Amid the pandemic, work from home, social shielding and discreet outdoor ventures have not only disrupted our emotional well-being but have also drastically affected our physical health. As people are confined to their homes with reduced physical activity there is rapid bone resorption (loss) as muscles and bones are not getting adequate stimulation.
Also lack of exposure to sun during the pandemic has critically affected vitamin D levels in our body. People are frequently feeling tired with lack of energy and strength. Everyone needs to be cautious about the health of their bones as much as their other needs.
Dr Dipesh Mahendra Waghmare, Medical Advisor Executive to Millennium Herbal Care, shares some measures that can take care of your bones during the pandemic.
Eat a well-balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D
Good sources of calcium include low-fat dairy products, green leafy veggies and dry fruits. Good sources of vitamin D include fortified cereals, egg yolks, saltwater fish, liver and milk. Calcium and vitamin D work together to protect your bones - calcium helps to build and maintain bones; while vitamin D helps your body to effectively absorb calcium.
Get exposure to sunlight to make enough vitamin D
Regular sun exposure is the most natural way to get enough vitamin D. The sun's ultraviolet B (UVB) rays hit cholesterol in the skin cells, providing the energy for vitamin D synthesis. Vitamin D has a significant role in calcium homeostasis and metabolism. As per pan-India study the best time to get exposed to the sun is between 11am and 1pm since the wavelength of ultraviolet B (UVB) rays is 290-320nm during this period which is essential for skin to make vitamin D.
Live a healthy lifestyle
Smoking and excessive alcohol intake contributes to bone loss and weakened bones. These unhealthy habits unknowingly reduce blood supply to the bones, slow down the production of bone-forming cells and impair the absorption of calcium. By avoiding these habits, you can lower your rate of bone loss and protect your bones from negative impacts.
Get plenty of physical activity Like muscles, bones become stronger with exercise. The best exercises for healthy bones are strength-building and weight-bearing exercise like walking, climbing stairs, lifting weights and dancing. Try to get 30 minutes of exercise each day. Strength-building and weight-bearing exercise provides stimulation to bone cells and helps to increase bone mineral density and bone size thus reducing the risk of osteoporosis.
Ayurveda and phytomedicines for bone health
There are several herbs and phytomedicines mentioned in Ayurveda for promoting bone health. Herbs like Hadjod, Salai guggul, Ashwagandha and Bala are clinically proven to reinstate bone cell homeostasis (osteoblast and osteoclast) and to improve bone mineral density. While herbs like Arjuna, Methi, Lakha serve as an organic source of bio-available calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C, mucopolysaccharrides, minerals and phytoestrogen, of which all are essential components for healthy bones.
The best approach to bone health is adopting proper lifestyle and restoring the healthy balance of bone forming cells (Osteoblast) and bone resorption cells (Osteoclast). As with aging this balance shifts in a negative direction, favoring greater bone loss. Ayurvedic herbs augment bone mass formation and increase its natural healing abilities. Natural or phyto-medicines are free from any kind side effects, can be continued for long term and have sustained benefits for the holistic wellness of your bone health.
