London, Women who suffer from vision, hearing or dual sensory loss are more than twice as likely to report depression and anxiety than men with similar issues, a new study suggests.
The study, published in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, indicated that the prevalence of depression and anxiety was between 2 and 2.56 higher in women compared to men.
"Our study found that while sensory loss, particularly both vision and hearing loss, results in a higher number of the population reporting depression and anxiety, the association is particularly strong in women," said lead author Shahina Pardhan from Anglia Ruskin University (ARU).
"This highlights the importance of interventions to address vision and hearing loss, especially in women. Some sensory loss is preventable or treatable, and clearly these issues are taking their toll not just on physical health, but mental health too," Pardhan added.
For the study, the research team looked at survey data from more than 23,000 adults, where participants had self-reported whether they had suffered depression or anxiety, and also whether they experienced vision, hearing, or dual (both vision and hearing) sensory impairment.
Women with dual sensory impairment were almost three and a half times more likely to report depression or anxiety than those who did not have any impairment, while men with dual sensory impairments were more than two and a half times more likely to experience depression and almost twice as likely to report anxiety than those with no impairment. (IANS)
New York, March 6 (IANS) Exercise has for long been recommended as a cognitive-behavioural therapy for patients of depression, yet new evidence suggests that the Covid-19 pandemic changed the nature of the relationship between physical activity and mental health.The study of college students, conducted before and during the pandemic, revealed the average steps of subjects declined from 10,000 to 4,600 steps per day and rates of depression increased from 32 per cent to 61 per cent.The research, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, also revealed short-term restoration of exercise does not meaningfully improve mental well-being."This raises many possible explanations, including that the impact of physical activity may require a longer-term intervention," said co-author Sally Sadoff from the University of California - San Diego."At the same time, our results clearly show that those who maintained physical exercise throughout the pandemic were the most resilient and least likely to suffer from depression," Sadoff added.For the study, the team used a longitudinal dataset linking biometric and survey data from several cohorts of nearly 700 young adults before and during the Covid-19 pandemic.In addition to filling out surveys, participants received wearable devices that track their activity levels.Among the subjects, sleep increased by 25 to 30 minutes per night, time spent socializing declined by more than half (less than 30 minutes per day), and screen time more than doubled to five or more hours per day.The researchers found large declines in physical activity during Covid-19 was most strongly associated with higher rates of depression.Those who experienced declines of one to two hours of physical activity per day were most at risk for depression during the pandemic. While participants who were able to maintain their daily habits were at the lowest risk for depression, the team said.--IANSvc/ash
New York, March 4 (IANS) Learning about their health through a trusted source may help teens take better care of themselves, leading to less depressive symptoms, says a new study.The study indicated that trust played a factor in whether receiving health information improved depression.The more that adolescents trusted their parents or teacher as a credible source of health information, the more likely they were to experience less depression.Additionally, even though adolescents reported that they trusted traditional media -- like TV, radio and newspapers -- more than online content, only content from social media or websites resulted in actual changes in behaviour."This study was actually inspired by my students, after several of them came to me really stressed out," said researcher Bu Zhong from the Pennsylvania State University.For the study, published in the journal Child: Care, Health and Development, the team recruited 310 adolescents from elementary, middle and high schools.Participants answered information about health information -- such as seminars, classes, pamphlets and other media -- they recently consumed, including its quality and whether the source and information were credible.They also answered questions about their health, including their symptoms of depression and whether consuming health information led to changes in their behaviour, such as whether they felt it helped them prevent disease and if it increased their likelihood to discuss and share health information with friends.The researchers found that the older participants were, the more likely they were to be depressed. Additionally, participants with higher GPAs were also more likely to be depressed.The researcher said this could be because the longer students were in school, and the better their grades were, the more likely they were more likely to feel more pressure to succeed.However, the more frequently participants used social media, the more likely they were to change their health behaviours, which led to less depression.Overall, the researchers said the results suggest that health information has the potential to be strategically used to help mitigate depression in teens and adolescents.--IANSvc/in
New York- If depression is making it more difficult for some unemployed people to land a job, one type of therapy may help, research suggests.
