New York, Post-game treats can be detrimental to a child's health as the number of calories kids consume from post-game snacks far exceeds the number of calories they actually burn playing in the game, researchers have found.
"Kids are getting inundated with snack culture all the time -- celebrations at school, at birthday parties and youth sports games, we don't need to load children up with sugar after a game too," said study senior author Lori Spruance from Brigham Young University in the US.
For the study, published in the American Journal of Health Behavior, the research team observed 3rd and 4th graders over 189 games of soccer, flag football, baseball and softball, tracking both their physical activity and the treats they consumed.
They found parents brought post-game snacks 80 per cent of the time, with almost 90 per cent of the post-game drinks being sugar sweetened.
Physical activity was tracked using the SOFIT method, wherein a child's activity was tracked on a scale of 1 to 5 (1 = nothing; 5 = running) every 10 seconds.
The researchers found the average energy expenditure for children observed was 170 calories per game while the average caloric intake from post-game snacks was 213 calories.
The average amount of sugar consumed post game was a staggering 26.4 grams -- the total daily recommendation for kids is just 25 grams -- with sugary drinks being the biggest culprits.
The study also found children averaged just 27 minutes of activity per game, with soccer players being the most active and softball players being the least active.
The research shows children should have 60 minutes of physical activity per day starting around age 5.
"So many kids are at games just to get their treat afterwards, which really isn't helping to develop healthy habits long term," Spruance said.(IANS)
New York, Using e-cigarettes alters the mouth's microbiome -- the community of bacteria and other microorganisms -- and makes users more prone to inflammation and infection, researchers have found.
While vaping has quickly grown in popularity in recent years, a growing number of people are falling ill or dying from vaping-related illnesses, the study said.
"Our study suggests that vaping electronic cigarettes causes shifts in the oral environment and highly influences the colonisation of complex microbial biofilms, which raises the risk for oral inflammation and infection," said Indian-origin researcher and study co-author Deepak Saxena from the New York University in the US.
"Given the popularity of vaping, it is critical that we learn more about the effects of e-cigarette aerosols on the oral microbiome and host inflammatory responses in order to better understand the impact of vaping on human health," said co-senior author Xin Li.
For the study, published in the journal iScience, the research team examined e-cigarette vapour and its influence on the oral microbiome and immune health.
"The oral microbiome is of interest to us because research shows that changes in its microbial community as a result of environmental and host factors contribute to a range of health issues, including cavities, gum disease, halitosis, and medical conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancers," Saxena said.
They also evaluated how vaping influences infection efficiency of oral pathogens in cell lines using a novel e-cigarette aerosol generating machine and measured pro-inflammatory immune mediators.
Through oral exams and saliva samples, the researchers studied the oral microbiome of 119 human participants from three groups: e-cigarette users, regular cigarette smokers, and those who had never smoked.
Gum disease or infection was significantly higher among cigarette smokers (72.5 per cent), followed by e-cigarette users (42.5 per cent) and non-smokers (28.2 per cent).
Using 16S rRNA high throughput sequencing, a technique used to profile microbial communities, the researchers observed different microorganisms in the saliva of e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, and non-smokers.
For instance, e-cigarette users had an abundance of Porphyromonas bacteria, while an increase in Veillonella bacteria was found in both e-cigarette and cigarette users.
"The predominance of these periodontal pathogens in the mouths of e-cigarette users and traditional smokers is a reflection of compromised periodontal health," said Li.
The researchers also found that the altered microbiome in e-cigarette users influenced the local host immune environment compared to non-smokers and cigarette smokers. IL-6 and IL1ï¿½ -- cytokines involved in inflammatory responses -- were highly elevated in e-cigarette users.
Cell studies also showed upregulation of IL-6 after exposure to e-cigarette aerosols, resulting in an elevated inflammatory response.
Moreover, e-cigarette aerosols made cells prone to bacterial infection, which points to a greater risk for infection in e-cigarette users, the study said. (IANS)
New York, Researchers have found that people living in countries with higher levels of air pollution such as India and China may face higher risks of developing kidney diseases.
The findings may be especially important for parts of the world with higher air pollution where fine particulate matter levels are five to 10 times higher than in the US, the study said.
It's known that breathing in air pollution can have detrimental health effects beyond the lungs, but few studies have shown how it impacts the kidneys, which act as filters for the blood.
"As rates of chronic kidney disease rise worldwide, it is important to understand whether and how exposure to air pollution plays a role," said study researcher Matthew F. Blum from the Johns Hopkins University in the US.
For the findings, published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, the research team examined information on 10,997 adults across four sites in the US who were followed from 1996-1998 through 2016.
The researchers estimated the monthly average levels of tiny particles of air pollution--called fine particulate matter--based on participants' home addresses.
