चार शहरों में 18-50 वर्ष के आयु वर्ग में किए गए एक विशेष अध्ययन से पता चला है कि 44 प्रतिशत शहरी लोगों ने कोविड के समय में नाश्ता नहीं किया है। यह अध्ययन मार्च 2020 और फरवरी 2021 के बीच लंदन स्थित बाजार अनुसंधान प्रमुख यूरोमॉनिटर इंटरनेशनल और पेप्सिको इंडिया द्वारा अपने ब्रांड क्वेकर के माध्यम से किया गया था।
एक आधिकारिक विज्ञप्ति के अनुसार, अध्ययन में इस बात पर प्रकाश डाला गया कि 44 प्रतिशत शहरी लोगों ने घर के कामों में वृद्धि और दिन की शुरूआत में देरी के कारण नाश्ता करना छोड़ दिया था और भोजन करने में भी देरी की।
इसके अलावा, 64 प्रतिशत शहरी मिलेनियल्स उत्तरदाताओं को एक स्वस्थ प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली की ओर प्रेरित किया गया था।
अध्ययन में आगे बताया गया है कि जई सहित फलों, सब्जियों और साबुत अनाज की बढ़ती खपत महामारी के दौरान प्रमुख प्रवृत्ति के रूप में उभरी।
दिल्ली, मुंबई, बैंगलोर और कोलकाता में शहरी मिलेनियल्स पर ध्यान केंद्रित करते हुए, कोविड-19 के बाद शहरी भारतीय उपभोक्ताओं की बदलती जीवनशैली और आहार संबंधी आदतों को लेकर अध्ययन में 18-50 वर्ष के आयु वर्ग के 1,000 उत्तरदाताओं को शामिल किया गया था।
अध्ययन में उपभोक्ता व्यवहार को समझने के लिए कोविड के बाद लोगों की बदलती जीवन शैली और आहार पैटर्न का विश्लेषण किया गया।
इसने एक बदलते पैटर्न को, विशेष रूप से शहरी मिलेनियल्स के बीच एक स्वस्थ प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली और वजन बनाए रखने के लिए आहार संबंधी आदतों के प्रति ट्रैक किया।
अध्ययन ने यह भी मैप किया कि क्या भविष्य में बदले हुए व्यवहार बने रहेंगे और इस तथ्य को रेखांकित किया कि वजन पर नजर रखने वालों को समय पर भोजन करने और पोषक तत्वों से भरपूर नाश्ते के महत्व को समझना चाहिए।
इसके अलावा, यह पाया गया कि 71 प्रतिशत शहरी मिलेनियल्स ने वजन बनाए रखने के लिए कीटो, आंतरायिक उपवास और साप्ताहिक डिटॉक्स योजना सहित सनक आहार की लोकप्रियता की ओर झुकाव किया।
यूरोमॉनिटर इंटरनेशनल की सलाहकार विधि शर्मा ने कहा कि मिलेनियल्स नाश्ते के महत्व को स्वीकार करते हैं और मानते हैं कि इसमें पौष्टिक पोषण होना चाहिए, वे अक्सर अपने काम के शेड्यूल के कारण नाश्ता छोड़ देते हैं या सुबह जल्दी नाश्ता कर लेते हैं।
अध्ययन के निष्कर्षों के बारे में बात करते हुए, सोनम विज, एसोसिएट डायरेक्टर और कैटेगरी लीड, क्वेकर पोर्टफोलियो, पेप्सिको इंडिया ने कहा कि शहरी मिलेनियल्स अब तेजी से अपने शारीरिक और मानसिक स्वास्थ्य में सुधार पर ध्यान केंद्रित कर रहे हैं जो एक सक्रिय जीवन शैली का गठन करता है। (एजेंसी)
यह भी पढ़े► स्लीप एपनिया सिंड्रोम से भारत में 40 लाख लोग प्रभावित
Beijing, Aug 5 (IANS) Amid a resurgence of new locally transmitted Covid-19 cases, authorities in Wuhan, the capital of China's Hubei province where the pandemic originated in 2019, have planned to complete a new round of all-inclusive nucleic acid testing before Friday.Last year, Wuhan completed a comprehensive nucleic acid testing campaign, during which it tested nearly 10 million residents in 19 days, Xinhua news agency reported.It launched a new testing drive on Tuesday after new infections emerged among several migrant workers on Monday. Between Monday and Tuesday, Wuhan reported 12 locally transmitted confirmed cases of COVID-19 and eight locally transmitted asymptomatic cases, all related to the cluster infections in Jiangsu province, the authorities said.The city has set up 2,820 sampling sites and mobilised over 18,000 medical workers and other staff members to work there, said Peng Houpeng, vice director of Wuhan's health commission, at a press conference on Wednesday.The method of pooled sampling will be adopted in medium- and low-risk areas to boost efficiency, while individual testing will be reserved for areas or groups of people with higher infection risks, according to Peng.As of Wednesday, approximately 2.5 million Wuhan residents had been sampled.Wuhan has also imposed close-off management on 56 residential complexes that are close to the new infections or home to their close contacts, said Peng Lili, vice director of the city's civil affairs bureau. --IANSksk/
