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Orange: Health Benefits, Uses, Dosage and Side Effects

By NS Desk | Herbs | Posted on :   19-Dec-2020

Orange is a popular juicy fruit commonly known as "Narangi" or "Santra." It is an excellent source of vitamin C, which makes it a powerful immune booster. They originally came from China, but today these nutritious powerhouses are growing in warmer climates worldwide.
Orange is one of the best citrus fruits grown in most countries after bananas and apples. The main commercial citrus varieties are mandarin, Sweet Orange, and acid lime. This fruit contains vitamins A, B, C, and phosphorus. They can be eaten fresh or in the form of juice, squash, syrup, and jam. Orange is a significant source of the peel oil, citric acid, and cosmetics. These orange products have great value in the international market.
The orange tree belongs to the family of Rutaceae and the citrus genus. A wide variety of sweet oranges are grown in Asia and around the world. However, the most common type is called "Valencia" orange. This crop (variety) comes from Spain and is cultivated in Africa and Australia. Mandarin orange is another popular variety in Indian citrus cultivation.
Oranges contain various essential nutrients and high fiber content, which can help improve energy levels—drinking 1-2 cups of orange juice daily before breakfast enhances digestion. The antioxidants in oranges can help protect against specific liver disease, asthma, and cholesterol problems.
Applying orange juice on the scalp improves hair growth and delays hair graying. It prevents dandruff due to its antiviral property. Orange peel or essential oil can help delay skin aging due to its antioxidant properties. It moisturizes and softens the skin and has a cleansing effect on oily skin. Due to its anti-inflammatory property, it reduces inflammation in the affected area.
Excessive intake of oranges causes abdominal pain, which can lead to heartburn.
What are the synonyms of Orange?
Oranges have various synonyms and are known respectively in different names, such as Citrus reticulata in scientific terms. Naaranga in Malayalam. Makala Pandu in Telegu, Kittale Hannu, in Kannada. In Punjabi, it's known as Santara. In Oriya, it's known as Kamala. In Marathi, it's known as Santre. In the Assamese, it's known as Komola. In Bengali as Kamala Lebu, In Kashmiri as Sangtar. In Urdu as Sangaaraa, and as Narangi in Gujarati.
What is the origin of oranges?
Oranges are plant-based fruits and are derived from plants. Orange can be grown up to 1,500 m in tropical and subtropical climates. However, a dry environment with a soil temperature of 25 C is ideal for plant roots. In terms of optimal crop growth, Orange's growth is conducive in the summer season with dry and arid conditions and low rainfall of 75 cm to 250 cm. 
Benefits of Orange
Helps in managing cancer
As per modern science, Orange helps control cancer.  Certain constituents such as Lutein and A-cryptoxanthin in Orange have antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and anticancer properties. It also causes apoptosis in cancer cells and protects normal cells. Eating oranges also reduces the risk of breast cancer, colon cancer, cervical cancer, lung cancer, and the formation of skin tumors.
Helps in managing liver disease
According to modern science, Orange is beneficial in treating hepatitis C. Orange has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties. With hesperidin and Naringin's presence, oranges help reduce the liver's synthesis and release of lipids. It also lowers elevated liver enzymes in patients with the hepatitis C virus.
Manages irritable bowel syndrome

Modern Science


As per modern science, Orange can help in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Orange is an excellent source of fiber and helps in increasing stool and facilitates passage.


According to Ayurveda, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), also known as Grahani, is caused by an imbalance of Pachak Agni (digestive fire). Orange helps to improve digestive fire due to its Ushna (hot) property, resulting in managing IBS symptoms. It is advisable to have 1-2 cups of fresh orange juice to manage IBS better during breakfast.


How does orange benefit patients with asthma?

Modern Science


According to modern science, Orange can be beneficial in the treatment of asthma. Orange has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Orange contains flavonoids that reduce the frequency of asthma and also reduce wheezing that is associated with asthma.


As per Ayurveda, Orange helps control the symptoms of asthma and relieves shortness of breath. Here, in Ayurveda, the main doshas involved in Asthma are Kapha and Vata. Due to the uncontrolled Kapha and vitiated Vata in the lungs, this causes obstruction in respiratory tracts, which causes difficulty in breathing. Eating oranges can help balance Vata- Kapha dosha, remove excess mucus from the lungs, and relieve asthma symptoms.


Can oranges help in curing indigestion?

