Do you have a strong desire for a late-night snack but you are trying to control the temptation to avoid gaining weight? Many people, due to many reasons, feel hungry again after having dinner. It can be due to work shifts, boredom, stress or if you have had a smaller or earlier dinner.
There's a lot of debate about whether or not you should eat after dinner. And, if that's okay, what are the foods to consume at that hour?
Foods that you can binge on late at night.
Berries- Berries are loaded with fibre which helps you feel full, besides they also contain magnesium, a mineral that relaxes nerves and muscles to speed faster.
Peanut Butter Sandwich- Peanut butter contains tryptophan that gets converted in the brain to melatonin to promote sleepiness. And carbohydrates like bread are needed alongside to make tryptophan more available to the brain. Hence peanut butter bread is the perfect pairing for a pre-sleep snack, and nutritious, too.
Whole-Grain Crackers- When you're hungry for something savoury and crunchy at night, then this can come in handy. Make sure they are unsalted to keep overeating at bay.
Carrot and Hummus- If you're craving something crunchy and low-calorie and filling, fresh carrots with hummus can come in handy.
Popcorn- For those who would like to eat something salty and crunchy, we would suggest they binge on popcorn. It's a high-fibre snack that will keep you full until the next meal. Leave off the butter and salt, and replace them with heart-healthy fats like olive oil or fresh herbs. In fact, three cups of air-popped popcorn contain less than 100 calories and roughly 4 grams of fibre, which will help you to feel full.
Nuts- Nuts like walnuts and almonds contain natural melatonin, protein, and magnesium, a modest handful of nuts will satiate appetite and induce sleepiness.
Roasted Grams- Roasted Grams are a crunchy nutrient-dense, low-calorie snack that's high in protein, fibre, vitamins, and minerals, which makes them a healthier alternative to salty snacks like potato chips.
Low-Fat Turmeric Milk- Milk is a rich source of important nutrients like calcium, phosphorus, vitamin B, potassium and Vitamin D. Adding turmeric to milk enables your body to relax. It gives a calming effect to the brain and gives you a perfect good night sleep.
Read More► Should Carbs Be Completely Stopped During Weight Loss?
Travelling calories don't count but it's important to keep yourself in shape. Working out has become more of a lifestyle than any leisure activity. It indeed gets difficult to maintain timely eating habits. But there are always some ways out if you are willing to choose healthily. Dietician and Nutritionist Sakina Mustansir shares few ways to keep a balanced diet:
Try to Eat Homemade Food/Cook Your Own Meal
There is an old saying, "your mood changes when you eat according to the person's mood who made it." Even when you cook unhealthy food it becomes healthy when it's made at home. It's always convenient to carry food from home rather than eating at roadside vendors or unhygienic food. So, try to cook your own meal wherever possible. Also carry munching snacks like nuts, dried fruits, peanut butter sandwiches or whole wheat/multigrain bread sandwiches, protein bars etc.
No amount of soft drinks or hard drinks will subside the need for water in our body. It's always recommended to be hydrated. Research shows when you are dehydrated it results in forced hunger cravings. You confuse hunger with thirst and get sugary food cravings or indulge in binge eating. Do you know? Drinking water before every meal cuts the portion size and you end up intaking fewer calories.
Don't Skip or Avoid Breakfast
Most of the people skip breakfasts on the trip which makes them more lethargic which enables them to follow healthy eating patterns. If you eat a healthy breakfast your body fills up the nutrients and proteins it requires for the day and starves the carvings off. Buffet breakfast is a trap, don't indulge in overeating either. Cater to the energy your body needs at the moment. While travelling, never skip breakfast. Always aim for a good healthy breakfast so as to avoid hunger pangs and binging on unhealthy snacks later during the day. Also carry some uncut fruits or boiled eggs or chickpeas from the breakfast table for later, to keep you energetic for the exploration.
Avoid Alcohol or Sugary Beverages
The calories in beverages are more reactive as compared to the calories in solid food. Being on a vacation doesn't mean your liver is on a vacation as well. Cutting on calories or alcohol fat is more difficult than cutting down the vacation fat. Avoid sodas if that's convenient.
Usually the most authentic local cuisine also happens to be the healthiest. So while traveling, always try the country's authentic cuisine rather than fast food joints and processed foods. This will not only keep you healthy and give you more energy to explore but you will have an opportunity to taste different cuisines and experience their culture.
Don't Stress About Treats
Give yourself a break, don't keep a count on everything you eat. You always end up eating more if you stress about what you eat all the time. Having a healthy relationship with what you eat is important. Plenty of vegetables are healthier than you are aware of.
