Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), the statutory body that regulates the Indian Medical systems of Ayurveda, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa, and Unani Medicine issued a notification on 20th November 2020 to streamline some of the provisions of the regulations concerning Post Graduate Ayurveda Education by adding clarity and definition to the same.
It has come to the notice of the Ministry of AYUSH that some misreported and incorrectly interpreted versions of the above notification have surfaced in some media platforms, leading to misinformation about the nature and purpose of the said notification. To lay to rest the apprehensions arising out of such incorrect interpretations, the Ministry is now issuing the following clarifications answering the questions that have been raised in this matter:
1. What does the notification called the Indian Medicine Central Council (Post Graduate Ayurveda Education) Amendment Regulations, 2020 deal with?
The notification relates to the Shalya and Shalakya streams of Post Graduate Education in Ayurveda. The notification specifies (in clearer terms than the earlier notification on the subject)a total of 58 surgical procedures that PG scholars of these streams (cumulatively) need to be practically trained inso as to enable them to independently perform the said activities after completion of their PG Degree. The notification is specific to these specified surgical procedures and does not allow Shalya and Shalakya Post Graduates to take up any other types of surgery.
2. Does the said notification signify a policy shift in the matter of practice of surgical procedures by practitioners of Ayurveda?
No, this notification is a clarification of the relevant provisions in the previously existing regulations of 2016. Since beginning, Shalya and Shalakya are independent Departments in Ayurveda colleges, performing such surgical procedures. While the notification of 2016 stipulated that the students shall undergo training of investigative procedures, techniques and surgical performance of procedures and management in the respective specialty, the details of these techniques, procedures and surgical performance were laid down in the syllabus of respective PG courses issued by CCIM, and not the regulation per se. The present clarification was issued in over-all public interest by CCIM by bringing the said details into the regulation. Hence this does not signify any policy shift.
3. Why is there a controversy around the use of modern terminology in the said notification?
The Ministry has not received any comments or objections about the use of modern terminology in the said notification and is hence not aware of any such controversy.
It is, however, clarified that all scientific advances including standardized terminologies are inheritances of the entire mankind. No individual or group has monopoly over these terminologies. The modern terminologies in the field of medicine, are not modern from a temporal perspective but are derived substantially from ancient languages like Greek, Latin, and even Sanskrit, and later languages like Arabic. Evolution of terminologies is a dynamic and inclusive process. Modern medical terms and terminology facilitates effective communication and correspondence not just among physicians, but also to other stakeholders including the public. In the instant notification, modern terms are adopted as per requirement to ensure that the same is understood widely in the medical profession, in the stake-holding disciplines like the medico-legal, health IT etc., as well as by the members of the public.
4. Does the use of modern terminology in the said notification amount to “mixing” of Ayurveda with Conventional (Modern) Medicine?
Not at all. The purpose of all modern scientific terminology is to facilitate effective communication and correspondence among the different stakeholders. The stake-holders of the instant notification include not just the Ayurveda practitioners but also professionals of other stake-holding disciplines like the medico-legal, health IT, insurance etc., as well as the members of the public. Hence the use of modern terminology was required. The question of “mixing” of Ayurveda with Conventional (Modern) Medicine does not arise here as CCIM is deeply committed to maintaining the authenticity of Indian systems of medicine, and is against any such “mixing”. (PIB)
Now the Post Graduate (PG) students of Ayurveda would perform variety of general surgery, including orthopaedic, ophthalmology, ENT and dental as the central government has okayed it.
The Centre in its gazette notification allowed Ayurvedic PG passouts to receive formal training for such procedures.
The training modules for surgical procedures will be added to the curriculum of Ayurvedic studies.
The development has come after the Central Council of Indian Medicine amended Indian Medicine Central Council (Post Graduate Ayurveda Education) Regulations, 2016, to include the aforementioned regulation to allow the PG students of Ayurveda for practicing the general surgery.