Modern Science


In modern science, there is insufficient evidence to support the role of oranges in indigestion.


According to Ayurveda, Indigestion means an incomplete process of digestion. The leading cause of indigestion is Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). Eating oranges helps to improve digestive fire due to its Ushna (hot) property. It helps to correct indigestion and makes food easier to digest.


How is orange beneficial for Atherosclerosis (plaque deposition inside arteries)?
As per modern science, Orange is beneficial in reducing the risk of Atherosclerosis. Oranges are a great source of vitamin C, and due to its potent antioxidant activity, it prevents lipid peroxidation and plaque deposition in blood vessels.
Is orange highly effective?
There has been a lack of sufficient scientific evidence for the treatment of conditions mentioned above. However, with researchers focusing on extensively studying the effects and benefits of oranges under various conditions, its application in various conditions is expected to increase.
Can Orange help treat acne or pimples?
Orange or its peel in the skin helps you relieve skin problems like acne and pimples. According to Ayurveda, exacerbation of Kapha leads to clogging of pores due to increased sebum production. This clogging leads to the formation of white and blackheads. The exacerbation of Pita dosha causes bumps and inflammation with pus on the skin. Applying orange or its peel paste on the affected area will reduce pimples or pimples. Kapha's balancing property helps remove excess oil and reduce inflammation due to its Kashaya (astringent) nature.
1. Orange Peel Powder Face Mask
a. Take ½ -1 tsp of orange peel powder.
b. Mix the same amount of yogurt to make a thick paste.
c. Apply on the affected area and wait for 20-30 minutes.
d. Rinse with cold water.
e. Do it twice a week for smooth and acne-free skin.
2. Orange juice
a. Make a mixture of 2-3 tablespoons fresh orange juice with 1-2 tablespoons honey.
b. Apply it on your face
c. After 15 minutes, rinse with plain water.
d. Do it twice a week for smooth and acne-free skin.
How can orange help in treating hair fall?
Orange or its juice helps in controlling hair fall and promotes hair growth when applied on the scalp. Hair loss is caused primarily due to exacerbated vata. Orange or its juice works against hair fall by balancing Vata dosha. It promotes hair growth and removes excessive dryness on your scalp. This is due to its Ropan(healing) and Snigdha (oily) properties.
a. Take 1-2 tablespoons orange juice or as needed.
b. Mix the same amount of water.
c. Apply on skin and hair.
d. Rinse after 20-30 minutes with any mild shampoo.
e. Do it twice a week to control hair fall and hair condition.
Precautions when using Orange
Expert advice

Modern Science


According to modern science, Orange is associated with intestinal obstruction, so use Orange carefully if you have gastrointestinal disorders.


It is better for people with hypersensitive skin to combine Orange fruit paste, juice, or peel powder with milk or honey for better results.


As per Ayurveda, if you have acid reflux or indigestion due to the Orange's acidic (sour) taste, it should be avoided.


