Panaji, May 25 (IANS) Goa will soon open on-the-spot registration for vaccination of persons in the age group of 18-44, with preference to lactating mothers and those with comorbidities, Chief Minister Pramod Sawant said on Tuesday.Sawant also said during a press conference that the state government would launch a second phase of Tika Utsav in order to inoculate 40 per cent of the state's population above the age of 45 years, who have not been vaccinated yet."The expert committee has recommended and the government has agreed to have spot registration for vaccination of lactating mothers, whose children are less than two years old and those who are between the 18-44 years age group and those with comorbid conditions," Sawant said. Sawant said that the state of Goa currently has only 6,000 vaccine doses for the age group of 18-44 years."The second lot of 36,000 vaccines will arrive in the first week of June, but besides that we have sought permission from the government of India to loan some of the vaccines that are allocated for the above 45 age group. In the coming eight to ten days, we will start the vaccination for the priority groups in the 18-44 age group," Sawant said.Sawant also said that the Goa government's Tika Utsav 2.0 which begins on Wednesday was aimed at vaccinating the nearly 40 per cent of the population of 44 plus years who have eluded the Covid shot."The Tika Utsav is only for those who want to take the first dose. Those who want the second dose will be given only after they complete 84 days (after the first shot). We can complete 90-100 per cent vaccination of the above 44 then we can focus on the 18+ year group," Sawant said.--IANSmaya/ash
Canberra- A new research by Australia's Griffith University has found cancer, chronic kidney disease, diabetes and hypertension are the four main comorbidities leading to Covid-19 deaths.
After analysing global databases of 375,859 participants from 14 countries, researchers from the University found chronic kidney disease was statistically the most prominent comorbidity linked to death, reports Xinhua news agency.
They also found hypertension, obesity and diabetes were the most common underlying medical conditions in Covid-19 patients.
However, unlike the other two comorbidities, obesity did not increase the risk of mortality.
"Comorbidities are frequently cited as risk factors for severe COVID-19 outcomes, however, the degree to which specific comorbidities impact the disease is debatable," said co-lead author Adam Taylor.
"This is a global study covering all comorbidities reported to be involved in the exacerbation of COVID-19 leading to death. It allows us to identify specific comorbidities that have higher risk in patients and identify COVID-19 high-risk groups."
Lead author Professor Suresh Mahlingam said Covid-19 was associated with increased clot strength, so patients with hypertension and diabetes could have a higher risk of developing life-threatening thrombotic complications.
For Covid-19 patients with chronic kidney disease, the risk of mortality was higher in cases with end-stage renal disease compared to chronic renal disease.
The researchers said further investigation is required to explain the higher prevalence of these comorbidities in infected patients. (agency)
Panaji, Oct 9 (IANS) More than 95 per cent deaths of Covid-19 positive patients have occurred on account of comorbid conditions, while five per cent patients have died due to delay on their part in seeking treatment, Chief Minister Pramod Sawant said on Friday.Speaking at a ceremony organised in Panaji to formally launch free Covid-19 kits for patients in home isolation, Sawant said that the death rate in the state, pre-pandemic and post pandemic in comparative time periods has remained the same.As many as 484 people have died in Goa after testing positive for Covid-19, even as the state has recorded a total tally of 37,102 confirmed coronavirus cases.The Chief Minister said that if one analysed the death statistics in the state in the pre-pandemic and pandemic periods, the rate of death has not increased because of Covid-19 infections."There is no difference in mortality rates. At that time (pre-pandemic) causes of death were attributed to diseases, accidents, kidney failure, etc. Deaths have not increased," Sawant added.--IANSmaya/sdr/bg
