By making changes in lifestyle, kidney diseases cannot only be prevented but also controlled in their early stages, said experts.
Himanshu Verma, Head of the Department of Nephrology at Delhi's Safdarjung Hospital, said in his presentation that the process from kidney disease to kidney failure happens in five stages.
"But it is possible to completely overcome the disease in the first and second stages. For this, first of all, it is necessary to have awareness among the patients so that the disease can be identified in the initial stage itself."
According to him, keeping the body mass index (BMI) between 20-25, walking 30 minutes a day and at least five days a week, changing lifestyle, and reducing the consumption of pain-relieving medicines, among other precautions, are effective in controlling the disease in the initial stage.
Patients with diabetes and high blood pressure would be at the highest risk of kidney disease. "This risk can be much higher for people over 60 years of age with any of these diseases."
The experts also talked about alternative treatment methods of ayurveda like Neeri KFT, a traditional ayurvedic polyherbal formulation that has been found to be effective in regulating functions of at least six genes variants causing kidney dysfunction.
In concluding remarks, Sanchit Sharma, Executive Director, of AIMIL Pharma, said the nine-day-long program experts discussed extensively how to avoid kidney diseases and how to manage them.
"This discussion shows that no standards can be fixed to prevent the disease but a dynamic approach needs to be adopted," he said.
Studies have warned that the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in India is on the rise among those dealing with chronic diseases like diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
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Staying fit and healthy is essential for living life to the fullest. But there are times when we all get sick, such as when the seasons change. But did you know that there are certain techniques to keep the sickness at bay regardless of many other circumstances? This can be accomplished by eating the correct foods.
Many factors contribute significantly to the prevention of illness. According to Dr. Rohini Patil, MBBS, and CEO of Nutracy Lifestyle, making the following adjustments in your life will help you avoid being sick as frequently.
Having 3 Balanced Meals a Day
Skipping meals can become a huge mess for you if you are working throughout the day. The main function of the meals themselves is to sustain energy. A well-balanced diet will keep you energetic throughout the day. Include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and calcium in your meals as these reduce your heart disease risk by maintaining blood pressure and calcium will keep your teeth and bones strong. You can get calcium from dark green vegetables like kale and broccoli.
Walking 30 Mins Every Day
Walking is a great form of exercise that moves every muscle in your body. chances are you feel fatigued through the day if you are looking for a lifestyle change. Walking helps in lowering cholesterol and blood pressure, which leads to heart diseases. It not only improves brain performance and productivity but also is a great way to destress. You don't have to run or play, just walk for 30 minutes and you'll see changes in your life. It helps you in strengthening bones and boosts muscles. Starting small with a daily walk is the best way to do so.
Water is a very essential mineral for the body. It is vital for sustaining a healthy body. It helps in regulating body temperature, keeps those joints well lubricated, prevents infections, and ensures your organs function optimally. Drink at least 2 liters of water every day. If you are not fam with plain water, add lemon, mint, and cucumber to it.
Prioritizing Mental Health
Numerous factors like heavy workloads, long shifts, lack of physical and psychological safety, lack of social support, and many more can be the reason behind your stress. These can have a negative impact on your health and lifestyle. Stress can increase your blood pressure, obesity, and heart disease. It also causes depression which will impact your health badly, so the best thing you can do is avoid stress. Taking stress won't change anything, just relax and solve your problems calmly.
Good Quality Sleep
You might have heard that it's necessary to take 8 hours of sleep every day but rather than just 8 hours of bad sleep get a good quality of sleep. Don't compromise your sleep ever. Maintain a proper schedule or time and never have heavy meals at night. Proper sleep decreases the risk of heart ailments, depression, and obesity.
Nothing happens overnight, everything takes time. Making changes in your daily lifestyle can be tough for you but you have to be realistic. Good days and bad all are part of life, maybe sometimes you are very strong and sometimes you don't even want to get up from bed. You need to stay on track and be consistent. Try with small changes and surely it'll become your habit. (N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe)
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Pain and discomfort are often considered a part of menstruation. 80 per cent of women experience pain during menstruation at some point in their lives. However, for some of them, it could last from the beginning of their periods to menopause.
For most women, period pain can be managed through some lifestyle change. Speaking to IANSlife Aastha Sharma, Co-founder, of Imbue Natural shares tips that can help you ease period pain and manage it efficiently:
Switch to Healthy Snacking: Your diet plays an important role in maintaining healthy uterine upkeep. The hormonal imbalance during periods often leads to unhealthy food cravings. While you give in to your food cravings, make sure that you also eat snacks that are healthy and will provide you with essential nutrients. Make sure to include healthy fatty acids such as Omega 3 in your diet. Foods high in fibre such as green vegetables, legumes, and whole grains have been known to reduce cramping during periods.
Exercise: Indulging in physical activities has also proven to reduce period pain. Walking, running, swimming or yoga can help you relieve pain. Exercise releases hormones like endorphins and serotonin that act as natural pain-killers.
