The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, (CSIR-CIMAP), Lucknow signed an MoU today for extending joint collaborative efforts to promote the production of quality planting material (QPM) of medicinal plants.
The MoU will facilitate development of QPM of medicinal plants and herbs identified by NMPB and help in establishment of their nurseries for QPM development, promotion, conservation and cultivation of the appropriate medicinal plants in different agro-climatic zones. CSIR-CIMAP Lucknow, can also undertake research on mass multiplication, agro-technology development, Quality Planting Material generation of selected medicinal plants and herbs.
During the tenure of MoU, NMPB will work through its implementing agencies i.e. State Medicinal Plant Boards, State Horticulture Departments, Regional-cum-Facilitation Centres across India in conjunction and collaboration with CSIR-CIMAP Lucknow and support projects related to QPM Development of Medicinal Plants Species.
Working under the Ministry of Ayush, NMPB is mandated to coordinate all matters relating to medicinal plants and support Policies and Programs for growth of trade, export, conservation and cultivation of medicinal plants.
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New Delhi, Aug 21 (IANS) The Delhi government on Friday notified the Medical Oxygen Production Promotion Policy 2021 with an aim to increase the production of oxygen in the national capital through either new manufacturing enterprises or by expanding the production capacity of the existing units.Under this policy, the Delhi government has set a target to establish liquid oxygen manufacturing facilities of minimum 50 MT capacity. The government has also planned to set up non-captive oxygen generation plants (PSA/air separation unit technology) of minimum 10 MT and and maximum 100 MT capacity, a notification issued by the Delhi government said.Apart from these, the policy also includes captive oxygen generation plants of maximum 500 LPM capacity at hospitals and nursing homes to cater to their peak demand for medical oxygen. The policy provides several incentives to the private sector to set up oxygen production units, storage facilities and oxygen tankers.For installing liquid medical oxygen (LMO) storage tanks in the hospitals, the Delhi government will provide Rs one lakh per MT. The subsidy will be granted only if the storage tanks are procured and commissioned by December 31 this year."100 per cent capital subsidy under this policy shall be provided to the approved units within one month of commissioning. In case an unit wishes to avail 50 per cent upfront payment as advance at the stage of proposal sanctioning, the same shall be provided against a bank guarantee for an equivalent amount, extending up to the date of commissioning. The 50 per cent subsidy for liquid oxygen manufacturing plants and non-captive oxygen generation plants shall be provided only after proof of land is submitted," the notification read.Along with capital subsidy, the Delhi government will also provide power subsidy to the liquid oxygen generation plants and non-captive oxygen generation plants at Rs 4 per unit consumed in the manufacturing process for the first five years from the date of commencement of commercial production, said a statement released by the Delhi government.The policy was approved by the Delhi cabinet on August 3.--IANSpd/arm
When a woman hears the news she has conceived and will be mother soon, many thoughts cross her mind about pregnancy, birthing and finally her journey to parenthood.
Most moms-to-be in nuclear families don't have any experience of handling a baby post birth. This makes them nervous about the whole process and apprehensive about whether or not she will be able to breastfeed the baby. As a lactation consultant, I often come across mothers who have many questions related to breastfeeding and milk production such as when will the milk production start, what does lactation delay look like, will I produce enough colostrum?
It is important to understand that hormones play a major role in pregnancy and milk production. During pregnancy, hormonal activities increase, and this in turn causes the mammary glands to produce milk. However, this is all just preparation for breastfeeding. Mature milk production can start within three to five days of the baby being born.
Milk production starts during the midpoint of pregnancy that is around 16-22 week of pregnancy. During the second trimester, your breasts begin to create colostrum. Colostrum is the first food your breasts produce for your baby. It is usually thick and yellowish and contains high amounts of proteins and antibodies to strengthen your baby's immune system. Many mothers are not aware about this because it does not flow like mature milk. It might start as few watery drops as this is first milk that's called "colostrum".
Colostrum does not leak and not all pregnant mothers produce it during pregnancy, for many colostrum starts after the birthing process. This is absolutely normal. During the pregnancy a mother-to-be should not express or pump colostrum as it might trigger the labor process. Mothers can use a breast pad just for comfort. If there is good quantity of colostrum or leaky colostrum, one can express it with hand after 37 weeks of pregnancy and store it.
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You may start producing breast milk months or weeks before your due date of delivery. One of the first signs that your breasts have started producing milk is that they will become fuller and heavier, and they may even hurt sometimes. Immediately after the birth, a mother will see a transparent or yellowish colour of drops at the nipple area i.e. colostrum or liquid gold.
It is the first stage of milk production. It is thick, sticky, concentrated and very nutritious. The baby should suckle at the breast with in one hour of birth, this period is called Golden hour. Colostrum is known as "liquid gold" because it's packed with protein, growth factors, white blood cells, and antibodies, especially Immunoglobulin A (IgA) to fight off infections. It's very important for the baby's health and immune system. In the first 24 hours after your baby is born, a mother will produceï¿½on an average - 1 ounce (30 milliliters) within 24 hours. On the second and third day, she will make approximately 2 ounces (60 milliliters) of colostrum. Some people's breasts may leak during this colostrum phase. This is normal. Within three to five days of delivery, your breasts go through a transition where mature milk gradually replaces colostrum. By the time your baby is around two weeks old, your breasts will only be producing mature breast milk.