Tokyo - Researchers have found that a fermented soybean dish often served for breakfast in Japan, can prove to be effective against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19.
Natto is made by fermenting soybeans with Bacillus subtilis, a bacteria found in plants and in soil.
Researchers from the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT) found that the extract made from the sticky, strong smelling natto may inhibit the ability of the SARS-CoV-2 virus to infect cells.
"Traditionally, Japanese people have assumed that natto is beneficial for their health," said Tetsuya Mizutani, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Prevention Research at the TUAT.
"In recent years, research studies have revealed scientific evidence for this belief. In this study, we investigated natto's antiviral effects on SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, and bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1), which causes respiratory disease in cattle," Mizutani added.
The findings were published in the journal Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications.
The team prepared two natto extracts from the food, one with heat and one without. They applied the extracts to sets of lab-cultured cells from cattle and from humans. One set was infected with SARS-CoV-2, while the other set was infected with BHV-1.
When treated with the natto extract made without heat, both SARS-CoV-2 and BHV-1 lost the ability to infect cells. However, neither virus appeared to be affected by the heat-treated natto extract.
"We found what appears to be a protease or proteases -- proteins that metabolise other proteins -- in the natto extract directly digests the receptor binding domain on the spike protein in SARS-CoV-2," Mizutani said, noting that the protease appears to break down in heat, losing the ability to digest proteins and letting the virus remain infectious.
The spike protein sits on the virus's surface and binds to a receptor on host cells. With an inactive spike protein, SARS-CoV-2 cannot infect healthy cells. The researchers found a similar effect on BHV-1 as well as the Alpha Covid variant.
While the results are promising, Mizutani also cautioned that further studies are needed to identify the exact molecular mechanisms at work. He also stressed that the research does not provide any evidence of reduced viral infection simply by eating natto. Once the components are identified and their functions verified, the researchers plan to advance their work to clinical studies in animal models. (IANS)
New York, July 11 (IANS) Drinking one or more cups of coffee per day was associated with about a 10 per cent decrease in risk of Covid-19, compared to less than one cup daily, claimed a study.
The study, led by researchers from the Northwestern University in the US, also found that the consumption of more vegetables, and less processed meats, could cut the risk of Covid infection.
Coffee is known to contain antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
"Coffee consumption favourably correlates with inflammatory biomarkers such as CRP, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumour necrosis factor I (TNF-I), which are also associated with Covid-19 severity and mortality," said the study published in the journal Nutrients.
"Coffee consumption has also been associated with lower risk of pneumonia in elderly. Taken together, an immunoprotective effect of coffee against Covid-19 is plausible and merits further investigation," it added.