"The Central Council of Indian Medicine, with the previous sanction of the Central Government, hereby makes the following regulations further to amend the Indian Medicine Central Council (Post Graduate Ayurveda Education) Regulations, 2016," the gazette notification read.
The act has been renamed Indian Medicine Central Council (Post Graduate Ayurveda Education) Amendment Regulations, 2020.
"During the period of study, the PG scholar of Shalya and Shalakya shall be practically trained to acquaint (themselves) with as well aa independently perform the following activities so that after completion of his PG degree, he is able to perform the following procedures (list of the procedures) independently," the gazette notification stated.
The notification informed that the students will be trained in two streams of surgery and would be awarded titles of MS (Ayurved) Shalya Tantra -- (General Surgery and MS (Ayurved) Shalakya Tantra (Disease of Eye, Ear, Nose, Throat, Head and Oro-Dentistry).
The latest move by the Centre is an addition to the host of decisions taken amid pandemic which shows an impending paradigm shift in healthcare from modern medicine to the traditional form.
Annulling Medical Council of India to form National Medical Commission and introducing Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill, 2020, which allows assorted paramedics to practice medicine independently -- are a few of the decisions which has put the modern medicine practitioners in deep concern regarding their future of healthcare.
The Indian Medical Association has been openly opposing such policy moves by the Centre, especially the plan to mix modern medicine with the traditional systems of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), in coming years, as envisaged by the Centre.
Dr Rajan Sharma, President, IMA had earlier stated that an integrative system of medicine would create a "Khichdi medical system" and would produce hybrid doctors.
The apex body of private practitioners of modern medicine had also condemned the centre's ambitious one nation one system policy in medical education and called it a cocktail of disaster. (IANS)
Chhath mahaparva is not only a sadhana but it also instructs us how to away from diseases and stay healthy. Most of the materials used for offering "arghya" in Chhath Mahaparva are acquirable locally and also have special consequence in Ayurveda.
Ayurveda mentions the use of shads (Madhur, aml, lawan, katu, teekha(tikt), and kasaila(kashaya)) in Ayurveda. The above juice is available. In other words, this religious law keeps it healthy.
There is also the medicinal importance of fruits climbing as offerings of Chhath Puja. Since it is the season of the season, this season also encompasses all kinds of diseases.
The fruits offered for Chhath Puja also control seasonal diseases. Fasting during this puja gives energy to the cells of the body. Health is strengthened by the fruits offered in this religious ritual during the change of seasons. At the same time, "Suryopasana" supplies vitamin D and also preserve against leprosy.
The things used in Chhath puja as a mine of qualities and a means of protecting against cold diseases.
Special Importance of Chhath Pooja in Ayurveda
Banana is rich in glucose, which helps in providing energy to the body immediately. It contains 75% water, in addition, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and copper are also found in sufficient quantities.
Gooseberry is very beneficial for health. Gooseberry contains calcium, vitamin C, protects against cold weather, enhances immunity, a lot of nutrients that help in making the body healthy. Many diseases can be avoided by taking amla. During the corona period, include this in the diet.
Turmeric, specifically its most active compound curcumin has many scientifically-proven health benefits, such as the probable to prevent Alzheimer's, cancer, and heart disease. It's a potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant relief of wounds, anti-allergic, pain, inflammation, and may also help reform symptoms of depression and arthritis. Turmeric used in many Ayurvedic medicines also.
Ginger keeps the body warm Its importance has enhanced significantly in the Corona period. Ginger used in many Ayurvedic medicines.
Many nutritious ingredients are found in sugarcane juice. Apart from this, it also has anti-cancer properties. This not only protects you from the risk of cancer but also helps in removing the kidney stone.
Pineapple is a fruit that enhances appetite, strengthens, helps in blood-biliary disorders. It reduces fever, reduces urination problems. Relieves stomach gas, pain, acidity, and physical weakness. Its ripe fruit cures diseases associated with bleeding.
