Toronto. People having sex with casual partners are more than twice as likely (85 per cent) to use condoms as people in committed relationships (36 per cent), says a new study.
Researchers from McMaster University peered into the most intimate moments of sexually active women and men across Canada to ask if they're using condoms, all in an effort to gather data that could inform decisions around public health and sex education.
For the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, the researchers looked at penile-vaginal intercourse, a broad area that has been under-explored in recent decades.
The study found that condom use is greater among more educated people (50 per cent of college and university graduates) and among people who have received some kind of instruction in how to use condoms. (50 per cent of those who have received instruction)
"The indications that condom education is associated with increased condom usage is an important reminder, if that education did not exist, condom use would decline and risk would rise," said the study's lead researcher Tina Fetner from McMaster University in Canada.
In the study, researchers surveyed 2,300 people, balanced to mirror the gender, age, linguistic, educational, minority and regional make-up of Canada itself.
The survey included adults who have had intercourse at least 10 times in the last six months.
The survey revealed that 30 per cent of Canadians use condoms in penile-vaginal intercourse. Use is highest among young adults. (71 per cent among 18- to 35-year-olds).
Men who have been diagnosed with sexually-transmitted infections are about three times more likely to never use condoms than men who haven't received an STI diagnosis, the study said.
"The conclusion in the field is that there is a group of people who are just risk-takers, who are more likely to get STIs and continue with their risky behaviour," said Fetner.
According to the study, men from visible minority groups are much more likely (67 per cent) than white men (40 per cent) to use condoms.
In later stages, the research team plans to survey people in other countries where data is lacking, and to analyse how the results compare to existing policies that might be changed to minimize STIs and unwanted pregnancies through improved condom use. (IANS)
Read More - All you need to know about Female Condoms
New Delhi. Spermicide condoms are condoms coated with a chemical that kills sperm (spermicide) called nonoxynol-9 (N-9). Dr Uma Vaidyanathan, Senior Consultant, Fortis hospital, Shalimar Bagh shares the information you need to know about this method of birth control.
Condoms are a popular and an effective form of birth control and protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Appropriate use, that is, correct usage during sex and correct storage works in preventing unwanted pregnancies in more than 90 percent of cases.
But when it comes to "spermicide" condoms, although one would think that they would be more effective than routine condoms in preventing unwanted pregnancies and STIs, it's in fact a misconception!
Spermicides, used repeatedly or in higher doses, can damage the vaginal "epithelium", i.e. the layers of skin cells that line the vagina. This can lead to local vaginal and penile irritation and skin damage, thus making the woman more susceptible to infection by STIs and due to breaks in the skin, thereby transmitting it to her partner. Higher risk of infection with HIV, Herpes has been observed with repeated use of Nonoxynol 9. Some women have also reported an increased incidence of urinary tract infections with spermicide condoms, probably related to local skin damage.
Spermicide condoms are safe to use during pregnancy. There's no evidence that spermicides cause birth defects.
To conclude, spermicide condoms are safer for use in couples in a monogamous relationship, where the risk of sexually transmitted infections is minimal, and the sole purpose of protection is to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. Apart from that, considering cost and poor protection against infections, it offers little or no advantage over the routinely available non spermicide coated lubricated/non lubricated condoms. (IANSlife)
READ MORE >>> Nervous About Your First Sexual
All you need to know more about Female Condoms benefits & uses. If you can't get your partner to wear a condom or don't want to depend on another person to safeguard your health, then Dr. Mukta Kapila, Director, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram talks about the benefits of using a female condom.
Benefits of female condom:
"Female condoms are an alternative to male condoms and also called internal condoms or vaginal pouch. These prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV and pregnancy. It works by creating a barrier that prevents bodily fluids and semen from entering the body. At first, using a condom may seem intimidating, however, they are easy to use with a bit of practice.
How to use a female condom?
It is made of latex or polyurethane and has a soft, loose-fitting pouch with a ring on each end. To hold the female condom in place, one ring is inserted into the vagina. Condom with the ring at the open end remains outside of the vagina. The condom keeps in place with the help of the outer ring and is also used for removal. Following use, the female condom outer ring should be twisted to seal the condom so that no semen spills out."
"Some men and women may find sex more pleasurable due to the inner and outer rings of the female condom. Using both the condoms at the same time, male and female, can cause them to break - one is enough! It's very rare that a female condom breaks - but if it does, don't panic, there are things you can do to minimize the risk of STIs and pregnancy. You can use a female condom from start to finish, every time you have vaginal sex."
"The female condom has an acceptability rate of about 60%for women and 80 % for men. However, the pregnancy rate is higher than with the male condom. Don't forget to check the expiry date. Make sure that there are no defects and tears and use lubricant to help prevent the condom from slipping and tearing. If you use a condom perfectly every single time, internal condom effectiveness is at a rate of 95%. The female condom has a rate of 0.6% breakage. But in real life and practically they are about 79% effective, as people may not use it properly- that means about 21 out of 100 people who use internal condoms as their main method of birth control will end up getting pregnant each year."
"On the contrary male condom has a failure rate of 2% with perfect use and 15% in typical use. Internal condoms can be made better at preventing pregnancy by using them along with another birth control method. That way you've got double protection from pregnancy and protection from STDs. The slippage and displacement rate is about 3% compared with 3 to 8% for male condoms."
"Colposcopy studies of females using the female condom demonstrate no signs of change in bacterial flora or trauma. Consumption of alcohol and drugs can make people forget to use condoms (or less able to use them correctly). Female condoms are available in the market over the counter as well as on various online shopping websites at the price of around 100 Rs. The female condom is not appropriate for those who are allergic to polyurethane or synthetic latex, not comfortable with the insertion technique or women with vaginal abnormalities that interfere with the placement of the female condom." (IANSlife)