A kidney stone is a special mass made up of tiny crystals. Single or multiple stones can be in the kidney or in the ureter at the same time. A kidney stone may be the size of the pinhead and may pass unnoticed through urine, or it can be large up to the size of grapefruit and may obstruct the urinary passage causing acute pain, and bleeding as well as blocking the flow of urine. In Ayurveda texts, kidney stones gave the name ‘vrukka ashmari’.
According to Ayurveda concepts, improper diet and lifestyle causes aggravation of all three doshas and impairment of digestive fire, which leads to ama formation, and this ama travel down the channels carrying urine, where aggravated doshas combine with it, causing its crystalization and leading to the formation of stones.
What are the causative factors of kidney stones?
- Deficiency of vitamin-A
- Altered urinary solutes and colloids
- Decreased urinary citrate
- Kidney infections
- Urinary stasis (obstruction in free passage of urine like BPH, stricture urethra) ⦁ Disturbed oxalate metabolism
- Less water intake
- Intake of more calcium-containing foods or Vitamin-D drugs
- Parathyroid diseases
Type of kidney stones?
- Oxalate stones– These are sharp Pitta stones. They irritate, burn and create bleeding and they may make a great deal of pain from the loin to the groin. A diet high in oxalic acid (spinach, potato, tomato and rhubarb) promotes the formation of pitta stones.
- Phosphate stones– Phosphate stones are rough, they irritate the bladder and cause pain because of their rough quality. They are primarily caused by increased phosphates in the system, due to excess eating of potatoes, eggplant, and tomatoes.
- Calcium stones– They are Kapha stones and are generally soft and painless, though they may become painful when they start leaving the pelvis of the kidney and enter the ureter. An individual with an underactive thyroid or parathyroid gland can develop calcium stones.
- Uric acid and urate stones (10%)
- Xanthine stones( smooth and brick red in colour)
General symptoms of kidney stones?
- Acute pain in the flanks radiating towards the lower abdomen and groin area.
- The pain may be associated with nausea, vomiting and profuse sweating.
- There may be a burning sensation while urinating.
- There may be urinary urgency or frequency.
- If the stone is large and sharp, it may erode the tissues, causing bleeding through the urinary tract. Sometimes fever with chills might be associated due infection.
- Aggravation of pain during activities like running, swimming, jumping, riding, jerky movements etc.
Treatment of kidney stones?
Conservative management- (calculi which are less than 5 mm are likely to pass spontaneously unless they are impacted) follow- high intake of fluids, urinary alkalizes and diuresis.
Simple remedies which may help to remove your renal stones?
- Powder of Tribulus Terrestris (bhindi) 4gm with honey.
- Take 10 gm paste of coconut flowers and yava kshara with honey pearl ash.
- Boil 10-12 basil leaves in 1 cup of water for 15 minutes, mix one teaspoon of honey in it and take it.
- Boil, one teaspoon of horse gram (Kulth) powder in one cup of water until one-fourth of the water remains. Take this decoction 3-4 times a day.
What to do?
- Have old rice, watermelon, Benincasa hispida(ashgourd or winter gourd or white gourd), and cucumber with seed.
- Take two lemon fruits, Tender coconut water daily.
- Minimum three litres of water intake daily.
- Avoid suppressing urges to urinate and defecate.
- Avoid curd, tomato, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, spinach, seafood, and excess non-veg food.
- Avoid tea, coffee, alcohol, cold drinks, pickle, fish and chocolate 7. Intake of excess fluid, dietary items are having Vataanulomana and Mutrala properties like Barley, Horse gram Green gram Puffed Rice, Rajama, Bitter guard etc.