It is accumulation of excess fat in the body which may lead to negative effects on health, reduced life expectancy/ increased health problems.
According to present scenario -- global prevalence of obesity has much increase. Major proportion of Diabetes/Ischemia Heart Disease/ Hypertension/Ischemic Stroke/Osteoarthritis, Cancer, etc. Attributed to Overweight and Obesity.
Obesity is termed as Atisthaulya which mainly develops due to excessive accumulation of
-Leading to flabbiness of hips, abdomen, and breast.
-Considered as one of Santarpanottha Vikaras (=disease due to consumption of excessive calories).
When signs and symptoms of obesity appears and with that your BMI (Body Mass Index) is getting affected leads to increase value of overweight and obesity criteria values/ BMI increase with complications such as diabetes/high blood pressure/ sleep apnea, then according to mention chief complaints you should consult doctor immediately.
Unhealthy diets build up adipose tissues in the body which results in weight gain & obesity. Intake of healthy diet comprising of sufficient fibre, adopt active lifestyle, yoga to be practice daily, meditation for managing stress and fatigue are necessary measures to be taken for prevention.
It mainly includes some tests and examinations which are -
Q.1.) What is Obesity?
Ans.- Obesity is generally defined as increase in BMI/ disturbed BMI. Generally, BMI of 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight, one with a BMI of 30/ higher is considered obese.
Q.2.) Does a low-calorie diet help in losing weight?
Ans.- Yes, weight reduction can be achieved by reducing food intake and by regular exercise, low calorie diet should constitute a low carbohydrate, high fiber, moderate protein and a low-fat diet.
Q.3.) Does obesity cause complications?
Ans.- Yes, patients with obesity are at a risk of developing Diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases and hypertension in the long term.
Q.4) Does meal frequency matter?
Ans.- Some patients find it helpful to eat small meals five or six times a day. And yes it matters to have small meals to avoid food cravings.
Q.5) Can obesity leads to cancer?
Ans.- Being overweight/obese doesn’t mean that cancer will develop in body.
Q.6) How cancer can cause from obesity and cancer?
Ans.- Extra fat in the body doesn’t just sit there. It’s active and sending out signals to rest of the body. By gaining excess weight, cancer of breast(in women), bowel, womb, oesophagus, kidney, liver, thyroid, myeloma, etc, can develop.
Q.7) How common is obesity?
Ans.- According to WHO (World Health Organization)- more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older were overweight acc. To estimated data of 2016 year. And presently most of the world’s population live in countries are overweight.
Q.8) What causes obesity and overweight?
Ans.- Energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended.
- Increase intake of energy-dense foods especially foods which are high in fat and sugars.
- Increase in physical activity due to sedentary lifestyle.
Q.9) What are common health consequences of overweight and obesity?
Ans.- Cardiovascular diseases(mainly heart disease and stroke), diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders ( osteoarthritis mainly), some cancers(breast/endometrial/ gallbladder/ kidney/ colon, etc.)
Q.10) How can overweight and obesity be reduced?
Ans.- -By limiting energy intake from total fats and sugars.
- Increase consumption of fruit and vegetables ( legumes/whole grains/nuts)
- Engage in regular physical activity.
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