The findings indicated that 41 percent of unemployed or underemployed people undergoing cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) found a new job or went from part-to full-time work by the end of the 16-week treatment for depression.
Those who had a job but found it difficult to focus on and accomplish work tasks because of depression said the treatment helped to significantly reduce these problems, the researchers said.
"CBT helps patients overcome these views by teaching them that the experience of depression is not their fault and that they can take steps to improve their concentration and accomplish work more successfully even when experiencing depressive symptoms," said researcher Daniel Strunk from The Ohio State University.
For the study, published in the journal Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, the team involved 126 people who participated in a 16-week course of CBT, that teaches coping skills that help patients counteract and modify their negative beliefs.
In this study, 27 patients were seeking to improve their employment status (land a job or go from part-to full-time) at the beginning of treatment. Eleven of them (41 per cent) had succeeded by the end of the 16 weeks.
CBT had a clear impact for those who had jobs and reported at the beginning of the treatment that depression was hurting their effectiveness.
The findings showed that one way CBT had this effect was by reducing patients' "negative cognitive style," or the extent to which patients view negative events in overly pessimistic ways, according to the researcher. (Agency)
New York, Feb 20 (IANS) A majority (83 per cent) of students said their mental health had negatively impacted their academic performance in the past month and that two-third of college students are struggling with loneliness and feeling isolated amid the pandemic, according to a new survey.The survey, which involved 33,000 college students in the US, revealed that the prevalence of depression and anxiety in young people continues to increase, now reaching its highest levels, a sign of the mounting stress factors caused by the pandemic."Half of the students in fall 2020 screened positive for depression and/or anxiety," said researcher Sarah Ketchen from the Boston University.The results revealed that 94 per cent of the students said they wouldn't judge someone for seeking out help for mental health, which the researchers say is an indicator that also correlates with those students who are likely to seek help themselves during a personal crisis (although, paradoxically, almost half of the students said they perceive that others may think more poorly of them if they do seek help)."We're harsher on ourselves and more critical of ourselves than we are with other people -- we call that perceived versus personal stigma. Students need to realise, your peers are not judging you," Lipson said. According to Lipson, the survey's findings underscore the need for university teaching staff and faculty to put mechanisms in place that can accommodate students' mental health needs."The faculty needs to be flexible with deadlines and remind students that their talent is not solely demonstrated by their ability to get a top grade during one challenging semester," Lipson said.--IANSvc/arm
New York- Getting fewer hours of sleep or staying up late most nights can increase the risk of depression, a new study suggests.
The findings, published in the journal npj Digital Medicine, indicates that an irregular sleep schedule can increase a person's risk of depression over the long term.
"These findings highlight sleep consistency as an underappreciated factor to target in depression and wellness," said researcher Srijan Sen from the University of Michigan.
"The work also underscores the potential of wearable devices in understanding important constructs relevant to health that we previously could not study at scale," Sen added.
For the study, the team used data from direct measurements of the sleep and mood of more than 2,100 early-career physicians over one year.
The study is based on data gathered by tracking the participants sleep and other activity through commercial devices worn on their wrists and asking them to report their daily mood on a smartphone app and take quarterly tests for signs of depression.
Those whose devices showed they had variable sleep schedules were more likely to score higher on standardized depression symptom questionnaires, and to have lower daily mood ratings, the researchers said.
Those who regularly stayed up late, or got the fewest hours of sleep, also scored higher on depression symptoms and lower on daily mood, they added.
"The advanced wearable technology allows us to study the behavioural and physiological factors of mental health, including sleep, at a much larger scale and more accurately than before, opening up an exciting field for us to explore," said researcher Yu Fang from the varsity. (IANS)
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