Any weight you gain while you travel is most likely to be water retention or constipation. You are most likely to reduce this in a span of one week when you're back to your lifestyle. Be diligent with your exercise or walks while travelling.(By N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe)
Read More► Should Carbs Be Completely Stopped During Weight Loss?
आयुर्वेद में विरुद्ध आहार - Viruddh Ahara in Ayurveda in Hindi
स्वास्थ्य के दृष्टिकोण से पौष्टिक भोजन का विशेष महत्व है. लेकिन शरीर का पोषण और ऊर्जा देने वाले खाद्य पदार्थों का सेवन गलत समय और गलत तरीके से किया जाए तो शरीर पर उसका प्रतिकूल असर भी पड़ सकता है. आयुर्वेद में वर्णित विरुद्ध आहार की अनूठी अवधारणा खान-पान की ऐसी ही विसंगतियों के बारे में बताती है. विरुद्ध आहार का अभिप्राय ऐसे दो भोजन या खाद्य पदार्थ से है जिसका एकसाथ सेवन करना स्वास्थ्य के दृष्टिकोण से हानिकारक सिद्ध हो सकता है. इसके अलावा गलत समय, गलत खुराक और गलत मौसम में भोजन का सेवन भी विरुद्ध आहार का कारण बन सकता है. विरुद्ध आहार कई तरह के रोगों जैसे त्वचा रोग, बवासीर, जुकाम, मधुमेह आदि का कारण बन सकता है. आइये जानते हैं कुछ ऐसे खाद्य पदार्थों के बारे में जिनका एक साथ सेवन विरुद्ध आहार का कारण बन सकता है -
विरुद्ध आहार - Viruddh Ahara in Hindi
भोजन के साथ फल : फलों का सेवन उत्तम स्वास्थ्य के लिए जरुरी है. लेकिन फलों के सेवन को लेकर कई तरह के सवाल आम लोगों के मन में उठते रहते हैं. मसलन, क्या फलों को भोजन के साथ लेना सही है? इसी तरह, क्या फलों का सेवन खाली पेट करना चाहिए या भोजन से कम से कम 30-40 मिनट पहले करना चाहिए? आयुर्वेद की माने तो यह वास्तव में फल की प्रकृति और व्यक्ति की पाचन शक्ति पर निर्भर करता है। फलों का सेवन भोजन के दौरान या भोजन से पहले या बाद में और साथ ही व्यक्ति के पाचन के अनुसार किया जा सकता है। भोजन के क्रम में पहले मीठे पदार्थों का सेवन करना चाहिए, उसके बाद खट्टा, नमकीन, तीखे, कड़वे और कसैला फलों का स्वाद लेना चाहिए। इसलिए मीठे फलों को भोजन के पहले भाग में शामिल किया जा सकता है।
फल के साथ दूध - दही : मीठे फलों के साथ दूध लेना ठीक है और इसका स्वास्थ्य पर कोई दुष्प्रभाव नहीं पड़ता। लेकिन खट्टे फल के साथ दूध से परहेज करना बेहतर है। आयुर्वेद के अनुसार किसी भी डेयरी प्रोडक्ट के साथ खट्टा फल नहीं खाने की सलाह दी जाती है क्योंकि यह पाचन को प्रभावित कर सकता है। साथ ही शरीर में विषाक्त पदार्थों का उत्पादन कर सकता है। साइनस, सर्दी-खांसी और एलर्जी का यह कारण बन सकता है।
मछली और दूध : आयुर्वेद में मछली और दूध का सेवन एक साथ करने की सख्त मनाही है. दोनों के एकसाथ सेवन से अपच और त्वचा रोग हो सकता है। इन दोनों की प्रकृति अलग - अलग होती है। दूध ठंडा होता है और मछलियाँ गर्म। इन्हें एक साथ लेने से दोष उत्पन्न होता है जिससे त्वचा रोग होने की संभावना प्रबल हो जाती है।
केला और दूध : आयुर्वेद में केला और दूध को एक साथ खाने की सलाह नहीं दी जाती है। आयुर्वेद इस संयोजन को विष के समान मानता है। ऐसा कहा जाता है कि यह शरीर में भारीपन पैदा करता है और दिमाग को धीमा कर देता है। लेकिन इसके बावजूद केला और दूध आपका प्रिय भोजन है तो यह सुनिश्चित करें कि केला बहुत पका हुआ हो। साथ ही पाचन संबंधी विकारों से बचने के लिए उसमें इलायची और जायफल मिला ले तो बेहतर होगा।
दही के सेवन का समय : दही का सेवन हमेशा दिन के समय करना चाहिए। रात के समय दही के सेवन से बचें। इससे कफ की प्रवृति बढ़ने की संभावना रहती है। साथ ही दही को गर्म नहीं करना चाहिए क्योंकि गर्म करने से दही के गुण खत्म हो जाते हैं। मोटापे, कफ रोग और रक्तस्राव विकारों और सूजन संबंधी बीमारियों वाले लोगों को इससे बचना चाहिए। खट्टे दही से बचना चाहिए क्योंकि इससे गैस्ट्राइटिस हो सकता है।
दूध और चावल : दूध और चावल को एक साथ लिया जा सकता है लेकिन इसका भी एक तरीका है. यदि पके हुए चावल को दूध के साथ मिलाकर सेवन किया जाए तो कोई नुकसान नहीं होता. दूध और चावल के साथ नमक का प्रयोग वर्जित है क्योंकि इससे अपच की समस्या हो सकती है।
मीठे खाद्य पदार्थ : रात के समय मीठे खाद्य पदार्थों के सेवन से बचना बेहतर है क्योंकि इससे कफ दोष बढ़ सकता है।
सब्जियां और दूध : हरी पत्तेदार सब्जियों और मूली का सेवन करने के बाद दूध पीने से बचना चाहिए। इससे अपच, त्वचा का रंग फीका पड़ना और त्वचा रोग हो सकते हैं।