Stay Hydrated: Period cramps will feel more painful if you're dehydrated. Make sure that you drink at least 2 to 3 litres of water in a day. You can also include fruit juices in your diet that will nourish your body while keeping it hydrated.
Heat Therapy: Pampering your body while on your period can not only reduce pain but also help your body relax. Women often use hot water bags to reduce cramping and comfort the abdominal region, however, a hot water bag can prove tedious when it comes to managing the temperature and finding instant comfort.
An alternative to this is using period pain relief oils. Imbue's Rosa Period Pain Oil is one such alternative that is made with the goodness of pressed cinnamon, yarrow, and vetiver oil. The self-warming properties of this oil help in reducing period cramps and elevates mood by relieving stress.
Take a break, stop working through it: Women are often taught to keep menstruation a private affair, and talking about periods is often stigmatised. We are expected to endure the pain and work through it. Stress from work and domestic life can add to the physical discomfort. You must listen to your body and give it a break as and when it needs. (Agency)
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While everyone wishes to have ideal body weight and a healthy body, it is one of the tasks that require the most practice. To establish a base for ideal body weight, one must successfully maintain a healthy, calorie-controlled diet combined with adequate physical activity which should be followed on a consistent basis.
Additionally, to ensure a strong immunity, a healthy lifestyle, and an ideal weight, one must make permanent changes in the day to day eating and health habits. These things are pivotal because they can determine the choices we will make for our body and these choices can then decide the path for our ideal body weight.
These three yet noteworthy lifestyle changes can leave a lasting impact on our body weight and health in general:
While it is no secret that eating healthy is the first step toward a healthy lifestyle, it is even one of the most crucial ones as well. To ensure consistency in weight management, one needs to follow an eating pattern that can promote weight maintenance while allowing for appetite satisfaction.
One way is to make sure that you can lower your calorie intake and keep a check on your food consumption. By using a food journal or food activity app, one can monitor each item that's consumed. Additionally, one must ensure to eat more nutrient based foods fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
Moreover, one must abstain from unhealthy snacking or binge eating by keeping portion control. By striving for variety in nutritious food items, one can achieve their goals without giving up their favourite foods.
The secret behind regular exercise is that it not only allows for calorie restriction, but it can also even help give one a weight-loss and weight management edge. By helping one burn off the excess calories, staying active via regular exercise is the best lifestyle change one can adopt.
It also offers numerous health benefits, including boosting your mood, strengthening your cardiovascular system and reducing your blood pressure. It is proven that to maintain weight loss over the long term, one needs to get regular physical activity.
One can make a small lifestyle change through steady aerobic exercise - such as brisk walking - for at least 30 minutes most days of the week. Additionally, one can even join pilates, take online dance classes or practice HIIT workouts.
Similarly, one can be clever in getting more steps in by making several trips up and down stairs instead of using the elevator, or parking at the far end of the lot when shopping. One must always think about ways to increase physical activity throughout the day even if one can't fit in formal exercise on a given day.
To make sure that one remains healthy and maintains the ideal weight, one must incorporate a perspective of positivity and self-care. It's not enough to just eat healthy foods and exercise, to ensure long-term and successful weight management, one has to go above and beyond. By combining a positive outlook with the right habits, one can make these a way of life to implement the required lifestyle changes.
Firstly, one must realise their body requirements and then set a goal for themselves. Instead of being hard, one must gradually change habits and attitudes to make them move in the correct direction.
Also, one must keep a track of their progress and move beyond any setbacks that may come in the way. In face of no immediate results, one must consistently ensure to stick to a healthy lifestyle and habits to witness the results that they want. (Nutritionist Pritika Bedi is the founder of Healthsake)
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लंदन- ब्रिटिश शोधकर्ता ने पता लगाया है कि कोरोना वैक्सीन लगवा चुकी महिलाओं की माहवारी आने के समय में थोड़ा बदलाव हो सकता है लेकिन यह कुछ दिनों बाद सामान्य हो गया।
बीबीसी की रिपोर्ट के अनुसार, इंपीरियल कॉलेज लंदन की विक्टोरिया माले ने अमेरिका और नॉर्वे की महिलाओं के माहवारी चक्र वाले अध्ययनों पर प्रतिक्रिया करते हुए कहा कि यह थोड़े समय के लिए हो सकता लेकिन उन्होंने बांझपन संबंधी चिंताओं को बढ़ावा देने के लिए गलत सूचना को जिम्मेदार ठहराया।
