Acharya Sushrut – The Father of Surgery
11th june 2020 is a big day in the field of Ayurveda as it remembered as Sushrut Divas ( Acharya Sushrut – The Father of Surgery) in the memory of Late Dr. P. J. Deshpande .
Late Prof. Prabhakar Janardhan Deshpande, Dean, Faculty of Ayurveda, B. H. U was born on 11th June, 1925 in a cultured family of Maharashtra, India.
Dr. Deshpande was an outstanding alumnus of Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, joined the Ayurvedic college of BHU in 1941 in AMS course.
Dr. P. J. Deshpande is known for is marvelous work of Ksharsutra in the field of Ayurveda. He re-established/ reinvented the Ksharsutra therapy for Bhagandar ( Fistula in ano).
Talking about Acharya Sushruta, He was the son of sage Vishwamitra and lived in the 6th century B.C. He wrote a treatise titled ‘Sushruta Samhita’ which is an authentic text on the practice of the Indian medicine – Ayurveda. All the surgical methods are explained in detail in this text.
Many of the surgical incisions and other operational techniques mentioned in ‘Sushruta Samhita’ are practiced even now in the same manner as suggested by Sushruta. Not just that, even many of the surgical instruments and other operation tools used then were similar to that used in today’s modern operational theatres.
Sushruta was using Kshara Karma and Agni Karma techniques which were on the lines of modern technique of cautery, i.e., a means of destroying, unnecessary tissue by heat, corrosive chemicals, freezing or electricity. Sushruta was using only chemicals for this purpose.
Sushruta was an excellent orthopaedic surgeon. Many principle techniques of plastic surgery were in practice during the time of Sushruta. He has contributed in many other fileds like surgery, ophthalmology, gynecology etc. and his work is marvelous in the field of Ayurveda which is a blessing to the modern world as well.
Ksharkarma technique mentioned by Acharya Sushrut was not in practice until Dr. P. J. Deshpande re eastablished it and taught the practical use of the Ksharkarma Technique to Todays Generation. We can Say that Dr. P. J. Deshpande is a Sushrut for us in this present era. (Dr. Kunal B. Kamthe, MD - AYU)
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