However, following some simple tips like keeping the skin clean, well-hydrated and moisturised can help one avoid skin damage from face masks, according to a recent study, published in the Journal of Wound Care.
Dermatologist D.M. Mahajan of Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals in New Delhi also said that deeply moisturising the skin is important for people who need to wear masks for a long time.
If possible, take off the mask for a while after maintaining some social distancing and keep changing the mask every 8-9 hours, the doctor said.
"Doctors need to be very cautious as in this profession social distancing is not possible all the time. To avoid getting infected, they have to wear a mask which needs to have adequate tightness. It is very pertinent that there has to be an adequate pressure which can cause a fair amount of pressure on the nasal bridge, surrounding cheek and jawbone," Mahajan told IANS.
Wearing masks for a long time can cause rashes, dryness, acne or pimple formation and dermatitis, the doctor said.
Manjul Agarwal, Senior Consultant, Dermatology, Fortis Hospital in Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi said that surgical face masks and N95 respirator masks when used properly provide adequate protection against infectious diseases transmitted by respiratory droplets.
"Surgical facemasks are commonly made up of polypropylene which is a non woven fabric. Disposable N95 surgical respirators consist of four layers and the innermost layer coming in contact with the skin is also made up of polypropylene," Agarwal said.
"Although polypropylene is considered to be the safest of all plastics, it can cause skin allergies in rare cases, especially if the mask is wet and worn for long hours.
"These masks also have a malleable aluminium nose strip placed for a tighter seal of the nose. This, in turn, can cause allergic contact dermatitis, frictional dermatitis and frictional melanosis over the nose," she told IANS.
According to the doctor, the moisture which collects from exhalation inside the mask especially at body temperature can provide a perfect setting for the bacteria to thrive and may cause infections like folliculitis, especially in men with heavy beards.
Pre-existing dermatoses like acne and fungal infections may also be aggravated due to sweat collection.
"If any occlusive topicals like oil-based moisturisers and makeup are applied prior to the application of masks, they can lead to blockage of skin pores causing sebum accumulation and acne. The tight elastic bands stretching over the ears can cause pain and contact dermatitis in the retroauricular region," Agarwal said.
"Frequent changing of the mask, mask free time in between if possible may be practised to prevent these dermatological adverse effects," she noted.
For people with acne-prone skin, it may be worth avoiding some of the traditional acne treatments such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and retinoids as they make the skin further dry or irritable, said Rahul Arora, Associate Consultant Dermatology, Max Super Speciality Hospital in New Delhi.
This effect can be aggravated by the routine use of face masks.
This, however, does not mean that people with sensitive skin cannot wear face masks.
"If they feel that their skin is irritated it can help to use moisturisers that contain ceramides, squalene, niacinamide, or hyaluronic acid that may rehydrate the skin and also serve as a barrier for the skin to protect it," he added.
(Bharat Upadhyay can be reached at [email protected])
We often see how people around us get affected by viral infections and fevers easily; they have to keep making visits to the doctor at regular intervals.
Dr Sheryl Salis, Registered Dietician and Certified Diabetes Educator states that this is all a result of their poor immune system and shares easy ways to boost your immunity.
Salis adds, "The immune system acts as a defense mechanism against disease-causing microorganisms and protects us from all viruses and microbes that our body is exposed to daily.
Can you imagine having no gatekeeper to fight and defend your body against various germs and microbes exposed every day? No right? Well, that's how important it is to build a strong immune system by improving your diet and making the necessary lifestyle changes."
Follow these ten steps to to build a strong immune system
Switch/Add Morigna Green teas/Green Teas/Green Coffees for health benefits
Sip on Superfood Moringa Green tea, it is formulated to give you all the benefits of Green Tea combined with the power of the superfood Moringa. It is packed with vitamins and minerals. It is rich in vitamin C and has antioxidants properties which helps boost immunity. It helps maintain bone and joint health, helps regulate metabolism and aids in weight management.
Similarly, unlike regular coffee, Green Coffee is unroasted and hence it has three times more antioxidant potential which is otherwise lost during the roasting process. It is a health booster that is high in antioxidants which helps boost immunity and aids in weight control and management.
Wash the Germs Away
Well, we've all heard this right since our school days and that's how important it actually is. Wash all fruits and vegetables thoroughly, particularly leafy vegetables, cauliflower and broccoli as a precautionary measure before using them.
