New Delhi, Aug 20 (IANS) A survey highlighted that Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have a 16.19 per cent prevalence of key NCDs which is higher than the national average of 11.62 per cent.These states particularly have a higher prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCD) like hypertension, digestive diseases, diabetes, and neurological diseases as compared to the National Average Prevalence Rate of these diseases. This is similar to the overall national trend where hypertension, digestive disease, and diabetes emerge as the top three NCDs followed by respiratory diseases, brain disorders, heart diseases, kidney disorders, and cancer in the order of prevalence. The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), the apex trade association of the country, as part of its 'Illness to Wellness' campaign, on Friday unveiled Andhra Pradesh (now Andhra Pradesh and Telangana) specific findings of India's largest primary healthcare survey report on the rising burden of non-communicable diseases in the country. This was followed by a virtual panel discussion on "Non-Communicable Diseases: The New Health Challenges for Telangana and Andhra Pradesh". The survey report titled 'Non-Communicable Diseases in India' covered 2,33,672 people and 673 public health offices in 21 states to analyse the rising cases of NCDs in the country and the social profile of suffering households. Delving on the risk factors associated with NCDs, the report highlighted that significantly higher stress levels in the region than the national average are leading to heart, diabetes, and digestive disorders in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. It stated that 63 per cent of respondents in the region face high stress. The report further underlined that the region has higher physical activities, which is reflected in lower BMI. However, the likely positive impact of the same on reducing the vulnerability to obesity related NCDs is significantly reduced by other factors like choice of food including salt and chillies intake and lifestyle choices. The study also found that high workplace pollution in the region is a major contributing factor to diseases related to neurology, heart, and lung. This is mainly due to high mining, stone quarrying, and construction activities in the region. Home air pollution was also found to be significantly contributing to hypertension and neurological disorders in the region. The problem of workplace air pollution was recognised by 82 per cent of the respondents while 76 per cent accepted that they face home air pollution. The region shows lower vegetable and fruit consumption coupled with high meat consumption than the national average. As per the study findings, 90 per cent of the respondents from Andhra Pradesh and Telangana consume non-vegetarian food with 68 per cent consuming red meat. This has implications on NCDs affecting the digestive system, heart, and hypertension. Incidentally, tobacco consumption was found to be below the national average in both the states, and thus their impact on the prevalence of NCDs relating to hypertension, heart diseases, and diabetes in the state is likely to be insignificant in line with the national findings. The study observed that while the national prevalence rate of hypertension is 3.60 per cent , its prevalence in the state of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is 8.54 per cent . This is followed by digestive diseases and diabetes that have a prevalence rate of 5.65 per cent and 4.69 per cent respectively in both the states. Digestive diseases have a national average prevalence rate of 3.05 per cent while it is 2.85 per cent for diabetes. The prevalence rate of brain disorders and kidney diseases in each of these states stands at 2.52 per cent and 0.66 per cent respectively. This is again higher than the national average prevalence rate of 1.3 per cent for brain diseases and 0.4 per cent for kidney diseases. The prevalence of heart diseases, cancer, digestive diseases, and respiratory diseases were found to be lower in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana when compared to the national average prevalence rate for these diseases. The Covid-19 pandemic has brought a sharper focus on health care. Patterns emerging from Covid management across the country indicate that people with co-morbidities of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have a higher mortality rate than those who do not. This has grave implications for the country not only because of mortality and years of healthy lives lost but also because of India's health infrastructure. Dr. C. H. Vasanth Kumar, Senior Consultant Physician, Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad, Current President Elect, Research Society for Study of Diabetes in India (RSSDI), said, "NCDs are a real threat to human life as it affects everyone irrespective of age, the financial status or background. Prevention and early detection are key to arresting the rising cases of NCDs. Towards this, parents, society, and government must come together for a decisive win against the disease which is gripping the world including India." Dr K. S. Soma Sekhar Rao, Consultant Gastroenterologist & Hepatologist, Department of Medical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Apollo Health City, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad added, "Health education and forums like this can certainly go a long way in improving awareness about NCDs among the masses. An unhealthy gut is the mother of all diseases, and we must take good care of our gut from a very young age for a long and healthy life." Rajesh Kesari, Founder and Director, Total Care Control, said, "NCDs have become a major health challenge in each country of the world including India. The amount of people suffering from NCDs in our country is simply huge and a lot of lives have already been lost to these diseases. --IANS san/dpb
The Covid-19 pandemic has changed Indians' outlook on health as 70 per cent of Indians say they will prioritize dietary and lifestyle changes in 2021 to manage both emotional and physical health, according to a survey.
It added that 60 per cent of Indians say that they will de-prioritize going to a gym. For 73 per cent of Indians, taste reigns supreme in their decision to buy food products and poor taste of health products is an obstacle to making the right dietary choices, said the finding by Habbit.
A majority of Indians- 71 per cent, felt that their health is worse off today than pre-Covid-19 due to broken eating and fitness habits. There are a number of reasons cited as barriers to better health. These are a lack of time, poor taste of healthy products, and confusing technical details of healthy products exaggerated by the inability to make a choice among the various options. 72 per cent of survey respondents cite lack of time while 66 per cent cite the poor taste of healthy items to be their biggest obstacle.
