चार शहरों में 18-50 वर्ष के आयु वर्ग में किए गए एक विशेष अध्ययन से पता चला है कि 44 प्रतिशत शहरी लोगों ने कोविड के समय में नाश्ता नहीं किया है। यह अध्ययन मार्च 2020 और फरवरी 2021 के बीच लंदन स्थित बाजार अनुसंधान प्रमुख यूरोमॉनिटर इंटरनेशनल और पेप्सिको इंडिया द्वारा अपने ब्रांड क्वेकर के माध्यम से किया गया था।
एक आधिकारिक विज्ञप्ति के अनुसार, अध्ययन में इस बात पर प्रकाश डाला गया कि 44 प्रतिशत शहरी लोगों ने घर के कामों में वृद्धि और दिन की शुरूआत में देरी के कारण नाश्ता करना छोड़ दिया था और भोजन करने में भी देरी की।
इसके अलावा, 64 प्रतिशत शहरी मिलेनियल्स उत्तरदाताओं को एक स्वस्थ प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली की ओर प्रेरित किया गया था।
अध्ययन में आगे बताया गया है कि जई सहित फलों, सब्जियों और साबुत अनाज की बढ़ती खपत महामारी के दौरान प्रमुख प्रवृत्ति के रूप में उभरी।
दिल्ली, मुंबई, बैंगलोर और कोलकाता में शहरी मिलेनियल्स पर ध्यान केंद्रित करते हुए, कोविड-19 के बाद शहरी भारतीय उपभोक्ताओं की बदलती जीवनशैली और आहार संबंधी आदतों को लेकर अध्ययन में 18-50 वर्ष के आयु वर्ग के 1,000 उत्तरदाताओं को शामिल किया गया था।
अध्ययन में उपभोक्ता व्यवहार को समझने के लिए कोविड के बाद लोगों की बदलती जीवन शैली और आहार पैटर्न का विश्लेषण किया गया।
इसने एक बदलते पैटर्न को, विशेष रूप से शहरी मिलेनियल्स के बीच एक स्वस्थ प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली और वजन बनाए रखने के लिए आहार संबंधी आदतों के प्रति ट्रैक किया।
अध्ययन ने यह भी मैप किया कि क्या भविष्य में बदले हुए व्यवहार बने रहेंगे और इस तथ्य को रेखांकित किया कि वजन पर नजर रखने वालों को समय पर भोजन करने और पोषक तत्वों से भरपूर नाश्ते के महत्व को समझना चाहिए।
इसके अलावा, यह पाया गया कि 71 प्रतिशत शहरी मिलेनियल्स ने वजन बनाए रखने के लिए कीटो, आंतरायिक उपवास और साप्ताहिक डिटॉक्स योजना सहित सनक आहार की लोकप्रियता की ओर झुकाव किया।
यूरोमॉनिटर इंटरनेशनल की सलाहकार विधि शर्मा ने कहा कि मिलेनियल्स नाश्ते के महत्व को स्वीकार करते हैं और मानते हैं कि इसमें पौष्टिक पोषण होना चाहिए, वे अक्सर अपने काम के शेड्यूल के कारण नाश्ता छोड़ देते हैं या सुबह जल्दी नाश्ता कर लेते हैं।
अध्ययन के निष्कर्षों के बारे में बात करते हुए, सोनम विज, एसोसिएट डायरेक्टर और कैटेगरी लीड, क्वेकर पोर्टफोलियो, पेप्सिको इंडिया ने कहा कि शहरी मिलेनियल्स अब तेजी से अपने शारीरिक और मानसिक स्वास्थ्य में सुधार पर ध्यान केंद्रित कर रहे हैं जो एक सक्रिय जीवन शैली का गठन करता है। (एजेंसी)
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Scientists at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) here have sequenced the genome of giloy a plant with medicinal properties, which shot to fame during the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.
Giloy or guduchi is a climber with heart-shaped leaves, has major applications in pharmaceuticals and ayurvedic formulations to treat various health conditions and was used widely during the pandemic to boost immunity.Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia) is the first species ever sequenced from the Menispermaceae plant family, which comprises more than 400 species having therapeutic values, the institute said in a statement on Monday.
The availability of Giloy genome will also help in bridging the missing link between its genomic and medicinal properties. The new study will also provide leads for exploring the genomic basis of its medicinal properties, the team said.
The team performed a deep transcriptome sequencing of leaf tissue of the plant. The draft genome assembly had a size of 1.01 gigabase pairs and contained 19,474 coding gene sequences. The research is published in the preprint server bioRxiv.
"Giloy is considered as an important multipurpose medicinal plant in ayurvedic science. This plant came into the limelight due to its immunomodulatory and antiviral activity after the emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic. It has been used in various health conditions due to its immune-modulatory, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-cancer properties, among others," said Shruti Mahajan, doctoral student at IISER Bhopal, in the statement.
Previous studies have shown that a compound from Giloy was reported to target the two proteases of SARS-CoV-2 virus namely Mpro and Spike proteases, and another compound was predicted to inhibit SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and also disrupts viral spike protein and host ACE-2 interaction. Treatment with giloy extract modulates the various pathways of the immune system for improved immunity.