A Colorful Plate
Include colourful fruit and vegetables like pumpkin, bell peppers, carrots, tomatoes, papaya that add flavour to your palate. These are essentially rich in antioxidants and help you build a stronger immune system.
The Major Player - ï¿½Vitamin C'
Include foods rich in Vitamin C like orange, sweet lime, lemon, gooseberry, bell pepper, berries, tomato, dark leafy vegetables, cashew fruit, kiwi, strawberry, Brussel sprouts, broccoli, etc. which boost your immune system.
Did you know? Amla has the highest Vit C content which is almost equal to the Vit C of two oranges. Amla has potent anti -viral and antioxidant properties. Dried amla is as good as fresh amla as it contains substances which partially protect the vitamin C from destruction on heating or drying.
Add Zinc to your diet
Foods rich in zinc such as nuts, whole grains, legumes, yeast, dairy products also help boost immune function and are highly recommended to be incorporated in the diet.
Soups with Superfoods Soups
Soups are one of the best options for those evening hunger pangs. Soup essentially makes for the ultimate evening snack as it is not only low in calories but also gives much needed satiety. It is a convenient and nourishing option to keep you warm and agile. These days, you get instant-ready soup with superfoods; they are so nutritious that it has up to four times the protein content compared to regular soups.
Enhance Digestion and stay Hydrated
It surely helps if you use garlic, pepper, ginger, asafetida (hing), cumin seeds/powder, turmeric, moringa, lemongrass, basil, and coriander in cooking as they help enhance digestion and improve immunity. Did you know that adding black pepper to the turmeric helps in the absorption of active ingredients in turmeric? You can mix and add it to food especially soups.
Spice Up Your Meal
Pepper rasam and sambhar has all the essential spices and is just right to boost your immune system. Spices tend to be very helpful in building a strong defense mechanism against viral infections. Ensure to include sambhar and rasam to your meals.
Kill the Virus with these anti-viral foods
Garlic, Fennel, Basil, Cloves and Tulsi have anti-viral properties that help you maintain and boost your immune system whilst you stay prepared to fight the viral infections and flus
Drink Healthy Juices
Try these healthy juice combinations like Beetroot + Carrot + Spinach + Amla + Ginger or Apple + Beetroot + Carrot + Ginger + Lemon + Celery. These juices not only energize you and help you maintain youthfulness but also help boost your immune system in an efficient manner.
We can boost our immune systems by adding the above mentioned foods easily available in our kitchen to build a stronger immune system without letting us compromise on our favorite meals.
It is extremely important to build a strong immune system which will work in our defense during times of distress.
Stay safe and healthy! (IANSlife)
A person's sex life hugely depends on their individual preferences, coupled with that of their partner. Sexual needs and preferences are best handled through one-on-one dialogue. But, if something is really not working, it must be tabled, so both of you can work on or around it. So today we will discuss top 10 ways to have better sex tonight.
Because nowadays people are worried due to the busy and stressful lifestyle all over the world. Due to which they are unable to form a proper relationship with their partner at night. Due to which there is a rift in their relationship and sometimes these things take a terrible form. And people keep searching for ways like how to get in the mood fast, how to make a happy wife in bed, how to be the best in bed for her, etc.
Here are some simple steps to have a memorable sexual experience, as suggested by Dr Manjiri Mehta, Senior Consultant Gynaecologist and Obstetrician, Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi - A Fortis Network Hospital.
Top 10 Ways To Make Sex Better Tonight:
- Physical touch is important and should not be limited to just intercourse. Acts of hugging, kissing, watching erotic movies together, can help build to the climax.
- Praise and compliment your partner; appreciate your partner for the smaller things they do, their gestures, their looks, personality and any other qualities. Appreciation is key to building affection.
- Always hear your partner out, understand their words, action and responses better. Communication, both verbal and non-verbal is important in every relationship.
- Try foods that are commonly called 'aphrodisiacs', you can consider trying-- Chocolates, Chili Peppers, Figs and Strawberries. Fish and lean proteins also contain Arginine which acts as an aphrodisiac.
- Have a bubbly bath or shower together, this will lift your mood and get your partner going!
- Do not worry only about performance, intercourse or orgasm as if it's an exam. Relaxation is the key, stressing out about these things will hamper your performance. Enjoy the act.
- Create a conducive erotic atmosphere with scented candles, soft clean sheets, lots of cushions, soothing music and ample aphrodisiacs to make the act even more exciting
- Consider giving an oil massage to your partner, enhance the massage by making it sensual; massaging in the nude is erotic, and gets the mood going.
