Jivaneeyam 2020 - National level Workshop on Integrative approach for Management of Cancer - 10th & 11th Feb 2020 Aiia New Delhi Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India
Jivaneeyam 2020 - कैंसर के प्रबंधन के लिए एकीकृत दृष्टिकोण पर राष्ट्रीय स्तर की कार्यशाला @AIIA_NDelhi
(Courtesy - All India Institute of Ayurveda)
Bengaluru. Infrastructure and engineering conglomerate Larsen & Toubro (L&T) expects almost 50 per cent of all surgeries to be robot-assisted by 2025, as Artificial Intelligence (AI) makes robots precise enough to facilitate complex surgeries, the company said on Monday.
The L&T Technology Services Limited (LTTS) organised an 'Experience Walk-through' as part of a symposium on advancement in robot-assisted surgery to enable participants to get hands-on experience with cutting-edge products and solutions in the medical and medical equipment field.
Experts in the field including Professor Kesh Kesavadas from University of Illinois and the inventor of RoSS Robotic Surgery Simulator, the world's first stand-alone training system for da Vinci surgical system, and Dr. Ramalingam, from PSG Institute of Medical Science and Research, Coimbatore, expect the percentage of robot-assisted surgeries to jump to 50 per cent by 2025 from around 10 per cent today.
"Training surgeons to become proficient in the use of robots is a major challenge in India. Innovative low-cost training systems such as the Endo-Training kit and new VR/AR based training simulators such as RoSS promises to address the needs of the fast-growing clinical robotic sector," said Professor Kesh Kesavadas of the University of Illinois in the US.
The symposium was dedicated to discussing the possibilities and advancements in the field of Medical Robotics.
"Technological disruption is transforming the development process across markets, promoting new levels of efficiency and creativity in manufacture of healthcare products," Abhishek Sinha, COO and Member of the Board at L&T Technology Services, said in a statement.
"It is also essential to connect with the leading lights of the academia to further the cause of healthcare to all. LTTS is proud to be a part of the technological shift that is transforming the medical and healthcare landscape," Sinha added. (Agency)
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New York, Feb 15. If you want your children to stay in shape, do not allow them to indulge in burgers and pizzas. Researchers have found that fast food intake can independently contribute to excess weight gain among children.
Being overweight and obese increases the risk of numerous physical and psychosocial problems during childhood, including fatty liver disease, Type-2 diabetes and depression.
"We now know from our studies and others, that kids who start on the path of extra weight gain during this really important time frame tend to carry it forward into adolescence and adulthood, and this sets them up for major health consequences as they get older," said first author Jennifer Emond, Assistant Professor at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College, US.
"To our knowledge, ours is the first study to follow a cohort over time and to show that fast food, by itself, uniquely contributes to weight gain," explained Emond.
Previous research has shown that fast food intake is common among children and has suggested that there is an association between fast food consumption and children becoming overweight or obese.
But it has not been clear whether eating fast food independently contributes to excess weight gain at such a young age.
In an effort to make this determination, the investigators followed a cohort of more than 500 pre-school age children (ages 3 to 5) and their families in southern New Hampshire for one year.
The height and weight of the children were measured at the beginning and end of the study published in the journal Pediatric Obesity.
Parents reported their children's fast food intake frequency weekly - from 11 chain fast food restaurants - in six online surveys that were completed at two-month intervals.
The researchers found that at the beginning of the study, about 18 per cent of the children were overweight and nearly 10 per cent were obese.
Importantly, about 8 per cent of the children transitioned to a greater weight status over the one-year period.
"Unlike with past research, we were able to adjust for other factors - such as exercise and screen time - that could possibly explain away this relationship," Emond said.
"Findings from this research should be used to inform guidelines and policies that can reduce fast food marketing exposure to children and help support parents who may be struggling to adopt healthier eating behaviours for their kids," she added. (IANS)
New York. Scientists have identified a pattern of symptoms associated with the Novel Coronavirus, now dubbed as COVID-19, and the most common symptom is fever.
Other common symptoms include fatigue, dry cough, muscle pain and difficulty breathing, according to a recent study of nearly 140 hospitalised patients in Wuhan, China.
It took nearly five days on average for a patient to experience breathing issues after first showing symptoms, reports Business Insider citing the study.
Some patients also showed symptoms associated with common cold or flu such sore throat but those were small in numbers.
The coronavirus is most likely to affect older men with pre-existing health problems.
More than 54 per cent of the patients in the study were men, and the median age of patients was 56, the findings showed.
According to CDC Director Dr. Robert Redfield, "What I've learned in the last two weeks is that the spectrum of this illness is much broader than what was originally presented.
"There's much more asymptomatic illness. A number of the confirmed cases that we confirmed actually just presented with a little sore throat," Redfield was quoted as saying in a CNN report on Friday.