Fine particulate matter comes from a variety of sources including fossil fuel combustion, industrial processes, and natural sources, they said.
The team found that exposure to higher amounts of fine particulate matter was associated with a higher degree of albuminuria -- a marker of kidney dysfunction -- at the start of the study as well as a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease over time.
According to the researchers, future studies should examine whether efforts to improve air quality yield health benefits, including reducing rates of chronic kidney disease. (IANS)
New York, While aerobic exercise generally benefits health, extreme endurance exercise -- like marathon and triathlon -- can raise a person's risk for sudden cardiac arrest and atrial fribrillation, according to a new study.
After reviewing more than 300 scientific studies, the research team found that physically active people, such as regular walkers, have up to a 50 per cent lower risk of heart attack and sudden cardiac death.
However, the team also identified potential risks with intense exercise training, according to the study published in the journal Circulation.
"Exercise is medicine, and there is no question that moderate to vigorous physical activity is beneficial to overall cardiovascular health. However, like medicine, it is possible to underdose and overdose on exercise -- more is not always better and can lead to cardiac events, particularly when performed by inactive, unfit individuals with known or undiagnosed heart disease," said Barry A Franklin, Professor at Oakland University in the US.
"More people are running marathons, participating in triathlons and doing high-intensity interval training. The purpose of this statement is to put the benefits and risks of these vigorous exercise programmes in perspective," Franklin added.
The research group also reviewed a small study that concluded that the risk of sudden cardiac death or heart attack is low among people participating in high-intensity exercise such as marathons and triathlons.
However, over time, the risk of heart attack or sudden cardiac death among male marathon participants has risen, suggesting that these events are attracting higher risk participants (those who may have an underlying or undiagnosed cardiovascular condition such as heart rhythm abnormalities or a prior heart attack).
For women, who comprised only 15 per cent of the study's population, the occurrence of sudden cardiac death was 3.5 fold less than in men.
Among participants in triathlons, almost 40 per cent of cardiac events occurred in first-time participants, indicating that inadequate training or underlying heart problems may be involved.
The research team also found that half of cardiac events occur in the last mile of a marathon or half-marathon, so maintaining a steady pace rather than sprinting is advised.
The risk of cardiac events is greater at high altitudes, but can be decreased by spending at least one day acclimating to the elevation prior to strenuous activity, the study said.
For people who want to become more active, the researchers suggested that most people can start a light programme of exercise and build up slowly to a moderate to vigorous exercise regimen.(IANS)
New York, Consuming sugary drinks may be linked to lipid imbalance, which increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), according to a new study.
The study, published in Journal of the American Heart Association, said consuming 12 ounces of sugary drinks more than once a day was linked to lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and higher triglycerides in the middle-aged and older people. Both of this reportedly raises CVDs risks.
Previous studies had linked added sugar to increase in CVDs risks.
"The research reinforces our understanding of potential negative impact of sugary drinks on blood cholesterol, which increases heart disease risks," said study researcher Eduardo Sanchez from the American Heart Association in the US.
It's one more reason for us to cut back on soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages, Sanchez added.
According to researchers, dyslipidemia could be one pathway by which sugary drinks may increase CVDs risks.
To determine the impact of sugary drinks on triglyceride and cholesterol levels, researchers studied observational medical data of 5,924 people from the Offspring and Generation 3 cohorts of the Framingham Heart Study, who were followed for 12.5 years between 1991 and 2014.
For this study, the beverages were defined as 12 ounces of sugary drinks, like soda, fruit-flavoured drinks, sports drinks, pre-sweetened coffee and tea; 12 ounces of low-calorie sweetened beverages, including naturally and artificially sweetened 'diet' soda or other flavoured drinks; or 8 ounces of 100 per cent fruit juices with no added sugar.
Researchers analysed how the different drinks and their consumption correlated with changes in cholesterol and triglyceride levels over four years.
They found consuming sugar-sweetened beverages (more than 12 ounces a day) was linked with 53 per cent higher incidence of high triglycerides and 98 per cent higher incidence of low HDL cholesterol (the good cholesterol) compared with those who consumed less than one serving a month.
Drinking low-calorie sweetened beverages didn't appear to be associated with increased dyslipidemia risk among people who regularly consumed low-calorie sweetened beverages.
According to the study, consuming up to 12 ounces of 100 per cent fruit juice a day was not associated with adverse changes in cholesterol or dyslipidemia, though further research is needed to warrant this finding.
"Reducing or eliminating sugary drink consumption may be one strategy that could help people keep their triglyceride and HDL cholesterol at healthier levels," said lead study author Nicola McKeown from Tufts University in the US.