- Listening and talking to your partner is soothing, it helps release the love hormone ï¿½Oxytocin'. Commonly dubbed as ï¿½cuddle hormone' this helps strengthen both between the partners.
Finally, it is important for both partners to look after themselves holistically. Both partners can also work on physical and breathing exercises, which will help improve stamina and keep you fit. (Agency)
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Washing hands or sanitising them regularly with an alcohol-based handrub is one of the top ways one can avoid getting infected by - and further spreading - the deadly Coronavirus.
"As the frequency of handwashing has increased, there may be a worry of drying your skin in the process. The first and foremost rule is to prevent excessive usage of alcohol-based sanitizers, as they can make your hands dry and dehydrated. It is instead advisable to wash your hands methodically as per the medical guidelines, or whenever you feel you may have been exposed to cough, sneeze or contact of some unknown material or surfaces.
"In case of contact with any household items - which may not be infected - use a milder or diluted hand wash. After every hand wash, be sure to moisturise the skin with a non-alcohol-based moisturiser," Dr Sharad Kulkarni, Kama Ayurveda told IANSlife.
He adds, "Apply sesame or coconut oil to hands 15 minutes before stepping in for a bath. You can also apply olive oil to your hands every night before you sleep. In case of severe dryness olive oil can be mixed with ghee and applied each night."
"Moisturizing your skin is one of the ground rules of skincare. Health experts have advised us to wash our hands frequently with soap to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. While the properties of the soap prevent the spread of the virus, frequent handwashing can also dry out your skin immensely. Dry skin can also feel itchy and appear wrinkled. To avoid this, make sure you always apply a moisturizer after drying your hands. This will leave your hands soft and supple," Dolly Kumar, Founder & Director, Skinella suggests.
You can also make use of the self-isolation period to care for skin. Here's how.
Avoid touching your face
Your hands come into contact with multiple surfaces throughout the day. Touching your face frequently will only transfer the germs and impurities from your hands to your face. Since facial skin is sensitive and soft, keeping it clean is necessary to avoid acne or any skin irritation/allergy. Cleanse your face with a mild face wash twice a day and multiple times with just water. Don't forget to apply a moisturizer after patting dry!
Time for some DIY
A majority of us have time in abundance and might be bored without being able to step out of our homes. This is the perfect time to experiment with some DIY face masks. There are several masks that you can make easily with natural ingredients. For example, you could simply mix some Aloe Vera juice, honey, and turmeric and apply it on your face for 15 minutes before rinsing to prevent breakouts and skin ageing.
Hydration and exercise are a must
Your body needs to get rid of toxins and exercise and hydration are an excellent way to do so. Even though gyms are closed, you can try some simple home workouts without fitness equipment to stay active. Even a brisk walk on your terrace for 20-30 minutes will leave you feeling refreshed and energized. Stay hydrated with water and fruit juices throughout the day. Cultivating healthy habits is important, so have a balanced diet and avoid any junk food.(IANSlife)
New York - Suffering from asthma? Read this carefully. Following a plant-based diet can help prevent and manage asthma, while dairy products and high-fat foods raise the risk, a new study suggests.
Asthma is a common chronic condition in which the airways become narrow and inflamed--sometimes leading to difficulty with breathing, coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
"Asthma can make people more vulnerable in the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak and this research offers hope that dietary changes could be helpful," said study researcher Hana Kahleova from Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine in the US.
For the findings, published in the journal Nutrition Reviews, the research team examined the evidence related to diet and asthma and found that certain foods--including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other high-fibre foods--can be beneficial, while others--such as dairy products and foods high in saturated fat--can be harmful.
The researchers highlight a study finding that when compared to a control group, asthma patients who consumed a plant-based diet for eight weeks experienced a greater reduction in use of asthma medication and less severe, less frequent symptoms.
In another study, asthma patients adopted a plant-based diet for a year and saw improvements in vital capacity--a measure of the volume of air patients can expel--and other measures.
The authors suggest that a plant-based diet is beneficial because it has been shown to reduce systemic inflammation, which can exacerbate asthma. Plant-based diets are also high in fibre, which has been positively associated with improvements in lung function.
The researchers also highlight the antioxidants and flavonoids found in plant foods, which may have a protective effect.
