लंदन- ब्रिटिश शोधकर्ता ने पता लगाया है कि कोरोना वैक्सीन लगवा चुकी महिलाओं की माहवारी आने के समय में थोड़ा बदलाव हो सकता है लेकिन यह कुछ दिनों बाद सामान्य हो गया।
बीबीसी की रिपोर्ट के अनुसार, इंपीरियल कॉलेज लंदन की विक्टोरिया माले ने अमेरिका और नॉर्वे की महिलाओं के माहवारी चक्र वाले अध्ययनों पर प्रतिक्रिया करते हुए कहा कि यह थोड़े समय के लिए हो सकता लेकिन उन्होंने बांझपन संबंधी चिंताओं को बढ़ावा देने के लिए गलत सूचना को जिम्मेदार ठहराया।
रिपोर्ट में कहा गया है कि ब्रिटिश के एक संस्थान ने कहा है कि ऐसा कोई सबूत नहीं है कि कोविड टीके प्रजनन क्षमता को प्रभावित करते हैं। औषधि एवं स्वास्थ्य देखभाल उत्पाद नियामक एजेंसी को कोविड वैक्सीन लगवाने के बाद अप्रत्याशित योनि रक्तस्राव और देरी से मासिक धर्म की 37,000 से अधिक रिपोर्ट मिली है।
इसमें कहा गया है कि टीके लगवाने के बाद मासिक धर्म में देरी का कोई सबूत नहीं है क्योंकि महिलाओं के चक्र स्वाभाविक रूप से भिन्न होते हैं।हालांकि इस दिशा में वैज्ञानिकों ने और अधिक शोध का आह्वान किया है।
ब्रिटिश मेडिकल जर्नल के संपादकीय में, प्रजनन प्रतिरक्षा विज्ञान के एक माले ने दो अध्ययनों की ओर इशारा किया है।
माहवारी का पता लगाने वाले ट्रैकिंग ऐप का उपयोग करने वाली लगभग 4,000 महिलाओं के एक अमेरिकी अध्ययन में पाया गया कि दूसरे टीके के बाद उनकी अगली माहवारी में आधे दिन की देरी हुई, लेकिन इसके बाद कोई देरी नहीं हुई।
जिन महिलाओं को दो टीेक लगे थे उनके मासिक धर्म में दो दिन की देरी हुई, जहां दोनो डोज के बीच का अंतर कम से कम आठ सप्ताह है। यह भी देखा गया कि वैैैक्सीन लगवाने वाली 10 महिलाओं में से एक महिला की माहवारी में आठ दिनों की देरी देखी गई थी जबकि वैक्सीन नहीं लगवाने वाली 25 महिलाओं में यह देरी एक दिन की थी। लेकिन केवल दो चक्रों के बाद, उनकी अवधि सामान्य हो गई।
नॉर्वे में 5,600 से अधिक महिलाओं के एक अन्य अध्ययन से पता चलता है कि स्वाभाविक रूप से मासिक धर्म की अवधि भिन्न हो सकती हैं। लगभग 40 प्रतिशत महिलाओं ने टीकाकरण के बाद काफी अधिक रक्तस्राव की शिकायत की थी। (एजेंसी)
यह भी पढ़े► नियोकोव वेरिएंट से डॉक्टरों ने लोगों को ना घबराने की दी सलाह
Menstrual health comprises the physical, social and mental aspects related to menstruation or periods. In India, women's health has been given secondary importance due to a male dominant society, illiteracy, low socio-economic conditions and ignorance.
The most common causes of menstrual problems are PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), and abnormal or heavy menstrual bleeding. Menstruation or monthly periods have been associated with a lot of social and cultural taboos in India.
Many young girls and women do not have facilities to manage their menses hygienically, maintaining their privacy, dignity and gender equality at home, schools and workplaces.
So, what are normal periods? A normal menstrual period lasts from 2-7 days and comes at an interval of 21-35 days. It is difficult to quantify the actual menstrual flow. In general, use of three to four XL or regular size sanitary pads per day (since they need to be changed every six to eight hours) can be considered normal on an average, but it may vary depending on the individual.