Since a specific diet is recommended to mothers during this period, it is advisable to avoid or consult a doctor or physician when taking Orange while breastfeeding. 
As per modern science, 
● Orange enhances the absorption of anti-inflammatory drugs. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a doctor when taking oranges with anti-inflammatory medications.
● Orange increases the absorption of anti-hyperlipidemic drugs. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a physician when taking oranges with anti-hyperlipidemic drugs.
● Orange reduces the absorption of antibiotics. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a doctor when taking oranges with antibiotics.
● Orange may showcase an additive effect with anticancer drugs. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a doctor while taking Orange anticancer drugs. 
Since there are many hormonal changes a female goes through during pregnancy, it is recommended that you consult a doctor or physician before consuming Orange during pregnancy.
Side effects
There have been pieces of evidence of Bowel Obstruction by consuming Orange as per modern science. Also, there have been pieces of evidence recorded for skin rashes when applying Orange on the skin.
The optimal dosage for consumption
● Orange powder - ½ - 1 tbsp or as needed.
● Orange oil - 4-5 drops or as needed.
How to use Orange
1. Orange raw fruit
a. Take orange fruit.
b. Peel and eat properly.
c. It is better to eat them during breakfast or 3-4 hours after meals.
2. Orange bark powder
a. Take orange bark powder - 1 tbsp.
b. Add honey to it.
c. Apply evenly on the affected skin.
d. Let it sit for 7-10 minutes.
e. Rinse with tap water.
f. This remedy should be used 2-3 times a week to get rid of skin diseases.
3. Dry orange peel powder
a. Take orange peel powder - 1 tbsp.
b. Add rose water to it.
c. Apply evenly on the affected skin.
d. Let sit for 7-10 minutes.
e. Rinse with tap water.
f. Use this medicine 2-3 times a week to get rid of pimples and scars.
4. Orange essential oil
a. Take 4-5 drops of orange essential oil.
b. Add coconut oil to it.
c. Gently massage the affected area.
d. Use this medicine once a day to prevent itching and ringing.
5. Orange juice
a. Peel the fruit and put it in the juicer or blend it with a blender
b. Separate the pulp from the juice with a strainer.
c. Drink 3-4 hours after breakfast or lunch.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. What are the components present of Orange?
As per modern science, Orange is rich in carbohydrates, amino acids, flavonoids, tannins, phenolic derivatives, and steroids. It is also responsible for its pharmacological properties.
Q2. Can I eat oranges on an empty stomach?
As per modern science, Yes, eat oranges on an empty stomach. Fruits containing citric acid can alter the diet in the stomach when consumed after a meal. It is therefore recommended to take 3-4 hours before or after meals. 
Q3. How many oranges should you have in a day?
According to modern science, you can eat 2-3 oranges a day. However, if you have a sore throat, cough, or cold, it is best to avoid them; it is also not recommended to consume oranges in the evening. They are also high in calories due to the amount of sugar, so keep this amount in mind.
Q4. How much sugar is present in oranges?
It is often observed that 100 grams of oranges contain 9 grams of sugar. So, monitor orange consumption if you have diabetes or diet.
Q5. Can orange peel help in whitening teeth?
D- limonene is the substance that is responsible for whitening teeth
a. Peel an orange.
b. Rub the white part of the skin evenly on the teeth.
c. Follow this by brushing your teeth regularly.
Q5. Is Eating Orange Seeds Harmful?
As per the scientific view, eating orange seeds is not harmful. If chewed properly, it will add fiber to the diet. They are quickly eliminated from the body when you defecate. 
Q6. Is orange acidic?
Yes, Orange is acidic and high in citric acid. Orange also comes with a pH of 3.5. This makes it a good antioxidant.
Q7. Is Orange Bad for People with Diabetes?
As per modern science, Orange has a high amount of citric acid and good antioxidant properties but is high in sugar compared to other fruits. Therefore, if you have diabetes, it is a good idea to monitor your blood sugar level when eating oranges. An orange weighing 131 g (g) contributes 3.14 g of fiber, 10% of the adult daily fiber requirement. Several studies have found that fiber can also help manage diabetes and further contribute towards its development and progression in handling diabetes.
Q8. Is Orange Beneficial for Weight Loss?
According to the scientific view, Orange improves lipid metabolism and is useful for weight loss. It contains fiber, which improves digestion and helps with weight loss. Since weight control is crucial for reducing the risk of diabetes, the fiber content in Orange helps the person provide a feeling of satiation for a more extended period, thus eventually leading to effective weight management.
As per Ayurveda, Orange is good for weight loss because weight loss can lead to the formation and accumulation of toxins in the body as digestion is weak or poor. Due to the Ushna (hot) property of oranges, it improves your digestion and prevents toxins' formation or accumulation in the form of Ama, thereby maintaining healthy body weight.
Q9. Is Orange Good for High Blood Pressure?
As per modern science, yes. Oranges are helpful during high blood pressure because they contain a substance (hesperidin) that helps relax narrowed blood vessels and lower blood pressure. Since they are high in potassium, it can help lower blood pressure. Oranges do not contain sodium, which allows a person to keep their daily intake below normal. On the other hand, the daily intake of one cup of orange juice increases potassium by 14%. It is essential to boost potassium intake to reduce a person's risk for high blood pressure, as it helps to relax and open blood vessels.