Singhara gives energy to the body, so it is included in the fasting. It also contains iodine, which protects from throat diseases and causes the thyroid gland to function smoothly.
Eating a piece of coconut daily not only increases your body immunity but also improves memory. Coconut is rich in carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and protein, it also has good water content, so it keeps the body hydrated.
Gagar lemon is called Pomelo in English, and its scientific name is Citrus maxima. Gagar Lemon is full of various types of pesticides. Gagar lemon contains almost twice as much vitamin C as compared to orange and three times more vitamin A, beneficial for the eyes. Minerals such as iron and zinc are found in equal amounts.
Calcium is almost half the amount of orange calcium in Gagar lemon. Apart from these, Gagar Nimbu is also an excellent source of antioxidant substances just like oranges. These antioxidants increase the body's resistance and significantly reduce the possibility of various life-related diseases such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease.
To Give Arghya to the Sun is of Special Importance
In the evening and morning, while giving sun to the sun, the mercury rays emanating from the sun come out diagonally. Vitamin D is constituted by the introduction of these rays on the body. Vitamin D is a very crucial element for healthy living. This is the reason that our forefathers have minded every one of the laws of Chhath puja as per the importance of keeping a healthy body. On the one hand, the requirement of the cleanliness of the Sun, Ganga, and other parts has been told, then by fasting, it is practiced to remove the disorders of the body and keep it healthy.
National Ayurveda Day is celebrated every year on the day of Dhanteras. Lord Dhanvantari is believed to be the god of Ayurveda and healing.
According to beliefs, Lord Dhanvantari originated during Samudra Manthan. Lord Dhanvantari, who came out of the churning of the ocean, had the urn in his hands.
For this reason, the birthday of Lord Dhanwantari is celebrated as Dhanteras (Dhanteras) two days before Diwali. In such a situation, National Ayurveda Day is celebrated on the day of Dhanteras, the birthday of Lord Dhanvantari, who is called the God of Ayurveda.
हिताहितं सुखं दुःखमायुस्तस्य हिताहितम्।
मानं च तच्च यत्रोक्तमायुर्वेदः स उच्यते॥
Importance of Ayurveda in Corona Epidemic Period
Everyone has understood the importance of Ayurveda during the Corona epidemic period. Ayurvedic things are being used everywhere in the country today to increase immunity against corona virus. The importance of Ayurveda has increased rapidly in the country.
Meanwhile, the fifth Ayurveda Day will be celebrated on 13 November. The Ministry of AYUSH announced on Thursday that the main theme of Ayurveda Day this year will be “Important role of Ayurveda in managing Covid-19 epidemic”.
Ayurveda Day is celebrated every year on the day of Dhanvantari Jayanti since 2016. The purpose of Ayurveda Day is to focus on the powers of Ayurveda and its specific treatment methods.
The ministry said that Ayurveda Day is not just a ceremony or celebration, but an opportunity for rededication to business and society.
The Ministry of AYUSH has decided to conduct several activities on the fifth Ayurveda Day. The Ministry informed that a webinar on the subject of Ayurveda for the Covid-19 epidemic will be organized on this occasion. About one and a half million participants from all over the world can participate in the webinar.
प्रयोजनं चास्य स्वस्थस्य स्वास्थ्यरक्षणं आतुरस्यविकारप्रशमनं च ॥
( The purpose of Ayurveda is to protect the health of healthy animals and to remove the disease of the patient.)
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi dedicated two future-ready Ayurveda institutions to the nation on the 5th Ayurveda Day today via video conferencing. These are the Institute of Teaching & Research in Ayurveda (ITRA), Jamnagar and the National Institute of Ayurveda (NIA), Jaipur. Both the Institutes are premier institutions of Ayurveda in the country. The former has been conferred the status of an Institution of National Importance (INI) by an Act of the Parliament, and the latter is an Institution Deemed to be University by the University Grants Commission. The Ministry of AYUSH, since 2016, has been observing ‘Ayurveda Day’ every year on the occasion of Dhanwantari Jayanti (Dhanteras).
Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Shri Shripad Naik, Chief Minister of Gujarat Shri Vijay Rupani, Chief Minister of Rajasthan Shri Ashok Gehlot, Governor of Rajasthan Shri Kalraj Mishra, Governor of Gujarat Acharya Devvrat, were present on the occasion.
Director General of World Health Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus gave a video message on the occasion and praised the Prime Minister’s commitment to the universal coverage under Ayushman Bharat and evidence-based promotion of traditional medicines to achieve health related objectives. The Prime Minister thanked WHO and the DG for choosing India for the Global Centre of Traditional medicine. He said that Ayurveda is an Indian heritage and it is a matter of happiness that India's traditional knowledge is enriching other countries also.
Shri Modi stressed the need to bring the ayurveda knowledge out of books, scriptures and home remedies and develop this ancient knowledge as per modern needs. he remarked that new research is being done in the country by combining the information received from the modern science of the 21st century with our ancient medical knowledge. Three years ago, the All India Ayurvedic Institute was established here. Ayurveda is not just an alternative today but is one of the key basis of the country's health policy, The Prime Minister said.
Shri Modi informed that work is on to develop the National Sowa-Rigpa Institute for research and other studies related to Sowa-Rigpa in Leh. Today, the two institutions in Gujarat and Rajasthan which have been upgraded are also an extension of this development.
Congratulating the two institutes for their upgradation, the Prime Minister pointed out that they have more responsibility now and hoped that they will prepare Ayurveda syllabus which meets the international standard. He also called upon the Education Ministry and UGC to find new avenues in disciplines like Ayurveda Physics and Ayurveda Chemistry. He also called upon the startups and private sector to study the global trends and demands and ensure their participation in the sector. The National Commission of Indian System of Medicines and The National Commission of Homeopathy were established by the Parliament this session and National Education Policy also promotes an integrated approach. The basic notion of this policy is that the knowledge of allopathic practices should be compulsory in the ayurvedic education.
The Prime Minister pointed out that during the Corona period the demand for Ayurvedic products has increased rapidly all over the world. He said Exports of Ayurvedic products increased by about 45 percent in September this year compared to the previous year. He added the significant increase in export of spices like turmeric, ginger, considered as immunity boosters, shows the sudden boost in confidence in Ayurvedic solutions and Indian spices in the world. He said now, in many countries, specialty drinks related to turmeric are also increasing and the world's prestigious medical journals are also seeing new hope in Ayurveda. He said during this Corona period, the focus was not only limited to the use of Ayurveda alone but used to advance research related to AYUSH in the country and the world.
The Prime Minister said today, on one hand, India is testing vaccines, on the other, it is also increasing international cooperation on Ayurvedic research to fight COVID. He pointed out that research is going on in more than a hundred places at this time including the All India Institute of Ayurveda in Delhi which has conducted research related to immunity on 80 thousand Delhi Police personnel. It may be the world's largest group study and there are encouraging results. A few more international trials are to be started in the coming days, he added.
The Prime Minister said today special emphasis is given on Ayurvedic medicines, herbs as well as nutritious foods that enhance immunity. He said today, farmers are being encouraged to increase production of coarse grains as well as organic products on the banks of Ganges and in the Himalayan regions. He added the Ministry of AYUSH is working on a comprehensive plan for India to contribute more and more in the wellness of the world, our exports should also increase and the income of our farmers should also increase. He pointed out that after the start of the COVID pandemic, the prices of Ayurvedic herbs like Ashwagandha, Giloy, Tulsi etc. have increased a lot. The price of Ashwagandha has more than doubled compared to last year and its direct benefit is reaching our farmers cultivating these herbs.
