लंदन। भारतीय मूल की एक महिला के नेतृत्व में किए गए एक शोध के अनुसार, जिन महिलाओं को घरेलू दुर्व्यवहार का सामना करना पड़ा है, उनमें अस्थमा सहित एटोपिक बीमारियों के विकसित होने का खतरा अधिक हो सकता है। जर्नल ऑफ एलर्जी एंड क्लिनिकल इम्यूनोलॉजी में प्रकाशित स्टडी के मुताबिक, रोगी रिकॉर्ड के विश्लेषण में पाया गया कि महिलाओं का एक बड़ा प्रतिशत वो था जिनको एटोपिक रोग थे और जिनका इतिहास घरेलू दुर्व्यवहार और हिंसा का रहा है।
ब्रिटेन के बमिर्ंघम विश्वविद्यालय के डॉ जोहत सिंह चंदन ने कहा, हमारे नतीजे बताते हैं कि घरेलू हिंसा और दुर्व्यवहार की पीड़ित महिलाओं में एटोपिक बीमारियों के विकास का जोखिम 52 प्रतिशत बढ़ जाता है।
उन्होंने कहा, घरेलू हिंसा और दुर्व्यवहार एक वैश्विक मुद्दा है जो महिलाओं को प्रभावित करता है। हम घरेलू हिंसा के स्वास्थ्य प्रभावों के बारे में अपनी समझ को और गहरा करना चाहते हैं, इसलिए साक्ष्य-आधारित सार्वजनिक स्वास्थ्य नीतियों को न केवल घरेलू हिंसा को संबोधित करने के लिए विकसित किया जा सकता है, बल्कि एटोपिक रोगों पर भी ध्यान दिया जा सकता है।
शोधकर्ताओं की टीम ने यूके में एक अध्ययन किया, एक चिकित्सक के साथ वयस्क महिलाओं (18 वर्ष और उससे अधिक आयु) के साथ हुई घरेलू हिंसा को देखा और उनकी तुलना 18 वर्ष से अधिक उम्र की दूसरी महिलाओं से की जिनके साथ ये हिंसा नहीं हुई थी।
जिन महिलाओं में एटोपिक रोग पहले से थे उनको अध्ययन से बाहर रखा गया।
कुल 13,852 महिलाओं की घरेलू हिंसा के संपर्क में आने के रूप में पहचान की गई और बिना हिंसा की शिकार 49,036 महिलाओं से उनका मिलान किया गया।
स्टडी के मुताबिक, 13,852 महिलाओं में से 967 में एटोपिक रोग पाया गया, जबकि दूसरे समूह में यह संख्या 2,607/49,036 थी। (एजेंसी)
यह भी पढ़े►भारत में प्रति नौ में से एक को कैंसर का खतरा
Even as the world gets into recovery mode post-pandemic, many people are still grappling with the symptoms of long Covid. According to the WHO, if you have recovered from Covid-19 but some symptoms stay stubborn, such as shortness of breath, brain fog, and fatigue, the condition is known as long Covid. Long Covid symptoms also include palpitations, insomnia, gastric problems such as bloating, acidity, irritable bowel, muscle weakness, and mobility issues.
Any microbe that enters the body causes toxicity, resulting in the imbalance of Doshas or bio-energies of one's body. Our bodies are prone to infectious diseases when we have a weak immune system, and Panchakarma along with other curative Ayurveda treatments helps to strengthen the immune system. In Ayurveda, the Panchakarma procedure is used as a prophylactic to prevent infectious diseases and incidentally can also help to prevent a relapse.
In the case of a Covid patient who has tested negative for the virus, the Vaidyas (doctors) at CGH Earth recommend the Panchakarma procedure to strengthen and fortify the body. However, such procedures cannot be administered soon after recovery, though other Ayurvedic treatments for insomnia, anxiety, stress-related disorders, and immune boosting can be done.
To do the Panchakarma cleansing procedures, it is recommended to allow the body to heal itself -- for up to say two months in order for the energy levels to get back to normal or near normal. This is the same recommendation that Ayurveda would give for a person who has undergone surgery or some serious illness; a gap of two or three months before undergoing the Panchakarma.
Meanwhile, the degree of long Covid symptoms varies from patient to patient and therefore the treatment protocols vary as well. The doctor will need to watch and assess when the patient is ready to undergo only one or multiple karmas which are part of the Panchakarma procedure.
Long Covid patients suffer from respiratory problems and also issues related to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, cardiac-related conditions, neurological conditions, and brain and kidney issues. Covid also affects the sense organs wherein some people lose their sense of smell, taste, hearing, and vision for an extended period of time. Many, post Covid suffer from insomnia, brain fog, and anxiety.