New York, Aug 8 (IANS) Researchers have found that -- bisphosphonates -- a class of drugs that prevent the loss of bone density and used to treat osteoporosis and similar diseases, appear to be safe and beneficial for osteoarthritis patients.Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and a leading cause of disability worldwide with more than 300 million sufferings with the condition, yet there are no effective treatments to stop the disease or its progression. According to the study, published in the journal Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, one of the lesions in OA that causes pain and progression of the structural pathology of the disease is bone marrow lesions."The results suggest that bisphosphonates do not appear to be harmful, at least over one year, and perhaps may even help decrease bone marrow lesions in those that have them," said study researcher Tuhina Neogi from the Boston University in the US.Researchers believe bisphosphonates may alter bone marrow lesions, and thereby could improve pain in OA and halt its progression. Alternatively, they could also alter the mechanical properties of bone, thereby potentially contributing to detrimental effects.Using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative, a longitudinal cohort of people with or at risk for knee OA, the researchers identified women who started bisphosphonates and matched them to women who weren't on the drug.Measurements in bone marrow lesion volume were taken when they first started on bisphosphonate and then a year later.Changes in bone marrow lesion volume between the two groups were then compared."When we looked at those who had bone marrow lesions at baseline, we found that the women who started bisphosphonates had had more bone marrow lesions that decreased in size than the women who did not start bisphosphonates," Neogi explained.According to the researchers, effective treatments for osteoarthritis are desperately needed."By examining existing data for potential signals of efficacy and safety, we can identify potentially promising therapies that should be further tested in trials with the aim to ameliorate the pain of osteoarthritis and improve the quality of life for the millions of people worldwide that have this disease," Neogi noted.--IANSbu/sdr/
London, June 12 (IANS) Diabetic patients, take a note. Researchers have found that people living with diabetes are at greater risk of bone fractures.The study, published in the journal bone, showed that people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of suffering hip and non-vertebral fractures (those not occurring in the spine or skull).The findings revealed during Diabetes Awareness Week June 8-14, 2020, show people with Type 1 diabetes are at greater risk than people with Type 2 diabetes.However, insulin use and length of time someone has lived with the condition further increased the risk for people with Type 2 diabetes."Diabetes can cause a number of well-known complications including kidney problems, loss of eyesight, problems with your feet and nerve damage," said study lead researcher Dr Tatiane Vilaca from the University of Sheffield in the UK.However, until now many people with diabetes and their doctors are unaware that they are also at greater risk of bone fractures."We need to raise awareness about the greater risk people with diabetes face to help them to prevent fractures. For example, preventing falls can reduce the risk of fracture," Vilaca added.Fractures can be very serious, especially in older people. Hip fractures are the most severe as they cause such high disability.Around 76,000 people in the UK suffer a hip fracture every year and it is thought as many as 20 per cent of people will die within a year of the fracture, the study said. Many others don't fully regain mobility, and for many people, it can cause a loss of independence."This important research highlights the urgent need for doctors to evaluate the risk of fracture for patients with diabetes and also to look at potential treatments which may help to reduce that risk," said study researcher Richard Eastell."We hope that by raising awareness about the greater risk people with diabetes face, bone density and bone strength will become something that doctors assess routinely in patients with the condition in the same way they do currently for other well-known complications," Eastell noted.--IANSbu/pgh
New Delhi, June 12 (IANS) As organisations prepare to reopen offices after Covid-19 lockdowns, in addition to health and safety risks, business leaders must consider risks associated with forcefully asking employees to return to work or laying off staff based on age, gender or race which can result in legal repercussions, brand vilification and financial decline, a new report has warned.Rushing employees back to work against their comfort level not only creates a psychologically unsafe environment for these employees, it may lead to lawsuits, public backlash and increased regulatory scrutiny, according to a new Forrester report detailing most critical risks for businesses to avoid post Covid-19 lockdowns.Employees who speak out about going back to work could be seen as troublemakers, be alienated by their colleagues and bosses, and be managed out, causing a series of unfair dismissal cases. "All of this will, in turn, lead to a toxic culture and employee, customer, and public backlash. Worse, the issue of liability for employees that get sick has yet to be determined," said Heidi Shey, Principal Analyst.In Australia, claims for unfair dismissal have increased by 70 per cent during the pandemic, and the estimated cost of for companies to defend an unfair dismissal claim can range from $15,000 to $100,000 per claim.In Massachusetts, Walmart had to close three stores after 27 employees tested positive for the virus and one died.As of May 4, more than 800 COVID-19-related lawsuits had been filed in the US. In some cases, employees are claiming that work was the main contributing factor of them getting infected.Amazon has been accused of retaliating against employees who wanted to sound the alarm on unsafe working conditions, prompting one executive to resign, bringing negative headlines that have overshadowed some of the