For the study, the team analysed the records of 40,000 British adults in the UK Biobank. They looked at the link between diet factors including daily intake of coffee, tea, oily fish, processed meat, red meat, fruit, and vegetables, and Covid.
They found that consumption of at least 0.67 servings/d of vegetables (cooked or raw, excluding potatoes) was associated with a lower risk of Covid-19 infection.
Processed meat consumption of as little as 0.43 servings/d was associated with a higher risk of Covid-19. However red meat consumption presented no risk, suggesting meat per se does not underlie the association observed with processed meats.
"Our results support the hypothesis that nutritional factors may influence distinct aspects of the immune system, hence susceptibility to Covid-19. Encouraging adherence to certain nutritional behaviours (eg, increasing vegetable intake and reducing processed meat intake) may be an additional tool to existing Covid-19 protection guidelines to limit the spread of this virus," said the researchers.
"Although these findings warrant independent confirmation, adherence to certain dietary behaviors may be an additional tool to existing Covid-19 protection guidelines to limit the spread of this virus," they added.
Ankara, July 1 (IANS) Turkey has ramped up its vaccination efforts against Covid-19 by expanding the mobile healthcare vaccination teams in hopes of realising herd immunity before autumn.Health Minister Fahrettin Koca announced that on-site vaccination spots began to cover train and bus stations across the country, Xinhua news agency.The on-site spots previously included shopping malls, municipalities, and business centres.To achieve at least a 75 per cent vaccination rate and gain herd immunity, Turkey has launched an "aggressive vaccination campaign" for the summer months, the Hurriyet daily reported on Wednesday.According to the report, health authorities have formed more mobile vaccination teams to inoculate rural workers, vacationers, and workers in tourist attraction areas in the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts."It is a very important step in terms of ensuring herd immunity by September," Bulent Ertugrul, an expert on infectious diseases and clinical microbiology in Reyap Hospital in Istanbul, told Xinhua.So far, the number of people who received two Covid-19 vaccine doses has exceeded 15 million, and those who took the first shot has reached 49.5 million, according to the Health Ministry.The total number of vaccine doses administered in the country currently stood at 42,613,378."One out of every four people has been fully vaccinated," Koca said.The Minister also warned that the COVID-19 cases of Delta variant are on the rise in the country as the number of the infected has now increased to 244 in 26 provinces from 138 in 16 provinces last week.Turkey has so far reported a total of 5,420,156 confirmed cases and 49,687 deaths.--IANSksk/
Brussels, June 25 (IANS) Taking painkillers before a Covid-19 shot to prevent potential side effects is not advised, as it may impact the vaccines' efficacy, said the World Health Organization (WHO), the media reported.However, one can take "paracetamol or other painkillers" to control side effects such as pain, fever, headache, or muscle aches post vaccination, said the global health body, the Euronews reported.The WHO said this after several fake posts on social media orchestrated the need for taking antihistamines and other painkillers available over the counter, before getting the Covid shots to help relieve the potential side effects of the vaccine."Taking painkillers such as paracetamol before receiving the Covid-19 vaccine to prevent side effects is not recommended," a spokesperson was quoted as saying."This is because it is not known how painkillers may affect how well the vaccine works.""However, you may take paracetamol or other painkillers if you do develop side effects such as pain, fever, headache, or muscle aches after vaccination."The common side effects of the vaccine, such as arm soreness, headaches, or tiredness, are minor in most cases, the WHO added.But while antihistamines can mitigate certain allergic reactions, they are not designed to prevent them.Experts have advised against taking vaccines unless one develops side-effects.But, "if you're already on any medication at all, you should check with your local doctor, as some people may be advised to keep taking antihistamines for rashes and other allergic reactions," Professor Luke O'Neill, Chair of Biochemistry at Trinity College Dublin, was quoted as saying to Euronews."But there's no reason to start taking painkillers ahead of the vaccine, just in case they might limit vaccine efficacy," he added.--IANSrvt/sdr/