Although Panchakarma has immense health benefits, it is critical that for post-Covid patients the energy level is checked prior to putting them on any treatments, as they are tiring processes that do initially lower one's energy. Panchakarma procedures include detoxification of the body. This is a necessary stage of treatment as the disease-causing microbes bring a lot of toxins into the body and if they remain in the body, Ayurvedic treatments cannot address the conditions that have manifested internally.
For Kapha-related lung infections, chest pain, and infected pleural cavities the patient is treated with Herbal drug-induced vomiting or Vamana (one of the deep cleansing Panchakarma procedures). Likewise for gastric infection or if the liver or pancreas is affected purgation is advised. Meanwhile, the main procedure for problems related to sensory organs like loss of smell or taste is Nasya i.e.: nasal treatment.
For those affected by arthritis, degenerating muscles, or skin lesions; Vasti or medicated enemas are prescribed. It is to be noted that this is not merely Colon cleansing but the administration of special medicines into the colon and rectum where the medications in them are easily absorbed internally.
Alongside the Panchakarma procedures, secondary treatments or "Upakarmas" are also administered to the patients. "Tharpanam" which is administered for the eyes and "Karnapuranam" for the ears are treatments that Ayurveda prescribes for patients who have long Covid conditions related to these sensory organs. Treatments like "Njavarakizhi" and "Pizhichil" also aid in correcting the Vata, Pitta, and Kapha imbalances and help rejuvenate and rebuild the body from the inside out.
Herbal medications are administered to improve the immune system. In particular, those with respiratory tract issues benefit from these prescribed herbal medicines by improving their lung capacity and removal of excess accumulation of phlegm or fibroids. These medicines are beneficial for those with GI tract issues.
Regularly strengthening the body with herbal preparations after a course of Panchakarma, helps to keep Covid and other infectious diseases at bay. In Ayurveda, the course of medication can last from three to six months and in some cases where the patient is very weak, it is prescribed for a year. (Dr. Firoz Varun is an Ayurveda Doctor at CGH Earth Kalari Rasayana Ayurveda Hospital)
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Sydney: Ladies follow a Mediterranean diet to improve your heart health and reduce your risks of cardiovascular disease and death by nearly 25 percent, suggests a study.
The Mediterranean diet is rich in whole grains, vegetables, fruit, legumes, nuts, and extra virgin olive oil; moderate in fish/shellfish; low to moderate in wine; and low in red/processed meats, dairy products, animal fat, and processed foods.
Cardiovascular disease accounts for more than a third of all deaths in women around the world. While a healthy diet, including a Mediterranean diet, has been a key plank of prevention, most relevant clinical trials have included relatively few women or haven't reported the results by sex, the researchers said.
The new study, published in the journal Heart, is the first to focus on the association between a Mediterranean diet and incident CVD and death, specific to women.
"We found that a Mediterranean diet was beneficial in women, with a 24 percent lower risk of CVD and a 23 percent lower risk of total mortality," said researchers including from the University of Sydney.
The risk of coronary heart disease was 25 percent lower, while that of stroke was also lower, although not statistically significant, in those who most closely followed this diet compared with those who did so the least.
The Mediterranean diet's antioxidant and gut microbiome effects on inflammation and cardiovascular risk factors are among the possible explanations for the observed associations, the researchers said.
In addition, the diet's various components, such as polyphenols, nitrates, omega-3 fatty acids, increased fiber intake, and reduced glycaemic load, may all separately contribute to a better cardiovascular risk profile.
"However, mechanisms explaining the sex-specific effect of the Mediterranean diet on (cardiovascular disease) and death remain unclear," they note, adding that the findings reinforce the need for more sex-specific research in cardiology.
"Female-specific cardiovascular risk factors, including premature menopause, pre-eclampsia, and gestational diabetes, or female predominant risk factors, such as systemic lupus, can all independently increase (cardiovascular disease) risk," the researchers said.
For the data analysis, the researchers included 16 published studies involving more than 700,000 women aged 18 and above.
The researchers also acknowledged various limitations to their findings, including that all the studies analyzed were observational and relied on self-reported food frequency questionnaires.