रिपोर्ट में कहा गया है कि ब्रिटिश के एक संस्थान ने कहा है कि ऐसा कोई सबूत नहीं है कि कोविड टीके प्रजनन क्षमता को प्रभावित करते हैं। औषधि एवं स्वास्थ्य देखभाल उत्पाद नियामक एजेंसी को कोविड वैक्सीन लगवाने के बाद अप्रत्याशित योनि रक्तस्राव और देरी से मासिक धर्म की 37,000 से अधिक रिपोर्ट मिली है।
इसमें कहा गया है कि टीके लगवाने के बाद मासिक धर्म में देरी का कोई सबूत नहीं है क्योंकि महिलाओं के चक्र स्वाभाविक रूप से भिन्न होते हैं।हालांकि इस दिशा में वैज्ञानिकों ने और अधिक शोध का आह्वान किया है।
ब्रिटिश मेडिकल जर्नल के संपादकीय में, प्रजनन प्रतिरक्षा विज्ञान के एक माले ने दो अध्ययनों की ओर इशारा किया है।
माहवारी का पता लगाने वाले ट्रैकिंग ऐप का उपयोग करने वाली लगभग 4,000 महिलाओं के एक अमेरिकी अध्ययन में पाया गया कि दूसरे टीके के बाद उनकी अगली माहवारी में आधे दिन की देरी हुई, लेकिन इसके बाद कोई देरी नहीं हुई।
जिन महिलाओं को दो टीेक लगे थे उनके मासिक धर्म में दो दिन की देरी हुई, जहां दोनो डोज के बीच का अंतर कम से कम आठ सप्ताह है। यह भी देखा गया कि वैैैक्सीन लगवाने वाली 10 महिलाओं में से एक महिला की माहवारी में आठ दिनों की देरी देखी गई थी जबकि वैक्सीन नहीं लगवाने वाली 25 महिलाओं में यह देरी एक दिन की थी। लेकिन केवल दो चक्रों के बाद, उनकी अवधि सामान्य हो गई।
नॉर्वे में 5,600 से अधिक महिलाओं के एक अन्य अध्ययन से पता चलता है कि स्वाभाविक रूप से मासिक धर्म की अवधि भिन्न हो सकती हैं। लगभग 40 प्रतिशत महिलाओं ने टीकाकरण के बाद काफी अधिक रक्तस्राव की शिकायत की थी। (एजेंसी)
यह भी पढ़े► नियोकोव वेरिएंट से डॉक्टरों ने लोगों को ना घबराने की दी सलाह
Menstrual health comprises the physical, social and mental aspects related to menstruation or periods. In India, women's health has been given secondary importance due to a male dominant society, illiteracy, low socio-economic conditions and ignorance.
The most common causes of menstrual problems are PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), and abnormal or heavy menstrual bleeding. Menstruation or monthly periods have been associated with a lot of social and cultural taboos in India.
Many young girls and women do not have facilities to manage their menses hygienically, maintaining their privacy, dignity and gender equality at home, schools and workplaces.
So, what are normal periods? A normal menstrual period lasts from 2-7 days and comes at an interval of 21-35 days. It is difficult to quantify the actual menstrual flow. In general, use of three to four XL or regular size sanitary pads per day (since they need to be changed every six to eight hours) can be considered normal on an average, but it may vary depending on the individual.
Common Menstrual Problems
1. Menstrual hygiene
2. Menstrual flow
3. Menstrual cycle
4. Menstrual hormones
Menstrual Hygiene Related Problems: Use of unclean sanitary pads or clothes can give rise to genital tract infections, anaemia and urinary tract Infection. This can be prevented by social awareness and easy availability of affordable sanitary products. It is also important to have the right knowledge about menstrual hygiene to avoid such issues from taking place.
Menstrual Flow Related Problems: One can experience excess or scanty flow during periods. Usually heavy menstrual flow can be for 1-2 days but if it continues for more than 5-7 days, it can lead to low haemoglobin and anaemia. This definitely needs to be investigated and treated along with oral iron replacement therapy. The less flow or change in flow over years can be due to hormonal imbalance. This can occur mostly after completion of family in perimenopausal age.
Menstrual Cycle Related Problems: Irregular periods, skipping or not getting periods for more than six months (also known as secondary amenorrhoea) and bleeding in between periods (called inter menstrual bleeding) are a few problems under this type of problem. The most common cause for this is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), stress, anxiety and depression. Investigations in the form of pelvic sonography and hormonal investigations are necessary to make a diagnosis. Regular exercise, a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle changes are important.
Menstrual Hormone Related Problems: This usually gives rise to psychomotor issues. They can be symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) at any age group or peri/postmenopausal vasomotor symptoms after the age of 45. Bloating, breast tenderness, irritability and depression which occur premenstrually and disappear with onset of periods are classical symptoms of PMS. If they are affecting day to day family life, then it needs to be treated.
Every woman experiences menopausal symptoms in varying severity, starting usually 4-5 years before menopause. The night sweats, hot flushes, low moods, anxiety, irritability, joint and muscle pain, loss of interest in having sex, and weight gain are typical menopausal symptoms due to deficiency of oestorgen hormones.
No matter which type of menstrual problem you're facing, it is always advisable to visit a gynaecologist who will be able to identify all your queries after making the right diagnosis.
Nua, a new-age brand transforming the women's wellness space in India with holistic and personalised solutions that addresses real problems faced by women in managing their menstrual health and personal hygiene, provides an innovative range of products and services, including India's first customizable pack of sanitary pads and self-heating menstrual cramp patches, also available on a subscription basis. (Vaishali Joshi, #NuaExpert on Gynaecology, is an Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai)
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