यह भी पढ़े ► बीमारियों का वाहक है विरुद्ध आहार
London- Researchers have identified an anti-viral gene that impacts the risk of both Alzheimer's disease and severe Covid-19.
A team from the University College London (UCL) estimated that one genetic variant of the OAS1 gene increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease by about 3-6 per cent in the population as a whole, while related variants on the same gene increase the likelihood of severe Covid-19 outcomes.
"While Alzheimer's is primarily characterised by harmful build-up of amyloid protein and tangles in the brain, there is also extensive inflammation in the brain that highlights the importance of the immune system in Alzheimer's. We have found that some of the same immune system changes can occur in both Alzheimer's disease and Covid-19," said lead author Dr Dervis Salih, from UCL's Queen Square Institute of Neurology and UK Dementia Research Institute.
"In patients with severe Covid-19 infection, there can also be inflammatory changes in the brain. Here we have identified a gene that can contribute to an exaggerated immune response to increase risks of both Alzheimer's and Covid-19," Salih added, in the paper published in the journal Brain.
To understand the gene's link to Alzheimer's, the team sequenced genetic data from 2,547 people, half of whom had the brain disorder.
They found that people with a particular variation, called rs1131454, of the OAS1 gene were more likely to have Alzheimer's disease, increasing carriers' baseline risk of Alzheimer's by an estimated 11-22 per cent.
The new variant identified is common, and it has a bigger impact on Alzheimer's risk than several known risk genes, the researchers said.
Further, the researchers investigated four variants on the OAS1 gene, all of which dampen its expression (activity).
They found that the variants increasing the risk of Alzheimer's are linked (inherited together) with OAS1 variants recently found to increase the baseline risk of needing intensive care for Covid-19 by as much as 20 per cent.
That is, the microglia cells where OAS1 gene was expressed more weakly had an exaggerated response to tissue damage, unleashing what they call a 'cytokine storm,' which leads to an autoimmune state where the body attacks itself, the team said.
OAS1 activity changes with age, so further research into the genetic network could help to understand why older people are more vulnerable to Alzheimer's, Covid-19, and other related diseases, they added.
Read More► Why Covid-19 is More Deadly for Some With Diabetes
What are black foods? Foods with the pigments called anthocyanins are known as black foods. Anthocyanins are found in black, blue and purple coloured foods and have hidden nutrients and benefits galore. These pigments have rich anti-oxidant properties which promote health and have the potential to reduce the risk of cancer, heart disease and stroke. They play a huge role in immunity. They are fun, healthy, offbeat and make for a nice visual treat too.
Few Interesting Ones and Their Benefits:
Cultivated in South East Asian belt, this rice has a nutty flavour and can be used in many recipes. In China this was known as the Forbidden rice in ancient times as it was reserved for only royalty. Now, some parts of north East India grow black rice too. They are loaded with lutien and zeaxanthin and promote good eye health. They have cancer fighting properties due to their high anti-oxidant and fiber content. They can be used in puddings, stir fries, risotto, porridge, noodles, bread and even makes a great idea for a good kheer!
A closer to home surprise! Indians have used black dal since ages. They are used as gravies and in mixed dal preparations. They are rich in fibre, iron, folate and protein and can be quite delicious too.