As per the Ayurvedic view, Yes, Orange is useful for reducing high blood pressure. High blood pressure is a condition caused by Vata dosha imbalance in the body. With Vata's presence, the balancing property, Oranges, helps regulate proper blood flow in the blood vessels and thereby control high blood pressure.
Q10. What are the benefits of drinking Blood Orange Juice?
Consumption of blood orange juice increases antioxidants and vitamin C in the body, which helps fight against free radicals and inflammation. It boosts the body’s defense system and thereby boosts immunity.
Q11. Is orange peel safe for the skin?
According to modern science, Yes, orange peel is safe for the skin. It has various skin benefits that can improve psoriasis, acne, blemishes, and other skin diseases. However, orange peel paste can be applied to the skin to whiten the skin. It helps to remove toxins from the skin.
Q12. Does Orange play a role in skin aging?
As per modern science, Yes, Orange plays a role in skin aging. Aging causes the skin to shrink and wrinkle. This is due to the breakdown of collagen and elastin proteins. Orange has potent antioxidant and anti-enzymatic properties. Orange prevents elastase and collagenase enzymes that break down collagen and elastin. Therefore, orange peel can help prevent aging and the formation of wrinkles.
Q13. How is Orange beneficial during pregnancy?
It is good to eat oranges during pregnancy because it has many benefits. The high vitamin C content in oranges helps the body absorb iron. Orange juice contains calcium, which is useful during pregnancy. Oranges also contain fiber, so adding more of the stool can help prevent constipation by passing it effortlessly through the body. They also contain folic acid, which allows the baby to grow and prevent congenital disabilities.
Q14. How do you extract orange oil?
As per modern science, Orange peel oil is beneficial and can be easily extracted with orange peels' help. 
a. Peel off the Orange skin
b. Grind the skin properly.
c. Dry for 2-3 days.
d. Put the dried grated orange peel in vinegar or alcohol.
e. Let it stand for 2-3 days.
f. This will lead to diffusion into an alcoholic or acidic medium.
Q15. What are the uses and benefits of orange essential oil?
As per modern science, Orange Essential Oil is used in many products such as medical formulations, cosmetics, beverages, and aromatherapy. It is useful for acne and other skin problems due to its antibacterial properties. The orange essential oil has antiseptic properties and is a useful ingredient in various disinfectants. It helps fight free radical damage due to its antioxidant properties, which delays skin aging.
Q14. Is orange peel toxic in nature?
According to modern science, Orange peel is not toxic. However, the components such as flavonoids, terpenoids, limonene, linoleum, and volatile oils present in its skin are bitter and difficult to digest.
Q15. What are the health benefits of oranges?
As per modern science, the following are the conditions where Orange has been found helpful in the treatment of specific conditions. 
● Itching
● Dandruff
● Acne
● Ringworm
Q16. What are the benefits of orange for hair and skin?
According to modern science, Orange has many benefits for skin and hair. The antioxidants in oranges help fight free radicals, prevent cell damage, and delay aging. These are high in citric acid, which is useful in preventing acne. It is rich in Vitamin C, which helps treat dark spots and blemishes, stimulates hair growth, and prevents dandruff. In the cosmetics industry, Orange is used in various forms to tone, revitalize your skin, and remove blackheads. Orange peel has specific components that have been found useful in treating psoriasis.
Tips for using Orange for skin:
a. Dry the orange peels in the sun
b. Grind the orange peel to make a powder.
c. Add milk and milk cream to the above mixture and apply on the face to reduce dark spots and blemishes on the skin for an instant glow.
Tips for using Orange on Hair
a. Take orange juice and honey evenly and mix.
b. Apply this mixture to your shampooed hair.
c. Leave on for 5 to 10 minutes.
d. Rinse in water and get healthy, shiny, and beautiful hair.
According to Ayurveda, Orange is good for some skin problems like acne caused by an imbalance of Kapha Dosha. As a result, sebum is over-produced, and the pores of the skin become clogged and result in papules formation. Orange helps to treat this condition due to its Kapha balancing and Kashaya (astringent) properties. It helps prevent excessive sebum production and removes accumulated dust or dirt particles leading to healthy skin. Orange promotes hair growth and removes excess powder from the scalp and hair.
Q17. Can oranges help in skin whitening?
As per modern science, not enough scientific evidence to justify the role of orange juice in skin whitening.
According to Ayurveda, Orange juice may not be as effective for the skin. However, orange peel paste can whiten the skin due to its Kashaya (astringent) property. It helps in removing toxins from the skin leading to better skin glow.
Q18. How does orange oil kill bees?
According to Modern science, Orange peel contains 90-95% limonene, which is deadly to flies, fire ants, and household items.

NS Desk

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Disclaimer - The aim of the article is just to convey information to you. Use any medicine, therapy, herb or fruit please do it under the guidance of a qualified Ayurveda doctor.