<br>As per the neurologists, if people with pre-existing conditions like blood pressure, diabetes or any heart related ailments test positive for Covid-19, they should immediately get admitted to the hospital.Speaking to IANS, P.N. Renjen, Senior Consultant (Neurology) at Delhi's Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, said that coronavirus has been shown to cause development of microthrombi (small clots). "These clots can travel to the lung and obstruct blood flow to the lung, which is called pulmonary embolism, or travel to brain circulation and cause ischemic stroke. It seems to be happening to those affected with severe Covid symptoms," he said. Cases have emerged where people with zero comorbidities have had strokes and tested positive for Covid-19. Renjen added, "While the chances having of a Covid-19 induced stroke are higher in people with pre-existing comorbidities, there is proof that it can also cause stroke in the absence of comorbidities in a patient."Recently, a 54-year-old woman was treated at the Indraprastha Apollo Hospital after suffering from a stroke and she also tested positive for Cvodi-19. She had no history of blood pressure or diabetes, and also had no complaint of any visible symptoms of Covid-19 like fever or breathlessness.Neelesh Gupta, Consultant Neurologist at Nayati Medicity, Mathura, said, "Neurological symptoms are seen in around one-third of Covid-19 patients of which stroke (haemorrhagic more than ischemic), anorexia, headache and neuropathy (GBS) are common. The reason is that coronavirus has high affinity to ACE 2 receptors which are present in brain cells that lead to neurological symptoms on Covid-19 patients."Bhushan Nilkanth Joshi, Consultant Neurologist at the Columbia Asia hospital in Pune, agreed that there is proof that Covid-19 causes stroke even in the absence of comorbidities in a patient. "Covid basically leads to a hypercoagulable state which leads to stroke. Hence now-a-days a lot of patients are suffering from stroke as the most common neurological presentation," added Joshi.Praveen Gupta, Director, Neurology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram, said, "We have had two or three Covid-19 patients having issues with heart rhythm. Brain haemorrhage generally occurs in the elderly, and we have had patients who developed stroke on admission. "Lung injury is due to clotting. A clot in the brain causes stroke and a clot in the heart causes heart diseases. It is observed that people who have existing risk factors, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, are not checking them regularly." He added that in the backdrop of the Covid-19 pandemic, people having symptoms of stroke should rush to the hospital.On the other hand, A.K. Sahani, Chief of Neurology, Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, Delhi, said it is a hypothesis that Covid-19 is causing stroke in the absence of comorbidity, and there is no evidence whether it is an association or a causal factor. "Covid-19 can cause hemorrhagic stroke, ischemic stroke and impaired blood circulation to the brain. The virus can also cause a hypercoagulant state that can cause stroke. The studies which have attempted to establish Covid-19 as an independent factor for stroke have clearly stated that more patients should undergo more aggressive monitoring," said Sahani.(Sumit Saxena can be contacted at [email protected])--IANS<br>ss/arm<br>
Bengaluru, May 9 (IANS) Amid rising COVID-19 cases with comorbidities such as Influenza Like Illness (ILI) and Severe Acute Respiratory Infection (SARI), the city civic body has launched an initiative called Pranavayu to help people, an official said on Friday."Pranavayu is an initiative where Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) doctors at fever clinics will monitor patients using a pulse oximeter. This helps them track patients as they progress from ILI to SARI," said Commissioner B. H. Anil Kumar.Kumar said the move is especially helpful to people with comorbidities and will also empower and educate citizens of self-monitoring on the development of SARI.He said measuring the oxygen saturation in blood and heart rate, with an oximeter helps in detecting respiratory diseases early."Enables doctors to know when such patients need clinical intervention. This helps free up beds and ventilators," said Kumar highlighting the strained medical infrastructure of the city following COVID pandemic.A drop in oxygen saturation below 90 per cent is a clear sign for an individual to seek medical attention at a hospital for critical care while a reading above 95 per cent is normal."Cause of concern in COVID infection is not simple upper respiratory tract infection which resolves on its own in a majority of cases (nearly 80-85 per cent) but the progress of the disease to SARI," said the civic body.In SARI cases, a patient's lung functionality is impaired to the extent that he needs external support to sustain respiration.People with comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, cancer, organ transplant cases, pregnant women and old people are more susceptible to develop SARI after contracting COVID.In Karnataka, several COVID cases have comorbidities such as ILI and SARI.--IANSsth/rt