक भोजन का विशेष महत्व है. लेकिन शरीर का पोषण और ऊर्जा देने वाले खाद्य पदार्थों का सेवन गलत समय और गलत तरीके से किया जाए तो शरीर पर उसका प्रतिकूल असर भी पड़ सकता है. आयुर्वेद में वर्णित विरुद्ध आहार की अनूठी अवधारणा खान-पान की ऐसी ही विसंगतियों के बारे में बताती है. विरुद्ध आहार का अभिप्राय ऐसे दो भोजन या खाद्य पदार्थ से है जिसका एकसाथ सेवन करना स्वास्थ्य के दृष्टिकोण से हानिकारक सिद्ध हो सकता है. इसके अलावा गलत समय, गलत खुराक और गलत मौसम में भोजन का सेवन भी विरुद्ध आहार का कारण बन सकता है. विरुद्ध आहार कई तरह के रोगों जैसे त्वचा रोग, बवासीर, जुकाम, मधुमेह आदि का कारण बन सकता है. आइये जानते हैं कुछ ऐसे खाद्य पदार्थों के बारे में जिनका एक साथ सेवन विरुद्ध आहार का कारण बन सकता है -
विरुद्ध आहार - Viruddh Ahara in Hindi
भोजन के साथ फल : फलों का सेवन उत्तम स्वास्थ्य के लिए जरुरी है. लेकिन फलों के सेवन को लेकर कई तरह के सवाल आम लोगों के मन में उठते रहते हैं. मसलन, क्या फलों को भोजन के साथ लेना सही है? इसी तरह, क्या फलों का सेवन खाली पेट करना चाहिए या भोजन से कम से कम 30-40 मिनट पहले करना चाहिए? आयुर्वेद की माने तो यह वास्तव में फल की प्रकृति और व्यक्ति की पाचन शक्ति पर निर्भर करता है। फलों का सेवन भोजन के दौरान या भोजन से पहले या बाद में और साथ ही व्यक्ति के पाचन के अनुसार किया जा सकता है। भोजन के क्रम में पहले मीठे पदार्थों का सेवन करना चाहिए, उसके बाद खट्टा, नमकीन, तीखे, कड़वे और कसैला फलों का स्वाद लेना चाहिए। इसलिए मीठे फलों को भोजन के पहले भाग में शामिल किया जा सकता है।
फल के साथ दूध - दही : मीठे फलों के साथ दूध लेना ठीक है और इसका स्वास्थ्य पर कोई दुष्प्रभाव नहीं पड़ता। लेकिन खट्टे फल के साथ दूध से परहेज करना बेहतर है। आयुर्वेद के अनुसार किसी भी डेयरी प्रोडक्ट के साथ खट्टा फल नहीं खाने की सलाह दी जाती है क्योंकि यह पाचन को प्रभावित कर सकता है। साथ ही शरीर में विषाक्त पदार्थों का उत्पादन कर सकता है। साइनस, सर्दी-खांसी और एलर्जी का यह कारण बन सकता है।
मछली और दूध : आयुर्वेद में मछली और दूध का सेवन एक साथ करने की सख्त मनाही है. दोनों के एकसाथ सेवन से अपच और त्वचा रोग हो सकता है। इन दोनों की प्रकृति अलग - अलग होती है। दूध ठंडा होता है और मछलियाँ गर्म। इन्हें एक साथ लेने से दोष उत्पन्न होता है जिससे त्वचा रोग होने की संभावना प्रबल हो जाती है।
केला और दूध : आयुर्वेद में केला और दूध को एक साथ खाने की सलाह नहीं दी जाती है। आयुर्वेद इस संयोजन को विष के समान मानता है। ऐसा कहा जाता है कि यह शरीर में भारीपन पैदा करता है और दिमाग को धीमा कर देता है। लेकिन इसके बावजूद केला और दूध आपका प्रिय भोजन है तो यह सुनिश्चित करें कि केला बहुत पका हुआ हो। साथ ही पाचन संबंधी विकारों से बचने के लिए उसमें इलायची और जायफल मिला ले तो बेहतर होगा।
दही के सेवन का समय : दही का सेवन हमेशा दिन के समय करना चाहिए। रात के समय दही के सेवन से बचें। इससे कफ की प्रवृति बढ़ने की संभावना रहती है। साथ ही दही को गर्म नहीं करना चाहिए क्योंकि गर्म करने से दही के गुण खत्म हो जाते हैं। मोटापे, कफ रोग और रक्तस्राव विकारों और सूजन संबंधी बीमारियों वाले लोगों को इससे बचना चाहिए। खट्टे दही से बचना चाहिए क्योंकि इससे गैस्ट्राइटिस हो सकता है।
दूध और चावल : दूध और चावल को एक साथ लिया जा सकता है लेकिन इसका भी एक तरीका है. यदि पके हुए चावल को दूध के साथ मिलाकर सेवन किया जाए तो कोई नुकसान नहीं होता. दूध और चावल के साथ नमक का प्रयोग वर्जित है क्योंकि इससे अपच की समस्या हो सकती है।
मीठे खाद्य पदार्थ : रात के समय मीठे खाद्य पदार्थों के सेवन से बचना बेहतर है क्योंकि इससे कफ दोष बढ़ सकता है।
सब्जियां और दूध : हरी पत्तेदार सब्जियों और मूली का सेवन करने के बाद दूध पीने से बचना चाहिए। इससे अपच, त्वचा का रंग फीका पड़ना और त्वचा रोग हो सकते हैं।
यह भी पढ़े ► बीमारियों का वाहक है विरुद्ध आहार
What are black foods? Foods with the pigments called anthocyanins are known as black foods. Anthocyanins are found in black, blue and purple coloured foods and have hidden nutrients and benefits galore. These pigments have rich anti-oxidant properties which promote health and have the potential to reduce the risk of cancer, heart disease and stroke. They play a huge role in immunity. They are fun, healthy, offbeat and make for a nice visual treat too.