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अक्सर देखा गया है कि लोग अपने आहार में 'अच्छे' कोलेस्ट्रॉल के स्तर को बढ़ाए रखने का प्रयास करते हैं, मगर नए शोध से पता चला है कि उच्च घनत्व वाले लिपोप्रोटीन (एचडीएल) कोलेस्ट्रॉल हृदय रोग के जोखिम की 'समान रूप से भविष्यवाणी' करने में प्रभावी नहीं हो सकते। नेशनल इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ हेल्थ (एनआईएच) समर्थित अमेरिकन कॉलेज ऑफ कार्डियोलॉजी की पत्रिका में प्रकाशित एक शोध निष्कर्ष में कहा गया है कि वर्षो पहले एचडीएल कोलेस्ट्रॉल के निम्न स्तर ने गोरे वयस्कों के लिए दिल के दौरे या इससे संबंधित मौतें बढ़ने जोखिम की भविष्यवाणी की गई थी, लेकिन काले वयस्कों के लिए यह सच नहीं था।
इसके अलावा, उच्च एचडीएल कोलेस्ट्रॉल का स्तर किसी भी समूह के लिए कम हृदय रोग जोखिम से जुड़ा नहीं था।
ओरेगॉन हेल्थ एंड साइंस यूनिवर्सिटी, पोर्टलैंड में नाइट कार्डियोवैस्कुलर इंस्टीट्यूट के भीतर चिकित्सा के सहयोगी प्रोफेसर नथाली पामीर ने कहा, "लक्ष्य इस लंबे समय से स्थापित लिंक को समझना था जो एचडीएल को फायदेमंद कोलेस्ट्रॉल के रूप में लेबल करता है, और यदि यह सभी जातियों के लिए सच है।"
पामीर ने कहा, "यह अच्छी तरह से स्वीकार किया गया है कि कम एचडीएल कोलेस्ट्रॉल का स्तर हानिकारक है। हमारे शोध ने उन धारणाओं का परीक्षण किया और पाया कि इसमें गोरे या काले का भेद कोई मायने नहीं रखता।"
इस निष्कर्ष पर पहुंचने के लिए पामीर और उनके सहयोगियों ने स्ट्रोक स्टडी के दौरान भौगोलिक और नस्लीय अंतर को समझने के लिए 23,901 वयस्कों के डेटा की समीक्षा की।
अध्ययन में सबसे पहले पाया गया कि कम एचडीएल कोलेस्ट्रॉल के स्तर ने केवल गोरे वयस्कों के लिए कार्डियोवैस्कुलर बीमारी के जोखिम में वृद्धि की भविष्यवाणी की गई थी।
यह अन्य अध्ययन का निष्कर्ष बताता है कि उच्च एचडीएल कोलेस्ट्रॉल का स्तर हमेशा हृदय संबंधी घटनाओं में कमी नहीं लाता।
पामीर ने कहा, "इस प्रकार के शोध से पता चलता है कि कार्डियोवैस्कुलर बीमारी के लिए जोखिम-भविष्यवाणी एल्गोरिदम पर फिर से विचार करने की जरूरत है। इसका मतलब यह हो सकता है कि भविष्य में एचडीएल कोलेस्ट्रॉल के उच्च स्तर के लिए हमें अपने डॉक्टरों से पीठ नहीं थपथपानी पड़ेगी।"
यह भी पढ़े► प्रदूषित हवा फेफड़ों की बीमारी तक सीमित नहीं
Covid-19 has created mayhem globally. The WHO has termed COVID-19 as a Pandemic, which is an epidemic that spreads across continents.
India is in a better position than most other countries in trying to contain and prevent the spread. India has the rich heritage of Ayurveda and knowingly or unknowingly every Indian has grown up with Ayurveda as a way of life.
Ayurveda is a Vedic medical science that focuses on living a healthy life. The science advocates treating the disease and ensuring no recurrence. Many references are found in Ayurveda’s ancient texts to trace the roots of an epidemic. Mankind has three Doshas that build the human constitution and are also are responsible for a variety of diseases along with various Dushyas.
COVID-19 can be roughly compared to epidemics described in Ayurveda texts, caused by contaminated air, water, land, and a disturbed Rutucharya (Charak Viman 3, Janapadodhwansa also described by Sushruta in Sushrut Samhita, Sutrastahn, 6)
Environmental changes caused by man’s interference with the bio-ecology in which he lives, as well as pollution due to depletion of natural resources, may be the cause for the destruction of communities and could justify the attribution to karma given here as a cause of vitiation.
Another reference that describes the symptoms of COVID-19 is seen in Charakasamhita, Nidan Sthana, Jwara Nidan, Aagantuj Jwara. The disease is caused due to exogenous factors like Bhutaabhishaynga (due to micro-organisms mentioned by Charaka) and Rakshasa ( demons in the form of viruses and bacteria mentioned by Sushruta) and the SARS-CoV-2 Virus, in this case.
The Jwara is due to external reasons and appears independent at first but later shows signs and symptoms of Nija Jwara (endogenous fevers). However, these Aagantuja Jwaras have their etiological factors and treatments.