The death toll from coronavirus outbreak in mainland China rose to 1,523 on Saturday with several thousands infected in over 25 countries across the globe. (IANS)
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New York. People suffering from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may benefit from regular exercise and replacing high-calorie beverages with decaffeinated, diet green tea, suggests new research.
The researchers found that a combination of green tea extract and exercise reduced the severity of obesity-related fatty liver disease by 75 per cent in mice fed a high-fat diet
Although untested in human trials, the results suggest a potential health strategy.
"Combining the two might have health benefits for people, but we don't have the clinical data yet," said Joshua Lambert, Associate Professor of Food Science at The Pennsylvania State University in the US.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a significant global health problem that is expected to worsen, Lambert said.
Because of the high prevalence of risk factors such as obesity and Type-2 diabetes, fatty liver disease is forecast to afflict more than 100 million people by 2030. And there are currently no validated therapies for the disease.
In the study, mice fed a high-fat diet for 16 weeks that consumed green tea extract and exercised regularly by running on a wheel were found to have just a quarter of the lipid deposits in their livers compared to those seen in the livers of a control group of mice.
Mice that were treated with green tea extract alone or exercise alone had roughly half as much fat in their livers as the control group.
In addition to analyzing the liver tissues of mice in the study, which was published recently in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, the researchers also measured the protein and fat content in their faeces.
They found that the mice that consumed green tea extract and exercised had higher fecal lipid and protein levels.
"By examining the livers of these mice after the study concluded and by screening their faeces during the research, we saw that the mice that consumed green tea extract and exercised actually were processing nutrients differently -- their bodies were handling food differently," Lambert said.
"We think the polyphenols in green tea interact with digestive enzymes secreted in the small intestine and partially inhibit the breakdown of carbohydrates, fat and protein in food," he added.
"So, if a mouse doesn't digest the fat in its diet, that fat and the calories associated with it pass through the mouse's digestive system, and a certain amount of it ends up coming out in its faeces," he said. (IANS)
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New York. Researchers have found that stroke survivors with high levels of optimism had lower inflammation levels, reduced stroke severity and less physical disability after three months, compared to those who are less optimistic.
"Our results suggest that optimistic people have a better disease outcome, thus boosting morale may be an ideal way to improve mental health and recovery after a stroke," said study senior author Yun-Ju Lai from University of Texas in the US.
In a small study of 49 stroke survivors, researchers examined the relationship among optimism, inflammation, stroke severity and physical disability for three months after an attack.
Researchers said that understanding how these elements relate to, or impact one another, may provide a scientific framework to develop new strategies for stroke recovery.
Post-stroke inflammation is detrimental to the brain and impairs recovery, the researchers said.
Optimism has been associated with lower inflammation levels and improved health outcomes among people with medical conditions. However, no prior studies have assessed if this association exists among stroke patients.
This pilot study is a secondary analysis of data collected from a repository of neurological diseases.
Outcomes included optimism levels from the revised Life Orientation Test, a standard psychological tool for measuring optimism; stroke severity evaluation through the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, and levels of inflammatory markers--interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) and C-reactive protein (CRP).
As optimism levels increased, stroke severity and the inflammatory markers IL-6 and CRP decreased even after considering other possible variables. However, this was not true of TNFa.
"Patients and their families should know the importance of a positive environment that could benefit the patient, mental health does affect recovery after a stroke," Lai said.
The study is scheduled to be presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference slated from February 18 to 21 in the US. (IANS)
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New York. Gay and bisexual men are more likely to suffer skin cancer than straight men, according to a study.
According to the researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital in the US, rates of skin cancer were higher among gay and bisexual men compared to heterosexual men but lower among bisexual women than heterosexual women.
Rates of skin cancer were 8.1 per cent among gay men and 8.4 per cent among bisexual men, statistically higher than the rate of 6.7 percent among heterosexual men.
Smaller studies have reported higher usage of indoor tanning beds among sexual minority men, a known risk factor for skin cancer.
"It's absolutely critical that we ask about sexual orientation and gender identity in national health surveys; if we never ask the question, we'd never know that these differences exist," said corresponding author Arash Mostaghimi from the Brigham.
For the findings, published in the journal JAMA Dermatology, the research team lveraged data from the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), using data collected from annual questionnaires from 2014 to 2018.
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) uses the BRFSS to collect information about risk factors and behaviors among adults. About 450,000 adults are interviewed by telephone by the BRFSS each year.
The researchers compared skin cancer rates among heterosexual men to rates in gay or bisexual men and compared rates among heterosexual women to lesbian or bisexual women.
Skin cancer rates were 5.9 per cent among lesbian women and 6.6 per cent among heterosexual women, which was not a statistically significant difference.
However, the rate of 4.7 per cent among bisexual women was statistically significantly lower than heterosexual women.
The BRFSS survey did not collect information about risk factors for skin cancer, such as UV exposure, Fitzpatrick skin type (a measure of skin color and susceptibility to sun burn), HIV status and more. (IANS)
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