Having a portable air cleaner in the home can reduce the negative impacts of air pollution on brain development in children, says a new study.
The study, published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, found that the children born to mothers who had used the air cleaners had an average full-scale intelligence quotient (FSIQ) that was 2.8-points higher than the group that did not use an air cleaner during pregnancy.
"These results, combined with evidence from previous studies, strongly implicate air pollution as a threat to brain development," said researcher Ryan Allen from Simon Fraser University, in Canada. The team recruited 540 pregnant women in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia to participate in the study.
Ulaanbaatar has some of the worst air quality in the world, well-exceeding guidelines set by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
The women were less than 18 weeks into their pregnancies and non-smokers who had not previously used air filtering devices in their homes. They were randomly assigned to either the control or intervention group.
The intervention group was provided with one or two HEPA filter air cleaners and encouraged to run the air cleaners continuously for the duration of their pregnancies. The air cleaners were removed from the home once the child was born.
The researchers later measured the children's FSIQ at four years of age. Children in the intervention group also had significantly greater average verbal comprehension index scores, which is consistent with results from previous observational studies.
The research suggests that a child's verbal skills may be particularly sensitive to air pollution exposure. (Agency)
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Biological, social and behavioural factors have led to differences in the most common causes of health problems faced by men and women. Men die younger than women and bear a greater burden of disease throughout their lives. They get sick at a younger age and have illnesses that last longer than women. Heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer and depression are the top male killers. However, men also face male-specific issues such as prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Heart disease comes in many forms. All its manifestations can lead to serious and fatal complications if they are not noticed. One in three adult men has some form of cardiovascular disease. Hypertension and stroke are also common in men under the age of 45. Lifestyle modification and routine medical checkups can help manage heart-related risks, as your doctor can calculate your risk for cardiovascular disease based on several risk factors, including cholesterol, blood pressure and smoking habits.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in men after heart disease. Skin, prostate, colon and lung cancers are among the most commonly diagnosed cancers in men. The combination of a healthy lifestyle and regular checkups ensures that disease stays at bay. Regularly applying sunscreen, avoiding alcohol and tobacco, and reducing red meat consumption all help reduce the risk of cancer.
Diabetes usually sets in without showing any signs. It raises blood sugar levels and eventually passes into the urine. Increased urination and thirst are the first visible signs of diabetes. High glucose acts like a slow poison on blood vessels and nerves throughout the body. Heart attacks, strokes, blindness, kidney failure and amputations are the consequences for many men.
If left untreated, diabetes causes nerve and kidney damage, increases the risk of heart disease and stroke, causes vision problems and blindness. Men with diabetes are also at risk for lower testosterone levels and sexual impotence, which in turn can lead to increased depression or anxiety.
Mental Health and Depression
Depression in men can go unnoticed because the symptoms don't always match what they expect. Men sometimes experience depression as anger or irritability rather than sadness. They are also more likely to sweep these feelings under the rug.
It is often believed that depression affects women far more than men. In fact, it may be a tendency for men to hide feelings of depression, or to present them differently than women. When it comes to mental health issues like anxiety and depression, men are reluctant to seek help, which significantly increases the risk of suicidal behaviour. Given the stigma associated with mental health problems, especially among men, it is crucial to dispel misconceptions and make therapy more available to those in need.
The most common cause of erectile dysfunction is atherosclerosis, the same condition that causes stroke and heart attack. In fact, having ED usually indicates that blood vessels throughout the body are not in good condition. Erectile dysfunction is considered by doctors to be an early risk symptom of cardiovascular disease. Although erectile dysfunction is not a life-threatening condition, it does indicate a serious health problem.
Erectile dysfunction affects two thirds of men over the age of 70 and up to 39 per cent of men under the age of 40. Men with erectile dysfunction are less happy and more likely to be depressed.
The bad news is that the average man pays less attention to his health than the average woman. The good news is that men can be healthy by taking control of their lifestyle. Whether it's eating better, quitting bad habits like smoking, or getting regular check-ups, here are some steps you can take to prevent common health problems in men of all ages. Whatever health issues you face, you can take control of your well-being by taking preventative and proactive measures today. (Agency)
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Amid hectic work schedules, tentative vacay plans, and the never-ending to-do list that's lingering on us, you'd agree that we are all doing the best we can to live the fullest and stay fit in our small but unique way. And days like, June 21, which is celebrated every year as International Yoga Day, act as a gentle reminder to embrace health and wellness.
According to the Ministry of AYUSH, yoga is key to improving flexibility, strength, balance, and attaining harmony. And its popularity across the globe is proof enough.