Few Interesting Ones and Their Benefits:
Cultivated in South East Asian belt, this rice has a nutty flavour and can be used in many recipes. In China this was known as the Forbidden rice in ancient times as it was reserved for only royalty. Now, some parts of north East India grow black rice too. They are loaded with lutien and zeaxanthin and promote good eye health. They have cancer fighting properties due to their high anti-oxidant and fiber content. They can be used in puddings, stir fries, risotto, porridge, noodles, bread and even makes a great idea for a good kheer!
A closer to home surprise! Indians have used black dal since ages. They are used as gravies and in mixed dal preparations. They are rich in fibre, iron, folate and protein and can be quite delicious too.
With the western influence on our eating habits, it has brought along a long list of good foods. Olives are one of them and they are versatile in their flavour. They can be added to salads, pastas, stir fries and some pickles and drinks too. Olives contain monounsaturated fats, Vitamin E, Polyphenols and oleocanthal which is a strong anti-inflammatory and pain-killer compound found in olives. This little power-packed food can protect your arteries from clogging, maintain eye health, prevent DNA damage, promote good skin health and also hair health.
Black Sesame Seeds
Commonly known as Til, they come with a huge bunch of benefits, loaded with fibre, protein, magnesium, potassium, iron, calcim, zinc, copper, selenium and Vitamin E. It also contains sesamin, which helps reduce inflammation and plays a vital role in joint pain. Yes! All of that in a daily allowance of 1-2 teaspoons can do wonders for your health. They can be used in salads as garnish, in laddoos, in breads, smoothies, soups, hummus, dips and even tahini. They can be consumed soaked, sprouted, baked or roasted too.
Known for their sweet taste and popular flavour, black grapes are a favourite for many. This seasonal fruit has a host of benefits to give us. Black grapes contain Lutein, Zeaxanthin which prevents retinal damage and macular degeneration. Resveratrol in grapes are known to have anti-cancer properties and have a huge protective effect on cardiac health by lowering LDL levels too. Proanthocyanidins present in this fruit has great benefits for skin health too. Use these grapes in salads, smoothies, jams, and even good old curd rice!
Yes you heard that right. Well these aren't naturally found, but develop this colour due to a process that turns them black and used widely in Asian cuisine. It is regular white garlic that has been fermented or aged. It possesses a caramelized, savoury richness that adds flavour to stir fries, meat bakes, rice and noodles preparations and soups too. These have properties that prevent cell damage and hence protect us from cancers. Black garlic contains more anti-oxidants [almost 2X] than its white counterpart.So why wait -add them in small doses into your meals and let your health thrive.
Advantages: As mentioned above they come with a host of benefits such as anti-cancer, anti-ageing, good for eye, heart, skin and hair health too.
Disadvantages: Nothing in particular. There are no real toxicities associated with these foods that are reported and are considered generally safe, but always do remember, too much of anything is not the rule in nutrition.
Points to remember: Always ensure you have a balanced diet that contains all food groups, myriad colours, nutrients and varieties choose in moderation and build them into your daily meal plan with the help of a nutritionist.
Read More► Herbs, Nuts and Fruits to Enhance Your Daily Diet
Lifestyle plays a huge role in your fitness and health. Often a sedentary lifestyle along with unhealthy eating habits contribute to weight gain or other lifestyle diseases. With discipline and patience, you can work on your lifestyle to reach a fitness level you have always desired. Always remember that whatever changes you implement should not be focused on temporary results, but rather on a long and sustainable lifestyle.
