Celiac is a medical term given to a condition called gluten intolerance, gluten is a kind of protein present in wheat and all the bakery items such as bread, pasta, cookies, pizza base kind of foods.
Gluten rich food induces an immune reaction in the body especially in the digestive tract, leading to damage to the intestinal mucosal cells of the small intestine which leads to poor absorption or non-absorption of food from the small intestine. This disease may cause vomiting ,abdominal pain and diarrhoea due to irritation of the digestive tract causing exclusive of essential nutrients from the body, it leads to deficiency of essential nutrients in the body. Due to diarrhoea and malabsorption. This malabsorption leads to vitamin deficiency and causes decrease in functions of the neural system and other important functions of the body as well such as bone, liver, vital organs and nourishment. It is considered to be an autoimmune disease so, no treatment is applicable for it until now. It can only be managed by the means of lifestyle and dietary regimen.
General causes associated with celiac issue:
The exact cause of celiac disease is not it seems to be an autoimmune condition, where the body is allergic to gluten and its products. Various gene mutation may also increase the risk for celiac disease. There are various risk factors to Increase to increase the chances of celiac disease such risk factors are as follow:
- Type 1 diabetes
- Down syndrome
- Microscopic colitis
- Autoimmune thyroid disease
These all are the risk factors for celiac disease mainly after this disease, there are no specific signs and symptoms for celiac disease. Few common complaints patients often observes are:
- Frequent diarrhoea: patients suffering from celiac disease often experience recurrent episodes of diarrhoea due to sensitivity developed due to auto immunisation in the small intestine.
- Pain in abdomen: due to inflammation in the intestine patients often experience persistent abdominal pain.
- Bloating: due to intestinal irritation, patients experience excess production of bowel gases due to increased bacterial growth in the colon.
- Flatulence: passing of bowel gases or farts increased in celiac disease due to excessive bowel gas production in the intestine.
Few other symptoms associated with celiac disease are:
Depression: due to malabsorption of nutrients in the body neuronal cells get disturbed and degeneration of neurons occurs causing stress, depression, anxiety and other mental illness.
Anaemia: due to nutritional deficiency and intestinal irritation absorption of iron decreases causing iron deficiency anaemia.
Weight loss: due to malabsorption and persistent diarrhoea a major loss in weight or we can say a visible weight loss is seen.
Joint pain: due to weakness and nutrition deficiency joint pain is also seen in patients.
Muscular cramps: due to the loss of various essential nutrients and ions from the body such as sodium, potassium and calcium muscle cramps are experienced.
Dental problems and bone disorder: due to deficiency of calcium and fluoride in the body due to excessive diarrhoea and malabsorption.
Weakness: due to excessive diarrhoea and weight loss a person feels generalised wellness.
Tingling sensation: due to neuronal degeneration the patient feels numbness in fingers and toes.
Sometimes a person suffering from celiac disease may not have any gastrointestinal symptoms. Also, the symptoms of celiac disease are quite similar to gastric ulcers, IBS, Crohn’s disease, anaemia and parasitic infections.
- CBC: for detecting anaemia Liver enzymes
- Duodenal biopsy: section of first part of intestine is taken and examined for changed or flattened intestinal villi.
- Genetic testing: blood is been tested for detection of risk for celiac disease.
- Capsule endoscopy: to visualise the internal structures of Gastrointestinal tract is done for diagnosis and capsule is excreted out.
General management of celiac disease by home remedies
Generally celiac disease is an allergic condition related to reaction with gluten, so its management must be in order to avoid gluten intake and reaction suppressing substances. Reaction suppressing substances are as follow:
- Activated charcoal: it has been used to absorb the poison, here in diarrhoea it can be used to absorb the excess of water retained.
- Hydration: Maintain adequate hydration in the body, drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration in the body.
- Fasting: fasting helps if gluten is taken accidentally in a meal, it gives the gastrointestinal tract a break to digest the gluten, so a break is to be given to the body.
- Ginger: Ginger is a great ingredient to treat the gastric irritation specially it treats diarrhoea and activates the digestive metabolism, so ginger capsules can be used.
- Chamomile tea: it has a great importance in improving the digestive system of the body, it boosts digestion, and gives a soothing effect to the alimentary canal.
- Peppermint: It also neutralises the inflammation, treats the irritation and provides a cooling effect in the alimentary canal.
- Turmeric: Turmeric has a great importance in the anti-inflammatory process. It suppresses the inflammatory reaction in the intestine. It must be taken in tablet form.
- Omega3 fatty acids: It is also a well-known anti-inflammatory agent, helps in reducing the symptoms of inflammation in the small intestine.
- Probiotics: foods rich in probiotics must be included in meals as it enhances the intestinal flora and improves the digestive power of the body, helps to counteract the effects of gluten reaction.
- Apple Cider Vinegar: It is a great anti -inflammatory agent, has a tendency to enhance probiotics and fights with inflammation and irritation in the gut.
When to see a doctor??
Celiac disease is a complicated disease which may lead to serious malnutrition and nutritional deficiencies in the body, so it need not to be ignored for expert advice according to your body, Visit to our clinic Or contact online at www.nirogstreet.com for a better management advices.