The Prime Minister urged the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of AYUSH or other departments, to work together to increase awareness of the usefulness of many herbs available in India. He stressed that the development of the entire ecosystem related to Ayurveda will also promote tourism related to health and wellness in the country. He wished that the two institutions inaugurated today in Jamnagar and Jaipur will prove beneficial in this direction as well.
ITRA, Jamnagar: Recently created through an Act of Parliament, the Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda (ITRA), is poised to emerge as a world class healthcare institution. ITRA has 12 Departments, three clinical laboratories and three research laboratories. It is also a leader in research work in traditional medicine, and presently, it is conducting 33 research projects. ITRA has been formed by conglomerating the cluster of four Ayurveda Institutes at Gujarat Ayurveda University campus, Jamnagar. It is the first Institute in Ayush Sector having the Institution of National Importance (INI) status. With the upgraded status, ITRA will have autonomy to upgrade the standard of Ayurveda education as it would offer courses as per modern, international standards. Further, it will forge interdisciplinary collaborations to give a contemporary thrust to Ayurveda.
NIA, Jaipur: An Ayurveda institution with country wide repute, NIA got a shot in the arm with Deemed to be University (De novo Category) status. Inheritor of a 175-year legacy, NIA’s contribution to preserving, promoting and advancing authentic Ayurveda in the last few decades has been significant. Presently NIA possesses 14 different departments. The institute has a very good student teacher ratio with a total intake of 955 students and 75 faculties during 2019-20. It runs numerous courses in Ayurveda ranging from certificate to doctoral level. With state-of-the-art lab facilities, NIA has also been a pioneer in research activities. At present, it conducts 54 different research projects. With the conferring of Deemed to be University (De novo category), the National Institute is set to reach new heights by achieving highest standards in tertiary health care, education and research.
If you have come across terrible effects of long-term sleep deprivation and missing out recommended seven to eight daily hours of sleep, there is some re-assurance coming your way from India's traditional healthcare regime Ayurveda.
Citing a study report, AYUSH Ministry on Tuesday said that the Ayurveda treatment has led to a remarkable improvement in the patient's condition in terms of sleep.
The broad area of study called 'anidra' in Ayurveda deals with sleep-deprivation and related conditions, and it offers some time-tested solutions.
The study, Ministry said, included thorough examination and assessment grading before and after treatment of all the symptoms which were selected for assessment. This included yawning, drowsiness, fatigue and quality of sleep, and improvements were noticed in all the parameters.
The case study, thus, puts forward an instance of "Shirodhara with Ashwagandha Taila accompanied by Shamana Chikitsa" playing a beneficial role in the management of sleep deprivation.
The recent case study published in AyuHom, the research journal of North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homeopathy, Shillong, has brought out new evidence in support of Ayurveda's efficacy in resolving 'anidra'- related issues, the Ministry said in a statement.
The case study is authored by Gopesh Mangal, Associate Professor and Head, PG Department of Panchkarma, National Institute of Ayurveda (NIA), Jaipur along with Nidhi Gupta and Pravesh Srivastava, both PG Scholars in the PG Department of Panchkarma at the NIA.
Medical Science has linked inadequate sleep to a number of health problems ranging from obesity to lowering of immunity. Ayurveda also considers sleep as extremely significant to health.
It is, in fact, described as one among the trayoupastambha or the three supportive pillars of life; as one of the essential dimensions for happiness and good life and it leads to a relaxed mental state.
Sleep deprivation can be clinically corelated with insomnia which is a common sleep problem worldwide, the Ministry said.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), health is a state of complete physical, mental or social well being and not merely the absence of disease. Sleep is one its essential pre-requisites.
In the present times of erratic lifestyles, stress and other unpredictable environmental factors, the Ministry said, quality of sleep has deteriorated for a large number of people.
According to the estimates of the National Sleep Foundation of America, one-third of people the world over suffer from sleep disorders. (IANS)