Common Menstrual Problems
1. Menstrual hygiene
2. Menstrual flow
3. Menstrual cycle
4. Menstrual hormones
Menstrual Hygiene Related Problems: Use of unclean sanitary pads or clothes can give rise to genital tract infections, anaemia and urinary tract Infection. This can be prevented by social awareness and easy availability of affordable sanitary products. It is also important to have the right knowledge about menstrual hygiene to avoid such issues from taking place.
Menstrual Flow Related Problems: One can experience excess or scanty flow during periods. Usually heavy menstrual flow can be for 1-2 days but if it continues for more than 5-7 days, it can lead to low haemoglobin and anaemia. This definitely needs to be investigated and treated along with oral iron replacement therapy. The less flow or change in flow over years can be due to hormonal imbalance. This can occur mostly after completion of family in perimenopausal age.
Menstrual Cycle Related Problems: Irregular periods, skipping or not getting periods for more than six months (also known as secondary amenorrhoea) and bleeding in between periods (called inter menstrual bleeding) are a few problems under this type of problem. The most common cause for this is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), stress, anxiety and depression. Investigations in the form of pelvic sonography and hormonal investigations are necessary to make a diagnosis. Regular exercise, a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle changes are important.
Menstrual Hormone Related Problems: This usually gives rise to psychomotor issues. They can be symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) at any age group or peri/postmenopausal vasomotor symptoms after the age of 45. Bloating, breast tenderness, irritability and depression which occur premenstrually and disappear with onset of periods are classical symptoms of PMS. If they are affecting day to day family life, then it needs to be treated.
Every woman experiences menopausal symptoms in varying severity, starting usually 4-5 years before menopause. The night sweats, hot flushes, low moods, anxiety, irritability, joint and muscle pain, loss of interest in having sex, and weight gain are typical menopausal symptoms due to deficiency of oestorgen hormones.
No matter which type of menstrual problem you're facing, it is always advisable to visit a gynaecologist who will be able to identify all your queries after making the right diagnosis.
Nua, a new-age brand transforming the women's wellness space in India with holistic and personalised solutions that addresses real problems faced by women in managing their menstrual health and personal hygiene, provides an innovative range of products and services, including India's first customizable pack of sanitary pads and self-heating menstrual cramp patches, also available on a subscription basis. (Vaishali Joshi, #NuaExpert on Gynaecology, is an Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai)
Read More► Post Diwali, Delhi hospital sees 10% more respiratory problem patients
A regular and consistent yoga practice can do wonders for your health and over well-being. The pandemic has accelerated the need for physical activity, and no wonder, yoga has emerged as the preferred choice.
Sarvesh Shashi, Founder, SARVA lists the top mistakes beginner yogis often tend to make:
1. Don't over-exert yourself. If on a scale of 1 to 10 -1 being easiest and 10 being the toughest every asana need not be a 10. Some days an 8 feels like a 10 and on others, a 15 feels like an 8!
2. Don't hold your breath unnaturally unless the trainer specifically mentions this during practice. Breathe normally.
3. Avoid practicing yoga when you are exhausted, during illness, Yoga should make you feel the rush of happy hormones in the end, not entirely exhausted!
4. Do not practice alone. This one is more of a guideline. If you're a beginner, it's best to practice under someone's guidance. It is not advised to simply read and practice, it may lead to a muscle pull or discomfort. While practicing advanced postures for the first time, it's best to have someone assist you while doing these.
5. Avoid wearing tight clothes and do not wear shoes. Especially tight upper body clothing will restrict the movement of the rib cage and lung that would result in incomplete breathing.
6. Don't shower immediately, after a good sweaty workout, let the body dry normally and then shower for a normal cool-down of the body.
7. Do not perform inversion or 'feet up' asanas, during the menstruation cycle. Preferably perform relaxation and breathing techniques.
8. Do not perform any high-intensity workout post-yoga. Perform it before yoga practice for a better effect.
9. Avoid drinking too much water during the practice. You can have water at a moderate level just to overcome your thirst during practice.