What is important to remember here, however, is the fact that this ancient practice alone can't help you achieve your health and fitness goals. Yoga and a nutritious, balanced diet go hand in hand, and eating the right foods ensure your body gets the essential nutrients it requires for optimal health - not just body but also minds.
"Adding a handful of walnuts to your daily diet can set you off to a great start and fuel your brain and body", shares Naaznin Husein, Nutritionist, Yoga Consultant, and founder of Freedom Wellness Management, "By a handful, approx. 28g of walnuts that contain 4g protein, 2g fiber, and 2.5g plant-based omega-3 ALA. All these beneficial nutrients are known to support the health of our heart, brain, and gut."
Did you know that California walnuts are produced under stringent quality controls that exceed California inspection standards, reputed to be the world's toughest? It's a long road from planting a walnut orchard to delivering fresh, delicious walnuts to our local markets. Not only this, these wonderful crunchy and mildly sweet wonder nuts, when added to our daily diet, can help in overall wellness, shows research:
Say Hello to A Healthy Heart: Loaded with good fats (plant-based omega-3 ALA), walnuts, as part of a nutritious and balanced diet, may decrease the risk of heart disease and stroke. They help maintain healthy cholesterol levels and decrease blood pressure, two of the major risk factors for heart disease.
Focus on Immunity: Walnuts are a good source of plant-based vitamin B, zinc, and selenium the trio that boasts of the potential to ensure normal functioning of our immune system as per FSSAI's Eat Right During Covid 19 guidelines.
Weight Maintenance: Most of us exercise to lose weight and get into the perfect shape. While walnuts may not make you shed those extra calories, they sure help along the way. Research shows walnuts' potential role in influencing appetite hormones that make you feel full for longer. Which, in turn, avoids unnecessary cravings.
Reduce The Risk of Diabetes: One of India's most common and concerning diseases is diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes. It has been discovered that walnuts, as part of a healthy diet, may help manage diabetes and metabolic syndrome. A study representing more than 34,000 American adults suggests those who consume walnuts may have about half the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, compared to adults who do not eat nuts.6
Here are some quick hacks Nutrition and Yoga expert, NaazninHusein recommends adding walnuts into the daily diet regime :
Blend it into your pre-workout/post-workout smoothie to keep yourself energized.
Toss it into your salad or trail mix to transform them into an omega-3-rich meal/snack.
Add them to your curries and tikkas, and you can say goodbye to the cream for good.
Coat your meat and seafood with chopped walnuts for that extra crunch and nutrition quotient.
Indulge in a handful of walnuts to fix your mid-meal hunger pangs. (N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe )
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Pollution, stress, smoke, and inadequate nutrition through diet can all cause many skincare problems and can make the skin age faster. It is a constant task to manage skin care problems like acne, dullness, uneven skin tone, and absence of a healthy glow. Also, it is so tough to figure out what products would work well and give one a happy healthy skin. The answer to this is very simple, one thing that you can't go wrong with and will take care of all skin woes is Vitamin E.
One might have heard numerous times that Vitamin E is good for the skin. So it is a good idea to adopt Vitamin E-enriched face wash, moisturizers, creams, serums, etc.
Rachit Gupta, CEO, and MD, OxyGlow Cosmetics tells IANSlife why and how Vitamin E is really good for the skin and how does it help:
Vitamin E helps prevent signs of aging: Pollution, smoke, and impurities destroy collagen in your skin and this leads to the formation of wrinkles, early aging, and dullness. Hence it is important to search for a good Vitamin E cream to help protect your skin. Vitamin E protects the skin from damage from external factors.
It absorbs UVB light: Vitamin E forms a protective layer on the skin thereby preventing skin from harsh UVB light that causes aging of the skin. The combination of Vitamins C and E together work wonders with your SPF and gives an excellent effect on your skin.
It moisturizes: Vitamin E is a great moisturizer, it helps skin maintain its health by keeping it repaired and rejuvenated. Vitamin E in moisturizers has antioxidants and helps to fight inflammation.
Works on visibly reducing scars: Pollution and stress make it harder for scars to heal. Protecting from pollution and impurities Vitamin E doubles up by helping with the process of healing scars.
It helps in reducing acne: One must find the right formula of ingredients that helps with acne problems. A lightweight Vitamin E cream is recommended to keep acne at bay.
It can help with skin brightening and even tone: A combination of Vitamin C and E is like a powerhouse that can not only prevent signs of aging but can also brighten skin by boosting collagen production. Its use also helps in making the skin tone even. One can add a serum to the moisturizer one is using in the morning to help protect the skin as one head out.
From where does the skin get a good dose of Vitamin E?