critical practices the Amazon has since taken to protect workers."Don't force people to come back before they're ready; if your employees are successfully and happily working from home, be flexible and give them the option to stay there. Making them come back before the crisis slows down opens the door to the risk of being held liable for illness," suggested Shey. There may be instances where employees need to be in an office environment, such as cases of family violence or poor network connectivity, where you must make accommodations. The senior management should communicate with empathy, transparency, and clarity. "Plan to leave a percentage of your workforce at home, and make sure you consult with your employees and gain their buy-in. Train your frontline managers to identify and avoid bullying and harassment," said the report.For decisions dealing with recruiting, granting essential employees permission to use office premises, or enacting lay-offs, the firms must avoid assumptions based on implicit bias. "Blanket policies that target sections of your workforce, such as older age, racial, or linguistic groups will backfire. Such bias-prone decisions will also lead to the loss of trust among your workforce and the loss of experienced employees," the Forrester report emphasised.A discriminatory workplace can be a top deterrent against attracting new talent when conditions improve.Other critical risks to mitigate for the return to work are failure to comply with health and safety standards and regulations; failure to ensure the safety of employees during their entire journey; partner violations of safe workplace environment; violation of employees' privacy rights and violation of employees' privacy rights with contact-tracing solutions, among others.A growing number of employers believe that tracking employees' movement within work premises - knowing who they met and which rooms they visited while at work - can provide valuable insights for reducing the spread of COVID-19, and contact tracing technology is taking center stage for this effort."Regardless of the approach, mobile app, wearable device, badge card, or manual approaches contact tracing comes with great privacy challenges," the report mentioned.--IANSna/
New York, June 1 (IANS) Researchers have found that despite containing essential nutrients, dairy products do not benefit lumbar spine or femoral neck bone density, nor do they protect against fracture risk in women.The study, based on data from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) shows that during the menopause transition, when bone loss is accelerated, they offer little benefit in preventing bone mineral density loss or fractures. According to the study, published online in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS), as women enter the menopause transition, bone loss accelerates and may lead to osteoporosis. The SWAN data revealed that this bone loss is not slowed down by the consumption of dairy products nor is fracture risk mitigated.For the findings, the current study specifically looked at the effect of dairy intake on femoral and spine bone mineral density. It is one of the few studies dedicated to examining how dairy consumption affects a woman's risk of bone loss and fractures across the menopause transition. Because two of the greatest risk factors for osteoporosis -- age and sex -- are beyond a woman's control, there is an increased focus on possible modifiable risk factors to slow this irreversible, age-related, progressive, degenerative skeletal disease that makes a woman more susceptible to bone fractures. The findings showed that women are at greater risk for osteoporosis than men, and the risk increases significantly as women age.This study adds to the existing data suggesting a lack of benefit from the dairy intake on bone mineral density and fracture risk. "There are many other health benefits of a Mediterranean-type diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, as well as lean protein such as fish and low-fat dairy," said study researcher Stephanie Faubion, NAMS medical director.In addition, regular weight-bearing exercise, such as walking or jogging, can help maintain bone strength, and activities that improve strength and balance, such as yoga and tai chi, may help prevent falls," Faubion added.--IANSbu/rs/
London, April 10 (IANS) Researchers say that pre-school children who are overweight or obese have a higher risk of bone fractures during childhood than normal-weight pre-schoolers,The study, published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, aimed to determine if having an overweight or obese range body mass index (BMI) at time of beginning school is associated with increased fracture incidence in childhood."In a cohort of almost half a million children from Catalonia, Spain, we have found a strong association between pre-school overweight/obesity and the risk of fracture during childhood," said study senior author Daniel Prieto-Alhambra from the University of Oxford in the UK.According to the researchers, a dynamic cohort was created from children presenting for routine preschool primary care screening, collected in the Information System for Research in Primary Care (SIDIAP) platform in Catalonia, Spain.Data were collected from 296 primary care centres representing 74 per cent of the regional pediatric populationThe study included 466,997 children with weight and height measurements at age four years who were followed for a median of 4.9 years.The findings showed that fractures occurred in 9.20 per cent of underweight, 10.06 per cent of normal weight, 11.28 per cent of overweight, and 13.05 per cent of obese children.Compared with normal weight, overweight and obesity were linked with 42 per cent and 74 per cent higher risks of lower limb fractures, respectively, and a 10 per cent and 19 per cent higher risk of upper limb fractures, respectively.Overall, preschool children with an overweight or obese range BMI had increased incidence of upper and lower limb fractures in childhood compared with normal-weight kids."More research is needed to further understand the mechanisms underlying this correlation," Prieto-Alhambra said.--IANSbu/na
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