Colostrum is replaced by transitional milk which will start from day 3-5 up to 2 weeks. Watery or yellowish milk will change in to whitish milk. The breast will feel warm and full. Transitional milk will be combination of colostrum and mature milk. Frequent breastfeeding or regular milk expression will help with milk production and also o avoid engorgement. Transitional milk will be replaced by mature milk usually between 10 to 15 days. It's a whitish milk packed with nutrients and its production depends upon the demand and supply principle. Frequent nursing will stimulus mothers brain to release milk hormone and accordingly milk supply will be there.
Once supply of breastmilk settles down it keeps on adjusting as per demand of the baby, for example if the baby gets growth spurts baby it will demand frequent feeding and this might cause confusion in the mother that her supply is not enough and the baby is hungry; but actually the baby is expressing its demand to the mother's body so that the milk supply increases and settles down mostly within a week.
As per my clinical experience many new mothers complain of low milk supply and after assessment most of the cases the demand or stimulus to mothers body is missing. This can be because of many reasons like preterm baby, medical condition of the mother and baby, supplementation of formula, stress or postpartum depression etc. For example if a mother is giving formula feed to the baby without trying to breastfeed, that demand or stimulus to the mother's body will be missing and accordingly her body will produce less breastmilk.
If baby is preterm and cheeks stability is not there, there might be ineffective or nonnutritive suckling by the baby on the breast which further reduces the milk supply. Because of some external stress factors or postpartum depression milk hormones can be affected and a mother might face low milk production.
Breastfeeding takes a lot of diligent commitment, effort, and energy. Consult a lactation specialist or who will help you answer your questions and continually educate you about the ways your body is changing as milk production increases. Early initiation at the breast is good start for good milk production. If you are not comfortable medically to feed your baby after birth, colostrum expression should be done within one hour of the birth followed by frequent feeding or removal of milk.
An expecting couple should prepare themselves during pregnancy for breastfeeding. Antenatal classes are great help which help in proper guidance and support that will help them sail through this journey of breastfeeding.
Read More► Not Producing Enough Breast Milk, Don't Worry
New Delhi, Aug 10 (IANS) The Centre on Tuesday approved the Bharat Biotech's Covaxin manufacturing and production facilities at Ankleshwar in Gujarat. This move is expected to boost the massive vaccination drive against Covid-19 in India. It will also help to meet the vaccine targets to jab all citizens.The union health minister said in a tweet that following PM Midi's vision, it will increase vaccine availability and accelerate the world's largest vaccine drive."Govt of India approves vaccine manufacturing facility for production of @BharatBiotech's Covaxin in Ankleshwar, Gujarat. Following PM NarendraModi ji's vision of #SabkoVaccineMuftVaccine, this will increase vaccine availability & accelerate the world's largest vaccine drive", the minister tweeted on Tuesday.Meanwhile, India on Tuesday recorded the lowest fresh daily Covid cases in the last 147 days as a total of 28,204 new cases of Covid-19 were detected across the nation in the last 24 hrs. With 373 deaths in the same time span, the death toll due to Covid-19 has climbed to 4,88,682, said the Covid bulletin released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.India's Covid vaccination coverage has crossed 51 crores cumulatively. A total of 54,91,647 doses of vaccines were administered in the last 24 hrs, pushing the total vaccination so far at 51,45,00,268, said the bulletin released by the ministry.--IANS avr/skp/
New Delhi, Aug 6 (IANS) The Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya on Friday held a discussion with Biological E Ltd. Managing Director Mahima Datla here.The Minister was briefed on the progress of Biological's upcoming Covid vaccine Corbevax. He assured the government's support in the production of the Corbevax vaccine to combat the covid pandemic."Met Ms Mahima Datla, MD of @Biological_E, who briefed me on the progress of their upcoming #COVID19 vaccine, Corbevax. I assured all the Government support for the vaccine," said Mansukh Mandaviya in a tweet on Friday.The Hyderabad based drug major Biological E will produce the Johnson & Johnson Covid-19 vaccine. The company plans to produce 75 million to 80 million doses of its own vaccine in a month to boost the country's overall supplies. The vaccine has been developed with Baylor College of Medicine in Houston and Dynavax Technologies Corp.Meanwhile, India's cumulative Covid-19 vaccination coverage crossed the landmark of 49 crore doses on Thursday. Cumulatively, 49,53,27,595 vaccine doses have been administered through 57,64,712 sessions, as per the provisional report of the Union Health Ministry. A total of 57,97,808 vaccine doses were administered in the last 24 hours.However, India continues to report over 40,000 fresh Covid-19 cases on a daily basis. India today reported more than 40,000 cases for the third day running. On Friday, a total of 44,643 fresh cases were reported in the last 24 hours. And a total of 463 persons succumbed to the corona infection in the same span of time in India, said the health bulletin released by the Health and Family Welfare Ministry.However, India's recovery rate currently stands at 97.36 per cent. India's active Covid infection tally climbed to 4,14,159 on Friday. The active cases constitute 1.30 per cent of the total caseloads in India.--IANSavr/dpb
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