A good fitness level is more important than just fat loss. However, you can lose fat by practising these things:
1. Make Your Diet A Lifestyle:
Most people tend to focus on diet as a destination, rather than a journey. Your nutrition should not be a trend or a plan for short-term results, but rather a lifestyle that you can follow effortlessly. Although easier said than done, implementing a positive lifestyle can have tremendous long-term results. Tweaking your food habits and incorporating essential macro and micronutrients can aid your fat-loss journey. A good way to include the right food components in your diet is through a good diet plan which you must follow with discipline. Eat good food every day. It's as simple as that. Don't divert even if you have to eat the same food every day, you can always innovate your dishes with the help of spices and other preparation methods.
2. Workout Regime To Increase Activity:
Even if you can't do a heavy workout every day, it is essential to include some kind of activity in your lifestyle. Find a physical activity that suits you. Some people despise gyms, but love jogging or playing a sport. Some like strength training and lifting weights. Whatever you choose, follow through without any excuses. Your daily physical activity plays a huge role in your metabolism and fitness level. It's not just about burning calories; it's about setting a pattern for your body to undergo positive stress. When you exercise, your body is already doing half the work required for losing weight and becoming fit.
3. Don't Compromise on Your Sleep and Hydration:
People underrate the importance of a good night's sleep. Your body requires sleep to recover, to balance the cortisol hormone level which is responsible for your binge eating. Sleeping is our body's natural way of balancing the stress level and rectifying any errors in its system. Fix a sleeping time and don't change it no matter what. This is one of the most important changes you must incorporate. The other being hydration water is extremely important for your system. Not only does it help in passing the nutrients throughout your system, but it also helps the body detox and shed the pesky water retention habit. You'll be surprised by the number of times your body confuses thirst for hunger, so always drink adequate water. Set a reminder through a phone app, it can be helpful.
(The author Pranit Shilimkar is a Health and Fitness Entrepreneur, Digital Content Creator and Founder of Fitnesstalks)
Read More► Five Fitness Mantras For A Healthier Self
Nairobi, Aug 18 (IANS) Kenya Red Cross Society said Tuesday that 2.1 million Kenyans are currently facing high acute food insecurity, up from 1.4 million in February due to a worsening drought situation.Asha Mohammed, secretary-general of Kenya Red Cross Society, said that the affected people are in 12 semi-arid and arid counties of the country, the Xinhua news agency reported."The worsening food and nutrition situation is mainly attributed to the poor performance of the October-November-December 2020 and March-April-May rains," Mohammed said, adding that unless urgent multi-sectoral interventions are implemented, the food insecurity situation will get out of hand and affect a total of 20 counties.According to the organisation, the drought-affected counties have had no significant harvest, as most water points such as boreholes, wells and water pans have dried up, increasing distances that people travel looking for water for domestic and livestock use.Mohammed observed that the general lack of water and grazing pasture is fuelling migration and resource-based conflicts while rates of malnutrition in the northeastern part of the country are on the increase.Projections based on weather forecasts indicate that the ongoing drought will persist until early 2022 since climate forecasts for the upcoming short rains beginning in October indicate below-average rains in the water-stressed areas.--IANSint/arm
New Delhi, Aug 2 (IANS) The Alliance for Sustainable and Holistic Agriculture (ASHA) - Kisan Swaraj has written to the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) to abort the plan to make synthetic/chemical fortification of foods mandatory in India.Earlier, the FSSAI had issued a draft regulation for mandatory fortification of edible oil and milk with Vitamin A and D. The FSSAI has also outlined its plan to make rice fortification mandatory from 2024 with Vitamin B12, Iron, and Folic Acid in India.ASHA - Kisan Swaraj has sent a letter to the FSSAI that carries the signatures of medical experts, nutritionists, agricultural scientists, farmers' organisations, academics, civil society organisations across the society to stop any such plan of food fortification.The government has recently initiated a 3-year centrally sponsored pilot scheme on rice fortification and supply via PDS in 15 districts of the country. The ASHA - Kisan Swaraj claimed that the government has started to provide fortified rice through the mid-day meal scheme and ICDS programme citing widespread nutritional deficiencies since April.Responding to a letter from civil society groups earlier, the FSSAI held food fortification just as complementary strategy to diverse diets. "If FSSAI really saw fortification as a complementary strategy, then how it has become mandatory now while dietary diversity and other holistic approaches to malnutrition are optional," the letter mentioned.The activists claimed that FSSAI's intentions are questionable since it has cited industry-funded studies to justify fortification on a national scale, willfully ignoring conflict of interest since those very entities stand most to profit from such a policy."It is ridiculous that the government is promoting polished rice, which has lost a lot of its nutrition on the one hand, and talks about chemical fortification on the other hand," said Dr. Debal Deb, ecologist and traditional rice conservator. Adding one or two synthetic chemical vitamins and minerals will not solve the larger problem, instead, it can lead to the toxicity, including gut inflammation, highlights the letter.--IANSapr/pgh
A new study has shown that eating millets reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and helps manage blood glucose levels in people with diabetes.