These multiple medicinal properties are because of the presence of its secondary metabolites. Despite these medicinal properties, the unavailability of its genome sequence was a constraint in studying the genomic basis of the medicinal properties. Thus, the genome sequence of Giloy could be a breakthrough as the potential therapeutic agent for diseases like Covid in the future, the researchers said.
Moreover, the usage of giloy is also recommended under ayurveda practice by the Ministry of AYUSH and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, in prophylactic care as well as therapeutic applications for all symptomatic or asymptomatic patients infected with Covid-19. It is also used in fever and diabetes.
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Kathmandu, Sep 7 (IANS) World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has called for countries to work together to ensure that another pandemic at the magnitude of the Covid-19 crisis should not occur again in the near future."The pandemic's impact differs from country to country," Ghebreyesus said at the inaugural ceremony of the 74th Session of the WHO Regional Committee for Southeast Asia here on Monday. "We must ensure that a pandemic of this magnitude does not occur in the near future."He urged the entire world to work together to make it a reality.Addressing the virtual session hosted by Nepal, top health executives emphasised the need for greater commitment to global healthcare delivery and a risk-averse health system, as well as the importance of providing vaccines, medicines, equipment and technology to the region.Poonam Khetrapal Singh, WHO regional director for Southeast Asia, spoke of the significance of increasing the health sector's capability.Nepali Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba stressed that for health care reaching out to individuals in distant areas should be a top concern for everyone.The five-day session is being attended by representatives from Bangladesh, Bhutan, South Korea, India, Indonesia, the Maldives, Nepal, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Timor-Leste. --IANSksk/
Buenos Aires, Sep 7 (IANS) Argentine Health Minister Carla Vizzotti has called on members of the Group of Twenty (G20) to strengthen international cooperation and solidarity amid the Covid-19 pandemic.Vizzotti made the appeal during a conference of G20 health ministers in Rome, Italy, Xinua news agency reported, citing the ministry's statement.She stressed the need to turn the Covid-19 crisis into an opportunity to strengthen preparedness and management in a coordinated and equitable response to future health emergencies, with a special emphasis on low-and middle-income countries."For a sustainable, inclusive and resilient recovery, all countries must implement measures in line with the principles of international solidarity, collaboration and equity, ensuring access for all people to vaccines against Covid-19," she said.The minister also highlighted "the importance of the G20 supporting the reform process underway within the World Health Organization, aimed at strengthening and streamlining the coordination of the global health response and improving the application of the International Health Regulations."--IANSint/shs
Kathmandu, Aug 19 (IANS) A total of 7,141 suicides were recorded in Nepal in the 2020-21 fiscal year that ended in mid-July, up 14.2 per cent year-on-year amid the Covid-19 pandemic, according to the latest data released by the police.Of the deaths, 3,928 were males, 2,449 were females and the rest were children, the data revealed.Saroj Prasad Ojha, head of the Psychiatry Department at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital in Kathmandu, blamed mental health problems amid the pandemic for more suicides in the country."Almost 90 per cent of suicides are associated with mental health issues like anxiety and depression, which have increased this year," he told Xinhua on Wednesday."Social isolation has triggered mental health problems among people," he said. "People who were asked to stay indoors during Covid-19 are facing mental health problems related to psycho-socio factors, which are the biggest cause of suicides."Psycho-socio factors like unemployment, prolonged academic schedules, family disputes, financial problems, alcohol abuse and substance abuse have contributed to most suicides, according to Ojha.Jagannath Lamichhane, who has been working on mental health advocacy for the past 12 years, said: "Instead of viewing suicide as a public health issue, our society sees suicide from a criminal perspective which makes it difficult for people to talk about suicide and mental health. Due to this hesitation, most of the suicide attempts went unreported.""More than 50 per cent of mental health problems start before adolescence which makes the youth vulnerable," he told Xinhua. "So we have to advocate mental health from the grass-root level by introducing the subject of suicide prevention and mental wellbeing in school education."--IANSksk/
Stockholm, Aug 13 (IANS) The Swedish government is set to extend legislation allowing it to introduce restrictions to curb the spread of Covid-19, Prime Minister Stefan Lofven announced on Thursday."Sweden must be well-prepared in the event of a deteriorating situation or new outbreaks," Lofven said in a joint press conference with the Public Health Agency, adding that the spread of infection "is no longer at low levels."The so-called "pandemic law" was introduced on January 10 and was supposed to end on September 30. It is now expected to be extended to January 31, 2022, the Xinhua news agency reported.Under the pandemic law, the government can limit opening times of bars and restaurants, as well as the number of people allowed at public events, in shops, and on long-distance bus and train journeys.The prime minister's announcement was welcomed by the Public Health Agency. "We have seen that the situation can change quickly, which leads to more aggressive variants taking over," said the agency's Director-General Johan Carlson.The government has also tasked the agency with analysing the risk of Covid-19 outbreaks during autumn and winter.However, although the situation has worsened since restrictions were lifted at the start of the summer holidays, no new restrictions were announced at the press conference.From July 26 to August 1, 3,451 new infections were confirmed in Sweden, according to the statistics from the Public Health Agency. This is an increase of 30 per cent from the previous week.The agency's statistics also show that by Thursday, 80.7 per cent of the adult population aged 18 or older had received at least one Covid-19 vaccine dose, while 57.6 per cent had been fully vaccinated. --IANSint/rs