100 per cent of the survey respondents correctly identified what are healthy foods versus junk foods indicating very high awareness about the ill effects of unhealthy options that are full of fats or sugars. However, a bulk - 73 per cent, highlighted that they would still consume unhealthy options since they are tasty, convenient, and part of their daily lifestyle. Taste thus reigns supreme in the decision to buy food and a majority still prefers tasty foods that also have nutritional benefits, over healthy foods that may not taste good.
Also, Read► Obesity emerges as a new disease owing to sedentary lifestyle amid a pandemic
As per the survey, 70 per cent of respondents show a higher inclination than before towards improving their health through dietary changes, whereas nearly one in four, 26 per cent would also like to make meditation a higher priority. 65 per cent also indicate their increased reliance on medical and nutritional experts to help achieve their goals. More than 60 per cent of Indians have a reduced priority than earlier towards traditional gyms and fitness centres, owing to social distancing and avoidance of communal areas in Covid-19 and would prefer to exercise at home or do alternate physical activities like running, cycling, or aerobics.
"The survey highlights that the myth that diet is secondary to exercise in the health journey, is beginning to crumble, with respondents realizing the importance of nutrition and prioritizing changes in diet over exercise to achieve better physical and mental health. This is the new normal," said Dhruv Bhushan, Co-founder & CEO, Habbit.
Also, Read► 5 lifestyle changes towards building immunity
He added: "As the Covid-19 pandemic continues to shift consumer habits towards being more health-conscious, there is an opportunity for food and nutrition companies to win on taste and fuel healthier lifestyles."
"Good nutrition is vital to a healthy life and is one of the most singularly important factors in overall health. The food we eat literally becomes who we are, and influences our physical, mental, and even emotional well-being. Complemented with physical activity, it helps to maintain the discipline of the body as well as the mind. If the body feels good, the mind will feel good! The pandemic has brought the importance of this balance to the center," says nutritionist and wellness coach Avni Kaul, and the founder of Nutri Activania, which helps people discover 'nutrition for an active life'. Avni was the diet advisor to the Indian contingent during the preparatory session for the Buenos Aires Summer Youth Olympic Games in 2018.
The online survey was conducted in the last quarter of 2020 with 2,428 adults across metros in India. All respondents are in the age group of 22-56 years and have an annual household income of more than Rs 10 lakh.
Also, Read► Mira Kapoor: How to Manage Lifestyle with Ayurveda
London - In a significant study, researchers have found that dietary supplement known to increase the growth of good bacteria in the gut, might also help in the treatment of fatty liver.
In a study, published in the journal Nutrients, the researchers were successful in partially preventing fatty liver disease in rats. In addition, preliminary results from a human study seem promising.
For the rat example, they fed dietary supplement to the rodents. Simultaneously with the increased abundance of the bacteria, the liver fat content decreased significantly.
"Fatty liver disease is an important metabolic disease, which without treatment can develop into cirrhosis or even hepatocellular carcinoma, that is, hepatic cancer," said the researchers from Jyvaskyla University in Finland.
The research team were able to treat the fatty liver of mice by administering Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, a member of the gut microbiota with known anti-inflammatory properties.
In the most recent study, the research team fed rats with a dietary supplement that partly prevented the fatty liver of rats.
"Unfortunately, this type of health-beneficial gut microbes cannot necessarily be sold at the pharmacies for human use. So we wanted to find out whether we can increase its natural abundance in the gut with prebiotic fibre," said study author Satu Pekkala.
A prebiotic is defined as a selectively fermented dietary component that cannot be digested in the gut but serves as food for the good gut microbes, such as lactobacilli, thereby conferring beneficial effects for the health of the host.
The research team first found that the above-mentioned Faecalibacterium prausnitzii was able to use prebiotic Xylo-oligosaccharides as food, which increased its growth.
XOS is a dietary supplement that can be found in natural products shops and online stores.
After these positive results, the research team performed a dietary intervention in rats, in which fatty liver was induced in rats and at the same time they were fed with a diet supplemented with XOS for 12 weeks.
The results of the research showed that XOS increased the growth of the health-beneficial bacterium, and at the same time, significantly decreased the liver fat content of the rats.
"The most important contributing factors to reduced liver fat were improved hepatic fat and glucose metabolism," the authors noted. (IANS)
New York - Researchers have found that metabolite produced following consumption of dietary soy may decrease a key risk factor for dementia--with the help of the right bacteria.
The study, published in the journal Alzheimer's & Dementia: TRCI, reported that elderly Japanese men and women who produce equol--a metabolite of dietary soy created by certain types of gut bacteria--display lower levels of white matter lesions within the brain.
"White matter lesions are significant risk factors for cognitive decline, dementia and all-cause mortality," said lead author Akira Sekikawa from the University of Pittsburgh in the US.
"We found 50 per cent more white matter lesions in people who cannot produce equol compared to people who can produce it, which is a surprisingly huge effect," Sekikawa added.