Around 40-50 per cent US adults suffer from dyslipidemia, an imbalance of cholesterol and triglyceride in blood, which increases the risk of CVDs. (IANS)
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A hostile workplace environment wherein dysfunction and drama reign, whether its the result of a narcissistic boss, vindictive coworkers, absence of discipline, outflow of excessive bad news highly cost some employees who pay for immense caring.
In addition, the environment which is harming the morale of the employees, this kind of climate for caretaker in careers creates a different kind of stress leading to "compassion fatigue", also called "vicarious traumatization".
It is a term bandied about as secondary disorder which is the emotional residue or strain of exposure to working with those suffering from the consequences of traumatic events. Thus more empathetic and open to others' burnouts and pain the workers are, the more likely they will share those victims' feelings of heartbreak and devastation".
Compassion fatigue is more likely to affect professionals with less experience and people who willingly help others in short-term spurts. These armature employees may have less coping mechanisms and debriefing opportunities as those who repeatedly work with traumatized people in hostile work environments, Dr Paras Life-leadership Coach and Founder of Matrrix.
Also, due to the extensive social media coverage of human suffering and worldwide disasters, more people are beginning to report symptoms that mirror those of compassion fatigue which is taking a huge toll in their career and personal lives.
Essentially, compassion fatigue can occur due to indirect exposure on one case or due to a cumulative level of trauma. It is a quick-onset engrossed like a great rock inside your head which is immovable with the midst of emotional exhaustion, confusion, callousness, anxiety and loneliness caused due to feelings of inequity toward the therapeutic or caregiver relationship. The gradual lessening of compassion can easily weigh down your self-esteem and unable to nurture their inner-self, Dr Paras explains.
Burnout vs Compassion Fatigue
Untreated or unmanaged compassion fatigue can result in burnouts, but there's a significant overlap between compassion fatigue and burnouts. Burnouts are related to the job environments wherein compassion fatigue are normal displays of chronic stress resulting from showing empathy towards the employees who are suffering or getting upset about the constant rolling bad news in media or treatments in toxic workplace.
Compassion fatigue can lead to anxiety, numbing towards tragedy and even depression. You must navigate these symptoms within you.
Difficult separating work life from traumatized events or a person at workplace
Preoccupation with trauma
Withdrawing from work or compassion
Isolation and loneliness
Loss of purpose in life
Impaired immune system
Bottled-up emotions within due to loss of morales
Loss of Self-worth due to hopelessness
Inevitable numbness, chillness and panic disorders
Compassion has been increasing among millennial and professionals in today's generation and those at risk needs to be encouraged to make them more resilient. Individuals suffering from compassion fatigue will often wander off and adopt the tendency of escapism (escape from reality) for the absorption of peace and relief. Compassion fatigue can cause the sense of impending doom or danger. It can also cause tumbling and shaking.
To-do's to handle compassion fatigue at workplace:
All we need to do is close a couple of tabs in our brain and handle the situation very precisely.
Balance your empathy - Mostly, people who are a natural empath go as far as feeling the depths of the world's problems-they see the hurt, pain, and confusion caused by war, greed, and injustice happening in the workplace or social environment, and they feel all of it, too. This can lead to compassion fatigue your state of emotions are unbalanced and it becomes challenging to cope up. It's highly imperative to understand how to make empathy work for you so you don't become a victim to other people's emotions and thought processes.
An ideal way to balance your empathy is to - Put yourself first! This can go against the grain of anyone who is victimized. However, as the proverb says - "One cannot pour from an empty cup." so make sure your cup is filled all the time. As making sure your needs are taken care of, you will be able to better take care of other people. Set boundaries and be selective in your response to avoid becoming prone to get caught up in other people's stories and then riding the rollercoaster of emotions and focus on yourself.
Discover version of yourself - Becoming the best version of yourself means getting back to your quintessential self. Finding a great hobby or taking a sabbatical break from your job doesn't have to be a blemish. It's a nail down strategy for self-improvement; you must propel yourself to uncover the essentials within you. "You-ness"- the values, interests and passions that define who you are in life and the world.
Once you understand yourself, you're able to define a clear vision of your best self and map out your route to get there.
Reduce Those Tech Carving - Social media is always noisy; even though the sound won't hurt your ears, it will definitely hurt your mind with an exposure to constant bad news. Cutting down on social media and building a strong and supportive team around you that you can debrief with both personally and professionally.
Self-care is very important if you don't want to deal with big emotional tolls all the way coming from other people. It is recommended that people reduce the tech and try to meditate, pray, practice mindfulness or yoga. Walking in nature, reading spiritual texts, listening to music or taking up a hobby that helps fuel the inner self are also really good ways to help cope with carrying emotional weight.
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