The study indicates the potential to design appropriate meals with millets for diabetic and pre-diabetic people as well as for non-diabetic people as a preventive approach.
Drawing on research from 11 countries, the study published in Frontiers in Nutrition shows that diabetic people who consumed millets as part of their daily diet saw their blood glucose levels drop 12-15% (fasting and post-meal), and blood glucose levels went from diabetic to pre-diabetes levels.
The HbA1c (blood glucose bound to hemoglobin) levels lowered on average 17% for pre-diabetic individuals, and the levels went from prediabetic to normal status. These findings affirm that eating millets can lead to a better glycemic response.
The authors reviewed 80 published studies of which 65 were eligible for a meta-analysis involving about 1,000 human subjects, making this analysis the largest systematic review on the topic till date, said International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
"No one knew there were so many scientific studies undertaken on millets' effect on diabetes. These benefits were often contested, and this systematic review of the studies published in scientific journals has proven that millets keep blood glucose levels in check, reducing the risk of diabetes, and has shown just how well these smart foods do it," said Dr. S Anitha, the study's lead author and a senior nutrition scientist at International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
"Diabetes contributed to very high disease burden from 1990-2016 in India. Diabetes-related health expenditure was over $7 million. There is no easy solution, and it requires a lifestyle change, and diet is a very important part of this. This study provides one part of the solution useful for individuals and governments. How we use this and implement it into programs needs careful planning," said Hemalatha, Director, National Institute of Nutrition (NIN).
Raj Bhandari, one of the study's authors and a representative on the Indian National Technical Board of Nutrition, noted that additional attention to our health has been accelerated due to Covid-19 and diabetics are even more vulnerable to the virus. "Our diets play a critical role and if we could bring millets back as a major part of our diet, we would not only help in controlling diabetes, but we would also be adding important nutrients to our plate."
According to the International Diabetes Association, diabetes is increasing in all regions of the world. India, China and the US have the highest numbers of people with diabetes. Africa has the largest forecasted increase of 143% from 2019 to 2045, the Middle East and North Africa 96% and South East Asia 74%. The authors urge the diversification of staples with millets to keep diabetes in check, especially across Asia and Africa.
Strengthening the case for returning millets as staples, the study found that millets have a low average glycemic index (GI) of 52.7, about 30% lower glycemic index (GI) than milled rice and refined wheat, and about 14-37 GI points lower compared to maize. All 11 types of millets studied were either low (<55) or medium gi (55-69), gi being an indicator of how much and how soon a food increases blood sugar level. the review concluded that even after boiling, baking and steaming (most common ways of cooking grains) millets had lower gi than rice, wheat and maize.
"Millets are traditional foods consumed in India. Use of locally available millets as dietary diversification coupled with good lifestyle modifications would help reduce not only Type II diabetes but also gestational diabetes.," said study co-author Professor Kowsalya Subramaniam, (Food and Science Nutrition), Registrar at Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women (deemed to be university) in Tamil Nadu.
"The global health crisis of undernutrition and over-nutrition coexisting is a sign that our food systems need fixing. Greater diversity both on-farm and on-plate is the key to transforming food systems. On-farm diversity is a risk mitigating strategy for farmers in the face of climate change while on-plate diversity helps counter lifestyle diseases such as diabetes. Millets are part of the solution to mitigate the challenges associated with malnutrition, human health, natural resource degradation, and climate change. Trans-disciplinary research involving multiple stakeholders is required to create resilient, sustainable and nutritious food systems," said Dr. Jacqueline Hughes, Director General ICRISAT.
This study is first in a series of studies that has been worked on for the last four years as a part of the Smart Food initiative led by ICRISAT that will be progressively released in 2021. Included are systematic reviews with meta-analyses of the impacts of millets on: diabetes, anaemia and iron requirements, cholesterol and cardiovascular diseases and calcium deficiencies as well as a review on zinc levels.
As part of this, ICRISAT and the Institute for Food Nutrition and Health at the University of Reading have formed a strategic partnership to research and promote the Smart Food vision of making our diets healthier, more sustainable on the environment and good for those who produce it," explained Joanna Kane-Potaka, a co-author from ICRISAT and Executive Director of the Smart Food initiative. (agency)
Read More ► From Weight Loss to Strong Bones, Health Benefits of Millets