With the western influence on our eating habits, it has brought along a long list of good foods. Olives are one of them and they are versatile in their flavour. They can be added to salads, pastas, stir fries and some pickles and drinks too. Olives contain monounsaturated fats, Vitamin E, Polyphenols and oleocanthal which is a strong anti-inflammatory and pain-killer compound found in olives. This little power-packed food can protect your arteries from clogging, maintain eye health, prevent DNA damage, promote good skin health and also hair health.
Black Sesame Seeds
Commonly known as Til, they come with a huge bunch of benefits, loaded with fibre, protein, magnesium, potassium, iron, calcim, zinc, copper, selenium and Vitamin E. It also contains sesamin, which helps reduce inflammation and plays a vital role in joint pain. Yes! All of that in a daily allowance of 1-2 teaspoons can do wonders for your health. They can be used in salads as garnish, in laddoos, in breads, smoothies, soups, hummus, dips and even tahini. They can be consumed soaked, sprouted, baked or roasted too.
Known for their sweet taste and popular flavour, black grapes are a favourite for many. This seasonal fruit has a host of benefits to give us. Black grapes contain Lutein, Zeaxanthin which prevents retinal damage and macular degeneration. Resveratrol in grapes are known to have anti-cancer properties and have a huge protective effect on cardiac health by lowering LDL levels too. Proanthocyanidins present in this fruit has great benefits for skin health too. Use these grapes in salads, smoothies, jams, and even good old curd rice!
Yes you heard that right. Well these aren't naturally found, but develop this colour due to a process that turns them black and used widely in Asian cuisine. It is regular white garlic that has been fermented or aged. It possesses a caramelized, savoury richness that adds flavour to stir fries, meat bakes, rice and noodles preparations and soups too. These have properties that prevent cell damage and hence protect us from cancers. Black garlic contains more anti-oxidants [almost 2X] than its white counterpart.So why wait -add them in small doses into your meals and let your health thrive.
Advantages: As mentioned above they come with a host of benefits such as anti-cancer, anti-ageing, good for eye, heart, skin and hair health too.
Disadvantages: Nothing in particular. There are no real toxicities associated with these foods that are reported and are considered generally safe, but always do remember, too much of anything is not the rule in nutrition.
Points to remember: Always ensure you have a balanced diet that contains all food groups, myriad colours, nutrients and varieties choose in moderation and build them into your daily meal plan with the help of a nutritionist.
Read More► Herbs, Nuts and Fruits to Enhance Your Daily Diet
Scientists at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) here have sequenced the genome of giloy a plant with medicinal properties, which shot to fame during the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.
Giloy or guduchi is a climber with heart-shaped leaves, has major applications in pharmaceuticals and ayurvedic formulations to treat various health conditions and was used widely during the pandemic to boost immunity.Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia) is the first species ever sequenced from the Menispermaceae plant family, which comprises more than 400 species having therapeutic values, the institute said in a statement on Monday.
The availability of Giloy genome will also help in bridging the missing link between its genomic and medicinal properties. The new study will also provide leads for exploring the genomic basis of its medicinal properties, the team said.
The team performed a deep transcriptome sequencing of leaf tissue of the plant. The draft genome assembly had a size of 1.01 gigabase pairs and contained 19,474 coding gene sequences. The research is published in the preprint server bioRxiv.
"Giloy is considered as an important multipurpose medicinal plant in ayurvedic science. This plant came into the limelight due to its immunomodulatory and antiviral activity after the emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic. It has been used in various health conditions due to its immune-modulatory, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-cancer properties, among others," said Shruti Mahajan, doctoral student at IISER Bhopal, in the statement.
Previous studies have shown that a compound from Giloy was reported to target the two proteases of SARS-CoV-2 virus namely Mpro and Spike proteases, and another compound was predicted to inhibit SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and also disrupts viral spike protein and host ACE-2 interaction. Treatment with giloy extract modulates the various pathways of the immune system for improved immunity.
These multiple medicinal properties are because of the presence of its secondary metabolites. Despite these medicinal properties, the unavailability of its genome sequence was a constraint in studying the genomic basis of the medicinal properties. Thus, the genome sequence of Giloy could be a breakthrough as the potential therapeutic agent for diseases like Covid in the future, the researchers said.
Moreover, the usage of giloy is also recommended under ayurveda practice by the Ministry of AYUSH and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, in prophylactic care as well as therapeutic applications for all symptomatic or asymptomatic patients infected with Covid-19. It is also used in fever and diabetes.
Read More► Series of Lectures on Popularizing Benefits of Ayush System Among Students Launched