A comparative table of signs and symptoms of COVID-19 and those mentioned in Sushrut Samhita, Sutrasthan, 6 is given below:
तस्य प्रकृतिरुद्दिष्टा दोषाः शारीरमानसाः|
देहिनं न हि निर्दोषं ज्वरः समुपसेवते||१२|| Charaka Chikitsasthana, Jwara Chikitsa
This sutra states that if the physical and mental state of the body is in equilibrium, Jwara will not arise. Chakrapani Datta has commented on this, by enhancing the point of treatment of Aagantuj Jwara as per Nija Jwara. (Ayurveda Dipika)
Also, one reference must be mentioned here that Chakrapani Datta was born in the 11th Century, and Allopathic Medicine was discovered in the 19th Century, which proves that a much deeper study of Epidemics was done in Ayurveda much before Allopathic studies.
In the following table, the WHO guidelines and preventive measures advocated are compared to the measures stated in Ayurvedic ancient scholarly texts:
Guidelines by the WHO
Guidelines in Ayurvedic Samhitas
Physical Distancing , Quarantine,
Avoiding mass gatherings
स्थानपरित्याग, return home (Sushruta)
Physical and Respiratory Hygiene
नीचरोमनखश्मश्रुर्निर्मलाङ्घ्रिमलायनः स्नानशीलः सुसुरभिः सुवेषो अनुल्बणोज्ज्वलः।। (Vagbhat)
Urban Lifestyle is one of the main reasons for Apacharaja Prakruti, which is nothing but a temporary state of Vikruti. Here, Roga Bala, and Rugna Agni play a very important role as far as the severity of the disease is concerned.
As urbanization increased, the rate of contamination of the four factors, water, air, land, and time (kaala), was faster. If the environment suffers, the result will be seen in the form of mutated crops and new illnesses in animals. The quality of basic food such as Milk, Grains, Pulses, Poultry, etc will be compromised and as a result, nutritional deficiencies will be seen in human beings to a larger extent. In addition, excessive use of pesticides in crops, injecting steroids in poultry, etc will result in hormonal imbalance and weak immunity in human beings.
The urban population focuses more on social status than on the status of individual health. Ignoring and breaking all rules of Aahara, Vihara, and Aachara lead to various lifestyle diseases and low immunity. Following Sadvrutta and Swasthavrutta is the key to a healthy lifestyle, which will not only prevent us from COVID-19 but also any other epidemic in the future.
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A sudden seasonal flu outbreak and an increase in Covid-19 cases have surprised many just as we were beginning to get used to the normalcy of a life without many constraints before the Covid virus.
An unavoidable flu wave generally coincides with a change in season. However, this season has witnessed an unanticipated increase in such cases-nearly doubling from last year in some areas-as well as harsher, Covid-like symptoms.
The spike of Covid-19 cases, the upcoming holiday season, and all of this together create a situation that specialists warn calls for ongoing precautions.
"Masks are the first line of defence against Covid-19 as well as other respiratory infections. With a spike in the number of infections, we must adhere to wearing masks when we step out in public areas. With the festive season right here and large gatherings inevitable, wearing masks are highly effective at reducing your risk of getting Covid as well as seasonal flu. Wearing the right kind of mask, the right way, is also extremely important," says Dr SC Ajmani, General Physician.
Your masks' kind and fit have a significant impact on how effective they are. According to research conducted by the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self Organization in Germany, FFP2 masks that fit snugly offer 75 times more protection than surgical masks. By selecting these masks over common surgical or fabric masks, you greatly boost your protection and can leave the house more confidently, especially in crowded areas.
Protection from viruses, bacteria, dust, pollutants, allergens, and pollen (>= 0.3 micron) is offered by a BIS-approved FFP2 S mask like Savlon. These masks offer 95% protection from aerosols with particles larger than 0.3 micron. In comparison to standard masks, these masks include melt blown filters that are electro statically charged to provide enhanced filtering. The comfort and suitability of these masks for different skin types are also tested. Masks made with Savlon FFP2 S are BIS Certified.
According to BIS guidelines, each batch is put through rigorous testing for quality performance and efficacy. The effects of viruses, bacteria, dust, pollution, pollen, and allergies can be significantly minimised and the wearer's general health can be improved by donning a high-quality, properly fitted mask.
The correct masks are adjusted to perfectly fit on the bridge of your nose and to properly enclose your mouth and nose. We are aware that when an infected individual sneezes or coughs in a crowded environment, the Covid-19 virus as well as the seasonal influenza can spread quickly. First-level protection is unquestionably provided by donning a N95 or FFP2 S mask, especially for those with allergies, co-morbidities, impaired immune systems, or a higher propensity for experiencing severe symptoms.
The use of masks should become a way of life. We must continue using tried-and-true health strategies, like using masks in public. Keep your hygiene and health in mind.
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