For the findings, the research team measured equol levels within the blood of 91 elderly Japanese participants with normal cognition.
Participants were sorted by their equol production status, and then six to nine years later underwent brain imaging to detect levels of white matter lesions and deposits of amyloid-beta, which is the suspected molecular cause of Alzheimer's disease.
The researchers found that while equol production did not appear to impact levels of amyloid-beta deposited within the brain, it was associated with reduced white matter lesion volumes.
They also discovered that high levels of isoflavones--soy nutrients that are metabolized into equol--had no effect on levels of white matter lesions or amyloid-beta when equol wasn't produced.
According to Sekikawa, the ability to produce equol from soy isoflavones may be the key to unlocking protective health benefits from a soy-rich diet, and his team has previously shown that equol production is associated with a lower risk of heart disease.
As heart disease is strongly associated with cognitive decline and dementia, equol production could help protect the aging brain as well as the heart.
Epidemiological studies in Japan, where soy is regularly consumed, have shown that dietary intake of soy isoflavones has been linked to a lower risk for heart disease and dementia.
"This type of study always catches people's attention, but we cannot prove that equol protects against dementia until we get a randomised clinical trial with sufficient evidence," Sekikawa noted. (IANS)
New York, June 10 (IANS) Drinking 100 per cent fruit juice early in life was associated with healthier dietary patterns in later childhood without adversely impacting weight gain, say researchers.The study, published in the BMC Nutrition, found that consumption of 100 per cent fruit juice was associated with higher intakes of whole fruit and total fruit as well as better diet quality through childhood and into middle adolescence."This research showed that children who consumed about 1.5 cups of fruit juice per day during the pre-school years tended to maintain healthier diets into adolescence than children who drank less than half cup per day," said study researcher Lynn L Moore from the Boston University, US."In addition, over 10 years of follow-up, juice consumption within the range typically consumed by these children (one-two cups per day), was not associated with excess weight gain during childhood," Moore added. For the findings, the research team tracked diet records as well as the height and weight data, from a group of 100 children (age 3-6) and followed them for a decade.Whole and total fruit consumption was assessed using recommendations from Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) at early age. The researcher found that pre-schoolers with higher intakes of 100 per cent fruit juice (one cups/day) had significantly higher intakes of whole fruit and total fruit at 14-17 years of age than those children who consumed little juice less than half cup per day. Pre-schoolers who drank 100 per cent fruit juice were nearly four times as likely to meet current 'Dietary Guideline' recommendations for whole and total fruit intake during adolescence than those pre-schoolers with low intakes. The study showed that those children with higher fruit juice intake during pre-school years had significantly higher diet quality scores than those children with lower juice intake at all ages.Fruit juice consumption was not associated with a change in Body Mass Index (BMI) during childhood and into middle adolescence. "Fruit consumption, particularly whole fruit consumption, has many health benefits throughout the lifespan. Avoiding juice during these early formative years may have unintended effects on evolving dietary behaviours," Moore noted. This study confirms findings from several previous studies suggesting juice drinking in young children may promote better diet quality and higher intakes of the whole fruit. "These benefits, associated with moderate intakes of 100 per cent fruit juice, were not accompanied by any adverse effects on childhood weight," the study authors wrote.--IANSbu/skp/
It's has been a little over two months and most of us haven't been able to to get our daily dose of Sunshine. The sun is the primary and most important natural source of Vitamin D, which is why it's called the It is called Sunshine Vitamin.
When our skin is exposed to sunlight it produces Vitamin D, which plays a number roles in the body. Prolonged periods of deficiency may have a many ill effects on our body and its various mechanisms at the cellular level, points out Dr Manish Sontakke, Consultant Joint Replacement Surgeon, Hiranandani Hospital.
According to a study published in the Irish Medical Journal, Vitamin D plays an important role in Coronavirus resistance, he says. Being an immune system modulator, Vit-D has a key role in fighting respiratory disorders. With the lockdown across India, most people are homebound for almost the entire day, so getting this crucial vitamin is a big challenge. Vitamin D supplements should be consumed strictly as per your doctor's advice, he warns.
Dr Sontakke underlines the effects of Vit-D deficiency:
Delay in normal bone growth and development of teeth in children, often causing deformities of the lower limbs called Rickets
It can cause growth retardation and unexplained bone pains in children
In adults and elderly it causes soft bones (Osteomalacia) and fragile bones (Osteoporosis) often resulting in debilitating fractures.
Stress fractures are also common in severe deficiency and a cause of chronic pain in both young and elderly people
Commonest symptoms are unexplained excessive body ache (Fibromyalgia), lethargy, malaise and weakness
The expert suggests from dietary sources to get your daily dose of Vitamin D:
Fish - Salmon, Sardines, Mackerel, Shrimp, Fish Liver Oil
Dairy: Fortified Milk, Cheese, Yogurt & Butter
Fortified orange juice and cereals
Exposure to sun: Ensure that sunlight enters your house by keeping the windows open. You may sit in areas that have sufficient sun exposure for at least 30mins, make sure your hands and legs are exposed and stretched out.
(Puja Gupta can be contacted at [email protected])