The review also found that dairy consumption can raise the risk for asthma and worsen symptoms.
According to the researchers, one 2015 study found that children who consumed the most dairy had higher odds of developing asthma, compared with the children consuming the least.
In another study, children with asthma were placed in either a control group, where they made no dietary changes or in an experimental group where they eliminated dairy and eggs for eight weeks, the researchers said.
After eliminating dairy, the experimental group experienced a 22 per cent improvement in peak expiratory flow rate--a measure of how fast the children were able to exhale--while children in the control group experienced a 0.6 per cent decrease.
High fat intake, consumption of saturated fat, and low fibre intake were also associated with airway inflammation and worsened lung function in asthma patients.
"This groundbreaking research shows that filling our plates with plant-based foods--and avoiding dairy products and other high-fat foods--can be a powerful tool for preventing and managing asthma," Kahleova said.
If the notifications popping up on your phone every second is bombarding you with news of rising coronavirus cases and the misinformation spread on social media is multiplying your worries even as you maintain social distancing in a bid to contain the spread of the virus, heed to what mental health experts have to say about ways to beating the stress.
The most important thing at this point of time is to stay emotionally connected with your family and friends, even as you stay in isolation or maintain social distancing, according to the experts.
Secondly, it is important to understand that even if the measures implemented to contain the virus have put severe restrictions on you, they are meant for your own welfare.
"Remind yourself that this is a temporary period of isolation to slow the spread of the virus. Its a phase that will have to pass. There are teams of professionals across the world trying to fight this out. Remember that your effort is helping others, loved ones, your family and neighbours in the community to avoid contracting the virus," Zirak Marker, Psychiatrist & Advisor - Mpower, a mental health organisation, told IANS.
"Yes it's not easy to go through isolation, but individuals need to rise up to their social responsibility, as a pandemic has to be fought with collectiveness. And to take care of their mental well-being during isolation/quarantine, they should be connected with family, use social media and digital communication, take care of self, indulge in doing things that interests the self," said Samir Parikh, Director, Department of Mental Health and Behavioural Sciences at Fortis Healthcare.
It is also important to understand that how you deal with the situation will also impact the people around you, especially your children who are impressionable and observant.
"We need to be role models for children, instilling in them a sense of altruism and teaching them socially responsible behaviours and ensure that the home atmosphere is positive, spend time with them, play indoor games and do not let them feel pressure, yet encourage them to maintain hygiene and self care. The impact on mental health would largely depend on how the family deals with the situation," Parikh explained.
Sapna Bangar, Psychiatrist and Head, Mpower - The Centre, Mumbai, agreed that how we behave in front of children will have an impact on their behaviour as well.
"So, if parents are worrying excessively, children are bound to pick on it. So, taking this in a positive spirit, giving the situation an adventurous spin, spending more time with children doing activities like board games, reading, teaching them a new skill, getting them to do small chores in the house helps them not only keeping the boredom at bay but also helps in improving their self-esteem and sense of purpose," Bangar said.
So if the coronavirus is keeping you at home and offering you to spend more time with yourself, better catch up with your reading, pick up the old hobby that you abandoned due to paucity of time and spend more quality time with your children instead of spending time googling about coronavirus, stress eating or watching TV aimlessly.
You should also avoid getting overloaded with information, surrounding yourself with negative and hopeless thoughts, reading information from unreliable sources, and transferring your anger, frustration or helplessness on others, Bangar said.
The experts are unanimous in their views that people need to follow a structure and routine despite being at home.
"Sleep well, exercise, follow a balanced diet and spend time communicating with your loved ones," Marker said.
However, it is also true that not everyone might be able to handle the situation with ease.
"All populations will be affected in some capacity because of the measures put in place to combat coronavirus. However, people who have a predisposition towards anxiety or those who do not have a social and family support system are more susceptible to having mental health concerns during this pandemic," Parikh said.
"The measures implemented are absolutely necessary for keeping people physically safe and stopping the spread. However being isolated takes a toll on peoples mental health. It is observed to increase anxiety, rising panic, worry about the outcomes and family members. It is also common to start affecting one's mood with feelings of guilt and sadness. People who are quarantined may suffer PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder) or suicidal thoughts," warned Bangar.
If you are feeling distressed, anxious, low, irritable or frustrated, reach out to friends or family or speak to a professional counsellor, who shall be available for online consultations, Marker advised.
(Gokul Bhagabati can be contacted at [email protected])