Hyperthyroid: Causes, Symptoms, and Ayurvedic Treatment


It is an endocrine disorder. The condition in which overproduction of hormones occurs by the thyroid gland or it is a condition of hypersensitivity of the gland with increased synthesis and release of thyroid hormones.

According to Ayurveda, this disease can correlated with vataj-pittaj vyadhi in which vitiated vata and pitta doshas stimulates the gastric fire i.e. Jatharagni which is a reason of increased metabolism and causes symptoms mentioned below. Treatment is always based on hyper agni resolution and maintain the equilibrium of vata and pitta.

It is an autoimmune disease :-Causes can be excessive intake of iodine in food, unhealthy food, inflammation of thyroid gland, appearance of small nodules, stress etc.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

  • Weight loss
  • Increased apetite
  • Heat intolerance
  • Diarrhea or frequent bowel movements
  • Joint aching
  • Insomnia
  • Brittle hair or hair loss
  • Mood swings
  • Anxiety, nervousness
  • Breathlessness
  • Acne and thinning of the skin
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Muscle weakness muscleache
  • High blood pressure
  • Puffiness of eyes
  • Infertility or irregular menses
  • Irregular heart beats
  • Exhaustion or irritability

When to See Your Doctor for Hypothyroid Disease?

  • Sudden weight loss
  • Sudden hairfall or brittle hair
  • Insomnia 
  • Lethargy
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Pale and puffy face
  • Increased appetite
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Swelling at the base of the neck
  • Loss of consciousness

Causes and Risk Factors

Risk Factors-

  • Family history can be a reason specially Grave’s disease
  • Autoimmune diseases like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Primary adrenal insufficiency
  • Older age or female
  • Radiation exposure during treatments
  • History of thyroid surgery

Prevention of Hyperthyroid

  • Stop smoking 
  • Stress free lifestyle
  • Adapt a regular exercise
  • Eat healthy 

Hyperthyroid Diagnosis

  • Blood test
  • TSH testing
  • Radioiodine uptake test
  • Thyroid scan
  • Thyroid ultrasound

General Tips for Hyperthyroid

  • Get the right amount of exercise to maintain healthy weight
  • Avoid stress, overthinking
  • Sleep early
  • Morning walk
  • Small and frequent meals.
  • Junk free food
  • Yoga and meditation
  • Eat food rich in antioxidants
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Cheerful lifestyle
  • Limit caffeine
  • Avoid restaurant or processed meals

Home Remedies for Hyperthyroid

  • Oil massage before bathing
  • You can soak some jeera and dhaniya in water and leave it overnight, strain and drink it in the morning on an empty stomach
  • Apple cider vinegar can be added with water along with honey can help to regulate body fats and wash away toxins from the body.
  • Head massage with eranda oil.
  • Aasanas like surya namaskar, setubandhaasana, marjariasana are useful in hyperthyroid.
  • Gluten and sugar free diet.
  • Triphala and licorice root to reduce inflammation 

What to Avoid?

  • Foods high in iodine
  • Fish-sea fish
  • Sea vegetable
  • Sea salts
  • Sea foods
  • Red meat, milk and dairy products
  • Wheats, oats, barley, rye,
  • Pasta, avoid sugar intake
  • Caffeine, nicotine and alcohol

What to Eat?

  • Berries like strawberries, blueberries, raspberries
  • Broccoli ,cabbage,cauliflower,kale,pears,soyabeans,turnips,spanich,mustard greens
  • Protein rich food
  • Cinnamon, ginger, turmeric, coconut products
  • Olive oil or vegetable oil for cooking
  • Eggs, mushrooms

Questions & Answers

Q1. What is a cause of hyperthyroid?
Causes can be excessive intake of iodine in food, unhealthy food, inflammation of thyroid gland, appearance of small nodules, stress, thyroid surgery.

Q2. What are the main symptoms of hyperthyroid?
sudden weight loss, brittle hairs, high blood pressure, anxiety ,mood swings, irregular menses.

Q3. What are the complications of hyperthyroidism in pregnant women?
If left untreated it can lead to preeclampsia, premature birth, miscarriage, congestive heart failure.

Q4. How ayurveda treatment considered effective?
Doshas elimination in purification therapies {shodhana chikitsa} of ayurveda are really helpful in thyroid with changes in lifestyle and food habits.

Q5. How to cure hyperthyroid naturally?
lifestyle changes with good food habits, practice exercise and helpful asanas, avoid stress and overthinking.

Q6. what if hyperthyroid continue for longer duration?
If hyperthyroidism continues for longer duration it can lead to serious problems with menstrual cycle, bones and muscles, health problems for both baby and mother during pregnancy.

Disclaimer - The aim of the article is just to convey information to you. Use any medicine, therapy, herb or fruit please do it under the guidance of a qualified Ayurveda doctor.