Rachit: Many ingredients that are recommended for skin care, such as Aloe Vera, Almond, Sunflower, Papaya, etc. are good sources of Vitamin E. There are a lot of options for sunscreens, moisturizers, and serums available. One would need to check the ingredients and choose the product that has a good potency of Vitamin E in it.
Also, look for products that are chemical-free and made with natural ingredients, this reduces the chance of damaging the skin and will result in a long-lasting effect.
Vitamin E has the power to protect your skin from aging and from free radicals, but one must find the product that suits your skin the best. One might need to opt for different products and compositions according to varied weather conditions as the skin reacts differently to a change in weather. Get happy skin with the boost of Vitamin E. (Agency)
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As we age, the involuntary loss of muscle mass and muscle function has a major impact on quality of life. Based on research, muscle loss is faster in men than in women and can lead to a number of health problems.
While healthy eating and staying fit are essential at all stages of life, eating right is especially important for aging adults, as their bodies restrict what can and cannot be digested. Here are some tips for men to adopt healthy eating habits.
The Simplest Health Mantra: Eat Fresh
The simplest mantra for healthy eating is to eat freshly prepared foods and fruits that are available in season. The diet should include regular foods, with fresh fruits and vegetables in their purest and most basic form being an essential part of the diet.
The Whole30 Diet
The Whole30 diet, which has recently gained popularity, works on the principle that emphasises the need for whole foods in their natural form with minimal added ingredients. This diet programme prohibits sugar in all its forms and recommends avoiding dairy products, grains, legumes, and all types of processed foods.
Stick to The Indian Dietary Thali & Regular Exercise
Our Indian style of cooking uses everything from fruits and vegetables to legumes, all of which are necessary to consume to meet your nutritional needs. Some humble Indian recipes, such as khichadi and dalia with the addition of seasonal vegetables, are packed with nutrients and fibre and are ideal for maintaining the health of families, including the elderly with dental problems.
About 33 per cent of adult men have a low body mass index (BMI) and therefore, while observing their diet it is also important to include aerobic exercises such as walking, cycling, swimming and resistance training such as lifting weights to burn calories, muscles and stay active.
Balance Your Nutrition With Right Supplements
A regular and balanced diet is essential to meet daily nutritional needs. However, there may be some nutritional gaps, which can fill these gaps with the help of supplements. Even if you eat your serving of fruits and vegetables, you may still be deficient in vitamins and minerals, and these deficiencies can manifest themselves in a variety of minor ways, such as making the elderly weak, forgetful, or generally tired.
To fill these gaps, one can add a balanced supplement like Certain to increase muscle mass and energy, improve digestive health and boost immunity. For diabetics, a specific oral supplement like Career Diabetes Care works well between meals because it has a slow-release energy system to control blood sugar and help with weight management. (Agency)
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People with Type 2 diabetes, heart disease or stroke have double the risk of developing dementia, finds a study.
Type 2 diabetes, heart diseases (ischemic heart disease, heart failure or atrial fibrillation) and stroke, so-called cardiometabolic diseases, are some of the main risk factors for dementia.
The presence of more than one cardiometabolic disease accelerated the speed of cognitive decline and doubled the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia, expediting their development by two years. The magnitude of the risk was increased with a greater number of diseases, revealed the study published in the journal, Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.
Prevention of diabetes and cardiovascular disease could therefore be a strategy for reducing dementia risk, suggest researchers from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.
"In our study, the combinations of diabetes/heart disease and diabetes/heart disease/stroke were the most damaging to cognitive function," said Abigail Dove, doctoral student at the Aging Research Centre, at the Institute.
However, individuals who had just one cardiometabolic disease did not display a significantly higher risk of dementia.
"This is good news. The study shows that the risk only increases once someone has at least two of the diseases, so it's possible that dementia can be averted by preventing the development of a second disease," he added.
Dementia develops slowly over decades. It first manifests as gradual cognitive decline that only shows up in cognitive tests. It then degenerates into cognitive impairment in which the individual notices their failing memory but can still look after themselves, and finally into full-blown dementia.
The researchers extracted data on a total of 2,500 healthy, dementia-free individuals over the age of 60 living on Kungsholmen in Stockholm. The participants were then followed for 12 years with medical examinations and cognitive tests in order to monitor changes in cognitive ability and the development of dementia.
The correlation between cardiometabolic diseases and the risk for dementia was stronger in the participants who were under 78 years old.
"We should therefore focus on cardiometabolic disease prevention already in middle age, since the risk of cognitive failure and dementia appears higher among those who develop a cardiometabolic disease earlier in life," Dove said. (agency)
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