Read More► Can Yoga Help With Fertility Issues?
London, July 28 (IASN) Inflammation and blood clotting seen in very severe cases of Covid-19 may be caused by the antibodies sent to fight the infectious disease activating unnecessary platelet activity in the lungs, according to researchers.Platelets are small cells found in blood which form clots to stop or prevent bleeding, but when they don't function properly, it can lead to serious health concerns such as strokes and heart attacks.The study, published in the journal Blood, took antibodies produced to fight the coronavirus's spike protein, from people with severe Covid-19 infections, and cloned them in a lab to study them.The team, led by researchers from the Imperial College London, found that the small sugars found on the surface of these antibodies were different to antibodies from healthy individuals, and when those cloned antibodies were introduced in a lab to blood cells taken from healthy donors, there was an observed increase in platelet activity.The team also found that it was possible to reduce or stop platelets from responding in this way in the laboratory by treating blood with active ingredients from different medications which is known to either inhibit platelet function or immune responses.The findings suggest that it may be possible for drugs that are currently used to treat immune system problems to reduce or stop the cells from producing an exaggerated platelet response.--IANSrvt/vd
Mandi (Himachal Pradesh), May 3 (IANS) Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Mandi have invented a method to simultaneously study the variations in nerve functions and brain blood flow associated with brain disorders such as ischemic stroke.The method will help locate and classify the damaged sites (lesions) in the brain, brought about by or leading to neurological diseases.It is based on the fact that intricate interactions between nerve cells (neurons) and blood vessels (vasculature), called the NeuroVascular Coupling (NVC), regulates blood flow in the brain. Diseases such as ischemic stroke adversely affect the NVC. When the nerve impulses do not trigger the required blood flow, it results in NVC. Timely detection of NVC is critical for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of such diseases.Using the method, a benign electrical current is given to the brain through electrodes, and the responses of the brain in terms of nerve action and blood flow are simultaneously measured by Electroencephalography (EEG) and Near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS).While EEG and NIRS are already used independently, the new prototype combines them into a single point-of-care unit to get a more accurate picture of the NVC.The data thus obtained is fed into mathematical models to detect the problems in NVC, which can point to neurological diseases. In addition to detecting these abnormalities, this method can pinpoint the location at which the uncoupling exists, thereby providing a better handle on the problem area.The findings have been published in the IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine."The simultaneous assessment of nerve function and brain blood circulation would allow urgent treatment decisions to be made quickly in cases of stroke and hypertension," Shubhajit Roy Chowdhury, Associate Professor, School of Computing & Electrical Engineering, IIT Mandi, said in a statement.The method can also help in identifying the progress of diseases such as Parkinson's and can in fact predict the occurrence of these diseases even before showing of symptoms.--IANSrvt/arm
Chennai, April 29 (IANS) The Greater Chennai Corporation on Thursday denied that there are abnormal numbers of Covid deaths in its jurisdiction.Talking to IANS, its Commissioner G. Prakash said: "There are no abnormal Covid-19 deaths in the city. We are monitoring the situation closely and the fatality rate is 1.4 per cent."The Chennai corporation has appointed M.A. Siddique, Secretary, Commercial taxes as the Covid monitoring officer of the Greater Chennai Corporation."More beds with Oxygen facilities are being added in Chennai and 250 such beds will be functional at the Chennai trade centre, Nandambakkam and this will be scaled up to 500 numbers in a few weeks time," Siddique told IANS.Terming the second Covid wave a Tsunami, he said that the existing 2,545 oxygen beds in government facilities will be doubled with immediate effect.The official said that a 24x7 screening centre will be set up at the Kendriya Vidyalaya at Island Grounds this week itself and that Madras Medical college will be managing it. The corporation is also adding more vaccination centres for hassle-free second doses to people who have taken the first shot.Meanwhile the Commissioner has also met state Transport Department officials to discuss augmenting services. "The Transport Department has promised to add 400 more buses to the present fleet to ensure that there is no overcrowding in the buses," Prakash said.--IANSaal/vd
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